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The level of happiness of older adults is associated with their psychosocial and physical health. Currently, little is known about the predictors of happiness among older women living alone in the community. The present study aimed to identify these predictors.
Despite the recent upsurge of interest in mind wandering (i.e. the occurrence of task-unrelated and stimulus-independent thoughts), little research has attempted to evaluate mind wandering in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We addressed this issue by evaluating intentional and unintentional mind wandering, as well as the relationship between both mind-wandering domains. We also investigated the relationship between mind wandering and depression and working memory.
Diabetes-related dementia (DrD), a dementia subgroup associated with specific diabetes mellitus (DM)-related metabolic abnormalities rather than Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology or cerebrovascular disease, is characterized by less well-controlled glycemia. We investigated the glucose level, variability and stability, and risk of hypoglycemia in DrD to determine characteristic ambulatory glucose profiles (AGP).
With the predicted demographic change, the treatment of geriatric patients will become a major issue for health systems worldwide. The majority of pelvic ring fractures occur in older adults, and their treatment might be associated with a distinct mortality. Herein, we analyzed the data of 5665 patients with pelvic ring fractures aged ≥60 years included in the German Pelvic Trauma Registry from 1991 to 2013.
To examine the effects of oral management provided by dental hygienists (DH) on patient outcomes in post-acute rehabilitation.
Sleep disturbances in patients with Alzheimer's disease have not been systematically evaluated, because sleep monitoring has proved difficult. Our goal was to quantitatively characterize sleep disturbances in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
Previous studies have reported significant associations between tooth loss or periodontal status and cognitive function; however, animal experimental studies have shown that occlusion might be a more important factor in cognitive decline. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of a lack of posterior occlusal support by residual teeth on the decline of cognitive function over a 3-year period among 80-year-old Japanese people.
Many studies have reported the preventive effects of community social capital on health outcomes, such as mortality and incidence of diseases. However, evidence on the association between community social capital and dementia-related outcomes remains sparse. The present study examined the contextual association of social capital with subjective symptoms of dementia among community-dwelling older adults in Japan, using a population-based, large-scale questionnaire survey.
Falls are a prevalent issue for the older population, and for the healthcare system in terms of emergency department (ED) access and hospitalizations. There is still a lack of knowledge and guidelines, however, regarding the need to hospitalize older patients accessing the ED after a fall. In the present study, we aimed to analyze the factors and the decisional process that led to older patients accessing the ED after a fall being admitted to hospital or discharged.