PubMed Journal Database | Developmental neurorehabilitation RSS

06:35 EST 29th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 66 from Developmental neurorehabilitation

Examining the Structure of a New Pediatric Measure of Functional Independence Using the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health Assessment System.

Activities of daily living (ADL) are key to daily living and adjustment. A number of ADL scales have been developed and validated to examine functional performance in the pediatric population; however, most of these scales are limited to specific groups. The purpose of this research was to test the plausibility of developing and validating a hierarchical versus additive ADL summary scale for children and youth using the interRAI Child Youth Mental Health (ChYMH) assessment system. Data from 8980 typically d...

Dog Phobia Intervention: A Case Study in Improvement of Physiological and Behavioral Symptoms in A Child with Intellectual Disability.

: Children with intellectual disability are at risk for anxiety disorders involving intense physiological reactions and risky behavioral responses. Interventions have been identified in this field; however, assessment of underlying anxiety is limited and flawed.: We implemented a single-subject case study using differential reinforcement to treat dog phobia in a boy with intellectual disability. We recorded elopement and compliance with goals and measured physiological expressions of stress: galvanic skin r...

Effect of Virtual Reality Therapy on Balance and Walking in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review.

: To investigate the effect of Virtual Reality Therapy (VRT) on balance and walking in children with cerebral palsy (CP).: A systematic search in Pubmed and Embase was performed until the 9th of July 2019. Articles were included if the population consisted of children with CP data on balance and/or walking were reported. Results were pooled in two meta-analyses.: 26 articles were included. For 'balance' 5 and for 'walking' 4 were used for the meta-analyses. The meta-analyses showed a significant result in ...

Construct Validity of the Early Clinical Assessment of Balance in Toddlers with Cerebral Palsy: Brief Report.

: The purpose of this research was to investigate differences in Early Clinical Assessment of Balance (ECAB) scores within children with cerebral palsy (CP) with different Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels and between children with CP and typical development (TD) who are under three years of age.: The ECAB was administered to fifty children (13 with TD, 16 with GMFCS level II, 11 with GMFCS level III, 10 with GMFCS level III).: The group of children of TD had significantly higher sco...

Upper-extremity Spasticity-reducing Treatment in Adjunct to Movement Training and Orthoses in Children with Cerebral Palsy at Gross Motor Function- and Manual Ability Classification System Levels IV-V: A Descriptive Study.

Covering a 20-year period of work with children with severe cerebral palsy (CP) within a Swedish habilitation service, changes in passive wrist extension with fingers extended (PWE-FE) and current hand function are described and compared between children receiving systematic upper-extremity treatment with botulinum neurotoxin type A and intervention programs from before 7 years of age (Group 1, n = 7), those whom for various reasons did not undergo this treatment (Group 2, n = 10), and those not having the ...

Evaluation of a Web Platform Aiming to Support Parents Having a Child with Developmental Coordination Disorder: Brief Report.

: To explore the effects of a web platform, aiming to support parents of children 5-12 years old with suspected or diagnosed developmental coordination disorder (DCD), on parental knowledge and skills. : A randomized pilot trial was undertaken (Clinical trial NCT03141333). Parents of the intervention group (n = 15) had access to a web platform (including resources, forum and virtual interactions) for three months. The control group (n = 13) only had access to resources. The primary outcome was measured...

Single-case Design Studies in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Scoping Review.

: To critically evaluate single-case design (SCD) studies performed within the population of children/adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). : A scoping review of SCD studies of children/adolescents with CP. Demographic, methodological, and statistical data were extracted. Articles were evaluated using the Risk of Bias in N-of-1 Trials (RoBiNT) Scale and the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) extension for N-of-1 trials (CENT 2015). Comments regarding strengths and limitations were analyzed...

Using Behavioral Approaches to Assess Memory, Imitation and Motor Performance in Children with Angelman Syndrome: Results of a Pilot Study.

This study was designed to assess memory, imitation of motor actions and motor performance by 12 children (age range 40-151 months) with Angelman syndrome (AS), a rare neurogenetic disorder associated with learning and memory impairments. : Children's functioning was assessed at several time points over a 3-month period. : Memory and motor performance tests had acceptable test-retest and inter-rater reliability whereas the motor imitation test did not. Children were able to recall action sequences after a 2...

Frequency, Characteristics and Risk Factors of Aggressive Incidents in a Paediatric Rehabilitation Setting: A Prospective Survey.

Aggressive incidents (AI) are a serious concern in health care and can have negative effects on the physical and emotional well-being staff. This study aimed to determine frequency, characteristics and risk factors for aggressive behavior.

Interrater Reliability of the Pediatric Neuromuscular Recovery Scale in Children with Spina Bifida.

The purpose of this study was to examine the interrater reliability of the Pediatric Neuromuscular Recovery Scale (Peds NRS) to classify motor capacity in children with myelomeningocele (MMC) form of spina bifida.

Bimanual Skill Learning after Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Children with Unilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Brief Report.

Bimanual skills are important for goal-oriented activities. Children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP) have deficits in unimanual and bimanual motor control and learning. The application of non-invasive brain stimulation with existing motor training may further promote motor learning; however, the effects of stimulation on bimanual learning have not been examined. Here, we assessed the performance of a novel bimanual skill (modified Speed Stacks task) in eight children with UCP before, during, and after ...

Feasibility Trial of Thumb Taping by Parents in Infants with Cerebral Palsy: Brief Report.

To determine the feasibility and acceptability of parent-delivered elastic taping to the thumb and wrist in infants with cerebral palsy (CP).

Letter to the Editor.

The Beneficial Effects of Massage on Motor Development and Sensory Processing in Young Children with Developmental Delay: A Randomized Control Trial Study.

We investigated the effects of massage on young children with developmental delay but no clear diagnosis (e.g., cerebral palsy, genetic diseases, or autism).

Simple Categorization of Human Figure Drawings at 5 Years of Age as an Indicator of Developmental Delay.

To elucidate the association between developmental stage of human figure drawing(HFD) and fine motor control, visual perception, and further investigate its potential to be used for screening developmental delay.

Beyond diagnosis: the relevance of social interactions for participation in inclusive preschool settings.

This study aims to explore the role of three specific factors within the child-environment interaction process - engagement, independence and social interactions - in influencing development and learning of children with disabilities in inclusive preschool settings. The main question is whether children can be categorised in homogenous groups based on engagement, independence and social interactions (proximal variables within a biopsychosocial framework of human development). The study also examined whether...

Recruitment, use, and satisfaction with a web platform supporting families of children with suspected or diagnosed developmental coordination disorder: a randomized feasibility trial.

To determine the feasibility of recruiting families of children with suspected or diagnosed developmental coordination disorder (sdDCD) and explore their satisfaction with a web-based intervention Design. A feasibility randomized trial was conducted. Participants were the parents of 5-12-year-old children with sdDCD. The intervention group had access to online resources, group and private forums, and videoconferencing with a therapist. Main outcomes were recruitement and retention rates. Satisfaction was do...

Variation factors of stereotypical hand movements in subjects with Rett syndrome.

Stereotypical hand movements have been observed in most individuals diagnosed with Rett syndrome.

On the lighter side medicine or etiquette? Rethinking a lecturer's teaching assignment.

To investigate the extent to which medical students demonstrate politeness. With respect to patient-physician interactions, politeness appears to be a factor in therapeutic success, perhaps because it might induce greater patient compliance.

The Use of Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviours to Establish Inhibitory Stimulus Control for the Management of Vocal Stereotypy in Children with Autism.

This study examined the efficacy of an inhibitory stimulus control procedure (ISCP) for the management of vocal stereotypy in three children with autism.

Positive Distraction in Pediatric Healthcare Waiting Spaces: Sharing Play Not Germs through Inclusive, Hands-Free Interactive Media.

To investigate the value of shared opportunities for positive distraction in pediatric healthcare environments.

Parenting Behaviors after Moderate - Severe Traumatic Injury in Early Childhood.

Examine the impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on parenting behavior over time.

Teaching children with autism to tie their shoes using video prompt-models and backward chaining.

Video-Based Interventions (VBIs) are those that make use of pre-recorded video footage to assist in the acquisition of a variety of skills and behaviours. This study examined one type of VBI, video prompting, and its effectiveness when combined with backward chaining. Prior research suggests that both VBIs and backward chaining are effective intervention methods for skill acquisition. Using a single-subject multiple baseline design, this experiment expands the current literature by thoroughlyexamining backw...

Functional strength measurement in cerebral palsy: feasibility, test-retest reliability, and construct validity.

 No instrument exists that measures functional strength in both lower and upper extremities in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Therefore, the functional strength measurement (FSM) was tested for feasibility, test-retest reliability and validity in CP.

Differences in sleep patterns, sleepiness, and physical activity levels between young adults with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing controls.

To investigate the differences in sleep, sleepiness, and physical activity (PA) between young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing controls (TDC).

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