PubMed Journal Database | Immunological investigations RSS

02:54 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 128 from Immunological investigations

MALAT1 Genomic Variants and Risk of Multiple Sclerosis.

Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) with a possible role in the regulation of immune responses. A previous study has demonstrated down-regulation of this lncRNA in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In the current study, we genotyped two MALAT1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 428 Iranian MS patients and 505 healthy subjects. The G allele of the rs619586 was significantly under-represented in MS patients compared with controls (OR (95% CI)...

Decreased Gene Expression of Epstein-Barr Virus-Induced Gene 3 (EBI-3) may Contribute to the Pathogenesis of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is a member of the IL-12 family of heterodimeric cytokines produced by regulatory T (Treg) cells. This immunosuppressive cytokine can prevent exaggerated inflammatory responses like those responsible for the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aims to determine the correlation between the gene expression of Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI-3) and IL-12A (p35) subunits of IL-35 in peripheral blood leukocytes with immunological and clinical parameters in RA patien...

PD-1 Haplotype Combinations and Susceptibility of Patients to Squamous Cell Carcinomas of Head and Neck.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) are the most common cancers of head and neck and the sixth most common malignancy worldwide. Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) is an immune inhibitory molecule which through interaction with its ligands recruits protein phosphatase resulting in immune response inhibition. Expression of PD-1 ligands on tumor cells is considered as one of the crucial immune evasion mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the association of PD-1 gene polymorphisms at positions P...

Thyroglobulin Antibodies are Associated with Symptom Burden in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the most common form of autoimmune thyroid disorders characterized by lower production of thyroid hormones and positivity to autoantibodies to thyroglobulin (TgAb) and/or thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb). We performed a comprehensive phenotypic characterization of patients with HT, with specific focus on thyroid autoimmunity, to get better understanding of disease manifestation.

Regulatory T Cells and Their Association with Serum Markers and Symptoms in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Impairment in number and functions of regulatory T cells (Treg) has been found to be associated with many autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was conducted to identify and compare Treg by flow cytometry using two different staining approaches.

Evaluation and characteristics of immunological adjuvant activity of purified fraction of Albizia julibrissin saponins.

The purified fraction of Albizia julibrissin saponins (AJSAF) was evaluated and characterized for the adjuvant activity on porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine.

Association of KIR Genotypes and Haplotypes in HBeAg-positive Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Treated with Entecavir.

A large proportion of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China do not respond to entecavir (ETV) treatment. It remains unclear whether the Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotypes and haplotypes were associated with the advantage of seroconversion in phepatitis B e-Antigen (HBeAg) positive CHB patients treated with ETV.

The Relationship of COX-2 Gene Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Kawasaki Disease in Chinese Population.

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis that predominantly affects children, and it can result in coronary artery lesions. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin H2, an important precursor of several prostaglandins. The aim of this study was to examine the association between COX-2 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to KD.

Adipokines in Multiple Sclerosis Patients with and without Optic Neuritis as the First Clinical Presentation.

Adipocytokines have been implied to be involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis. MS patients whose first clinical episode is optic neuritis (ON) have been reported to display a milder disease course. In this study, we aimed to show whether this milder disease course is related to reduced adipokine production.

Antigen-Presenting Cell Characteristics of Human γδ T Lymphocytes in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.

Human γδ T lymphocytes play a role in the immune system defense against cancer. Their broad anti-cancer activity against different types of cancers makes them outstanding candidates for cancer immunotherapy. An issue of recent interest is whether their antigen presentation features are similar to mature dendritic cells. The antigen-presenting cell (APC)-like phenotype and function of γδ T lymphocytes have been confirmed in many clinical trials. In this study, to support the strong role played by Vγ9Vδ...

Association between Toll-Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) rs3775290, TLR7 rs179008, TLR9 rs352140 and Chronic HCV.

Inconsistent results were reported on the association of TLRs polymorphisms with the risk of HCV infection and HCV-related diseases.

Biological Markers of Oxidative Stress in Cardiovascular Diseases: After so Many Studies, What do We Know?

Numerous conditions, including cancer, diabetes, aging, and atherosclerosis, are thought to be associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is defined as a persistent imbalance between oxidation and antioxidation, resulting in the damage of cellular macromolecules and is often considered to be involved in wide variety of human diseases. However, the current literature is very heterogeneous making it rather difficult to draw general conclusions. Often, different biomarkers have been used in different h...

Genetic Relationship Between IL-6 rs1800796 Polymorphism and Susceptibility to Periodontitis.

There are accumulating reports for the potential role of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) rs1800796 polymorphism in the risk of periodontitis. However, distinct conclusions are observed. In this study, we have an interest in comprehensively analyzing the genetic relationship between IL-6 rs1800796 and the susceptibility to periodontitis.

