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PubMed Journal Database | Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) RSS

19:56 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+ from Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)

Regulation of coastal methane sinks by a structured gradient of microbial methane oxidizers.

Coastal wetlands are widely recognized as atmospheric methane sources. However, recent field studies suggest that some coastal wetlands could also act as methane sinks, but the mechanism is not yet clear. Here, we investigated methane oxidation with different electron acceptors (i.e., oxygen, nitrate/nitrite, sulfate, Fe(III) and Mn(IV)) in four coastal wetlands in China using a combination of molecular biology methods and isotopic tracing technologies. The geochemical profiles and in situ Gibbs free energi...

Assessment of bisphenol A alternatives in paper products from the Chinese market and their dermal exposure in the general population.

Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known endocrine disruptor, is used as a color developer in thermal paper. More recently, some emerging structural analogues have been introduced to replace BPA due to the strengthened regulations concerning thermal paper. Nevertheless, very limited data are available regarding their occurrence and potential health risks. Here, thirteen potentially toxic compounds were investigated in paper products (120 thermal papers and 81 nonthermal papers) collected in Beijing, China. The resul...

Ozone risk assessment of castor (Ricinus communis L.) cultivars using open top chamber and ethylenediurea (EDU).

Castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) an important non-edible oilseed crop, is a prominent feed stock towards the generation of renewable materials for industrial production which has multiple applications ranging from cosmetics to biofuels industry. India accounts for 76% of the total world production of castor oil seed. However, major concern for developing countries like India where expanding economy led to rapid increases in gases like NOx, CO and VOCs photochemically form ozone. Ozone is strong oxidant tha...

Induction of hepatic miR-34a by perfluorooctanoic acid regulates metabolism-related genes in mice.

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a widespread organic pollutant with various toxicological impacts on the liver. Members of the miR-34 family are P53-targeted growth suppressors. We found that PFOA exposure (5 mg/kg/d PFOA for 28 d) resulted in a significant increase of miR-34a in the livers of mice but had no effect on either miR-34b or miR-34c. We knocked out miR-34a in mice to explore the role of elevated miR-34a in PFOA-induced liver toxicity. Compared with the corresponding untreated control, signi...

Ecological network analysis for an industrial solid waste metabolism system.

Faced with an increasing amount of industrial solid waste (ISW) in the process of rapid industrialization, it is indispensable to carry out ISW metabolism study to realize source and waste reduction. In this study, a new composite waste input-output (WIO) model is developed to examine ISW production and production relationships among different sectors. In particular, the extended methods of network control analysis and network utility analysis are used in the ecological network analysis under two ISW scenar...

Urban population exposure to tropospheric ozone: A multi-country forecasting of SOMO35 using artificial neural networks.

Urban population exposure to tropospheric ozone is a serious health concern in Europe countries. Although there are insufficient evidence to derive a level below which ozone has no effect on mortality WHO (World Health Organization) uses SOMO35 (sum of means over 35 ppb) in their health impact assessments. Is this paper, the artificial neural network (ANN) approach was used to forecast SOMO35 at the national level for a set of 24 European countries, mostly EU members. Available ozone precursors' emissions...

Rare earth elements in the Pearl River Delta of China: Potential impacts of the REE industry on water, suspended particles and oysters.

Rare earth element (REE) concentrations and patterns were measured in surface water, suspended particles (SP) and oysters from the Pearl River Estuary, China. During the rainy season of 2017, higher REE concentrations were found at the stations in the estuary (ΣREE = 0.06-0.42 μg L) than those at the river mouths (referred to as 'outlet' stations, ΣREE = 0.001-0.14 μg L). However, the reverse occurred in the dry season of 2016 (ΣREE = 0.07-0.16 μg L in the mid-estuary vs. 0.001...

Atline measurement of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran International Toxic Equivalent Quantity prediction in the stack gas.

A home-made analytical instrument based on thermal desorption gas chromatography coupled to resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TD-GC-REMPI-TOFMS) was applied for atline measurement of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene for the prediction of polychlorinated dibenzodioxin and dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) concentrations in the stack gas of a municipal solid waste incinerator (400 ton/day). Conventional high resolution gas chromatography/high resolution mass spectroscopy (HRGC/HRMS) measur...

Biomass burning source identification through molecular markers in cryoconites over the Tibetan Plateau.

