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PubMed Journal Database | Gene RSS

18:51 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,200+ from Gene

MiR-155-3p acts as a tumor suppressor and reverses paclitaxel resistance via negative regulation of MYD88 in human breast cancer.

MiR-155-3p, which is derived from the same pre-miRNA as miR-155-5p, the latter has been reported to be dysregulated in multiple tumor tissues and associated with clinicopathologic markers, tumor subtypes, and poor survival rates. However, the biological effects of miR-155-3p are rarely explored. In this study, we find that miR-155-3p was down-regulated in breast cancer and MYD88 was validated as the target for miR-155-3p. Moreover, miR-155-3p showed a negative effect on apoptosis, invasion and metastasis, r...

lnc TINCR induced by NOD1 mediates inflammatory response in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

Investigating the expression of the lnc RNAs screened above between normal and insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Addressing the mechanism underlying the regulation of inflammation response by lnc TINCR.

Characterization of the transcriptional regulator CsbHLH62 that negatively regulates EGCG3"Me biosynthesis in Camellia sinensis.

Epigallocatechin-3-O-(3-O-methyl) gallate (EGCG3"Me) in tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) is a major source of O-methylated catechin and renowned for a wide range of health effects. However, the transcriptional regulation mechanism of EGCG3"Me biosynthesis remain unclear. In the present work, the basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) transcription factor, designated as CsbHLH62, belonging to GBOF group of bHLH families, was isolated and characterized from Camellia sinensis. CsbHLH62 contains an Open Reading Fr...

miR-622 inhibits angiogenesis by suppressing the CXCR4-VEGFA axis in colorectal cancer.

Angiogenesis is essential for tumor metastasis. Our previous study has revealed that miR-622 inhibits colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis. Here, we aimed to explore the effects and potential molecular mechanisms of action of miR-622 on angiogenesis. We found that overexpression of miR-622 inhibited CRC angiogenesis in vitro, according to suppression of proliferation, migration, tube formation, and invasiveness of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with a tumor cell-conditioned medium der...

The relation between PI3K/AKT signalling pathway and cancer.

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are crucial coordinators of intracellular signalling in response to the extracellular stimulators. Hyperactivation of PI3K signalling cascades is one among the most ordinary events in human cancers. Focusing on the PI3K pathway remains both a chance and a challenge for cancer therapy. The high recurrence of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway adjustments in cancer has led to a surge in the progression of PI3K inhibitors. Recent developments incorporate a re-assess...

Pck-ing up steam: Widening the salmonid gluconeogenic gene duplication trail.

Rainbow trout have, as salmonid fish species, undergone sequential genome duplication events in their evolutionary history. In addition to a teleost-specific whole genome duplication approximately 320-350 million years ago, rainbow trout and salmonids in general underwent an additional salmonid lineage-specific genome duplication event approximately 80 million years ago. Through the recent sequencing of salmonid genome sequences, including the rainbow trout, the identification and study of duplicate...

miR-99b-3p promotes hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis and proliferation by targeting protocadherin 19.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, with characteristics of high morbidity and mortality. Identifying clinically practical targets and uncovering the potential mechanism for HCC were urgent for us. Though aberrantly expressed miR-99b-3p has been reported in several cancers, the expression and roles of miR-99b-3p in HCC remain uncovered. In the present study, we demonstrated for the first time that miR-99b-3p was overexpressed in HCC by our findings and data from GE...

Co-polysomy of 1p/19q in glial tumors: Retrospective analysis of 221 cases from single center.

Glial tumors are malignant brain tumors that arise from glial cells of brain or spine and have genetic aberrations in their genome. 1p/19q co-deletion is associated with increased Overall Survival (OS) time with enhanced response to chemo- and radio-therapy in oligodendrogliomas. However, prognostic significance of 1p/19q co-polysomy is still unclear. We evaluated 1p/19q status of 221 patients with glial tumor by Fluorescent in situ Hybridization (FISH). Records of the patients were collected retrospectivel...

The complete chloroplast genome sequence of watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.): Genome organization, adaptive evolution and phylogenetic relationships in Cardamineae.

Watercress (Nasturtium officinale R. Br.), an aquatic leafy vegetable of the Brassicaceae family, is known as a nutritional powerhouse. Here, we de novo sequenced and assembled the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of watercress based on combined PacBio and Illumina data. The cp genome is 155,106 bp in length, exhibiting a typical quadripartite structure including a pair of inverted repeats (IRA and IRB) of 26,505 bp separated by a large single copy (LSC) region of 84,265 bp and a small single copy (SS...

Expression pattern of miR-21, miR-25 and PTEN in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with significant or insignificant coronary stenosis.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, which is a series of chronic inflammatory processes leading to the initiation and progression of vascular endothelial cell injury enhancing plaque formation. As critical components of the immune system, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) actively cross-talk with pathophysiological conditions induced by endothelial cell injury, reflecting in altered PBMC expression pattern. This study explored PBMC expression levels of miR-21, miR-...

MiR-889 promotes cell growth in human non-small cell lung cancer by regulating KLF9.

Currently, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still the most common malignancy worldwide. Although miR-889 has been reported to play an important role in various malignancies, the physiological function of miR-889 in NSCLC remains unknown. This paper places emphasis on the influence of miR-889 on the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer. To detect the expression level of miR-889 in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay and In S...

Novel alternative splice variants of the human protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) gene, discovered using next-generation sequencing.

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology is highly expected to help researchers disclose the complexity of alternative splicing and understand its association with carcinogenesis. Alternative splicing alterations are firmly associated with multiple malignancies, in terms of functional roles in malignant transformation, motility, and/or metastasis of cancer cells. One perfect example illustrating the connection between alternative splicing and cancer is the human protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT...

