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PubMed Journal Database | Environmental toxicology RSS

20:32 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 122 from Environmental toxicology

Gallic acid prevents 1, 2-Dimethylhydrazine induced colon inflammation, toxicity, mucin depletion, and goblet cell disintegration.

1,2-Dimethylhydrazine (DMH), an environmental toxicant specifically targets the colon. The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of gallic acid (GA) against colon toxicity induced by DMH in Wistar rats. GA, a phenolic acid has numerous beneficial properties, which include antiviral, antifungal and antioxidant properties which help cells to overcome oxidative stress and balance the redox homeostasis. GA was administered orally at two doses (25 and 50 mg/kg body weight) once daily for 14 days a...

Influence of silica nanoparticles on cadmium-induced cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in human liver HepG2 cells.

Extensive application of amorphous silica nanoparticles (Si NPs) and ubiquitous cadmium (Cd) may increase their chances of coexposure to humans. Studies on combined effects of Si NPs and Cd in human cells are very limited. We investigated the potential mechanism of toxicity caused by coexposure of amorphous Si NPs and Cd in human liver (HepG2) cells. Results showed that Si NPs were not toxic to HepG2. However, Cd induced significant toxicity in HepG2 cells. Interestingly, we observed that a noncytotoxic con...

LncRNA MIR4435-2HG-mediated upregulation of TGF-β1 promotes migration and proliferation of nonsmall cell lung cancer cells.

The roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play critical roles in tumor progression. Here, it was identified that lncRNA MIR4435-2HG was highly expressed in lung cancer tissues, especially in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A consistent result was obtained in lung cancer cells. Functional experiments showed that knockdown of MIR4435-2HG reduced the proliferation and migration ability of NSCLC cells. Transcriptome-sequencing analysis indicated that TGF-β signaling was mostly enriched i...

Low concentrations of sodium arsenite induce hepatotoxicity in prepubertal male rats.

Arsenic (As) can contaminate air, soil, water, and organisms through mobilization of natural mineralogical deposits or anthropogenic actions. Inorganic-As compounds are more toxic and widely available in aquatic environments, including drinking water reservoir catchments. Since little is known about its effects on prepubertal mammals, the present study focused on it. Hence, As was administered through drinking water to male Wistar rats from postnatal day 23 to 53. Negative control group received vehicle onl...

Ameliorative effects of vitamin B17 on the kidney against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma induced renal toxicity in mice.

Cancer is the major cause of death and many factors that lead to its occurrences, such as environmental pollution and pesticides and other factors. Ehrlich carcinoma development depends on many things associated with the environment, nutrition, personal habits, and family history. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential protective effects of vitamin B17 (VB17) against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) that induced kidney toxicity in female mice. The mice were divided into five groups (first group, c...

Deep sea minerals ameliorate diabetic-induced inflammation via inhibition of TNFα signaling pathways.

It has been well-documented that the consumption of deep sea water (DSW) has beneficial effects on myocardial hypertrophy and cardiac apoptosis induced by hypercholesterolemia. However, the molecular mechanisms for the anti-inflammatory effects of DSW on diabetic cardiomyopathy are still largely unclear. The main purpose of this present study was to test the hypothesis that DSW exerts anti-inflammatory effects through the suppression of the TNF-α-mediated signaling pathways. IP injection of streptozotocin ...

Cadmium transcriptionally regulates Scd1 expression in silver pomfret.

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the major contaminants in aquatic ecosystem. Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (Scd1) has been implicated in adaptive responses to environmental stressors. The objectives of this study are (a) to characterize scd1 mRNA from silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus); (b) to investigate the expression and activity of Scd1 in silver pomfret exposed to Cd; and (c) to investigate how Cd modifies scd1 gene transcription in silver pomfret. Results indicated that Scd1 was generally conserved across fi...

The toxic effects of Fluorene-9-bisphenol on porcine oocyte in vitro maturation.

Fluorene-9-bisphenol (9,9-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-fluorene [BHPF]) is a bisphenol A (BPA) substitute used in the production of "BPA-free" plastics, now has been identified is harmful to living organisms. Our previous study showed that BHPF impaired mouse denuded oocyte in vitro maturation. However, there is a question that whether BHPF is still able to affect oocyte maturation in the presence of dense cumulus cells. In the present study, we checked the toxic effects of BHPF on porcine oocyte maturation which i...

Tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (TBECH) exhibits immunotoxicity in murine macrophages.

Tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (TBECH) has been linked to endocrine disruption, hepatotoxicity, and reproductive toxicity. However, its immunotoxicity remains largely unknown. In the present study, RAW 264.7 cells, mouse macrophage cell line, were exposed to TBECH. MTT assays showed that TBECH significantly enhanced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release in RAW 264.7 cells. The mRNA expression of some proapoptotic genes was upregulated by TBECH. Accordingly, TBECH elevated caspase-3 activity. In addition, TBECH up...

Combining proteomics and lipid analysis to unravel Confidor stress response in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a useful model for studying the influence of different stress factors on eukaryotic cells. In this work we used the pesticide imidacloprid, in the Confidor formulation, as the stress factor and analyzed its influence on the metabolic activity, proteome and lipid content and composition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast. During the cultivation of yeast, the lowest recommended application dose of Confidor (0.025%, v/v) was added to the growth media and its influence on th...

Total flavonoids of Epimedium ameliorates testicular damage in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by suppressing inflammation and oxidative stress.

Testicular damage is the anomaly that will often accompany diabetes mellitus. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the role that total flavonoids of Epimedium (TFE) played against streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic testicular dysfunction and to elucidate the mechanism of action. The diabetic rat model was induced by vein injection of STZ in healthy rats. Thirty male healthy Spraque-Dawley rats were randomly divided into following groups: the control group, the diabetic group, and the diabetic + TFE grou...

Toxic effects of hydrogen sulfide donor NaHS induced liver apoptosis is regulated by complex IV subunits and reactive oxygen species generation in rats.

In recent years, the protective effect of hydrogensulfide donor sodium hydrosulfide(NaHS) on multiple organs has been widely reported. The study aimed to explorethe effect of commonly used concentration of NaHS on theliver and its potential damage mechanism. Rats divided into 4 groups: control, NaHS I (1 mg/kg), II (3 mg/kg) and III(5 mg/kg) groups, and each group is divided into four-timepoints (2, 6, 12, and 24 hours). Results showed that H2S concentration increased, mitochondrial complex IV activity inhi...

Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) induces apoptosis and autophagy of mouse GC-1 spg cells.

As a widely used plasticizer in industry, di-2-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP) can cause testicular toxicity, yet little is known about the potential mechanism. In this study, DEHP exposure dramatically inhibited cellviability and induced apoptosis of mouse GC-1 spg cells. Furthermore, DEHP significantly increased the levels of autophagy proteins LC3-II, Beclin1 and Atg5, as well as the ratio ofLC3-II/LC3-I. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) further confirmed that DEHP induced autophagy of mouse GC-1 spg ce...

Acrylamide-induced hematotoxicity, oxidative stress, and DNA damage in liver, kidney, and brain of catfish (Clarias gariepinus).

This study was carried out to explore the possible deleterious impacts of acrylamide (ACR) on catfish (Clarias gariepinus). The estimation of mortalities, the examination of the clinical picture, the evaluation of blood parameters, oxidative stress, DNA damage, and the histopathological picture were performed in the liver, kidney, and brain samples of the experimentally ACR-exposed catfish. The 96 hours LC value was estimated to be 133 mg/L by the hydrostatic method. Fish were reared in water containing...

Cadmium and nickel co-exposure exacerbates genotoxicity and not oxido-inflammatory stress in liver and kidney of rats: Protective role of omega-3 fatty acid.

The present study examined the influence of co-exposure to cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) on hepatorenal function as well as the protective role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3FA) in rats. The animals were exposed to Cd (5 mg/kg) and Ni (150 μg/L in drinking water) singly or co-exposed to both metals and ω-3FA at 20 mg/kg for 14 consecutive days. Results showed that hepatorenal injury resulting from individual exposure to Cd or Ni was not aggravated in the co-exposure group. Moreover, ω-3F...

Benzyl isothiocyanate promotes miR-99a expression through ERK/AP-1-dependent pathway in bladder cancer cells.

Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), a bioactive natural product present in cruciferous vegetables, has been proved to prevent cancer progression through various mechanisms. In our previous report, we proved that BITC exhibits antitumor effects in bladder cancer by suppressing IGF1R, FGFR3, and mTOR, which is mediated by miR-99a expression. In this study, we identified the signal pathway involved in regulating miR-99a expression after BITC exposure in bladder cancer. Treatment with different BITC concentrations re...

Inhaled Kathon may induce eosinophilia-mediated disease in the lung.

