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Osseointegrated implants for transfemoral amputees facilitate direct load transfer between the prosthetic limb and femur; however, implant loosening is a common complication, and the associated implant-bone loads remain poorly understood. This case study aimed to use patient-specific computational modeling to evaluate bone-implant interface loading during standing and walking in a transfemoral amputee with an osseointegrated implant prior to prosthesis loosening and revision surgery.
Resection And Partial Liver Segment 2/3 Transplantation with Delayed total hepatectomy (RAPID) includes total hepatectomy in 2 steps with small graft transplantation at first stage. To avoid graft portal hyperperfusion, portal vein pressure monitoring is required after revascularization and right portal vein clamping. To date, portal flow modulation has not been reported but simulating hemodynamics in RAPID patients would be useful to anticipate these procedures. Our team developed hemodynamic 0D modeling; ...
Most individuals with spinal cord injury who use manual wheelchairs experience shoulder pain related to wheelchair use, potentially in part from mechanical impingement of soft tissue structures within the subacromial space. There is evidence suggesting that scapula and humerus motion during certain wheelchair tasks occurs in directions that may reduce the subacromial space, but it hasn't been thoroughly characterized in this context.
Neonatal stroke is a leading cause of hemiplegic cerebral palsy that occurs around the time of birth. Infants are diagnosed with cerebral palsy when motor impairments become clinically apparent, months or years after the stroke. Tools/methods for identifying high risk or diagnosis of cerebral palsy in infancy are improving.
Subjective classification of gait pattern in children with cerebral palsy depends on the assessor's experience, while mathematical methods produce virtual groups with no clinical interpretation.
Individuals post-stroke have an increased risk of falling, which can lead to injuries and reduced quality of life. This increased fall risk can be partially attributed to poorer balance control, which has been linked to altered post-stroke gait kinematics (e.g. an increased step width). The application of lateral stabilization to the pelvis reduces step width among neurologically-intact young and older adults, suggesting that lateral stabilization reduces the need for active frontal plane balance control. T...
The Scapular Assistance Test was suggested to directly assess the influence of scapular motion on pain and indirectly measure the function of the scapular rotators. However, it is still not clear if individuals with a positive Scapular Assistance Test actually present changes in scapular motion and muscle strength. This study compared scapular kinematics and muscle strength between those with a positive Scapular Assistance Test and those with a negative Scapular Assistance Test.
During gait, the human ankle both bends with ease and provides push-off forces that facilitate forward motion. The ankle is crucial for support, stabilization, and adapting to different slopes and terrains. Individuals with lower limb amputation require an ankle-foot prosthesis for basic mobility.
Patients with chronic ankle instability often present with altered gait mechanics compared to ankle sprain copers. There is increasing evidence to suggest proximal neuromuscular alterations contribute to the injury etiology, however little is known about how these changes manifest during gait. The purpose of this study was to investigate ipsilateral gluteus maximus and medius functional activity ratios throughout treadmill walking at three speeds (preferred, 120% preferred, and 1.35 m per second) in chroni...
To investigate the effects of over-lordotic curvature after lumbar fusion on the stress and deformations of the adjacent intervertebral discs under constant compressive loads.
Unilateral offloading footwear prescribed to patients with diabetic foot ulcers elevates one limb relative to the other, which may lead to limp and abnormal gait. This study investigated whether the unilateral foot ulcer and offloading combination negatively impacts gait function beyond diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
Maximal handgrip strength is used to predict exercise performance in healthy older subjects and in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, breast cancer or cirrhosis. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of maximal handgrip strength to predict maximal exercise performance in patients with chronic fatigue.
To assess the value of the Landing error score system - real time test as a predictive tool for knee injuries among combat soldiers in the Israeli defense forces.
Head injury occurs in up to 47% of skiing or snowboarding injuries and is the predominant cause of death in these sports. In most existing literature reporting injury type and prevalence, head injury mechanisms are underreported. Thus, protective equipment design relies on safety evaluation test protocols that are likely oversimplified. This study aims to characterize severity and mechanism of head injuries suffered while skiing and snowboarding in a form appropriate to supplement existing helmet evaluation...
Information about kinematics in different functional spinal units before and after total disc arthroplasties is necessary to improve prostheses and determine indications. There is little information about the nonstationary instantaneous helical axis of rotation under lateral bending in the cervical spine before and after total disc arthroplasty.
Unsupported sitting balance with reduced thigh support is necessary during several daily living activities among individuals with spinal cord injury. This study proposed to compare dynamic unsupported sitting postural control under reduced thigh support conditions in individuals with motor-complete thoracic spinal cord injury and able-bodied individuals.
Individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury often have decreased gait function and coactivation of antagonistic muscle pairs. Common ways of quantifying coactivation using electromyographic signals do not consider frequency information in the signal. As electromyographic signals from different motor unit types have different frequency components and muscle fiber type can change in individuals with spinal cord injury, it may be beneficial to consider frequency components. The aims were to demonstrate the ...
A common complaint of women who wear external breast prostheses following mastectomy is that they are too heavy. This study aimed to investigate the effect of external breast prosthesis mass on bra strap loading, discomfort and perceived pressure in women with a unilateral mastectomy.
Electromechanical reshaping is a novel, minimally invasive means to induce mechanical changes in connective tissues, and has the potential to be utilized in lieu of current orthopedic therapies that involve tendons and ligaments. Electromechanical reshaping delivers an electrical current to tissues while under mechanical deformation, causing in situ redox changes that produce reliably controlled and spatially limited mechanical and structural changes. In this study, we examine the feasibility of altering Yo...
Non-specific chronic low back pain (LBP) is a prevalent condition that is poorly understood with respect to possible altered physical properties. Five biomechanical properties of stiffness, frequency, decrement, creep, and stress relaxation time of the L3-L4 myofascial tissue were quantified using the MyotonPro® in chronic idiopathic LBP and matched normal control subjects.
Early diagnosis and treatment of osteoarthritis of the thumb allows for early interventions that may mitigate osteoarthritis progression and decrease severity later in life. Early identification of motion changes is limited by the clinical reliance on single planar measurements using goniometry. Multi-planar measurements using motion capture can provide insights into joint function and pathophysiology that cannot be obtained from single-plane goniometry measurements. Thus, the goals of this research were 1)...
The hands are the primary site of involvement in scleroderma, and impaired hand function is primarily responsible for difficulty in performing activities of daily living. This study aimed to evaluate exercise functional capacity in women with scleroderma through the Glittre Activities of Daily Living Test, which incorporates both lower and upper limb activities, and to correlate the findings with physical capacity and hand function.
Shoe mileage is an important factor that may influence the risk of sustaining injuries during walking. The aims of this study were to examine the effects of shoe mileage on ground reaction forces and activity of lower limb muscles during walking in genu varus individuals compared with controls.
Periprosthetic tibial fracture after unicompartmental knee replacement is a challenging post-operative complication. Patients have an increased risk of mortality after fracture, the majority undergo further surgery, and the revision operations are less successful. Inappropriate surgical technique increases the risk of fracture, but it is unclear which technical aspects of the surgery are most problematic and no research has been performed on how surgical factors interact.
Biomechanical changes that persist after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may impact short- and long-term outcomes. Understanding the relationship of biomechanics during a dynamic task and patient reported function can better identify patients who are most vulnerable to sub-optimal long-term outcomes, such as osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether hip and knee biomechanics during single-leg hop landing were significantly correlated with the Knee injury and Osteoarthri...