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PubMed Journal Database | Gene therapy RSS

15:38 EST 15th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 63 from Gene therapy

Hsa_circ_0000285 functions as a competitive endogenous RNA to promote osteosarcoma progression by sponging hsa-miRNA-599.

Circular RNA (circRNA) is important in the pathogenesis of many diseases. By analyzing the GSE96964 microarray, hsa_circ_0000285 (circ-0000285) was found to be highly expressed in osteosarcoma. Recent studies have shown that circ-0000285 is capable of regulating proliferative and migratory potentials. Here, we investigated the potential functions in regulating osteosarcoma cells to proliferate and migrate. First of all, qRT-PCR data revealed a higher level of circ-0000285 in osteosarcoma cell lines relative...

Estrogen administration reduces the risk of pulmonary arterial hypertension by modulating the miR-133a signaling pathways in rats.

We aimed to investigate how estrogen (ES) is implicated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) potentially by reducing the extent of vascular remodeling in females. HE assay, Western Blot, IHC, and real-time PCR were carried out to observe the role of ES in regulating miR-133a expression and the levels of MYOSLID, SRF, CTGF, and vascular remodeling in rats. In addition, MTT assay and flow cytometry were utilized to observe how ES affects cell proliferation and cell cycle in PAH. Moreov...

Retina transduction by rAAV2 after intravitreal injection: comparison between mouse and rat.

Adeno-associated virus vectors (rAAV) are currently the most common vehicle used in clinical trials of retinal gene therapy, usually delivered through subretinal injections to target cells of the outer retina. However, targeting the inner retina requires intravitreal injections, a simple and safe procedure, which is effective for transducing the rodent retina, but still of low efficiency in the eyes of primates. We investigated whether adjuvant pharmacological agents may enhance rAAV transduction of the ret...

Gene therapy of hematological disorders: current challenges.

Recent advances in genetic engineering technology and stem cell biology have spurred great interest in developing gene therapies for hereditary, as well as acquired hematological disorders. Currently, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is used to cure disorders such as hemoglobinopathies and primary immunodeficiencies; however, this method is limited by the availability of immune-matched donors. Using autologous cells coupled with genome editing bypasses this limitation and therefore became the focus o...

Beyond cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator therapy: a perspective on gene therapy and small molecule treatment for cystic fibrosis.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-limiting disease caused by defective or deficient cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) activity. The recent advent of the FDA-approved CFTR modulator drug ivacaftor, alone or in combination with lumacaftor or tezacaftor, has enabled treatment of the majority of patients suffering from CF. Even before the identification of the CFTR gene, gene therapy was put forward as a viable treatment option for this genetic condition. However, initial enthusiasm has be...

Inside out: optimization of lipid nanoparticle formulations for exterior complexation and in vivo delivery of saRNA.

Self-amplifying RNA (saRNA) is a promising biotherapeutic tool that has been used as a vaccine against both infectious diseases and cancer. saRNA has been shown to induce protein expression for up to 60 days and elicit immune responses with lower dosing than messenger RNA (mRNA). Because saRNA is a large (~9500 nt), negatively charged molecule, it requires a delivery vehicle for efficient cellular uptake and degradation protection. Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) have been widely used for RNA formulations, whe...

Gene therapy for refractory angina and cell therapy for heart failure: experience of a Brazilian research group.

Cell therapy has shown impressive effects in experimental cardiomyopathy models. To a lesser extent, gene therapy has also been studied. In both cases, translation to clinical therapy has been disappointing. This paper is intended to describe the experience and achievements of a multicenter working group located in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil, in experimental and translational research projects for cell-based and gene therapy methods in the treatment of dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathies. The results o...

Combination of cabazitaxel and p53 gene therapy abolishes prostate carcinoma tumor growth.

For patients with metastatic prostate cancer, the 5-year survival rate of 31% points to a need for novel therapies and improvement of existing modalities. We propose that p53 gene therapy and chemotherapy, when combined, will provide superior tumor cell killing for the treatment of prostate carcinoma. To this end, we have developed the AdRGD-PGp53 vector which offers autoregulated expression of p53, resulting in enhanced tumor cell killing in vitro and in vivo. Here, we combined AdRGD-PGp53 along with the c...

Stability of the adeno-associated virus 8 reference standard material.

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are extensively used for gene therapy clinical trials. Accurate and standardized titration methods are essential for characterizing and dosing AAV-based drugs and thus to assess their safety and efficacy. To this end, the Reference Standard Materials (RSM) working group generated standards for AAV serotype 2 and serotype 8. The AAV8RSM (ATCC® VR-1816™) was deposited to the American Type Culture Collection in 2014 and is available to the scientific community. Here, thr...

Safe and neuroprotective vectors for long-term traumatic brain injury gene therapy.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex and progressive brain injury with no approved treatments that needs both short- and long-term therapeutic strategies to cope with the variety of physiopathological mechanisms involved. In particular, neuroinflammation is a key process modulating TBI outcome, and the potentiation of these mechanisms by pro-inflammatory gene therapy vectors could contribute to the injury progression. Here, we evaluate in the controlled cortical impact model of TBI, the safety of integ...

A novel xenograft mouse model for testing approaches targeting human kappa light-chain diseases.

Patients with immunoglobulin (Ig) light-chain (LC) diseases such as LC light-chain amyloidosis die with organ failure and need new therapies. We sought a model to test anti-LC siRNA delivery to human plasma cells, requiring circulating LC, in vivo indicators of tumor presence, and capacity for multiple injections of delivery vehicle. The JJN-3 human myeloma reporter cell line expressing firefly luciferase (FFL) implanted intraperitoneally (IP) in the NOD scid γ (NSG) mouse has a 90% prompt tumor-take, rapi...

scFv6.C4 DNA vaccine with fragment C of Tetanus toxin increases protective immunity against CEA-expressing tumor.

