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Postoperative periorbital edema and ecchymosis after rhinoplasty are mainly caused by the osteotomy with hammer and chisel. The introduction of piezoelectric surgery could lead to a better early postoperative outcome due to improved preservation of soft tissues. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the methods and results of studies comparing conventional osteotomy to piezoelectric osteotomy.
Treatment of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is nowadays multidisciplinary. Therapeutic concepts include modern surgical and radiation techniques as well as systemic therapies. However, the prognosis of these patients is still poor for all stages. In the recurrent or metastatic situation after definitive therapy, there is an indication for palliative systemic treatment, whereby classical platinum-based chemotherapy and the monoclonal epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...
This study investigated the speech perception of cochlear implant (CI) recipients with measurable preoperative ipsilateral speech perception. These data should support improved individual counselling of CI candidates.
Herein is reported the case of a clinician in whom, after three unsuccessful attempts to eradicate a nasopharyngeal MRSA (methicillin resistent staphylococcus ausreus) colonization, tonsillectomy was performed with long-term success.
A disease or symptom of disease spreading from the vicinity of the orbit to the internal structures of the orbit is referred to as an orbital complication. Orbital complications can have a traumatic, inflammatory, allergic, or autoimmunologic cause. They are more frequent in children than adults. The present review aims to provide a description of orbital complications, their etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment. Recent literature in the field is acknowledged and discussed, and results from the authors'...
In Germany medical care of outpatients is mainly provided by general practitioners and medical specialists in private practice. The outpatient departments of hospitals are available for patients under defined circumstances, such as by referral from a specialist or for oncological diseases (§ 116b). The aim of this investigation was the evaluation of the elective outpatient cases.
Standard treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is nightly application of positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP). However, adherence to CPAP is limited due to side effects and complications, and patients are frequently untreated or undertreated. In this scenario, patients with OSA are at risk of developing comorbidities such as arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, or diabetes, and are exposed to an increased risk of experiencing traffic or occupational accidents due to daytime sleepiness. Al...
Patients with facial paralysis are significantly limited in their quality of life (QoL). If no irreversible nerve damage is apparent, intensive training of the facial muscles is recommended in addition to drug-based therapy with cortisone. In order to improve training, we have developed a digital biofeedback mirror with motion magnification to indirectly influence the vegetative nervous system.
This article presents the case of a 39-year-old woman receiving injection therapy for cervicalgia. Due to accidental injection into the cervical spinal cord, the patient suffered from syncope, sensomotoric deficit, and bilateral neural hearing loss. Injection therapies for spinal disorders are routinely carried out in clinical practice, despite a low level of evidence and potentially severe complications. In the event of neuro-otologic complications, prompt evaluation by an otologist should be sought and ...
The aim of this study was to verify whether the following peripheral blood cell count and inflammation-based markers differ between various types of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS): neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), as well as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C‑reactive protein (CRP) levels.
During the past few decades various questionnaires have been developed to evaluate quality of life using audiological measures. The Hearing Implant Sound Quality Index (HISQUI) was developed especially for patients with a cochlear implant (CI). The aim of this study was to evaluate subjective hearing improvement after CI surgery and to correlate the results with objective measuring methods such as pure-tone and speech audiometry.
More than 150 years after its initial description by Prosper Menière, the disease named after him is still at the center of scientific debates. Two recent developments have specifically created a breeding ground for controversy: (1) Since its first description 10 years ago, magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops in living patients has seen an increasing and worldwide application. (2) The Bárány Society Classification Committee published diagnostic criteria for Menière's disea...
As immunotherapy is becoming increasingly important in the treatment of head and neck cancer, a fundamental understanding of the immunological relationships in the tumor microenvironment is required. The importance of tumor-infiltrating B cells (TIL-B) has been largely neglected so far. In the current literature, however, a significant influence of B cells on tumor growth is described, so that this cell population is now also perceived as a therapeutic target structure. Regulatory B cells (B) represen...
Choanal atresia is a rare malformation that represents a special challenge. While bilateral choanal atresia usually needs to be surgically treated within a few days of birth, the intervention for one-sided choanal atresia can be postponed for years. Treatment planning requires adequate imaging (CT or MRI), which also serves to exclude other skull base malformities. Surgical treatment currently focuses on transnasal endoscopic techniques. Simultaneous resection of the parts of the vomer involved in the at...
Dizziness and vertigo are some of the most common reasons for seeking medical help. Acute dizziness and vertigo require interdisciplinary cooperation. New diagnostic methods (the video head impulse test) and modern algorithms (HINTS: head impulse test/nystagmus [direction changing]/test-of-skew) are increasingly used in case of the acute vestibular syndrome in emergency care.