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PubMed Journal Database | Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) RSS

09:38 EDT 14th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,600+ from Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)

Mobility of traffic-related Pd and Pt species in soils evaluated by sequential extraction.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the mobility of platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) emissions from automotive catalysts in soils and to contribute to the risk assessment of platinum group metals (PGMs) discharged from catalysts in the environment. To address this question, for the first time risk assessment code (RAC) was applied to consider the results from sequential extraction of different Pd and Pt species from soils. For this purpose, model soil samples were prepared spiking defined Pd or Pt species...

Contamination, potential mobility, and origins of lead in sediment cores from the Shima River, south China.

Identifying contamination sources of environmental media and revealing their changing trends over time is useful for regional contamination control and environmental improvements. Four sediment cores (S1-S4) were collected from the Shima River to determine lead (Pb) concentrations, geochemical fractions and isotopic compositions, as well as the geochronology of core S3. The results show that Pb concentrations decreased from the upper and middle reach sites (means: 57.6, 95.9, and 97.6 mg kg, respectivel...

Multibiomarker interactions to diagnose and follow-up chronic exposure of a marine crustacean to Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS).

Integrated compensatory responses of physiological systems towards homeostasis are generally overlooked when it comes to analysing alterations in biochemical parameters indicative of such processes. Here an hypothesis-driven multivariate analysis accounting for interactive multibiomarker responses was used to investigate effects of long-term exposure of Carcinus maenas to Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS). Adult male crabs were exposed to low and high post-spill levels of acrylonitrile (ACN) or aniline...

Repeated measures of prenatal phthalate exposure and maternal hemoglobin concentration trends: The Ma'anshan birth cohort (MABC) study.

A prospective cohort study of a Chinese population was conducted to investigate the relationship between prenatal phthalates exposure and maternal hemoglobin or anemia. Based on the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study, 7 phthalate metabolites were quantified in spot pregnancy urine samples (n = 9263) from 3269 pregnant women during each trimester. The maternal hemoglobin concentrations were obtained from electronic medical records at the same three time points for each participant during pregnancy. Anemia was ...

Ambient air pollution and daily hospital admissions: A nationwide study in 218 Chinese cities.

There have been few large multicity studies to evaluate the acute health effects of ambient air pollution on morbidity risk in developing counties. In this study, we examined the short-term associations of air pollution with daily hospital admissions in China. We conducted a nationwide time-series study in 218 Chinese cities between 2014 and 2016. Data on daily hospital admissions counts were obtained from the National Health Insurance Database for Urban Employees covering 0.28 billion enrollees. We used ge...

Foliar mercury content from tropical trees and its correlation with physiological parameters in situ.

The terrestrial biogeochemical cycle of mercury has been widely studied because, among other causes, it presents a global distribution and harmful biotic interactions. Forested ecosystems shows great concentrations from Hg and Litterfall is known as the major contributor to the fluxes at the soil/air interface, through the superficial adsorption on the leaves and by the gas exchange of the stomatal pores. The understanding of which processes control the stage of Hg cycle in these ecosystems is still not tot...

The response of chironomid taxonomy- and functional trait-based metrics to fish farm effluent pollution in lotic systems.

The lotic habitats affected by trout farm waste are colonized with a particular invertebrate community of which chironomids are the most abundant group. However, there is little information available regarding how chironomid community structures respond to this type of pollution at the highest taxonomic resolution. Eight fish farms, together with their lotic systems as recipients, were used to test the variability of the chironomid community and its surrogates (taxonomic and functional metrics) across spati...

Influence of urbanisation characteristics on the variability of particle-bound heavy metals build-up: A comparative study between China and Australia.

Heavy metal pollution of urban stormwater poses potential risks to human and ecosystem health. The design of reliable pollution mitigation strategies requires reliable stormwater modelling approaches. Current modelling practices do not consider the influence of urbanisation characteristics on stormwater quality. This could undermine the accuracy of stormwater quality modelling results. This research study used a database consisting of over 1000 datasets to compare the characteristics of heavy metal build-up...

Microplastics in the Arctic: A case study with sub-surface water and fish samples off Northeast Greenland.

