PubMed Journal Database | Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews RSS

01:03 EST 14th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 161 from Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews

Osteocalcin and Sclerostin: background characters or main actors in cardiovascular disease?

Endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular outcome in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, but risk stratification of asymptomatic T2DM patients remains a challenging issue. We conducted a pilot study to assess whether endothelial dysfunction might help identify, among asymptomatic T2DM patients, those at increased risk of cardiovascular events.

Leisure-time cross-country skiing is associated with lower incidence of type 2 diabetes: A prospective cohort study.

Cross-country skiing is associated with reduction in risk of adverse vascular outcomes, but its association with type 2 diabetes is uncertain. We aimed to assess the associations between leisure-time cross-country skiing habits and incident type 2 diabetes.

Probiotics for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes: A Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

With the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there is increased interest in probiotic supplementation for improving glycemic control. This review evaluates nine randomized controlled trials that tested the effects of probiotics on glycemic outcomes including fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin, hemoglobin A1c, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance among adults with T2DM. Based on the evidence reviewed, multi-strain probiotics that contain seven million to 10...

Combined Analysis of 24 Type 2 Diabetes Genetic Risk Variants Indicates that Early-onset of Type 2 Diabetes in the Chinese Han Population can be Attributed Mainly to β-cell Function-related Genetic Risk.

To investigate the genetic factors contributing to early-onset type 2 diabetes (EOD) in the Chinese Hans populations.

Liraglutide Combined with Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation inhibits beta-cells apoptosis via mediating the ASK1/JNK/BAX pathway in rats with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Accumulating evidence suggests an association between beta-cell apoptosis and the ASK1/JNK/BAX pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a combined therapy of liraglutide and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on the glucose metabolism and islet beta-cell apoptosis, and further explore its relationship to the ASK1/JNK/BAX pathway.

Type 1 Diabetes and Body Composition in Youth: A Systematic Review.

An increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity was reported in youth with type 1 diabetes, likely due to the intensive insulin treatment and/or an unhealthy lifestyle. Analyses of body composition may help describe the real increase in fat mass, which contributes to the diabetes-related cardio-metabolic risk. This systematic review evaluated the current literature on body composition assessments in youth with type 1 diabetes and the potential association with cardio-metabolic, functional or behavioural ...

C-peptide is associated with NAFLD inflammatory and fibrotic progression in type 2 diabetes.

A higher prevalence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced stages of fibrosis was observed in type 2 diabetes. We aim to investigate whether C-peptide is associated with NAFLD progression in type 2 diabetic adults.

The remission phase in type 1 diabetes: changing epidemiology, definitions and emerging immuno-metabolic mechanisms.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is characterized by irreversible islet β cell destruction. During the progression of this disease, some patients with T1DM experience a phase of remission known as honeymoon or partial remission (PR) that is mainly characterized by satisfactory glycemic control and the transient recovery of islet β cell function. This special phase is a good model for studying the mechanism of β cell protection, might serve as a proper intervention period for immunotherapy and may be relat...

Distinct two different ages associated with clinical profiles of acute onset type 1 diabetes in Chinese.

There are abundant variations in the phenotypes and genetics of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients across different races. This study aimed to assess differences between juvenile acute onset and adult acute onset in Chinese T1D patients.

Low frataxin mRNA expression is associated with inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with type 2 diabetes.

The mitochondrial protein frataxin is involved in iron metabolism, as well as regulation of oxidative stress. To elucidate the association of frataxin with the pathophysiology of diabetes, we evaluated the mRNA levels of frataxin in leukocytes of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In addition, we investigated the relation between frataxin mRNA levels, inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress biomarkers.

Nested case-control data analysis using weighted conditional logistic regression in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study: A novel approach.

A nested case-control (NCC) design within a prospective cohort study can realize substantial benefits for biomarker studies. In this context, it is natural to consider the sample availability in the selection of controls to minimize data loss when implementing the design. However, this violates the randomness required for the selection, and it leads to biased analyses. An inverse probability weighting may improve the analysis, but the current approach using weighted Cox regression fails to maintain the bene...

