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PubMed Journal Database | Environmental research RSS

04:26 EST 26th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,300+ from Environmental research

Effects of ultrasonic treatment on the pyrolysis characteristics and kinetics of waste activated sludge.

In this study, physicochemical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and kinetic analysis were used to investigate the effects of ultrasonic treatment on waste activated sludge (WAS), with emphasis on its kinetic parameters and pyrolysis behaviors. Thermogravimetric analysis results indicated that the pyrolysis of ultrasonic WAS might be divided into three stages. The main pyrolysis behavior occurred in the second stage (180-540 °C), and its pyrolysis behavior and activation energy were similar to the the...

Explore the relationship between fish community and environmental factors by machine learning techniques.

In the face of multiple habitat alterations originating from both natural and anthropogenic factors, the fast-changing environments pose significant challenges for maintaining ecosystem integrity. Machine learning is a powerful tool for modeling complex non-linear systems through exploratory data analysis. This study aims at exploring a machine learning-based approach to relate environmental factors with fish community for achieving sustainable riverine ecosystem management. A large number of datasets upon ...

Organophosphate esters in a cohort of pregnant women: Variability and predictors of exposure.

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are a group of chemicals used as flame retardants and plasticizers that replaced polybrominated diphenyl ethers in consumer products such as furniture and electronics. To characterize exposure to OPEs during fetal development, we measured urinary OPE metabolite concentrations in women twice during pregnancy (16 and 26 weeks' gestation) and at delivery (n = 357). We also previously quantified house dust OPE parent compound concentrations at 20 weeks' gestation (n = 317). Dip...

Linkages between nutrient ratio and the microbial community in rhizosphere soil following fertilizer management.

To unravel the linkages between ecological ratios (C:N:P) and the microbial community in rhizosphere soil in response to fertilizer management, soil samples were collected from a proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) field under different fertilizer management systems, including nitrogen fertilizer (NF), phosphorus fertilizer (PF), combined N and P (NP) fertilizer, and organic fertilizer (OF); no fertilizer (CK) was used as a control. Furthermore, 16S rRNA and ITS gene sequencing were applied to represent the...

Use of stored serum in the study of time trends and geographical differences in exposure of pregnant women to phthalates.

Exposure to some phthalate diesters has been associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes in both rodents and humans indicative of anti-androgenic effects. Exposure during sensitive periods of development, such as prenatally, is of particular concern.

General health and residential proximity to the coast in Belgium: Results from a cross-sectional health survey.

The health risks of coastal areas have long been researched, but the potential benefits for health are only recently being explored. The present study compared the general health of Belgian citizens a) according to the EU's definition of coastal (50 km), and b) between eight more refined categories of residential proximity to the coast (250 km). Data was drawn from the Belgian Health Interview Survey (n = 60,939) and investigated using linear regression models and mediation analyses on several hypothesi...

Passive monitoring techniques to evaluate environmental pesticide exposure: Results from the Infant's Environmental Health study (ISA).

Pesticides used in agriculture may expose populations living nearby. Costa Rica is a major banana-exporting country, its production depends on extensive pesticide use.

Suburban areas in flames: Dispersion of potentially toxic elements from burned vegetation and buildings. Estimation of the associated ecological and human health risk.

The results of the assessment of burned residential and wildland areas associated with the July 2018 western Attica wildfire are summarised. The dispersion of major and trace elements in a fire impacted suburban landscape which is adjacent in the north with a Natura 2000 area is evaluated. The dataset includes 35 elements and 27 sampling sites spatially distributed in wildland and residential areas. Field observations and a macroscopic method were applied for investigating the wildfire severity. Statistical...

Impact of climate change on disaster events in metropolitan cities -trend of disasters reported by Taiwan national medical response and preparedness system.

Taiwan is geographically located in a zone that is vulnerable to earthquakes, typhoons, floods, and landslide hazards and has experienced various disasters. Six Regional Emergency Medical Operation Centers (REMOCs) are integrated and administered by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) to be responsible for emergency situations during disastrous events, such as the emission of chemical toxicants, traffic accidents, industrial materials containment, and typhoons.

