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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.
In the past 5 years Botswana graduated its first home-grown doctors and emergency medicine specialists for the country. The postgraduate emergency medicine specialist training arrangement between Botswana and South Africa was challenging in development, implementation and maintenance. Numerous varied supports from ACEM and its International Emergency Medicine Network were integral to these successes. This article encourages further investment of ACEM grants and scholarships in Africa by describing how ACEM ...
Describe current practice of medication prescribing for acute whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) in the ED and explore attitudes towards pregabalin prescription for WAD.
As an emerging country with the fourth largest population in the world, Indonesia's purchasing power has strengthened, leading to socioeconomic changes that affect its healthcare system. Additionally, there is a surge of healthcare utilisation after the implementation of a new national insurance scheme, particularly within emergency departments. Similar to other low- to middle-income countries, Indonesia has not prioritised the progress of emergency medicine despite existing evidence that suggests that the ...
The present study describes patients with acute behavioural disturbance presenting to the ED, the impact they have on the department and any complications that occur.
The concept of freestanding EDs is a popular operational model of emergency care in the USA. This model has been described as an emergency physician-created innovative solution in resolving ongoing overcrowding issues in EDs. A decentralised community-based emergency care model may be a solution to meet the increasing demand for emergency and unscheduled acute care in Australia. It may also help to reduce the number of acute hospital admissions through EDs. The aim of freestanding EDs should be to manage an...
Our objective was to examine the impact of a human factor-designed multimodal intervention on the proportion of unused peripheral i.v. cannula (PIVC) insertion in our ED.
The implementation of the time target policy (Four-Hour Rule/National Emergency Access Target [4HR/NEAT]) constituted a major change for ED, and potentially on quality of care. The present study aimed to understand perceptions and experiences of ED staff during 4HR/NEAT implementation.
Despite mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accounting for 80% of head injury diagnoses, recognition of individuals at risk of cognitive dysfunction remains a challenge in the acute setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential role for computerised cognitive testing as part of a complete ED head injury assessment.
Use of the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score has been proposed by the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock. The utility in the ED is not yet well established. We retrospectively studied the application of a modified SOFA (mSOFA) score, to assess its ability to predict mortality.
To compare patient satisfaction levels, staff perspectives and the time required using Structured Interdisciplinary Bedside Rounds (SIBR; Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA) versus traditional medical ward rounds (TR) in the ED.
Prisoners are a particularly vulnerable minority group whose healthcare needs and management differ substantially from the general population. The overall burden of disease of prisoners is well documented; however, little is known regarding the aetiology and frequency of prisoners' acute medical complaints requiring an ED visit. Objectives of the review were to identify, review and appraise existing literature regarding prisoners' presentations to EDs. We performed systematic electronic searches in MEDLINE,...
Antiemetics are medications that are frequently used in the pre-hospital setting. However, recent evidence indicates that antiemetics are ineffective in reducing undifferentiated nausea scores and vomiting rates. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of antiemetics administered in the pre-hospital setting. This is a systematic review employing PRISMA guidelines of seven studies selected that included randomised controlled trials and prospective studies, investigating the use of antiem...
Regionalised civilian trauma systems improve patient outcomes, but may deskill clinicians outside major trauma services (MTSs). We aimed to characterise experience and confidence in trauma management among emergency physicians working in MTS to those working elsewhere.
In paediatric cardiopulmonary arrest, International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) states, 'there are no simple guidelines to determine when resuscitative efforts become futile'. Considerations to assist this decision-making include cause of arrest, pre-existing medical conditions, age, site of arrest, duration of untreated cardiopulmonary arrest, witnessed arrest and presence of shockable rhythm. Outcomes are poor in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA), particularly for infants. This single-...
A number of new time critical medical interventions are highly specialised. As such, they are not available in many hospitals and EDs. This necessitates transfer to another facility, which is often associated with some degree of delay. Processes to facilitate timely access to these interventions should aim to replicate or improve on that which would have been available should the patient have been in the community, and responded to, primarily, by an emergency medical service.
To explore the feasibility of an ED chronic hepatitis B (CHB) screening programme.