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Vascular complications contribute significantly to the extensive morbidity and mortality rates observed in people with diabetes. Despite well known that the diabetic kidney and heart exhibit imbalanced angiogenesis, the mechanisms implicated in this angiogenic paradox remain unknown. In this study, we examined the angiogenic and metabolic gene expression profile (GEP) of endothelial cells (ECs) isolated from a mouse model with type1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).
Hypoxia triggers a rapid increase in iron demand to meet the requirements of enhanced erythropoiesis. The mobilization of iron stores from macrophage to plasma as holo-transferrin (Tf) from where it is accessible to erythroid precursor cells impacts iron homeostasis. Despite the immediate need for enhanced iron uptake by bone marrow cells, numerous studies have shown that transferrin receptor levels do not rise until more than 24 hours after the onset of hypoxia, suggesting the existence of heretofore unkno...
Thrombospondins (TSPs) are large multi-modular proteins, identified as natural angiogenesis inhibitors that exert their activity by binding to CD36 and CD47 receptors. The anti-angiogenic effect of TSPs in luteal regression of water buffalo has not been addressed. The present study characterized the expression pattern and localization of TSPs and their receptors in ovarian corpus luteum during different stages of development in buffalo. This study also elucidated the effect of exogenous Thrombospondin1 (TSP...
Aberrantly expressed miRNAs play a vital role in the development of some cancers, such as human osteosarcoma (OS). However, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying miR-186-5p-involved osteosarcoma are unclear.
During sepsis, an unchecked pro-inflammatory response can be detrimental to the host. We investigated the potential protective effect of amitriptyline (AT).
Studies have indicated that sympathetic activity enhances GLUT4 expression (Slc2a4 gene) by activating beta-adrenergic receptors. This could be mediated by a direct enhancer effect of cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) and family members upon Slc2a4 gene. However, a cAMP responsive element (CRE) in Slc2a4 promoter has never been demonstrated.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy and most frequently develops in patients with cirrhosis. Surveillance strategies are recommended in high-risk groups because early detection of small lesions improves the likelihood of curative treatment. This study investigated the prospective clinical significance of serum levels of anti-Ku86 and plasma levels of lamin B1and vimentin as early markers of HCC.
The present study aimed to explore the function of NEAT1 on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as well as its underlying mechanisms.
Breast cancer is clinically classified into three main subtypes: estrogen receptor-positive (ER) breast cancer, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2) breast cancer, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Without specific targeted therapies, patients with TNBC have poorer prognosis compared with those with ER and HER2 breast cancer. Protein kinase D (PRKD) family members play crucial roles in cancer progression. CRT0066101, a PRKD inhibitor, has been reported to have anticancer activity...
TNF-α-mediated pro-inflammatory phenotypic change in monocytes is known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic inflammation and insulin resistance. However, the mechanism by which TNF-α-induces inflammatory phenotypic shift in monocytes is poorly understood. Since long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 1 (ACSL1) is associated with inflammatory monocytes/macrophages, we investigated the role of ACSL1 in the TNF-α-driven inflammatory phenotypic shift in the monocytes.
The adipocyte-secreting adipokine, resistin, may play a critical role in the modulation of inflammatory diseases. Migration and infiltration of mononuclear cells into inflammatory sites are critical events during the development of osteoarthritis (OA). Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), also known as chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), plays a critical role in the regulation of monocyte migration and infiltration. In this study, we show how resistin promotes MCP-1 expression in OA synovial fibroblasts and m...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential and significant applications of Sertoli cells (SCs) transplantation, and to explore the effect of transplantation on spermatogenesis process, in azospermic mice.
Jagged1 is the ligands of the Notch signaling and has been shown to promote glioma-initiating cells (GICs) in glioblastoma. The role of Jagged1 in GICs invasion and underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear.
Three members of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family, PPARα, PPARγ, and PPARβ/δ, have been investigated widely over the past few decades. Although the roles of these PPARs and their agonists/antagonists were defined in clinical and basic studies, the conflicting results from these studies indicate that more analysis is needed to understand the roles of PPARs. PPARα is a ligand-activated transcription factor that contributes to the regulation of a variety of processes, ranging f...
The CCDC43 gene is conserved in human, rhesus monkey, mouse and zebrafish. Bioinformatics studies have demonstrated the abnormal expression of CCDC43 gene in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the role and molecular mechanism of CCDC43 in CRC remain unknown.
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynaecologic malignancy and is difficult to detect early. The inefficient early diagnosis of ovarian cancer is the main contributor to its high mortality rate. Aptamers, as chemical antibodies, are single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotides that target cells or molecules with high affinity.
Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) is expected to be a new method to solve the clinical problems caused by advanced metastasis in patients with lung cancer. The use of ultrasound has the advantage of being noninvasive, with deep-penetration properties. This study explored the anti-tumor effect of SDT with a new sonosensitizer, sinoporphyrin sodium (DVDMS), on the human small cell lung cancer H446 cell line in vitro and in vivo.
Increasing evidence suggests the important role of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) in the pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the association between potential functional polymorphisms in the SIRT2 gene and PD still needs to be identified. Exploring the molecular mechanism underlying this potential association could also provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of this disorder.
Numerous studies have shown that NIMA-related kinase 2 (NEK2) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue is associated with survival and clinicopathological features; however, the evidence remains inconclusive. Thus, we aimed to further explore the prognostic and clinicopathological significance of NEK2 expression in HCC using a two-part study consisting of a retrospective cohort study and a meta-analysis.
Cyclin D1 (CCND1) is frequently overexpressed in malignant gliomas. We have previously shown ectopic overexpression of CCND1 in human malignant gliomas cell lines.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. PRDXs are antioxidant enzymes that play an important role in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis and have diverse functions in malignancy development. However, the mechanism of aberrant overexpression of PRDX6 in CRC remains unclear.
Dysregulation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is associated with the proliferation and metastasis in a variety of cancers, of which lncRNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been indicated as a tumor suppressor in multiple malignancies. However, the underlying mechanisms by which MEG3 contributes to human hemangiomas (HAs) remain undetermined.
Current drug therapies for osteoarthritis (OA) are not practical because of the cytotoxicity and severe side-effects associated with most of them. Artemisinin (ART), an antimalarial agent, is well known for its safety and selectivity to kill injured cells. Based on its anti-inflammatory activity and role in the inhibition of OA-associated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which is crucial in the pathogenesis of OA, we hypothesized that ART might have an effect on OA.
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) is a crucial event in the induction of peritoneal fibrosis (PF), in which canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling participates. Smads signaling is reported to interact with β-catenin and synergistically regulates EMT. This study was aimed to reveal the effect of Astragalus on β-catenin in EMT of PMCs.
Brown and beige adipocytes are widely recognized as potential therapeutic targets to treat obesity and related metabolic disorders, and the recruitment of brown and beige adipocytes is an essential aspect that requires attention. Although many methods of activating brown adipocytes or generating beige adipocytes have been reported, the limited number and sources are the biggest challenges. The number of white adipocytes is much greater than the number of brown adipocytes, both in human adults and fetuses. U...