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A narrative review of the pathophysiology linking altered airway pressure and intracranial pressure and cerebral oxygenation.
Atrial fibrillation frequently develops in patients with sepsis and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, risk factors for new-onset atrial fibrillation in sepsis have not been clearly elucidated. Clarification of the risk factors for atrial fibrillation during sepsis may improve our understanding of the mechanisms of arrhythmia development and help guide clinical practice.
Incomplete patient data, either due to difficulty gathering and synthesizing or inappropriate data filtering, can lead clinicians to misdiagnosis and medical error. How completely ICU interprofessional rounding teams appraise the patient data set that informs clinical decision-making is unknown. This study measures how frequently physician trainees omit data from prerounding notes ("artifacts") and verbal presentations during daily rounds.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services requires hospitals to report compliance with a sepsis treatment bundle as part of its Inpatient Quality Reporting Program. We used recently released data from this program to characterize national performance on the sepsis measure, known as SEP-1.
Acute respiratory failure is a frequent complication of Guillain-Barré syndrome, associated with high morbidity and mortality. Adjuvant treatments are needed to improve the outcome of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Since dysglycemia is a risk factor for development of axonal polyneuropathy in critically ill patients and since insulin therapy may be neuroprotective, we sought to explore the association between dysglycemia and neurologic status in Guillain-Barré syndrome patients.
Thrombocytopenia is common in critically ill patients with severe acute kidney injury and may be worsened by the use of renal replacement therapy. In this study, we evaluate the effects of renal replacement therapy on subsequent platelet values, the prognostic significance of a decrease in platelets, and potential risk factors for platelet decreases.
Increasing age is a well-recognized risk factor for in-hospital mortality in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for cardiogenic shock, but the shape of this relationship is unknown. In addition, the impact of age on hospital length of stay, patterns of patient disposition, and costs has been incompletely characterized.
Prior studies investigating hospital mechanical ventilation volume-outcome associations have had conflicting findings. Volume-outcome relationships within contemporary mechanical ventilation practices are unclear. We sought to determine associations between hospital mechanical ventilation volume and patient outcomes.
To investigate immunostimulatory effects of acetylsalicylic acid during experimental human endotoxemia and in sepsis patients.
To explore how nonphysicians and physicians interpret the word "treatable" in the context of critical illness.