Effects of tropical forest conversion on soil and aquatic systems in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia: A synthesis.

Southwestern Brazilian Amazonia has suffered intense forest conversion in a short period of time (~60 years) and deforestation is ongoing. Around 70% of the deforested area has been designated for cattle ranching. This forest clearing and pasture establishment is abruptly disrupting the functioning of the ecosystem. In this paper, we provide an overview of the effects of land conversion from forest to pasture on the soil and aquatic systems. Forest conversion to pasture has two clear effects: a) an on-site ...

Microbial community analysis and correlation with 2-methylisoborneol occurrence in landscape lakes of Beijing.

The microbial community is an important factor influencing the health of the water ecosystem in landscape lakes; in particular, proliferation of some cyanobacteria could cause odor problems. Exploring the microbial community is important for water quality management. In this study, focusing on seven landscape lakes in Beijing, the microbial communities were investigated based on 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, and typical odor-causing compounds and interfering factors were identified. The results showed ...

CuCoO supported on activated carbon as a novel heterogeneous catalyst with enhanced peroxymonosulfate activity for efficient removal of organic pollutants.

CuCoO was synthesized via a relatively simple method, and innovatively supported onto the activated carbon (AC) by calcination to obtain a novel heterogeneous catalyst (AC-CuCoO). Brilliant red 3BF (3BF) was selected as the probe compound to investigate the catalytic activity of AC-CuCoO in the presence of peroxymonosulfate (PMS). The results showed that 98% removal rate could be achieved and the reaction rate constant (0.476 min) was 5.2 times greater than that of CuCoO alone (0.091min), suggesting that th...

Temporal trends in the mortality rate of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias attributable to smoking, 1990-2017.

Smoking is a well-defined modifiable risk factor for dementia. Understanding national temporal trends of dementia deaths due to smoking is critical for prioritizing action for the global prevention of dementia, as well as smoking prevention. We aimed to estimate the patterns and temporal trends of smoking-attributable dementia-related deaths for 195 countries from 1990 to 2017.

The relationship between energy production and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification via bioelectric derivation of microbial fuel cells at different anode numbers.

In this study, three microbial fuel cells (MFCs) with different numbers of anodes (i.e., 1A, 3A, and 5A) were constructed to study the effects of a multi-anode (MA) system on power generation performance and nitrogen (N) removal from low carbon (C)/N wastewater. The maximum power density of 3A-MFC was 236.7 mW m, which was 2.6-fold and 1.2-fold that of 1A-MFC and 5A-MFC, respectively. The 3A-MFC system produced the highest total energy output in one cycle, approximately 41.7 mW h, which was 1.5-fold and...

Quantifying source apportionment for ambient haze: An image haze extraction approach with air quality monitoring data.

The annual average concentration of fine particles (PM) in Taiwan has been decreasing yearly. However, ambient haze has not abated and visibility is still poor. This study proposes a method for quantifying the source apportionment of ambient haze from various constituents, namely measured PM, moisture, and secondary organic aerosols (SOA, represented by the sum of measured O and NO levels). This study's model-based demisting technology integrated image haze extracting technology with air quality monitoring ...

A probabilistic modeling framework for assessing the impacts of large reservoirs on river thermal regimes - A case of the Yangtze River.

Hydrological and thermal river regimes have changed greatly due to the construction of reservoirs and dams. Water temperature changes have important significance for aquatic habitats and freshwater ecosystems. To investigate the impact of large reservoirs on the water temperature regime along the middle reach of the Yangtze River, we present a probabilistic modeling framework to ascertain the joint dependence structures of air-water temperature and discharge-water temperature between pre-reservoir and post-...

Epidemic features of seasonal influenza transmission among eight different climate zones in Gansu, China.

Seasonal influenza remains epidemic globally with a substantial health burden. Understanding the transmission patterns and epidemic features of influenza may facilitate the improvement of preventive and control measures. This study aims to assess the epidemic features of influenza among different climate zones and identify high-risk zones across Gansu province, China.

