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Sudden cardiac death is common in the adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population. Knowledge and experience about the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in ACHD patients is very limited. We aimed to characterize a cohort of patients with ACHD and ICDs.
Various options exist for right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction in congenital heart disease. The Freestyle porcine aortic root may be used but its longevity is not well defined.
Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients who undergo cardiac surgery are at risk for poor outcomes, including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support (ECMO) and death. Prior studies have demonstrated risk factors for mortality, but have not fully examined risk factors for ECMO or death without ECMO (DWE). We sought to identify risk factors for ECMO and DWE in adults undergoing congenital heart surgery in tertiary care children's hospitals.
Physician burnout has many undesirable consequences, including negative impact on patient care delivery and physician career satisfaction. Electronic health records (EHRs) may exacerbate burnout by increasing physician workload.
The hemodynamic effects of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are well known including systemic hypoperfusion and volume overload on the left ventricle. This article aims to provide a review of the long-standing effect of a hemodynamically significant PDA on the pulmonary vasculature and the role of cardiac catheterization in preterm infants with a PDA and pulmonary hypertension.
The objective of this article is to describe the elements involved with transporting extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants from referring centers to our center's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and then from the NICU to the catheterization lab for transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).
There continues to be controversy on the long-term effects of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and its management. However, the hemodynamic effects of a large PDA in a preterm infant are well known. This article aims to provide insight into the adaptive changes and remodeling effects of a PDA on the myocardium in preterm infants.
Clinically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been associated with significant morbidity in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Current management of ELBW infants with hemodynamically significant PDA includes supportive treatment, pharmacological therapy, and surgical ligation. All of these therapeutic options have their advantages and limitations. More recently, transcatheter PDA closure has been described as a viable option in this population. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive r...
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common finding in preterm infants. A hemodynamically significant PDA may require intervention for closure. This article aims to describe a transcatheter PDA closure (TCPC) program for preterm infants and the components of a comprehensive outpatient follow-up strategy.
The use of prostaglandin-E1 immediately after birth and subsequent surgical creation of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) shunt have remarkably improved the prognosis and survival of children with congenital heart disease and ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow (PBF). Despite the advancement in surgical techniques, bypass strategies, and postoperative management, significant morbidity and mortality after BTS still remain. Patent ductus arteriosus stenting has been shown to be as an acceptable alter...
Advancements in transcatheter technology have now made it possible to safely close patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The objective of this article is to describe our technique for transcatheter PDA closure (TCPC) in ELBW infants.
The ductus arteriosus is a lifeline for the developing fetus prior to delivery, allowing the circulation of oxygen-rich blood from the placenta to bypass the lungs and perfuse the body. However, when the ductus fails to close after birth, the pressures can cause blood to shunt from the aorta back into the lungs, causing pulmonary edema. This is called a left-to-right shunt. The patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) can also shunt blood from the pulmonary arteries to the aorta, bypassing the lungs and causing oxyge...
The optimal treatment method for infants with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) necessitating closure remains a subject of controversy and debate. While the risks associated with surgical PDA ligation are well described, the available evidence base for alternative management strategies during infancy, including percutaneous closure or conservative (nonintervention) management, are not well explored. Among infants, the goals of this review are to: (a) use rigorous systematic review methodology to assess the q...
Management of patent ductus arteriosus in extremely preterm infants remains a topic of debate. Treatment to produce ductal closure was widely practiced until the past decade, despite lack of evidence that it decreases morbidities or mortality. Meta-analyses of trials using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have shown effectiveness in accelerating ductal closure, but no reduction in neonatal morbidities, regardless of agent used, indication, timing, gestational age, or route of administration. Surgical li...
The objective of this article is to describe a live case transmission of transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in an extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant during the first International PDA Symposium conducted in Memphis, Tennessee.
Management of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the premature infant has been a point of controversy for decades as smaller and earlier gestational age infants have been surviving. Increasing experience with catheter-based device closure has generated a new wave of interest in this subject. In this era, echocardiography plays a central role for collaboration within a multispecialty team. Reliability of echocardiography is improved by applying an institutionally derived standard approach to imaging, data...
Echocardiographic imaging provides real-time guidance during transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Transthoracic echocardiogram provides detailed assessment of the PDA and surrounding structures prior to, during, and after transcatheter closure. This article aims to review the different echocardiographic techniques and concepts utilized during transcatheter PDA closure in ELBW infants.
Infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow (PBF) often undergo a palliative procedure to provide a stable source of PBF prior to definitive palliation or repair. In the current era, a surgical shunt or ductal stent is used to provide PBF. We aimed to review the current literature comparing ductal stents to surgical shunts.
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is highly prevalent in extremely low birth weight (ELBW), preterm infants. There are diverse management approaches for the PDA in ELBW infants. The objectives of this research were to identify current PDA management practices among cardiologists and neonatologists in the United States, describe any significant differences in management, and describe areas where practices align.
Surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus can be performed safely by following standard steps of operation. Familiarity of the anatomical landmarks and simple precautions result in high degree of safety. The technique of surgical ligation varies with the age of the patient. Surgical ligation of ductus is associated with well-recognized complications, although they occur only in a small number of patients.
This study explores the role of the Notch3-HES5 signal pathway in monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) using rat models.
Patients with a Fontan circulation are at risk of renal dysfunction. We analyzed cross-sectional data in pediatric and adult Fontan patients in order to assess the accuracy of commonly used serum creatinine-based methods in estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
Patients undergoing surgical repair of aortic coarctation have a 50% risk of pathologic left ventricular remodeling (increased left ventricular mass or relative wall thickness). Endothelin 1, ST2, galectin 3, norepinephrine and B-natriuretic peptide are biomarkers that have been associated with pathologic LV change in adult populations but their predictive value following pediatric coarctation repair are not known.
Tube feedings are often needed to achieve the growth and nutrition goals associated with decreased morbidity and mortality in patients with single ventricle anatomy. Variability in feeding method through the interstage period has been previously described, however, comparable information following stage 2 palliation is lacking.