In 2011, a link between humidifier disinfectants and patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis was identified in Korea, and Kathon was suggested as one of the causative agents. In this study, Kathon induced apoptotic cell death along with membrane damage at 24 h post-exposure. Additionally, on day 14 after a single instillation with Kathon, the total number of pulmonary cells and the levels of TNF-α, IL-5, IL-13, MIP-1α, and MCP-1α clearly increased in the lung of mice. The proportion of natural killer...

Low-dose in utero exposure to finasteride promotes developmental changes in both male and female gerbil prostates.

The prostate is an accessory reproductive gland that is sensitive to the action of exogenous compounds known as endocrine disrupters that alter normal hormonal function. Finasteride is a widely used chemical that acts to inhibit the conversion of testosterone in its most active form, dihydrotestosterone. It is known that intrauterine exposure to finasteride causes changes in the male prostate even at low dosages; however, it is not known whether these dosages are capable of causing changes in the female pro...

Effects of environmental chemicals on the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells.

The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of environmental chemicals, such as methyl mercury, paraquat, and bisphenol A, on cell proliferation and apoptosis, as well as the expression levels of neuronal differentiation-related genes in neural stem cells (NSCs). NSCs originated from human umbilical cord blood (HUCB-NSCs) were used as cell models in the current study. CCK-8 and flow cytometry experiments were performed to assess the effects of methyl mercury, paraquat, and bisphenol A on t...

Investigation of inflammation inducing substances in PM2.5 particles by an elimination method using thermal decomposition.

The substances associated with PM2.5-induced inflammatory response were investigated using an elimination method. PM2.5 were heated at temperatures of 120, 250, and 360°C. The results demonstrated microbial substances such as LPS and b-glucan, and chemicals including BaP, 1,2-NQ, and 9,10-PQ were reduced drastically in PM2.5 heated at 120°C. On the other hand, DBA, 7,12-BAQ, and BaP-1,6-Q were not noticeably reduced. Most of these substances had disappeared in PM2.5 heated at 250°C and 360°C. Metals (eg...

The size-dependent genotoxic potentials of titanium dioxide nanoparticles to endothelial cells.

Despite intensive research activities, there are still many major knowledge gaps over the potential adverse effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO -NPs), one of the most widely produced and used nanoparticles, on human cardiovascular health and the underlying mechanisms. In the present study, alkaline comet assay and cytokinesis-block micronucleus test were employed to determine the genotoxic potentials of four sizes (100, 50, 30, and 10 nm) of anatase TiO -NPs to human umbilical vein endothelial ...

Antioxidant activity of Coridius chinensis extracts on manganese-induced testicular damage in rats.

Coridius chinensis (C. chinensis) is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used to treat pain, erectile dysfunction, and other diseases. Our previous study demonstrated that manganese-induced reproductive damage was partially rescued by a medium dose of C. chinensis treatment in rat. However, the underlying mechanism is unknown. In this study, we found that the weight of reproductive organs and the sperm count in manganese-exposed rat were partially rescued by C. chinensis extracts (CcE) treatment. T...

Dosage-related beneficial and deleterious effects of ginsenoside Rb1 on mouse oocyte maturation and fertilization and fetal development.

Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1), the major saponin component of ginseng root, has a wide range of therapeutic applications for various diseases. Previously, our group showed that GRb1 triggers ROS-mediated apoptotic cascades in mouse blastocysts, leading to decreased cell viability and impairment of pre- and postimplantation embryonic development, both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we further found that GRb1 exerted dose-dependent effects on oocyte maturation and sequent development in vitro. Oocytes preincub...

Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate induces cytotoxicity in HEK-293 cell line, implication of the Nrf-2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway.

The di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer used in the polyvinyl chloride industry. Human exposure to this plasticizer is inevitable and contributes to several side effects. In this study, we examined whether DEHP induces apoptosis and oxidative stress in embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293) and whether the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf-2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) antioxidant pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of this process. We demonstrated that DEHP is cytotoxic to HEK-293 cells. I...

Small heat shock protein genes of the green algae Closterium ehrenbergii: Cloning and differential expression under heat and heavy metal stresses.

The freshwater green algae Closterium ehrenbergii has been considered as a model for eco-toxicological assessment in aquatic systems. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a class of highly conserved proteins produced in all living organisms, which participate in environmental stress responses. In the present study, we determined the cDNA sequences of small heat shock protein 10 (sHSP10) and sHSP17.1 from C. ehrenbergii, and examined the physiological changes and transcriptional responses of the genes after exposu...


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