PubMed Journal Database | Digestive surgery RSS

22:13 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 186 from Digestive surgery

A Prospective, Multi-Center Phase I Study of Postoperative Enoxaparin Treatment in Patients Undergoing Curative Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery for Malignancies.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the critical complications that can occur after surgery. A positive association between cancer and VTE risk is well established; however, the safety and efficacy of VTE prophylaxis have not been established in hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery, especially in surgery for malignancies.

Quality of Life and Bowel Dysfunction after Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery for Rectal Cancer: One Third of Patients Experience Major Low Anterior Resection Syndrome.

The low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) severely affects quality of life (QoL) after rectal cancer surgery. Studies investigating LARS and the effect on QoL after transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) for rectal cancer are scarce. The aim of our study was to assess bowel dysfunction and QoL after TEM.

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Postoperative Antibiotics for Patients with a Complex Appendicitis.

Postoperative antibiotics are recommended after appendectomy for complex appendicitis to reduce infectious complications. The duration of this treatment varies considerably between and even within institutions. The aim of this review was to critically appraise studies on duration of antibiotic treatment following appendectomy for complex appendicitis. A systematic literature search according to the PRISMA guidelines was performed. Comparative studies evaluating different durations of postoperative antibioti...

Symptomatic Uncomplicated Diverticular Disease and Incidence of Unexpected Abscess during Sigmoidectomy: A Multicenter Prospective Observational Study.

Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease can affect patients' everyday routine. Considerable efforts have been made to identify clinical features that correlate to the severity of the disease. Unexpected intraoperative abscesses are reported in large retrospective series, showing how uncomplicated symptoms and presentations can underlie a complicated disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of pericolic or intramural abscess in patients undergoing elective sigmoidectomy for symp...

Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy.

Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) was introduced in the 1990s with the aim to decrease the rate of respiratory complications associated with thoracotomy, along with the benefits of reduced morbidity and a quicker return to normal activities provided by minimally invasive techniques. However, MIE is not routinely applied as a standard approach for esophageal cancer worldwide, due to the high technical complexity of this minimally invasive procedure. Therefore, the open transthoracic esophagectomy is con...

Duration and Magnitude of Postoperative Risk of Venous Thromboembolism after Cholecystectomy: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

This study aimed to identify the burden and risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with cholecystectomy in England.

Evaluation of the Associations between Gastric Tube Preparation Methods and the Incidence of Cervical Anastomotic Leakage after Esophagectomy for Thoracic Esophageal Cancer.

A gastric tube (GT) is most often selected as a reconstruction conduit in esophageal reconstruction. Although some leakage from esophagogastric anastomoses is induced by blood flow failure in reconstruction conduits, the association between the GT and the anastomotic leakage (AL) is unclear.

30-Day Postoperative Morbidity of Emergency Surgery for Obstructive Right- and Left-Sided Colon Cancer in Obese Patients: A Multicenter Cohort Study of the French Surgical Association.

Emergency surgery impairs postoperative outcomes in colorectal cancer patients. No study has assessed the relationship between obesity and postoperative results in this setting.

HBPD Table of Contents Vol. 18, No. 1, 2019.

EDS Society News.

Single-Incision Laparoscopic versus Open Sigmoidectomy for Diverticular Disease: A Disease-Stratified Matched-Pair Analysis.

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a variant of laparoscopic surgery, especially for diverticular disease (DD), but there are very little data comparing SILS to standard surgical procedures for DD, and most studies on DD surgery do not declare the disease stage. We compared SILS to open sigmoidectomy for DD in a stage-stratified matched-pair analysis to validate the significance of SILS.

Laparoscopic Hepatectomy (with or without Robotic Assistance) versus Radiofrequency Ablation as a Minimally Invasive Treatment for Very Early-Stage or Early-Stage Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

The advantages of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) over hepatectomy as a treatment for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) include reduced morbidity and more rapid recovery. Although minimally invasive surgery provides similar benefits, few studies have compared the long-term oncological outcomes of these techniques. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of minimally invasive hepatectomy (MIH) and RFA.

