Topics

PubMed Journal Database | Fitoterapia RSS

10:50 EDT 21st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 428 from Fitoterapia

The genus Amoora: A phytochemical and pharmacological review.

The genus Amoora belongs to the Meliaceae family comprising approximately 25-30 species. Many Amoora species have been used as folk medicines for the treatment of many diseases. This review focuses on diverse chemical constituents from Amoora species as well as significant pharmacological activities. Up to now, a total of 140 compounds including eight sesquiterpenoids, 26 diterpenoids, 42 triterpenoids, 22 limonoids, seven steroids, seven alkaloids, seven rocaglamide derivatives, four flavonoids, four glyco...

Phytomedicines containing Matricaria species for the treatment of skin diseases: A biotechnological approach.

Skin diseases have a notable impact on the life of the affected and in their health conditions. In order to allow a more effective and economical treatment for such disorders, new therapeutic approaches have been continuously investigated. Due to its high therapeutic and phytochemical potential, Matricaria species emerges as a pleasant alternative, since it is an important source of bioactive secondary metabolites suitable for the treatment of varied skin diseases. Therefore, this review aimed to catalog in...

Screening cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors from Andrographis paniculata to treat inflammation based on bio-affinity ultrafiltration coupled with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS.

The cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of prostaglandins, its inhibitors are effective for the treatment of inflammation. In this study, an analytical method based on bio-affinity ultrafiltration coupled with ultra performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (BAUF-UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was established for rapidly screening and identifying COX-2 ligands. Meanwhile, the specificity of the method was verified by denatured COX-2 and inactive compound. Next, ...

Steroidal alkaloid glycosides and phenolics from the immature fruits of Solanum nigrum.

Solanum nigrum L. (also called as European black nightshade) has been traditionally used as folk medicine and food in some regions. Phytochemical investigations of the immature fruits of S. nigrum yielded five steroidal alkaloid glycosides (1-5), including an unprecedented nor-spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid with a five-membered ring A (1) and two novel spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid glycosides (2, 3), together with eight known phenolic compounds (6-13). Their structures were elucidated on the basi...

Oleanane-type saponins from the roots of Parkia bicolor A. Chev.

Five undescribed triterpene-type saponins, parkibicolorosides A-E, a cassane-type diterpene, and a known trimethoxy benzene glucoside were isolated from the roots of Parkia bicolor A. Chev. Their structures were elucidated by different spectroscopic methods including 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. Their cytotoxic activity against the chronic myeloid leukemia (K562) cell line was evaluated. The monosaccharides saponins exhibited a moderate antiproliferative activity with IC ranging...

Bioactive cembrane-type diterpenoids from the gum-resin of Boswellia carterii.

Chemical examination of the gum-resin of Boswellia carterii resulted in the isolation and characterization of eighteen new cembrane-type diterpenoids, named as Boscartins P-AG (1-18) and eight known ones. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic (2D NMR, IR, CD, MS and X-ray) analysis in combination with modified Mosher's method. All compounds featured unusual 1,12-oxygenated tetrahydrofuran functionalities, and were evaluated for hepatoprotective activity against D-galactos...

Estrogenic phytochemical from Labisia pumila (Myrsinaceae) with selectivity towards estrogen receptor alpha and beta subtypes.

Labisia pumila var. alata (Myrsinaceae) or "Kacip fatimah" is a famous Malay traditional herb used for the maintenance of women's health. The extracts of L.pumila displayed estrogenic activity in rats. Nonetheless, the estrogenic bioactives were not identified. The aim of the study is to identify estrogenic compounds contributing to the established estrogenic activity. Bioactivity-guided-isolation method guided the isolation of pure bioactives. The hexane extract was subjected to a series of silica gel flas...

Meroditerpene pyrone, tryptoquivaline and brasiliamide derivatives from the fungus Neosartorya pseudofischeri.

Two new meroditerpene pyrones, chevalone F (1) and 11-hydroxychevalone E (2), a new tryptoquivaline analog, tryptoquivaline V (3) and a new brasiliamide analog, brasiliamide G (4), together with thirteen known compounds, chevalones A-C (5-7), chevalone E (8), 11-hydroxychevalone C (9), pyripyropene A (10), isochaetominine C (11), pyrrolobenzoxazine terpenoids CJ-12662 (12) and CJ-12663 (13), fischerindoline (14), eurochevalierine (15), 1,4-diacetyl-2,5-dibenzylpiperazine-3,7''-oxide (16) and lecanorin (17) ...

Five new polyphenolic derivatives with antimicrobial activities from the root barks of Periploca sepium.