The Arctic is a unique and fragile ecosystem that needs to be preserved and protected. Despite its remoteness, plastic pollution has been documented in this region. In the coming years, it is likely to worsen since, with climate changes and the opening of new shipping routes, the human presence is going to increase in the whole area. Here, we investigated the presence of microplastics (MPs) in sub-surface water and in two mid-trophic level Arctic fishes collected off Northeast Greenland: the demersal bigeye...

A comprehensive probabilistic approach for integrating natural variability and parametric uncertainty in the prediction of trace metals speciation in surface waters.

The main objectives of this study were to evaluate global uncertainty in the prediction of Distribution coefficients (Kds) for several Trace Metals (TM) (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn) through the probabilistic use of a geochemical speciation model, and to conduct sensitivity analysis in speciation modeling in order to identify the main sources of uncertainty in Kd prediction. As a case study, data from the Loire river (France) were considered. The geochemical speciation model takes into account complexation of TM with in...

Insight into mechanism of aged biochar for adsorption of PAEs: Reciprocal effects of ageing and coexisting Cd.

Biomass derived biochar is a stable carbon-rich product with potential for soil amendment. Introduced into the natural environment, biochar will naturally experience 'ageing' processes that are liable to change its physicochemical properties and the mobility of sorbed pollutants over the longer term. To elucidate the reciprocal effects of biochar ageing and heavy metal adsorption on the affinity of biochar for organic pollutants, we systematically assessed the adsorption of diethyl phthalate (DEP), represen...

Particulate emission from the gasification and pyrolysis of biomass: Concentration, size distributions, respiratory deposition-based control measure evaluation.

Gasification and pyrolysis technologies have been widely employed to produce fuels and chemicals from solid wastes. Rare studies have been conducted to compare the particulate emissions from gasification and pyrolysis, and relevant inhalation exposure assessment is still lacking. In this work, we characterized the particles emitted from the gasification and pyrolysis experiments under different temperatures (500, 600, and 700 °C). The collection efficiencies of existing cyclones were compared based on pa...

Combined impact of fishmeal and tetracycline on resistomes in mariculture sediment.

Mariculture sediment has been recognized as a major contributor of environmental antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which are challenging the treatment of infections worldwide. Both antibiotics and fishmeal are used in aquaculture, and each has the potential to facilitate ARG dissemination, however their combined impact on the sediment resistome and their relative contribution remain unclear. In this study, microcosms were exposed to varying concentrations of tetracycline with or without fishmeal (0.1% wt/...

Bioaccessibility and exposure assessment of trace metals from urban airborne particulate matter (PM and PM) in simulated digestive fluid.

We describe a batch-extraction with simulated digestive fluid (salivary fluid, gastric fluid and intestinal fluid) to estimate the bioaccessibility of inhaled trace metals (TMs) in particulate matter less than 10 and 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM and PM). Concentrations of the assayed TMs (As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Mn, Cu, Zn, Sb, Hg and Pb) were determined in PM and PM samples by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The TMs with the largest soluble fractions for airborne PM collected from winter and...

Concentrations of selected heavy metals in placental tissues and risk for neonatal orofacial clefts.

Orofacial clefts (OFCs) have multifactorial etiologies. Prenatal exposure to heavy metals can induce OFCs in animal models, but evidence from studies of human subjects is scarce. We examined whether concentrations of mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and arsenic (As) in placental tissues are associated with risk for OFCs in offspring. This population-based case-control study included 103 newborns affected by OFCs with available placental tissues and 206 controls randomly selected from 509 non-malformed...

Characteristics and sources of trace elements in PM in two megacities in Sichuan Basin of southwest China.

To characterize major trace elements in PM and associated sources in two megacities, Chengdu (CD) and Chongqing (CQ), in Sichuan Basin of southwest China, daily PM samples were collected at one urban site in each city from October 2014 to July 2015 and were analyzed for their contents of thirteen trace elements including four crustal elements (Al, Ca, Fe, and Ti), eight trace metals (K, Cr, Zn, Cu, Mn, Pb, Ni, and V), and As. Multiple approaches including correlation analysis, enrichment factor, principal c...

Bisphenol AP is anti-estrogenic and may cause adverse effects at low doses relevant to human exposure.

