Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journal Database | Fish & shellfish immunology RSS

15:06 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 877 from Fish & shellfish immunology

Functional characterization of a mannose-binding lectin (MBL) from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in non-specific cell immunity and apoptosis in monocytes/macrophages.

Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a soluble pattern recognition receptor, is able to recognize antigen and participate in non-specific cell immunity, such as regulation of inflammation, migration, opsonization, phagocytosis and killing, which plays an important role in innate immunity. In this study, we have investigated the contributing mechanisms and effects of MBL on the cell immunity of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) monocytes/macrophages. The mRNA expression level of OnMBL was significantly up-regula...

Host defense peptide LEAP-2 contributes to monocyte/macrophage polarization in barbel steed (Hemibarbus labeo).

The liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (LEAP-2) plays a vital role in host immunity against pathogenic organisms. In the present study, cDNA of the LEAP-2 gene was cloned and sequenced from the barbel steed (Hemibarbus labeo). The predicted amino acid sequence of the barbel steed LEAP-2 comprises a signal peptide and a prodomain, which is followed by the mature peptide. Sequence analysis revealed that barbel steed LEAP-2 belongs to the fish LEAP-2A cluster and that it is closely related to zebrafish LE...

pol-miR-194a of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) suppresses type I interferon response and facilitates Edwardsiella tarda infection.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a type of small non-coding RNAs that participate in diverse cellular processes including microbial invasion and immune defense. In a previous study, we identified a large amount of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) miRNAs responsive to megalocytivirus infection. In the present study, we examined the function of one of these miRNAs, pol-miR-194a, in association with the infectivity of Edwardsiella tarda, an intracellular bacterial pathogen to many fish species including flound...

Interleukin-12 receptor β2 from grass carp: Molecular characterization and its involvement in Aeromonas hydrophila-induced intestinal inflammation.

Interleukin-12 receptor β2 (IL-12Rβ2) is a signaling subunit of heterodimeric receptors for IL-12 and IL-35. It plays important regulatory functions in the development of Th1 cells and in the expression of inflammatory cytokines in mammals and other higher vertebrates. However, little is known about IL-12Rβ2 in teleost fish. In this work, we have cloned and characterized IL-12Rβ2 from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The full-length cDNA of grass carp IL-12Rβ2 is 2875 bp, which encodes a mature pr...

CgAATase with specific expression pattern can be used as a potential surface marker for oyster granulocytes.

Granulocytes are known as the main immunocompetent hemocytes that play important roles in the immune defense of oyster Crassostrea gigas. In the present study, an alcohol acyltransferase (designed as CgAATase) with specific expression pattern was identified from oyster C. gigas, and it could be employed as a potential marker for the isolation of oyster granulocytes. The open reading frame (ORF) of CgAATase was of 1431 bp, encoding a peptide of 476 amino acids with a typically conserved AATase domain. The mR...

Expression and localization study of pIgR in the late stage of embryo development in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus).

The receptor responsible for maternofetal transmission of immunoglobulin (Igs) in the teleosts is not clear. Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) specifically binds with IgA and IgM and mediates the transcytosis of intracellular polymeric immunoglobulins (pIgs) at the mucosal surface to protect against pathogens. Hence there is a possibility that it may be involved in the transmission of maternal Igs. The aim of the present study was to detect the expression and localization of pIgR during embryonal dev...

Identification and characterization of differentially expressed genes in hepatopancreas of oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense under nitrite stress.

The oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense is a highly adaptable, tolerant, and fecund freshwater prawn that inhabits a wide range of aquatic environments. The hepatopancreas of crustaceans is not only a site for secretion of digestive enzymes, and also plays important roles in several metabolic processes, such as lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It is the main organ for the detoxification and immunity. In this study, high-throughput sequencing techniques were used to detect the effect of nitrite s...

Identification and expression analysis of IL-4/13 receptors in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella.

Interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 are T helper 2 (Th2) cytokines with pleiotropic functions. IL-4 interacts with two receptors consisting of IL-4Rα/γ chain receptor (γC) and IL-4Rα/IL-13Rα1. In contrast, IL-13 binds to IL-13Rα2 but also shares the receptor complex containing IL-4Rα/IL-13Rα1. In fish, two IL-4/13 homologs have been identified but their phylogenetic relationships with IL-4 and IL-13 are ambiguous. In this study, we identified six putative IL-4/13 receptor homologs in grass carp, including ...

Molecular characterization, phylogenetic analysis and adjuvant effect of channel catfish interleukin-1βs against Streptococcus iniae.

