PubMed Journal Database | Early human development RSS

09:06 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 321 from Early human development

Aerosolized surfactant in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: Phase I study.

Treating respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) with intratracheal surfactant requires endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, (MV) with their attendant risks. Use of non-invasive respiratory support in the delivery room averts the need for MV but delays surfactant administration.

Correlation between cardiorespiratory events and gastro-esophageal reflux in preterm and term infants: Analysis of predisposing factors.

The association between cardiorespiratory events (CRE) and gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) among neonates is still controversial.

Corrigendum to "Postnatal nutritional deficit is an independent predictor of bronchopulmonary dysplasia among extremely premature infants born at or <28 weeks gestation" Early Hum. Dev. 131 (2019) 29-35.

Corrigendum to "Postnatal N-acetylcysteine does not provide neuroprotection in extremely low birth weight infants: A follow-up of a randomized controlled trial" Early Hum. Dev. 132(2019) 13-17.

Exposure to parental smoking during pregnancy and handgrip strength in 7-10-year old children.

Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a risk factor associated with intrauterine growth retardation and postnatal complications.

General spontaneous movements in preterm infants differentiated by post-conceptional ages.

The aim of the study was to assess general spontaneous motor development in the neonatal phase in groups of neonatal high-risk preterm infants who were differentiated by post-conceptional (PCo) age until term age.

Developmental outcomes of very preterm children with high parental education level.

Compared to their term-born peers, children born very preterm are at risk for poorer cognitive, academic and behavioral outcomes, however this finding may have been confounded by lower parental education level in the very preterm children. Studies that compare very preterm and term-born children with comparable (high) parental education level are needed to assess the true effect of very preterm birth on outcomes.

Digit ratio (2D:4D), myocardial infarction and fibrinogen in men.

Postnatal nutritional deficit is an independent predictor of bronchopulmonary dysplasia among extremely premature infants born at or <28 weeks gestation: Some methodological issues.

Does nuchal cord at birth increase the risk for cerebral palsy?

Nuchal cord is a common finding in pregnancy. It is unclear whether a nuchal cord at birth causes birth asphyxia and raises the risk for developing cerebral palsy of the offspring.

Neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants in southern China: A multicenter study.

To assess treatment outcomes and associated factors of extremely preterm infants (EPIs) in GuangXi, China.

Non-invasive estimation of brain-volume in infants.

Neurological development is determined by brain growth. Methods to measure total brain volume (TBV) in clinical settings are limited. MR-imaging represents the gold-standard.

Association of CYP19A1 single-nucleotide polymorphism with digit ratio (2D:4D) in a sample of men and women from Ningxia (China).

2D:4D is an anthropometric indicator that may reflect the level of intrauterine sexual hormone exposure before birth. The aromatase gene (CYP19A1) mainly encodes cytochrome P450 aromatase, a key enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of androgens to estrogens in vivo and affects the development of 2D:4D. Studying the association between six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP19A1 and digit ratios in the normal population of China will provide some basis for the biological basis of digit ratio develo...

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Ethnography with children: Some considerations.

This paper introduces the key methodological challenges related to working with children within an ethnographic research design. After briefly identifying in-depth contextually rich data as the key aim of any ethnographic research, some of the particular challenges related to working with children are explored. These are described along two key axes: ethical issues related to power dynamics loaded in favour of the adult researcher, and practical, logistical barriers to generating data that are a true reflec...

A longitudinal study of antenatal and perinatal risk factors in early childhood cognition: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand.

Poor maternal health, disadvantageous exposures during pregnancy and unfavourable perinatal events are associated with adverse trajectories in offspring cognitive development.

Are fetal mortality and a trend towards reduced birth weight of infants associated with climate changes in Japan?

Associations between gross motor skills and cognitive development in toddlers.

The early years of life are critical for motor and cognitive development. A better understanding is needed on the associations between the control and development of motor and cognitive tasks.

WASP (Write a Scientific Paper): Qualitative research and evidence based practice: implications and contributions.

Qualitative methodologies are commonly used in the social sciences. This paper discusses how this type of research can enhance evidence-based practice in health care settings. Examples taken from qualitative studies are included in order to demonstrate how such research can be applied to medical settings. Additionally, this paper describes some of the unique characteristics inherent in qualitative research.

Proportionality at birth and left ventricular hypertrophy in healthy adolescents.

Perinatal growth has important implications for cardiac development. Low birth weight is associated with cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality, and animal studies have shown that fetal growth restriction is associated with cardiac remodeling in the perinatal period leading to a permanent loss of cardiomyocyte endowment and compensatory hypertrophy.

The effect of labor medications on normal newborn behavior in the first hour after birth: A prospective cohort study.

Skin-to-skin contact after birth between mother and baby has immediate and long-term advantages. Widström's 9 Stages of Newborn Behavior offer an opportunity to evaluate a baby in the natural, expected and optimal habitat. Intrapartum drugs, including fentanyl administered via epidural and synthetic oxytocin (synOT), have been studied in relation to neonatal outcomes with conflicting results.

Nutritive and non-nutritive sucking patterns associated with pacifier use and bottle-feeding in full-term infants.

The current literature does not provide accurate information about the association between use of artificial nipples and sucking patterns in infants.

Postnatal N‑acetylcysteine does not provide neuroprotection in extremely low birth weight infants: A follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

Neurodevelopment medium-term outcome after parechovirus infection.

Human parechoviruses (HPeV) are responsible for fever without a source (FWS), sepsis-like illness and encephalitis in neonates and children under 3 months of age. Short-term outcome is generally good, but there is great concern about medium and long- term outcome of infants after HPeV infection. The aim of this study is to assess the medium-term outcome in infants following HPeV infection without encephalitis.

Development of a novel Periconceptual Nutrition Score (PENS) to examine the relationship between maternal dietary quality and fetal growth.

Maternal nutrition may influence intrauterine fetal development. To date, the relationship between contemporary European dietary guidelines and fetal growth has not been examined.

Associations between preterm infant stress, epigenetic alteration, telomere length and neurodevelopmental outcomes: A systematic review.

Every year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm (

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