A recent increase in the use of bisphenol A (BPA) alternatives to manufacture plastics has led to safety concerns. Here, we evaluated the estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activities of bisphenol AP (BPAP), a poorly studied BPA alternative, using in vitro, in vivo and in silico tools. BPAP exhibited weak estrogenicity but strong anti-estrogenicity (IC = 2.35 μM) in a GeneBLAzer™ β-lactamase reporter gene assay. BPAP, when administered alone or in combination with E (50 μg kg bw d) for 3 d, s...

Are ambient volatile organic compounds environmental stressors for heart failure?

Numerous epidemiological studies have indicated the adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution on heart failure (HF) risk. However, little data are available directly evaluating the association of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with HF risk. We aimed to estimate the short-term effects of ambient VOCs on HF emergency hospitalizations in Hong Kong and to evaluate whether the associations were modified by sex and age.

Crosstalk between unfolded protein response and Nrf2-mediated antioxidant defense in Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate-induced renal injury in quail (Coturnix japonica).

The widely used Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been reported to exhibit ubiquitous environmental and global health hazards. The bioaccumulation and environmental persistence of DEHP can cause serious health hazards in wildlife animals and human. However, DEHP-induced nephrotoxicity in bird is remained unknown. Thus, this study explored the related mechanism of DEHP nephrotoxicity in quail. For this purpose, quail were exposed with DEHP at doses of 0, 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg body weight daily by g...

Mechanistic toxicity of DEHP at environmentally relevant concentrations (ERCs) and ecological risk assessment in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, China.

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) associated in vitro/vivo toxicity at current environmentally relevant concentration (ERC) with attendant ecological risks in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area (TGRA) is still elusive. Responding to this challenge, a novel integrated study based on analytical and biological assays was designed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms for toxicity of DEHP and its ecological risks at ERC. In this study, GC-MS analysis showed that the highest environmental concentration of DEHP i...

Dynamic variations in dissolved organic matter and the precursors of disinfection by-products leached from biochars: Leaching experiments simulating intermittent rain events.

Biochar-leached dissolved organic matter may have a substantial impact on the water quality of receiving water surrounded by biochar-amended fields. In this study, we tracked variations in the spectroscopic characteristics and the disinfection by-products formation potentials of dissolved organic matter (DOM) leached during sequential extraction for three different biochars (BCs), which simulates DOM from BC-amended fields during intermittent rain events. The optical properties of DOM were more dependent on...

Assessing the influence of the genetically modified factor on mixture toxicological interactions in Caenorhabditis elegans: Comparison between wild type and a SOD type.

How to evaluate the ecological risk of transgenic technology is a focus of scientists because of the safety concerns raised by genetically modified (GM) organisms. Nevertheless, most studies are based on individual chemicals and always analyze the GM organism as a type of toxicant. In this study, we changed the approach and used GM organisms as the test objects with normal chemical exposure. Three types of chemicals (two substituted phenols, 4-chlorophenol and 4-nitrophenol; two ionic liquids, 1-butylpyridi...

Uptake of ozone and modification of lipids in Betula Pendula pollen.

Pollen allergy risk is modified by air pollutants, including ozone, but the chemical modifications induced on pollen grains are poorly understood. Pollen lipidic extract has been shown to act as an adjuvant to the allergenic reaction and therefore, the modification of lipids by air pollutants could have health implications. Birch pollen was exposed in vitro to ozone to explore the reactivity of O on its surface and on its lipidic fraction. Uptake coefficients of ozone were determined for ozone concentratio...

2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether induces germ cell apoptosis through oxidative stress by a MAPK-mediated p53-independent pathway.

2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47), a representative congener of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the environment, is known to have reproductive toxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be clarified, especially in in vivo systems. In the present study, we employed Caenorhabditis elegans to study the effects of BDE-47 on reproduction. Our results showed that BDE-47 impaired worm fecundity and induced germ cell apoptosis. To elucidate the mechanisms, DNA damage and oxidative stress in...

Physiological responses of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) seedlings to acute ozone exposure at high temperature.

Vegetation in the Arabian Peninsula is facing high and steadily rising tropospheric ozone pollution. However, little is known about the impacts of elevated ozone on date palms, one of the most important indigenous economic species. To elucidate the physiological responses of date palm to peak levels of acute ozone exposure, seedlings were fumigated with 200 ppb ozone for 8 h. Net CO assimilation rate, stomatal conduction, total carbon, its isotope signature and total sugar contents in leaves and roots w...


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