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PubMed Journal Database | Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine RSS

09:31 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 695 from Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine

Measuring the chronology of the translational process of molecular genetic discoveries.

Background The process of technology validation and transfer of new molecular diagnostic tests towards the clinic faces challenges and needs to be improved. There is no empirical measure of the chronology and pace of technology transfer of molecular genetic discoveries. Methods We studied these for 29 molecular genetic test discoveries in order to (1) provide estimates of the timeframe between discovery of a clinical application and complete clinical implementation, and (2) compare the trajectories between ...

Comparison of precision and operational performances across six immunochemistry analyzers.

Evaluation of the possible interference of abiraterone therapy on testosterone immunoassay.

Cardiac biomarkers - 2019.

Elucidation of stability profiles of common chemistry analytes in serum stored at six graded temperatures.

Background Many reports address the stability of biochemical analytes in serum. However, studies covering a wide range of storage temperatures are unavailable. Using equipment enabling precise temperature control, we investigated the effect of six different storage temperatures on serum analytes. Methods Serum specimens from seven healthy volunteers were obtained and divided into multiple aliquots for storage at -30, -20, -10, 0, 4, and 25 °C. On days 1, 3, 7, 14, 28 and 56, the aliquots stored at each tem...

Outlier removal methods for skewed data: impact on age-specific high-sensitive cardiac troponin T 99th percentiles.

Lesson from inappropriate TSH-receptor antibody measurement in hypothyroidism: case series and literature review.

Determining the cut-off value of the APTT mixing test for factor VIII inhibitor: reply.

Reverse-hybridization resolves a rare HFE genotype untypable by real-time PCR and melting curve analysis in a patient with hyperferritinemia and alcoholic liver disease.

Clarifying methodological issues in cannabinoids determination in bronchoalveolar lavages.

Calcitonin measurement in pediatrics: reference ranges are gender-dependent, validation in medullary thyroid cancer and effects of thyroid diseases.

Background There is only limited information on serum reference ranges of calcitonin (CT) in infants, children and adolescents. This gap hampers valid diagnostics in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) and planned prophylactic thyroidectomy. In addition, age-dependent reference ranges for CT are necessary to define a cure in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). We asked whether the reference ranges for CT levels were age- and gender-dependent in the serum of a pediatric cohort. Methods A...

Faecal calprotectin in inflammatory bowel diseases: a review focused on meta-analyses and routine usage limitations.

A growing body of evidence has been published about the usefulness of measuring calprotectin in faecal samples (FCAL) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) assessment, including diagnosis, monitoring of disease activity and relapse prediction. Several systematic reviews with meta-analyses compiling studies for each particular clinical setting have been carried out in recent years. Most of these were focused on the use of FCAL in IBD diagnosis and showed a relevant role for this marker in selecting patients wi...

Evaluating the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum long non-coding RNA CTC-497E21.4 in gastric cancer.

Background Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play a key role in gastric cancer (GC) tumorigenesis. However, the clinical application value of serum lncRNAs in GC has remained largely unknown. We investigated the role of a novel lncRNA named CTC-497E21.4 in the diagnosis and the prognosis of GC. Methods We focused on evaluation of lncRNA CTC-497E21.4 by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTFQ-PCR). The study involved following aspects: (1) confirmation of the hig...

Accuracy assessment of consecutive test strip lots for whole blood INR point-of-care instruments: clarifying the role of frozen plasma pools.

Background In the Netherlands, each new lot of test strips for the CoaguChek XS is validated by a group of collaborating centers. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of the international normalized ratio (INR) measured with consecutive test strip lots and the suitability of frozen plasma pools for accuracy evaluation. Methods Each year, a particular lot of CoaguChek XS test strips is used as reference lot. The reference lots have been validated with the International Standard for thrombopla...

Inherited bisalbuminemia with growth hormone deficiency.

Rapid susceptibility testing of multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella by glucose metabolization monitoring.

Background The increasing number of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria provides enormous challenges for choosing an appropriate antibiotic therapy in the early phase of sepsis. While bacterial identification has been greatly accelerated by the introduction of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), the antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) remains time-consuming. Here, we present a rapid susceptibility testing method for testing Gram-negative bacteria,...

The effect of DOAC-Stop on lupus anticoagulant testing in plasma samples of venous thromboembolism patients receiving direct oral anticoagulants.