Targeted stimulation of MSCs in peripheral nerve repair.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have considerable translational potential in a wide variety of clinical disciplines and are the cellular foundation of individualized treatments of auto-immune, cardiac, neurologic and musculoskeletal diseases and disorders. While the cellular mechanisms by which MSCs exert their biological effects remain to be ascertained, it has been hypothesized that MSCs are supportive of local tissue repair through secretion of essential growth factors. Therapeutic applications of MSCs in ...

A five-miRNA signature predicts survival in gastric cancer using bioinformatics analysis.

Abnormal expression of miRNAs is critical for gastric cancer progression. Here, we aimed to identify the differential expression of miRNAs in normal and cancerous gastric tissues and build a nomogram for effectively predicting the survival of patients with gastric cancer. We used high-throughput miRNA data in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database for this study. The discriminative capabilities and predictive accuracy of the nomogram depended on the calibration curve and concordance index (C-index), and co...

Identification of a homozygous GFPT2 variant in a family with asthenozoospermia.

Asthenozoospermia (ASZ) is a condition characterized by reduced sperm motility in semen affecting approximately 19% of infertile men. Major risk factors, particularly gene mutations, still remain unknown. The main aim of the present study was to identify novel genes and mutations that may influence human sperm motility.

Association between five polymorphisms in vascular endothelial growth factor gene and urinary bladder cancer risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis involving 6671 subjects.

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene plays a key role in angiogenesis and tumor growth. The relationship between VEGF gene polymorphisms and bladder cancer (BCa) risk was studied extensively in recent years. However, the currently available results are controversial. To ascertain whether VEGF polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to BCa, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis.

The effect of ginger supplementation on some immunity and inflammation intermediate genes expression in patients with active Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ginger supplementation on the expression of some immunity and inflammation intermediate genes in patients who suffer from RA.

Systems biology approach identifies key regulators and the interplay between miRNAs and transcription factors for pathological cardiac hypertrophy.

Pathological cardiac hypertrophy (CH) is associated with increased heart failure risk and sudden cardiac death. Several transcription factors (TFs) and miRNAs were implicated in CH, and their high combinatorial action in gene expression regulation is becoming more clear. We adopted a systems biology approach to construct a comprehensive TF-miRNA co-regulatory network in CH and systematically characterize its structure, from node- to systems-level properties. Parallel expression profiles for miRNAs and messe...

Tricho-hepatic-enteric syndrome (THES) without intractable diarrhoea.

Tricho-hepatic-enteric syndrome (THES) is a genetically heterogeneous rare syndrome (OMIM: 222470 (THES1) and 614602 (THES2)) that typically presents in the neonatal period with intractable diarrhoea, intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR), facial dysmorphism, and hair and skin changes. THES is associated with pathogenic variants in either TTC37 or SKIV2L; both are components of the human SKI complex, an RNA exosome cofactor. We report an 8 year old girl who was diagnosed with THES by the Undiagnosed Dis...

In silico perturbation of drug targets in pan-cancer analysis combining multiple networks and pathways.

The knowledge of cancer cell response to conventional therapies is crucial in order to choose the correct therapy of patients affected by cancer. The major problem is generally attributed to the lack of specific biological processes able to predict the therapy efficacy. Here, we optimized a computational method for the analysis of gene networks able to detect and quantify the effects of a drug in a pan-cancer study. Overall, our method, using several network topological measures has identified a cancer gene...

Effect of modification of MTDH gene expression on colorectal cancer aggressiveness.

Metadherin (MTDH) is an oncogene that has been overexpressed in numerous types of malignancies including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, few investigations associated with the biological behavior of MTDH in CRC have been performed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of modification of MTDH gene expression (knockdown and overexpression) on the biological behavior of CRC in vitro.

The expression of TET3 regulated cell proliferation in HepG2 cells.

Ten-eleven translocation (TET) proteins have been shown to be abnormally expressed in different cancers. To investigate the expression pattern of TET proteins in HepG2 cells, sodium ascorbate was used to treat HepG2 cells. Our results showed that TET1, TET2 and TET3 expression was increased after sodium ascorbate treatment. The TET proteins catalyze the oxidation of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), thus, 5mC and 5hmC levels were examined. The results suggested that 5hmC was increase...

Differential BDNF methylation in combat exposed veterans the association with exercise.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene is associated with increased risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and plays a role in neuroplasticity, cognition and memory. BDNF has strong potential as a therapeutic target as studies have shown that antidepressants, electroconvulsive treatment and exercise modulate BDNF expression and methylation. In this study we examined the role of BDNF methylation and expression in PTSD and the implications of exercise in mediating these effects. BDNF DNA methylat...

Transcriptome modulation by in ovo delivered Lactobacillus synbiotics in a range of chicken tissues.

Synbiotics are the bioactive compounds that synergistically combine effects of prebiotics and probiotics. In poultry, synbiotics can be used to reprogram animal's intestinal microbiota upon perinatal in ovo injection on day 12 of eggs incubation. Optimally composed synbiotic delivered in ovo efficiently stimulates the host's intestinal microflora, which in turn exerts beneficial effects on the host and improves its physiological functions. The aim of the study was to estimate long-term changes in the chicke...

Genetic variation of matrix metalloproteinase enzyme in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in several diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, HIV-associated neurological diseases (HAND), multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, certain viral infections of the central nervous system, cancer, and hepatitis C virus. MMPs have been explained with regards to extracellular matrix remodeling, which occurs throughout life and ranges from tissue morphogenesis to wound healing in various processes. MMP are inhibited by endogenous tissue ...


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