Channel catfish is one of the most extensively cultured species worldwide, which is widely used as a classical model for comparative immunology. Interleukin-1β (IL1β) is an immunoregulatory cytokine with the potential to enhance the immune response induced by vaccines in many animals. To characterize the molecular characterization and identify the immunoadjuvant role of channel catfish IL1β, molecular cloning, phylogenetic analysis, and expression of two IL1β genes were performed, the bioactivity of the...

Effectiveness of traditional Chinese herbal medicine, San-Huang-San, in combination with enrofloxacin to treat AHPND-causing strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection in Litopenaeus vannamei.

The effects of oral administration of enrofloxacin (ENR) and San-Huang-San (SHS), singly or in combination, on the survival performance, disease resistance, and immunity of Litopenaeus vannamei were investigated. After challenge with an AHPND-causing strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP), shrimp were immediately fed a drug-free diet, diets containing only ENR (20 mg kg) or SHS (500 mg kg) or diets containing low-dose (10 mg kg ENR + 250 mg kg SHS), medium-dose (20 mg kg ENR + 500 mg...

Development and potential use of an Edwardsiella ictaluri wzz mutant as a live attenuated vaccine against enteric septicemia in Pangasius hypophthalmus (Tra catfish).

Edwardsiella ictaluri is a causative agent of enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC), a seriously lethal disease in Vietnamese catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus). A safe and effective vaccine against ESC is currently an urgent demand due to antibiotic overuse in pangasius farms has led to an alarming antimicrobial resistance. In this study, two E. ictaluri wzzE mutants (WzM-L3, deficient in a 1038bp-entire wzzE gene and WzM-S3, a 245bp-partial deletion of wzzE) were developed and their protection efficiacy was ...

Intelectin mediated phagocytosis and killing activity of macrophages in blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala).

Intelectin, a lectin discovered recently, has been identified in various vertebrate species, such as fish, amphibians, and mammals. In one of our previous studies, the efficient bacteria binding and agglutinating activity of the recombinant Megalobrama amblycephala intelectin protein (rMamINTL) and the enhanced immunopositive localization have been observed in the hepatic macrophage-like cells (kupffer cells) post Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Thus, the present study primarily focuses on the regulatory ef...

A novel C1q domain containing protein in black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii) serves as a pattern recognition receptor with immunoregulatory properties and possesses binding activity to heat-aggregated IgG.

C1q-domain-containing (C1qDC) proteins, which are involved in a series of immune responses, are important pattern recognition receptors in innate immunity in vertebrates and invertebrates. Functional studies of C1qDC proteins in vertebrates are scarce. In the present study, a C1qDC protein (SsC1qDC) from the teleost black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii) was identified and examined at expression and functional levels. The open reading frame of SsC1qDC is 636 bp, and the predicted amino acid sequence of SsC1qD...

Identification and expression analysis of Fc receptor-like proteins in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).

Fc receptors (FcRs) are specific to the Fc portion of immunoglobulin (Ig) molecules. Here, four Fc receptor-like proteins, JF-FcR-like protein 1-4, were identified in Japanese flounder. Their open reading frames encoded 358, 255, 519 and 441 amino acid residues, respectively. JF-FcR-like protein mRNAs were mainly detected in kidney and spleen of healthy fish. Injection of formalin-killed cells (FKCs) of Edwardsiella tarda significantly increased the spleen mRNA levels of JF-FcR-like protein 1 but not the ot...

Transcriptome and metabolome analyses of Coilia nasus in response to Anisakidae parasite infection.

Parasites from the family Anisakidae are capable of infecting a range of marine fish species worldwide. Coilia nasus, which usually feeds and overwinters in coastal waters and spawns in freshwater, is highly susceptible to infection by Anisakidae. In this study, we used scanning electron microscopes to show that C. nasus infected by Anisakidae exhibited damage and fibrosis of the liver tissue. To better understand host immune reaction and metabolic changes to Anisakidae infection, we used a combination of t...

Molecular cloning and preliminary functional analysis of six RING-between-ring (RBR) genes in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus).

Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification of proteins that is widely present in eukaryotic cells. There is increasing evidence that ubiquitinated proteins play crucial roles in the immune response process. In mammals, RING-between-RING (RBR) proteins play a key role in regulating immune signaling as the important E3 ubiquitin ligases during ubiquitination. However, the function of RBR in fish is still unclear. In the present study, six RBR genes (RNF19A, RNF19B, RNF144AA, RNF144AB, RNF144B and RNF...

Effects of a co-culture of marine algae and shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) on the growth, survival and immune response of shrimp infected with Vibrio parahaemolyticus and white spot virus (WSSV).