The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is the main tumor-associated antigen of colorectal cancers. Previously, we developed a DNA vaccine using scFv6.C4, a CEA surrogate, against CEA-expressing tumors; 40% of the vaccinated mice were tumor-free after tumor challenge. In order to enhance vaccine efficacy, fragment C of Tetanus Toxin (FrC) was tested as adjuvant. C57BL/6J-CEA2682 mice were electroporated intramuscularly 4 times with uP-PS/scFv6.C4-FrC or uP-PS/scFv6.C4, challenged by s.c. injection of 1 × 10...

Regulatable adenovector harboring the GFP and Yamanaka genes for implementing regenerative medicine in the brain.

Biological rejuvenation by partial cell reprogramming is an emerging avenue of research. In this context, regulatable pluripotency gene expression systems are the most widely used at present. We have constructed a regulatable bidirectional adenovector expressing the humanized green fluorescent protein (GFP) and oct4, sox2, klf4, and c-myc genes (known as the Yamanaka genes or OSKM). The OSKM genes are arranged as a bicistronic tandem (hSTEMCCA tandem), which is under the control of a Tet-Off bidirectional p...

Osteoinduction within BMP-2 transduced muscle tissue fragments with and without a fascia layer: implications for bone tissue engineering.

Bone can be engineered in vivo by implantation of gene-activated muscle tissue fragments. This expedited approach may be further improved by use of muscle tissue with attached fascia. The aim of this in vitro study was to provide an in depth comparison of the osteogenic differentiation capacity of muscle alone and muscle with fascia after BMP-2 transduction. Skeletal muscle tissue from rats was cut into pieces with and without a fascia layer on the surface. Adenoviral BMP-2 or GFP vectors were used for tran...

An important step on the long path to clinical application of in utero gene therapy.

Diabetic complication could get a gene therapy boost.

CAR-T in the clinic: drive with care.

In vitro evaluation of a lentiviral two-step transcriptional amplification system using GAL4FF transactivator for gene therapy applications in bone repair.

In this study, we developed a lentiviral two-step transcriptional amplification (TSTA) system expressing bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) under the control of a GAL4FF transactivator to enhance gene expression and limit toxicity for bone repair applications. To this end human MSCs, isolated from bone marrow or adipose tissue, were transduced overnight with a LV-TSTA system (GAL4FF or GAL4vp16) expressing BMP-2 or GFP and evaluated in vitro for transduction efficiency, mean fluorescence intensity, cell v...

Electroporation-mediated delivery of FER gene enhances innate immune response and improves survival in a murine model of pneumonia.

Previously, we reported that electroporation-mediated (EP) delivery of the FER gene improved survival in a combined trauma-pneumonia model. The mechanism of this protective effect is unknown. In this paper, we performed a pneumonia model in C57/BL6 mice with 500 CFU of Klebsiella pneumoniae. After inoculation, a plasmid encoding human FER was delivered by EP into the lung (PNA/pFER-EP). Survival of FER-treated vs. controls (PNA; PNA/EP-pcDNA) was recorded. In parallel cohorts, bronchial alveolar lavage (B...

AAV-9 mediated phosphatase-1 inhibitor-1 overexpression improves cardiac contractility in unchallenged mice but is deleterious in pressure-overload.

The downregulation of β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR) and decreased cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity in failing hearts results in decreased phosphorylation and inactivation of phosphatase-inhibitor-1 (I-1), a distal amplifier element of β-adrenergic signaling, leading to increased protein phosphatase 1 activity and dephosphorylation of key phosphoproteins, including phospholamban. Downregulated and hypophosphorylated I-1 likely contributes to β-AR desensitization; therefore its modulation is a promi...

Conditional replication of oncolytic viruses based on detection of oncogenic mRNA.

Recently, split intein-based detection sensors for RNA have been developed that can target custom sequences in a modular fashion. If multi-region, multi-sample sequencing were to be applied to a patient's cancer, truncal (i.e., earliest-occurring) mutations could be identified and could serve as targets for these sense-and-respond modules. The next step would be to utilize an effective vector for treatment. A hyper-virulent herpes simplex virus could possibly serve as this vector, with concurrent immunosupp...

CCAT1 stimulation of the symmetric division of NSCLC stem cells through activation of the Wnt signalling cascade.

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortalities worldwide, yet this condition remains a poorly understood malignancy, and the subgroup of cancer stem cells (CSCs) leading to therapeutic resistance and adverse prognosis have not been well studied. CSCs frequently undergo symmetric division, which facilitates expansion of the stem cell pool, contributing to long-term relapse and therapy failure. CCAT1 could act as a miRNA sponge to influence downstream genes; however, its...

SHIP1, but not an AML-derived SHIP1 mutant, suppresses myeloid leukemia growth in a xenotransplantation mouse model.

Constitutive activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is found in ~50-70% of AML patients. The SH2-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 1 (SHIP1) is a negative regulator of PI3K/AKT signaling in hematopoietic cells. SHIP1 knockout mice develop a myeloproliferative syndrome and concomitant deletion of SHIP1 and the tumor suppressor PTEN leads to the development of lethal B-cell lymphomas. In the study presented here, we investigated the role of SHIP1 as a tumor suppressor in myeloid leukemia cells in an in ...

Gene therapy-from small beginnings to where we are now.

Gene Therapy, more than ever-a new vision for the journal.


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