Analysis of the Association of Polymorphisms rs5743708 in TLR2 and rs4986790 in TLR4 with Atopic Dermatitis Risk.

We carried out a meta-analysis to assess whether Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) rs5743708 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) rs4986790 polymorphisms are associated with the risk of atopic dermatitis.

miR-350-3p Contributes to Age-Associated Impairment of IL-6 Production by Macrophages.

Aging-associated dysfunction of the immune system contributes to the increase in pathophysiological processes that occur with age. Numerous studies have shown that microRNAs regulate immune responses, although their role in age-related macrophage dysfunction remains elusive. Here, we found that miR-350-3p is expressed at lower levels in peritoneal macrophages from aged mice compared with young mice, and that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation downregulates miR-350-3p expression to a greater extent in youn...

HLA Class I in Egyptian patients with Behçet's disease: new association with susceptibility, protection, presentation and severity of manifestations.

Behçet's disease is an autoimmune disease with diverse clinical manifestations with vasculitis being the hallmark of the disease. The aim of this work is to study the genetic association between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-I molecules of Egyptians with Behçet's disease and the disease susceptibility and clinical patterns.

Impact of IL-27p28 (rs153109) and TNF-α (rs1800629) Genetic Polymorphisms on the Progression of HCV Infection in Egyptian Patients.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a universal health problem. HCV infection may proceed to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and eventually hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The latest is the third leading global cause of cancer-related mortality. Cytokines including IL-27 and TNF-α play a major role as a link between innate and adaptive immunity which in turn deduct the outcome of HCV infection.

Enhanced Anti-Leukemic Effects through Induction of Immunomodulating Microenvironment by Blocking CXCR4 and PD-L1 in an AML Mouse Model.

Previously, we found that dual therapy by the CXCR4 inhibitor Plerixafor and cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) effectively eradicated leukemia cells and concurrently activated immune cells in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To reveal the significance of programmed death-ligand1 (PD-L1) in AML and as a strategic approach, we investigated the anti-leukemic effect of a triple combinational therapy by utilizing Plerixafor and anti-PD-L1 in combination with chemotherapy in an AML mouse model. We examined leukemic myelo...

Therapeutic Use of Intrathecal Mesenchymal Stem Cells in patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study with Booster Injection.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a potential therapy for various diseases. Here, the results of intrathecal injection of MSCs in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are reported.

RNA protein kinase SNP at -226 C

RNA-dependant protein kinase R (PKR) is a primary mediator in the defence mechanism of interferon against viral replication and pathogenesis during Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the present study, we have examined the role of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of PKR and the serum level of the same protein on the outcome of HCV-infected Egyptian patients.

Association of HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles with type 1 (autoimmune) diabetes in African Arabs: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Several studies confirmed the association of HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles with altered risk of type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, data from individual studies based on small sample sizes yielded often conflicting findings in African Arabs. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at comprehensively evaluating this association with T1D, using molecular HLA data. Relevant studies were identified through systemic search of Medline/PubMed, Cochrane, Science Direct, ResearchGate, and EMBASE databases. Stat...

Association of IL17 and IL23R gene polymorphisms with rheumatic heart disease in South Indian population.

IL-23/Th17 signaling pathway plays a crucial role in the cell-mediated immune response against bacterial infections and also in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Recent studies indicate that Th17 cell-associated cytokines are involved in the progression and maintenance of valvular lesions in rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Variants in the genes of cytokines that are potentially involved in Th17 response may influence interindividual differences in their expression levels, thereby cont...

Defective Treg response in acute kidney injury was caused by a reduction in TIM-3 Treg cells.

Despite years of research, the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a significant challenge. Animal studies presented causal links between elevated regulatory T cell (Treg) response and better prognosis in AKI. Previous studies in mice and humans showed that TIM-3+ Treg cells were more potent than TIM-3- Treg cells. In this study, we investigated the role of TIM-3 in Treg in AKI patients.

Interleukin-4 and Interleukin-4 Receptor Alpha Gene Polymorphisms in Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis.

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral condition with a major impact on the quality of life. The condition is thought to be due to the overexpression of T helper-1(Th1)-related cytokines. Since interleukin-4 (IL-4) and its receptor (IL-4Rα) are antagonistic to Th-1 pathways, polymorphisms in their genes may also be involved in the pathogenesis of aphthous stomatitis.

Genetic variant association of PTPN22, CTLA4, IL2RA, as well as HLA frequencies in susceptibility to alopecia areata.

Alopecia areata (AA) is characterized by a genetically complex inheritance. HLA frequencies, as well as the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in PTPN22, CTLA4, and IL2RA genes, have been described to be associated with AA susceptibility. So far, no independent replication of these studies has been reported, and no data exist on a possible association between AA disease and these SNPs or influence of HLA frequencies in Iranian population. A possible association between HLA-DRB1*11 alleles as well as a sin...

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