Hotspot detection and socio-ecological factor analysis of asthma hospitalization rate in Guangxi, China.

Asthma is a major public health concern throughout the world. Numerous researches have shown that the spatial-temporal patterns of asthma are inconsistent, leading to the suggestion that these patterns are determined by multiple factors. This study aims to detect spatial-temporal clusters of asthma and analyze socio-ecological factors associated with the asthma hospitalization rate in Guangxi, China.

Relationship between indoor and outdoor size-fractionated particulate matter in urban microenvironments: Levels, chemical composition and sources.

Exposure to particulate matter (PM) has been associated with adverse health outcomes, particularly in susceptible population groups such as children. This study aims to characterise children's exposure to PM and its chemical constituents. Size-segregated aerosol samples (PM0.25, PM0.25-0.5, PM0.5-1.0, PM1.0-2.5 and PM2.5-10) were collected in the indoor and outdoor of homes and schools located in Lisbon (Portugal). Organic and elemental carbon (OC and EC) were determined by a thermo-optical method, whereas ...

Associations of maternal ozone exposures during pregnancy with maternal blood pressure and risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: A birth cohort study in Guangzhou, China.

Although studies have assessed the associations of maternal exposure to ozone (O) during pregnancy with blood pressure and the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), the results were inconsistent. Furthermore, no studies have been conducted in China where the ambient O concentration continuedly increased. The present study aimed to estimate the effects of maternal exposure to O during pregnancy on the HDP risk, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and pulse pressure (PP)...

Reduced repressive epigenetic marks, increased DNA damage and Alzheimer's disease hallmarks in the brain of humans and mice exposed to particulate urban air pollution.

Exposure to air pollutants is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD pathological hallmarks and cognitive deficits are documented in children and young adults in polluted cities (e.g. Metropolitan Mexico City, MMC). Iron-rich combustion- and friction-derived nanoparticles (CFDNPs) that are abundantly present in airborne particulate matter pollution have been detected in abundance in the brains of young urbanites. Epigenetic gene regulation has emerged as a candidate mec...

Protective role of selenium in the shortening of telomere length in newborns induced by in utero heavy metal exposure.

The effects of toxic heavy metals, such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb), on telomere length (TL) have been reported previously. Although selenium (Se) is considered as an anti-oxidant which may detoxify the effects, there are no data on whether Se could protect against the TL-shortening effects of heavy metals. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the protective role of Se against heavy metal-induced TL shortening. A birth cohort study was conducted in Myanmar in 2016, including 408 moth...

Degradation of the anticancer drug flutamide by solar photo-Fenton treatment at near-neutral pH: Identification of transformation products and in silico (Q)SAR risk assessment.

Flutamide (FLUT) is a non-steroidal drug mainly used in the treatment of prostate cancer and has been detected in the aquatic environment at ng L levels. The environmental fate and effects of FLUT have not yet been studied. Conventional treatment technologies fail to completely remove pharmaceuticals, so the solar photo-Fenton process (SPF) has been proposed as an alternative. In this study, the degradation of FLUT, at two different initial concentrations in ultra-pure water, was carried out by SPF. The ini...

Short-term effects of drought on daily mortality in Spain from 2000 to 2009.

Spain is a country of southern Europe that is prone to drought, and it is likely that this type of hydrological extreme will become substantially more frequent and intense in the 21st century, which could lead to greater health risks if adequate adaptive measures are not taken. For the first time, we calculated the relative risks (RRs) of daily natural (ICD10: A00-R99), circulatory (ICD10: I00-I99), and respiratory (ICD: J00-J99) mortality associated with drought events in each province of Spain from 2000 t...

Quantifying the air quality and health benefits of greening freight movements.

Commercial vehicle movements have a large effect on traffic-related air pollution in metropolitan areas. In the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA), commercial vehicles include large and medium diesel trucks as well as light-duty gasoline-fuelled trucks. In this study, the emissions of various air pollutants associated with diesel commercial vehicles were estimated and their impacts on urban air quality, population exposure, and public health were quantified. Using data on diesel trucks in the GTHA and...


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