PubMed Journal Database | Circulation research RSS

02:54 EDT 25th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 234 from Circulation research

Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Therapy in Heart Failure.

The population of patients with heart failure continues to grow, which introduced significant challenges in clinical practice related to the management of cardiac arrhythmia and advanced heart failure syndromes. Device therapy has increasingly become essential in the management of life-threatening arrhythmia and clinical heart failure in this population. This review will discuss the use of cardiac implantable electronic devices in heart failure with primary focus on sudden cardiac death prevention and cardi...

The Medical and Device-Related Treatment of Heart Failure.

Use of Ventricular Assist Devices and Heart Transplantation for Advanced Heart Failure.

There are only 2 treatments for the thousands of patients who progress to the most advanced form of heart failure despite the application of guideline-based medical therapy, use of ventricular assist devices and heart transplantation. There has been a great deal of progress in both of these therapies that have led to improved outcomes including significant improvement in survival and functional capacity. Heart transplantation offers the best short- and long-term survival for patients with end-stage heart fa...

Leveraging Signaling Pathways to Treat Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction.

Advances in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction due to systolic dysfunction are engaging an ever-expanding compendium of molecular signaling targets. Well established approaches modifying hemodynamics and cell biology by neurohumoral receptor blockade are evolving, exploring the role and impact of modulating intracellular signaling pathways with more direct myocardial effects. Even well-tread avenues are being reconsidered with new insights into the signaling engaged and thus oppor...

Stimulating Cardiogenesis as a Treatment for Heart Failure.

After myocardial injury, cardiomyocyte loss cannot be corrected by using currently available clinical treatments. In recent years, considerable effort has been made to develop cell-based cardiac repair therapies aimed at correcting for this loss. An exciting crop of recent studies reveals that inducing endogenous repair and proliferation of cardiomyocytes may be a viable option for regenerating injured myocardium. Here, we review current heart failure treatments, the state of cardiomyocyte renewal in mammal...

Medical Therapy for Heart Failure Associated With Pulmonary Hypertension.

The past 2 decades have witnessed a >40% improvement in mortality for patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. This success has coincided with the stepwise availability of drugs that target neurohormonal activation: β-adrenergic receptor blockers (β-blockers), ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors and ANG (angiotensin) II blockers, neprilysin inhibitors, and aldosterone antagonists. Our understanding of right heart failure (RHF) has lagged behind and many proven tar...

Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction In Perspective.

Approximately half of the patients with signs and symptoms of heart failure have a left ventricular ejection fraction that is not markedly abnormal. Despite the historically initial surprise, heightened risks for heart failure specific major adverse events occur across the broad range of ejection fraction, including normal. The recognition of the magnitude of the problem of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in the past 20 years has spurred an explosion of clinical investigation and growing inte...

Anthracycline and Peripartum Cardiomyopathies.

Anthracycline-associated cardiomyopathy and peripartum cardiomyopathy are nonischemic cardiomyopathies that often afflict previously healthy young patients; both diseases have been well described since at least the 1970s and both occur in the settings of predictable stressors (ie, cancer treatment and pregnancy). Despite this, the precise mechanisms and the ability to reliably predict who exactly will go on to develop cardiomyopathy and heart failure in the face of anthracycline exposure or childbirth have ...

Management of Myocarditis-Related Cardiomyopathy in Adults.

Myocarditis is generally a mild and self-limited consequence of systemic infection of cardiotropic viruses. However, patients can develop a temporary or permanent impairment of cardiac function including acute cardiomyopathy with hemodynamic compromise or severe arrhythmias. In this setting, specific causes of inflammation are associated with variable risks of death and transplantation. Recent translational studies suggest that treatments tailored to specific causes of myocarditis may impact clinical outcom...

Medical Therapy for Heart Failure Caused by Ischemic Heart Disease.

Patients with heart failure (HF) syndromes have been categorized as those with reduced ejection fraction (EF) or preserved EF (HFpEF), and ischemia plays a key role in both types. HF remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and with the aging of our population this burden continues to rise, predominantly as a result of hospitalizations for HFpEF. Patients with obstructive coronary artery disease more likely have HF with reduced EF, rather than HFpEF, secondary to acute ischemic injury res...

Novel Therapies for Prevention and Early Treatment of Cardiomyopathies.

Heritable cardiomyopathies are a class of heart diseases caused by variations in a number of genetic loci. Genetic variants on one allele lead to either a degraded protein, which causes a haploinsufficiency of that protein, or a nonfunctioning protein that subverts the molecular system within which the protein works. Over years, both of these mechanisms eventually lead to diseased heart tissue and symptoms of a failing heart. Most cardiomyopathy treatments repurpose heart failure drugs to manage these sympt...

I Kid(ney) You Not...Natriuretic Peptides Which Promote Natriuresis but Not Hypotension.


Stanford Cardiovascular Institute.

David Lefer.

Meet the First Authors.

A DEAD-Box Stop of Vascular Remodeling.

Significance and Mechanistic Relevance of SIRT6-Mediated Endothelial Dysfunction in Cardiovascular Disease Progression.

Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694).

Sean Wu.

William Harvey and the Discovery of the Circulation of the Blood.

HDL and Reverse Cholesterol Transport.

Cardiovascular disease, with atherosclerosis as the major underlying factor, remains the leading cause of death worldwide. It is well established that cholesterol ester-enriched foam cells are the hallmark of atherosclerotic plaques. Multiple lines of evidence support that enhancing foam cell cholesterol efflux by HDL (high-density lipoprotein) particles, the first step of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), is a promising antiatherogenic strategy. Yet, excitement towards the therapeutic potential of manip...

Letter by Lou and Zhou Regarding Article, "NHLBI-Sponsored Randomized Trial of Postconditioning During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction".

William Harvey and the Discovery of the Circulation of the Blood.

Sarcomere-Directed Calcium Reporters in Cardiomyocytes.

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