Cryoconite is a dark, dusty aggregate of mineral particles, organic matter, and microorganisms transported by wind and deposited on glacier surfaces. It can accelerate glacier melting and alter glacier mass balances by reducing the surface albedo of glaciers. Biomass burning in the Tibetan Plateau, especially in the glacier cryoconites, is poorly understood. Retene, levoglucosan, mannosan and galactosan can be generated by the local fires or transported from the biomass burning regions over long distances. ...

A new criterion for the health risk assessment of Se and Pb exposure to residents near a smelter.

There is an increasing evidence linking protective effect of selenium (Se) against Pb toxicology; however, Pb exposure risk assessments usually consider only the environmental Pb contamination and dietary intake. Based on the current understanding of mechanisms of SePb interactions, the physiological function/toxicology of Se and the toxicology of Pb, a new criterion for Se and Pb exposure assessment is developed. Additionally, seven existing criteria were also used to assess the resident health risks aroun...

Transcriptional and physiological effects of the pyrethroid deltamethrin and the organophosphate dimethoate in the brain of honey bees (Apis mellifera).

The pyrethroid deltamethrin and the organophosphate insecticide dimethoate are widely used in agriculture and in urban areas. Both plant protection products (PPPs) unintendedly result in adverse effects in pollinators. Currently, the sublethal effects of both compounds are poorly known, particularly on the molecular and biochemical level. Here we analysed effects of deltamethrin and dimethoate at environmental and sublethal concentrations in honey bee workers by focusing on transcriptional changes of target...

The association between short-term ambient air pollution and daily outpatient visits for schizophrenia: A hospital-based study.

Schizophrenia is a devastating neuropsychiatric disorder with increasing concern. Limited studies have been conducted to assess the relationship between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and schizophrenia attacks. This study aimed to investigate the associations between short-term air pollution exposure and schizophrenia outpatient visits based on a time-series study performed in China. Daily data of schizophrenia outpatient admissions and air pollution from 1 October 2010 to 31 December 2013 wer...

Human inflammatory response of endotoxin affected by particulate matter-bound transition metals.

Bacterial endotoxins are a component of particulate matter (PM) with anticipated health implications, yet we know little about how host reception of endotoxin through toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is affected by its association with other PM components. Subsequently, we investigated the relationship between endotoxin concentration (recombinant Factor C (rFC) assay) and host recognition (HEK Blue-TLR4 NF-kB reporter cell line based assay) in various compositions of urban PM, including road traffic, industrial ...

Dietary intake of 4-nonylphenol and bisphenol A in Taiwanese population: Integrated risk assessment based on probabilistic and sensitive approach.

4-Nonylphenol (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) are high-production and high-volume chemicals used to manufacture various commercial products. They are also ubiquitous contaminants that disrupt endocrine systems in wildlife and humans. We collected, from Taiwan cities with the highest food production, and analyzed, using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS), 278 food samples for NP and BPA from 11 categories. We found background levels of 100% for NP and 72% for BPA in total...

Distribution and potential health impacts of microplastics and microrubbers in air and street dusts from Asaluyeh County, Iran.

While the distribution and effects of microplastics (MPs) have been extensively studied in aquatic systems, there exits little information on their occurrence in the terrestrial environment and their potential impacts on human health. In the present study, street dust and suspended dust were collected from the city and county of Asaluyeh, Iran. Samples were characterized by various microscopic techniques (fluorescence, polarized light, SEM) in order to quantify and classify MPs and microrubbers (MRs) in the...

Multi-method assessment of the intrinsic biodegradation potential of an aquifer contaminated with chlorinated ethenes at an industrial area in Barcelona (Spain).

The bioremediation potential of an aquifer contaminated with tetrachloroethene (PCE) was assessed by combining hydrogeochemical data of the site, microcosm studies, metabolites concentrations, compound specific-stable carbon isotope analysis and the identification of selected reductive dechlorination biomarker genes. The characterization of the site through 10 monitoring wells evidenced that leaked PCE was transformed to TCE and cis-DCE via hydrogenolysis. Carbon isotopic mass balance of chlorinated ethenes...

Haze formation indicator based on observation of critical carbonaceous species in the atmosphere.