Five new polyphenolic derivatives, sepiumols A-E (1-5), were isolated from the root barks of Periploca sepium. Their structures were elucidated by interpretation of NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data. Compounds 1, 3 and 5 were found to exhibit significant antifungal activity, particularly for 3 with the remarkable activity against Gibberella saubinetii and Alternaria longipes with MIC values of 1.56 and 3.13 μg/ml (ketoconazole: 0.78 μg/ml), respectively. In addition, compounds 1, 3 and 5 a...

Dibenzylbutane neolignans from Saururus cernuus L. (Saururaceae) displayed anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity via alterations in the mitochondrial membrane potential.

The MeOH extract from leaves of Saururus cernuus L. (Saururaceae) displayed in vitro activity against trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi (100% of parasite death at 200 μg/mL), suggesting the presence of bioactive compounds. Thus, the bioactivity-guided fractionation was carried out, leading to the isolation of three related neolignan derivatives, identified as threo-austrobailignan-5 (1), threo-austrobailignan-6 (2), and threo-dihydroguaiaretic acid (3). Anti-T. cruzi activity of compounds 1-3 was performe...

Quassinoids in Brucea javanica are potent stimulators of lipolysis in adipocytes.

Obesity is associated with a number of metabolic disorders. Lipolysis is the initial step in the metabolism of lipids stored in adipocytes and is therefore considered a therapeutic target for obesity. Quassinoids are unique terpenes found in plants of the Simaroubaceae family, which were recently reported to have lipolytic activity and to suppress weight gain. Brucea javanica is a plant employed in traditional medicines in Asia, which is known to contain various quassinoids. Here, we investigated the lipoly...

The biflavonoids as protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitors from Selaginella uncinata and their antihyperglycemic action.

Nine biflavonoids (1-9) were isolated from ethanolic extract of Selaginella uncinata (Desv.) Spring. Their structures were determined by spectra analysis. Compounds 1-9 were classified into four types according to the connection styles of the two flavonoid parts. Among them, 1 was elucidated as a new compound, while 4 was one with a new configuration. All isolates exhibited inhibitory activities against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) in an enzyme assay with IC values ranging from 4.6 to 16.1 μM,...

Cytotoxic 19,20-epoxycytochalasans from endophytic fungus Xylaria cf. curta.

Nine new 19,20-epoxycytochalasans (1-9) were isolated from the rice fermentation extracts of endophytic fungus Xylaria cf. curta, along with four known compounds 19,20-epoxycytochalasin C (10), 18-desoxy-19,20-epoxycytochalasin C (11), 19,20-epoxycytochalasin D (12) and 5,6-dihydro-7-oxo-19,20-epoxycytochalasin C (13). Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by 1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS, X-ray diffraction and ECD calculation. The cytotoxicity of obtained compounds (1-13) was evaluated agai...

Phenolic compounds from the stems of Fissistigma polyanthoides and their anti-oxidant activities.

The stems of Fissistigma polyanthoides (A.DC.) Merr. are traditionally used for the treatment of rheumatism and for recuperating women after childbirth. In our continuous phytochemical investigation on this plant, four new (1, 2, 5, and 19) and fifteen known (3, 4, and 6-18) phenolic compounds were isolated. The structures of all compounds were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analyses (1D-, 2D-NMR, and MS), and in comparison with reported literature data. The new natural products showed to be tw...

A sesquiterpene glycoside and phenylalanine derivatives from Tinospora sinensis.

A new sesquiterpene glycoside and a new amide have been isolated from the stems of Tinospora sinensis. Their structures were established by 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques (H,H-COSY, NOESY, HSQC and HMBC) and mass spectrometry. The isolated compounds were subjected to evaluate neuroprotective activities in vitro. The pre-treatment of two new compounds can significantly ameliorate damage of oxidative stress induced by Aβ and improve PC12 cells survival.

Flavonoid glycosides from seeds of Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. Sinensis with α-glucosidase inhibition activity.

Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. Sinensis is a famous traditional medicinal plant in Tibet and Mongolia of China. Three novel flavonoid glycosides and ten known analogues were obtained from the seeds of H. rhamnoides. The structures of new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopics, chemical methods as well as literature data. In vitro assay, compounds 5-9, kaempferol and 70% ethanolic elution fraction showed prominent α-glucosidase inhibitory activities with IC values ranging from 8.30 to 112.11 μM, better...

Azaphilone pigments and macrodiolides from the coprophilous fungus Coniella fragariae.