Background Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) cause false positive lupus anticoagulant (LA) results. We assessed the impact of DOAC-Stop, reversing in vitro effects of DOACs, on LA testing in anticoagulated patients. Methods We assessed 75 venous thromboembolism patients aged 44.5±14.6 years. Blood samples were collected 2-28 h since intake of DOACs, including 50 patients on rivaroxaban, 20 on dabigatran and five on apixaban. LA testing was performed at baseline and after DOAC-Stop treatment. Positive LA w...

Measurement of S100B protein: evaluation of a new prototype on a bioMérieux Vidas® 3 analyzer.

Background The addition of S100B protein to guidelines for the management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) decreases the amount of unnecessary computed tomography (CT) scans with a significant decrease in radiation exposure and an increase in cost savings. Both DiaSorin and Roche Diagnostics have developed automated assays for S100B determination. Recently, bioMérieux developed a prototype immunoassay for serum S100B determination. For the first time, we present the evaluation of the S100B measurement...

Evaluation of procalcitonin immunoassay concordance near clinical decision points.

Background Procalcitonin (PCT) is a biomarker for systemic bacterial infections and may aid in decision making for antimicrobial stewardship. Numerous PCT assays are available on common clinical immunoassay platforms. However, questions remain about the harmonization of these assays and whether the same clinical decision points may be used with all methods. Methods Thirty-seven remnant patient serum samples were analyzed across four different PCT assays: Abbott ARCHITECT i2000, bioMérieux MINI VIDAS, Roche...

Uncovering the clinical impact of kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) mRNA expression in the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence.

Background Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) are a subgroup of serine proteases located on chromosome 19q13.3. Most KLKs have been extensively studied as potential biomarkers for several carcinomas and other diseases. KLK5 was originally identified from a keratinocyte library, and its enzyme was purified from the stratum corneum of human skin. KLK5 was shown to be differentially expressed in a variety of endocrine tumors, although it is not as yet examined widely in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods In th...

Monitoring the effectiveness of hypothermia in perinatal asphyxia infants by urinary S100B levels.

Background Perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates: The aim of the present study was to investigate, by means of longitudinal assessment of urinary S100B, the effectiveness of hypothermia, in infants complicated by perinatal asphyxia and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Methods We performed a retrospective case-control study in 108 asphyxiated infants, admitted to nine tertiary departments for neonatal intensive care from January 2004 to July 2017, of whom 54 underwent hyp...

Human chorionic gonadotropin suspected heterophile interference investigations in immunoassays: a recommended approach.

Background Heterophile antibody (HAb) interferences in immunoassays can cause falsely elevated hCG concentrations leading to incorrect diagnosis and treatments options. When results are not consistent with the clinical findings, hCG HAb interference investigation may be requested by the physician. A retrospective evaluation of the frequency of HAb interference was performed among cases of physician-requested investigations and the effectiveness of commercially available blocking reagents to detect HAb inter...

Urine chloride self-measurement to monitor sodium chloride intake in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Background Excessive sodium intake is a risk factor for hypertension, cardiovascular disease and the risk for kidney failure in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Methods We tested the diagnostic performance and the feasibility of an inexpensive method based on urine chloride strips for self-monitoring sodium intake in a series of 72 CKD patients. Results Twenty-four hour urinary chloride as measured by the reactive strips and 24 h urinary sodium were interrelated (r=0.59, p100 mmol/24 h, i.e. the upper...

Narrowed reference intervals for complete blood count in a multiethnic population.

Background Biological variation studies have shown that the complete blood count (CBC) has narrow within-individual variation and wide group variation, indicating that the use of reference intervals (RIs) is challenging. The aim of this study was to examine differences in CBC RIs according to race/ethnicity in a multiethnic population at a hospital in San Francisco in hopes of improving the medical utility of CBC testing. Methods Subject data were obtained by screening CBC results from the medical records o...

Estimated urinary osmolality based on combined urinalysis parameters: a critical evaluation.

Background Urinary conductivity allows a coarse prediction of urinary osmolality in most cases but is insensitive to the osmolal contribution of uncharged particles and the presence of roentgen contrast media. Urinary osmolality can be estimated on the recently introduced Sysmex UF-5000 urine analyzer using conductivity. In this study, we evaluated the analytical performance of this research parameter. Secondly, we aimed to improve the manufacturer's algorithm for estimating urinary osmolality, based on sta...


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