Organic aerosol (OA) are always the most abundant species in terms of relative proportion to PM concentration in Beijing, while in previous studies, poor link between carbonaceous particles and their gaseous precursors were established based on field observation results. Through this study, we provided a comprehensive analysis of critical carbonaceous species in the atmosphere. The concentrations, diurnal variations, conversions, and gas-particle partitioning (F-factor) of 8 carbonaceous species, carbon dio...

Is the urban-adapted ring-billed gull a biovector for flame retardants?

Birds may act as biovectors of nutrients and contaminants at the regional scale and potentially increase the exposure to such substances in ecosystems frequented by these birds. However, no study has estimated biotransport of contaminants by individual birds through their feces (guano). Elevated concentrations of halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) have been reported in ring-billed gulls (Larus delawarensis) breeding near Montreal (QC, Canada)- a known hotspot for HFRs. The objective of the present study wa...

Anaerobic ammonium oxidation in agricultural soils-synthesis and prospective.

Denitrification is considered as the dominant nitrogen (N) removing pathway, however, anaerobic oxidation of ammonium (anammox) also plays a significant part in N loss in agricultural ecosystems. Large N inputs into agricultural soils may stimulate the growth of anammox bacteria, resulting in high activity and diversity of anammox bacteria and subsequent more N loss. In some specific niches, like oxic-anoxic interface, three processes, nitrification, anammox and denitrification couple with each other, and s...

Microplastics in juvenile Chinook salmon and their nearshore environments on the east coast of Vancouver Island.

Microplastics are a significant issue in the world's oceans. These small plastic particles (

Coexistence and association between heavy metals, tetracycline and corresponding resistance genes in vermicomposts originating from different substrates.

Coexistence of antibiotics/heavy metals and the overexpression of resistance genes in the vermicompost has become an emerging environmental issue. Little is known about the interaction and correlation between chemical pollutants and biological macromolecular compounds. In this study, three typical vermicompost samples were selected from the Yangtze River Delta region in China to investigate the antibiotic, heavy metal and corresponding antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and heavy metal resistance genes (HRG...

Light absorption of organic carbon and its sources at a southeastern U.S. location in summer.

Light-absorbing organic carbon (OC), also referred to as "brown carbon" (BrC), has been intensively investigated in atmospheres impacted by biomass burning. However, other BrC sources (e.g., secondary formation in the atmosphere) are rarely studied in ambient aerosols. In the current work, forty-five PM filter samples were collected in Research Triangle Park (RTP), NC, USA from June 1st to July 15th, 2013. The bulk carbonaceous components, including OC, elemental carbon (EC), water soluble OC (WSOC), and an...

Importance of denitrification driven by the relative abundances of microbial communities in coastal wetlands.

Excessive nitrogen (N) loadings from human activities have led to increased eutrophication and associated water quality impacts in China's coastal wetlands. Denitrification accounts for significant reduction of inorganic N to nitrous oxide (NO) or dinitrogen gas (N), and thereby curtails harmful effects of N pollution in coastal and marine ecosystems. However, the molecular drivers and limiting steps of denitrification in coastal wetlands are not well understood. Here, we quantified the abundances of functi...

The effect of long-range transport, trophic position and diet specialization on legacy contaminant occurrence in great skuas, Stercorarius skua, breeding across the Northeast Atlantic.

High levels of halogenated organic contaminants (HOCs) have been found in the marine predatory seabird great skua (Stercorarius skua) from breeding colonies in the Northeastern Atlantic, with large unexplained inter-colony variation. The present study aimed at analyzing if the HOCs occurrence in breeding great skuas in remote colonies was explained by local baseline food web exposure determined by long-range transport, or by ecological factors such as diet specialization and relative trophic position in the...

The pollution level of the bla carbapenemase gene in coastal water and its host bacteria characteristics.

This paper investigated 10 carbapenemase genes and selected the hosts of these genes in the estuary of Bohai Bay. The results showed that the OXA-58 producer accounted for a large percentage of carbapenem resistant bacteria in the sampling points, whereas the VIM, KPC, NDM, IMP, GES, OXA-23, OXA-24, OXA-48 and OXA-51 producers were not detected in the study. In addition, 9 bacterial genera with 100% identical bla sequences, including Pseudomonas, Rheinheimera, Stenotrophomonas, Shewanella, Raoultella, Vibri...


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