Proximal Gastric Resection with Posterior Esophago-Gastrostomy and Partial Neo-Fundoplication in the Treatment of Advanced Upper Gastric Carcinoma.

Proximal gastric resection (PGR) is rarely used in western countries because of frequent postoperative reflux and uncommon diagnosis of early gastric cancer (GC).

Evaluation of the Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress Score as a Prognostic Indicator for Older Patients with Gastric Cancer.

The incidence of gastric cancer (GC) among the older adults is increasing. Therefore, determining postoperative age-associated prognostic factors is clinically important. This present study retrospectively investigated the prognostic significance of the estimation of physiologic ability and surgical stress (E-PASS) of such patients with GC.

Estimation of Physiological Ability and Surgical Stress Score Is a Useful Prognostic Indicator for Elderly Patients with Colorectal Cancer.

The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) among the elderly has been increasing. Therefore, determining postoperative prognosis factors in elderly CRC patients has clinical importance. This study retrospectively investigated the prognostic significance of the estimation of physiological ability and surgical stress (E-PASS) in elderly CRC patients.

The Preoperative Prognostic Nutritional Index Predicts Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients with Stage II/III Gastric Cancer: Analysis of a Multi-Institution Dataset.

Identification of nutritional indicators to predict short-term and long-term outcomes is necessary to provide appropriate treatment to patients with gastric cancer.

Allogeneic Leukocyte-Reduced Red Blood Cell Transfusion Is Associated with Postoperative Infectious Complications and Cancer Recurrence after Colon Cancer Resection.

Transfusion rates in colon cancer surgery are traditionally very high. Allogeneic red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are reported to induce immunomodulation that contributes to infectious morbidity and adverse oncologic outcomes. In an effort to attenuate these effects, the study institution implemented a universal leukocyte reduction protocol. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of leukocyte-reduced (LR) transfusions on postoperative infectious complications, recurrence-free survival, and ov...

Heller Myotomy for Epiphrenic Diverticula Compared to Nondiverticula Esophageal Motility Disorders, A Single Institution Experience and Appraisal of Patient Characteristics, High-Resolution Manometry and Outcomes.

The purpose of this study was to compare demographics, symptoms, prior interventions, operation, and outcomes of patients who underwent Heller myotomy for esophageal motility disorders and epiphrenic diverticulectomy with Heller myotomy.

Long-Term Impact of Iatrogenic Bile Duct Injury.

Bile duct injury (BDI) is a devastating complication following cholecystectomy. After initial management of BDI, patients stay at risk for late complications including anastomotic strictures, recurrent cholangitis, and secondary biliary cirrhosis.

Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency after Gastrectomy for Cancer Is Not Severe.

Effect of Caffeine Intake on Postoperative Ileus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Postoperative ileus prolongs both hospital stay and patients' morbidity, having at the same time a great impact on health care costs. Coffee, a worldwide popular, cheap beverage might have an important effect on the motility of the postoperative bowel.

External Validation of Different Scoring Systems for Suspected Choledocholithiasis.

The diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is challenging. Previously published scoring systems designed to calculate the risk of choledocholithiasis were evaluated to appraise the diagnostic performance.

Management of Pancreatic Cystic Lesions.

The prevalence of undefined pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) is high in the general population, increasing with patient age. PCNs account for different biological entities with different potential for malignant transformation. The clinician must balance his or her practice between the risk of surgical overtreatment and the error of keeping a malignant lesion under surveillance.

Double Gastric Hanging for Gastric Exposure in Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy.

Gastric traction is essential in laparoscopic distal pancreatic resections. We already described the single gastric hanging providing good exposure on the left pancreas and we herein introduce a modification named the double gastric hanging.

The Actual Prevalence of Symptoms in Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: A Prospective Propensity Matched Cohort Analysis.

The prevalence of symptoms in pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) is mainly based on retrospective surgical series. The aim of this study is to describe the actual prevalence of symptoms in PCNs under surveillance.

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