Two azaphilone pigments (1 and 2), two dihydrobenzofurans (3 and 4), two macrodiolides (5 and 6), and a dimeric alkyl aromatic constituent (7) were isolated from the goose dung-derived fungus Coniella fragariae. Compounds 1-3 proved to be new natural products. Coniellins H and I (1 and 2) feature a tetracyclic core and an aldehyde group at C-5, which is unusual for azaphilone derivatives. The X-ray structure of pyrenophorin (5) is reported for the first time. Pyrenophorin (5) showed strong cytotoxicity agai...

Homoadamantane polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols from the fruits of Garcinia multiflora.

Five new homoadamantane polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs, 1-5) were isolated from the fruits of Garcinia multiflora. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses including NMR, HRESIMS and electronic circular dichroism (ECD). Compounds 1-3 possessed an unique core structure consisting of tetracyclo[7.3.1.1.0]tetradecane-2,12,14- trione. In comparison with those of 1-3, compound 4 had tricyclo[4.3.1.1]undecane- 2,9,11-trione with the los...

Sesquiterpenoids and diterpenes with antimicrobial activity from Leptosphaeria sp. XL026, an endophytic fungus in Panax notoginseng.

Two new sesquiterpenoids, leptosphins A (1) and B (2), and a new cyclopiane diterpene, leptosphin C (3), along with four known diterpenes (4-7) were isolated from the solid fermentation cultures of an endophytic fungus Leptosphaeria sp. XL026 isolated from the leaves of Panax notoginseng. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (data). Compound 1 represents the first sulfur-containing eremophilane sesquiterpene. Compounds 5 and 7 displayed med...

Thiocladospolide E and cladospamide A, novel 12-membered macrolide and macrolide lactam from mangrove endophytic fungus Cladosporium sp. SCNU-F0001.

Chemical investigation of the mangrove endophytic fungus Cladosporium sp. SCNU-F0001 resulted in the isolation and identification of a new macrolide compound named thiocladospolide E (1) and a novel macrolide lactam named cladospamide A (2), along with the known cladospolide B (3). The structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic methods, and the absolute configurations were determined by X-ray diffraction and HPLC analysis after chemical derivatization. All compounds were tested for their antibacteria...

Phenolic cyclobutantetraol esters from Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott.

Five new caffeoyl cyclobutantetraol esters (1-5) and one hydroxycinnamoyl cyclobutantetraol ester (6), were isolated from Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott, which were the first reported phenolic metabolites incorporating a cyclobutantetraol in nature. Structures of the isolated compounds, including absolute configurations, were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, especially 2D NMR techniques and exciton chirality CD (ECCD) method. All isolates were evaluated for cytotoxic activity toward MCF-7 human ...

Cytotoxic glycosides from the roots of Weigela x "Bristol Ruby".

Seven oleanane-type glycosides were extracted and isolated by various chromatographic methods from the roots of Weigela x "Bristol Ruby" (1-7), six previously undescribed (1-6) and a known one (7). Their structures were assigned by spectroscopic analysis mainly 2D NMR and mass spectrometry (ESIMS). Selected triterpenoid glycosides (1-3, 6, 7) displayed a good cytotoxic activity against a mouse colon cancer cell line CT26.

Plant-derived bioadhesives for wound dressing and drug delivery system.

Synthetic polymers have been widely used in various biomedical applications like drug delivery, wound dressing, etc. They pose a question of bio-compatibility and bio-accumulation, limiting to a minimum class of synthetic polymers to be efficient and versatile. Hence, one cheap and reliant replacement is the use of natural adhesives over the synthetic adhesive polymeric system. The pluripotency of plant could be exploit, making it a perfect candidate for extraction of plant-derived adhesives component for w...

Antimicrobial secondary metabolites from the stem barks and leaves of Monotes kerstingii Gilg (Dipterocarpaceae).

In the search for bioactive natural products from the African flora, three previously undescribed compounds including one stilbene-coumarin derivative (1), one coumarin-carbinol (2) and one fatty glycoside (3) were isolated from the stem bark and leaves of Monotes kerstingii, together with sixteen known compounds (4-19). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated based on their NMR and MS spectroscopic data and by comparison of these data with those previously reported in the literature. Compo...

Neuroprotective effect of catechins derivatives isolated from Anhua dark tea on NMDA-induced excitotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells.

Anhua dark tea known as the earliest produced Chinese dark tea, has been commercially available and famous for its unique flavor and health care effect. NMDA receptors are glutamate-coupled ion channels that critically involved in survival of neuronal cells and neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, it is considered a promising target for the therapy of neurodegenerative disease. In this study, four catechins including two new catechins derivatives (1-2), together with thirteen known flavonoids were isolated fro...


Quick Search