Metformin reduces risk of varicose veins in type 2 diabetes patients.

This population-based retrospective cohort study compared the incidence of varicose veins in an unmatched cohort and a cohort of 1:1 propensity score (PS)-matched pairs of ever and never users of metformin in type 2 diabetes patients.


Obesity is currently considered a global epidemic, its implications in mortality and morbidity in the pediatric patient and in adulthood are increasingly important. The objective of this update is to review in detail the definitions of obesity according to the age group, in turn, the epidemiology of this entity worldwide and South America. Available evidence about pathophysiology and additionally, associated comorbidities are reported in some of the most important and clinically relevant body systems. The r...

Metabolically healthy obesity increased diabetes incidence in a middle-aged and elderly Chinese population.

We examined the association between metabolically healthy obese (MHO) and diabetes incidence in a middle-aged and elderly population, and whether the association differed by the presence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Diabetes-Specific Characteristics of Atherosclerotic Plaques in Femoral Arteries Determined by Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Vessel Wall Imaging.

This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of femoral atherosclerotic plaques in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) compared with those without DM using three-dimensional magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging.

Milk consumption does not prevent but induces type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Independent association between the visceral adiposity index and microalbuminuria in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients.

Visceral adiposity and albuminuria are commonly observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recently, the visceral adipose index (VAI) was found to be an indicator of visceral fat accumulation. However, the relationship between the VAI and urinary albumin has not been investigated in T2DM patients, and whether the predictive value of the VAI is superior to that of the triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-c) ratio remains unknown.

Association between insulin resistance and haematological parameters: a cohort study from adolescence to adulthood.

The aim of this study was to quantify the relationship between insulin resistance and haematological parameters from adolescence to adulthood.

Circulating TNF Receptors 1 and 2 Predict the Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease: A Meta-analysis.

We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the associations of circulating tumor necrosis factor-1 (TNFR-1) and TNFR-2 with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) progression, which is the first-ever quantitative synthesis of these associations thus far. Whether TNFRs were better than albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) in predicting DKD progression were also explored.

Looking back and looking forward: a brief history of research into type 1 diabetes.

The use of GLP-1 receptor agonists in hospitalised patients: an untapped potential.

In the outpatient setting, Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists have proved to be highly efficacious drugs that provide glycaemic control with a low risk of hypoglycaemia. These characteristics make GLP-1 receptor agonists attractive agents to treat dysglycaemia in perioperative or high-dependency hospital settings; where glycaemic variability and hyperglycaemia are associated with poor prognosis. GLP-1 also has a direct action on the myocardium and vasculature - which may be advantageous in th...

The Effects of Popular Diets on Type 2 Diabetes Management.

Type 2 diabetes can be managed with the use of diabetes self-management skills. Diet and exercise are essential segments of the lifestyle changes necessary for diabetes management. However, diet recommendations can be complicated in a world full of different diets. This review aims to evaluate the evidence on the effects of three popular diets geared towards diabetes management: low carbohydrate and the ketogenic diet, vegan diet, and the Mediterranean diet. While all three diets have been shown to assist i...


Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a common long-term complication of type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetes mellitus, with significant morbidity and mortality. DN is defined as impaired function of the autonomic and/or peripheral nervous system, often subclinical, particularly in children and adolescents with T1D. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) and skin biopsies are considered gold-standard methods in the assessment of DN. Multiple environmental and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of DN. Specific...

Improved skeletal muscle energy metabolism relates to the recovery of β-cell function by intensive insulin therapy in drug naïve type 2 diabetes.

Diminished energy turnover of skeletal muscle is involved in the development of type 2 diabetes. Intensive insulin therapy has been reported to maintain glycaemic control in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes, while the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Herein, we aimed to characterize the contribution of muscular mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) activity to insulin-induced glycaemic control.

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