In aquaculture, fighting infectious diseases is a necessity. This study measured the immuno-stimulating effect of live macroalgae consumption on Litopenaeus vannamei against Vibrio parahaemolyticus and WSSV infection in two independent bioassays. Shrimps and macroalgae were cultivated in a co-culture with two species of macroalgae separately (Gracilaria vermiculophylla and Dictyota dichotoma), and later, shrimp were infected with V. parahaemolyticus. In another bioassay, shrimp and macroalgae (G. vermiculop...

Flow cytometry and micro-Raman spectroscopy: Identification of hemocyte populations in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) from Faro Lake and Tyrrhenian Sea (Sicily, Italy).

Immunological and structural characteristics of hemocyte populations in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae), going from two different Sicilian habitats (Faro Lake and Tyrrhenian sea), was investigated by means of two different techniques (flow cytometric and micro-Raman spectroscopy analyses). For this purpose, three hundred and sixty mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis were analyzed during November 2017. They were divided into two equal groups (triplicate sample) on the basis of the si...

Dietary supplementation of selenium yeast enhances the antioxidant capacity and immune response of juvenile Eriocheir Sinensis under nitrite stress.

This study elucidates the response to nitrite stress and the effect of dietary selenium supplements on the growth, antioxidant activity, immunity and transcriptome of juvenile Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis. In the control group, the crabs were fed the diet without selenium supplementation and there was no nitrite addition to the water. In the test group, the crabs were fed diets with three levels of selenium 0 (N1), 0.5 (N2) and 1.0 (N3) mg/kg in the water containing 2 mg/L NON as a stress factor...

Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain gene locus and immune responses upon parasitic, bacterial and fungal infection in loach, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus.

Teleost fish are the most primitive bony vertebrates that contain immunoglobulin (Ig). Although teleost Ig is known to be important during tetrapod evolution and comparative immunology, little is known about the genomic organization of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IgH) locus. Here, three Ig isotype classes, IgM, IgD and IgT, were firstly identified in dojo loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), and the IgH locus covering τ, μ and δ genes was also illustrated. Variable (V) gene segments lie upstream of tw...

Effect of Clostridium butyricum in different forms on growth performance, disease resistance, expression of genes involved in immune responses and mTOR signaling pathway of Litopenaeus vannamai.

A 42-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of diet supplemented with various additives from Clostridium butyricum (fermentation supernatant, FS; live cells, LC; cell-free extract, CE; spray-dried spores, DS; mixture of live cells and supernatant, LCS) on the growth, intestinal morphology, disease resistance, immune gene expression and mTOR signaling-related gene expression in Litopenaeus vannamai. The feeding trial showed that the final weight and specific growth rate of the shrimp were im...

Effect of flow velocity on the growth, stress and immune responses of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) in recirculating aquaculture systems.

Land-based recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) are widely utilized for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) culture. Flow velocity in the tank is essential to maintain water quality, conservation of energy and fish welfare. However, little is known about how turbot respond to different velocities in the long term. In this study, water quality was kept constant, allowing the effect of flow velocity on the feeding intake, growth, plasma biochemical indexes, innate (non-specific) immunity and immune-related stres...

Sex-biased regulation of respiratory burst, phagocytic activity and plasma immune factors in lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) after subchronic benzoapyrene exposure.

Both wild and aquacultured seahorses are currently under great threat from marine pollution, notably from the potent contaminant and carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). However, very little data are available regarding the immunomodulating effects of BaP in seahorses. Therefore, in this study, we exposed lined seahorses (Hippocampus erectus) for 7 d to BaP at three dosages (0.5, 5, and 50 μg/L) to evaluate sexual dimorphism in immune response. We measured eight immune parameters in the blood, including re...

Phagolysosomal activity of macrophages in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) infected in vitro by Aeromonas hydrophila: Infection and immunotherapy.

The biochemical mechanisms involved in phagocytosis and the intracellular survival of Aeromonas hydrophila (Ah) in host macrophages (MΦs) are complex processes that affect infection success or failure. Thus, in the present study, we described the in vitro infection of Nile tilapia MΦs by a homologous bacterium and tested the effects of anti-A. hydrophila immunoglobulin Y (IgY) on the phagolysosomal activity and intracellular survival of the pathogen. The anti-Ah IgY modulated lysosomal acid phosphatase (L...

Application of marine-derived polysaccharides as immunostimulants in aquaculture: A review of current knowledge and further perspectives.

The use of antibiotics in the feeds of cultivable aquatic animals has been generally practised to reduce infectious diseases as well as to improve the survival and growth. In recent years, many countries ban to aquatic animals due to the use of large amount of antibiotics and chemotherapies, thus alternative novel strategies are need to promote the growth of aquatic animals and control the pathogens. Dietary supplementation of marine-derived polysaccharides (MDPs) is one of the potential substitutes for ant...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement