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PubMed Journal Database | European journal of anaesthesiology RSS

05:40 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 337 from European journal of anaesthesiology

Systemic and regional cerebral perfusion in small infants undergoing minor lower abdominal surgery under awake caudal anaesthesia: An observational study.

Infants undergoing general anaesthesia have an increased risk of severe respiratory and cardiovascular critical events. Awake caudal anaesthesia is an alternative for small infants undergoing minor lower abdominal surgery. While clinical experience has shown stable intra-operative haemodynamic conditions, there are no studies evaluating systemic and regional cerebral perfusion during such a procedure.

Goal-directed therapy with bolus albumin 5% is not superior to bolus ringer acetate in maintaining systemic and mesenteric oxygen delivery in major upper abdominal surgery: A randomised controlled trial.

Goal-directed therapy (GDT) is increasingly used in abdominal surgery. Whether crystalloids can exert the same effect as colloid, and how this may affect perfusion, is still unclear. The effect of GDT on the systemic oxygen delivery index (sDO2I) and the mesenteric oxygen delivery index (mDO2I) can be quantified by measuring cardiac index and flow in the superior mesenteric artery, respectively.

The effects of sedatives, neuromuscular blocking agents and opioids on ventilator-associated events.

Anaesthesia and orphan disease: Tracheal reconstruction in two children with Morquio disease.

Anaesthesia and orphan disease: A 2-year-old with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.

Anaesthesia and orphan disease: A child with incontinentia pigmenti.

Lung sliding sign to detect endobronchial intubation in children: An observational feasibility trial.

Secure insertion of the i-gel supraglottic airway device in children: A cohort study.

Major complications after scheduled craniotomy: A justification for systematic postoperative intensive care admission?

Effect of different manoeuvres on internal jugular vein cross-sectional area in obese and normal-weight patients.

Tips and tricks: Real-time ultrasound-guided left supraclavicular approach as a rapidly applied alternative venous access in paediatric difficult peripheral vein cases.

Tips and tricks: Supraglottic airway device insertion using a tongue depressor.

Simulated patient-based teaching of medical students improves pre-anaesthetic assessment: A rater-blinded randomised controlled trial.

Pre-anaesthetic assessment of patients is a complex competency that needs to be taught during anaesthesia clerkships.

Two-handed jaw thrust decreases postoperative sore throat in patients undergoing double-lumen endobronchial intubation: A prospective randomised study.

Tracheal intubation using a double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) causes postoperative sore throat.

The effectiveness of a low-dose esketamine versus an alfentanil adjunct to propofol sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: A randomised controlled multicentre trial.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is one of the most complex gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. Currently, it is still unclear which sedation regimen best facilitates an ERCP. The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist esketamine has anaesthetic, analgesic and sympathomimetic properties and is known to cause less cardiorespiratory depression than other sedatives. It could therefore be an ideal adjunct to propofol for deep sedation.

Cognitive decline after carotid endarterectomy: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Postoperative cognitive decline (pCD) occurs frequently (6 to 30%) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), although there are no exact estimates and risk factors are still unclear.

Deep neuromuscular blockade during spinal surgery reduces intra-operative blood loss: A randomised clinical trial.

Spinal surgery is usually performed in the prone position using a posterior approach. However, the prone position may cause venous engorgement in the back and thus increase surgical bleeding with interruption of surgery. The prone position also affects cardiac output since large vessels are compressed decreasing venous return to the heart.

Nonadherence to antibiotic guidelines in patients admitted to ICU with sepsis is associated with increased mortality: A registry-based, retrospective cohort study.

Early appropriate antibiotic therapy is an important component of the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines bundles that are associated with decreased in-hospital mortality. National antibiotic guidelines for the treatment of sepsis in Sweden have been available since 2008. Compliance with these guidelines is largely unknown, and whether it translates to improved patient outcome has not been studied.

Use of pre-induction checklists causes less discomfort in patients than anaesthesia providers expect: An observational study.

Since the WHO release of the Safe Surgery Saves Lives Program in 2008, peri-operative checklists minimise errors and improve patient safety worldwide. Anaesthesia professionals are often reluctant to use these checklists in front of patients because they fear causing patients' discomfort before anaesthesia and surgery.

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation at the emergency department: A retrospective patient selection evaluation.

There is an increasing use of extracorporeal life support in refractory cardiac arrest. Recent studies highlighted the importance of an early and accurate patient selection for this invasive procedure.

Dexmedetomidine versus propofol sedation in reducing delirium among older adults in the ICU: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Delirium is common in the ICU, with incidence rates reported to be upwards of 70%. Due to the significant morbidity and mortality associated with delirium, it is hypothesised that a delirium-free sedative agent will improve outcomes in older adults admitted to the ICU.

A single-dose of stellate ganglion block for the prevention of postoperative dysrhythmias in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery for cancer: A prospective randomised controlled double-blind trial.

New-onset arrhythmias and sleep disturbances are frequently observed during the postoperative period in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

The effects of doxapram on time to tracheal extubation and early recovery in young morbidly obese patients scheduled for bariatric surgery: A randomised controlled trial.

Bariatric surgery is a well established treatment of the obese. Postoperative respiratory failure and airway obstruction after bariatric surgery can often be attributed to the residual depressant effects of anaesthetics, sedatives and opioids. Peri-operative management of morbidly obese patients is still a concern for operating room professionals.

Evaluation of autologous retransfusion from a closed suction drainage system for patient blood management in elective total hip and knee replacement: A two cohort study.

Postoperative autologous retransfusion of drainage blood might reduce the transfusion of red blood cell concentrates after major orthopaedic surgery.

Will one hour less make any difference?


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