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PubMed Journal Database | International journal of biological macromolecules RSS

10:04 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,000+ from International journal of biological macromolecules

Comparison of the immobilization of lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens on divinylsulfone or p-benzoquinone activated support.

NiZnFeO superparamagnetic nanoparticles were coated with silica by impregnation with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and further activated with divinylsulfone (DVS) and p-benzoquinone (BQ) for covalent immobilization lipase from Pseudomonas fluorescens (PFL), producing the biocatalysts TEOS-NANO-DVS-PFL and TEOS-NANO-BQ-PFL. The optimal conditions for enzyme immobilization were found to be pH 7 and 0.1 M of both activating reagents. PFL was also immobilized on TEOS nanoparticles without any activation as a ref...

The combined effects of extrusion and heat-moisture treatment on the physicochemical properties and digestibility of corn starch.

The combined effects of extrusion (ET) and heat-moisture treatments (EHMT) on the physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of corn starch were investigated. Extrusion played a dominant role in reducing relative crystallinity and resistant starch (RS) content, but the swelling power, solubility, rapidly digestible starch (RDS) and slowly digestible starch (SDS) content were increased compared to native starch. EHMT resulted in a decreased swelling power, solubility and a transition in the X-ray ...

Chondroitin sulfate from sturgeon bone protects chondrocytes via inhibiting apoptosis in osteoarthritis.

We have previously reported that chondroitin sulfate extracted from Sturgeon bone (CSSB) can alleviate the pain caused by osteoarthritis (OA) by reducing the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inflammatory factors (IL-1, TNF-α and PGE). However, the mechanism of CSSB for treating OA remains unclear. As is generally accepted, these proteins and factors are regulated by chondrocyte apoptosis in OA. Thus, it is reasonable to hypothesize whether CSSB can inhibit cartilage degradation via regula...

Crystal structure of phycocyanin from heterocyst-forming filamentous cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. WR13.

Phycocyanin (PC) is the principal pigment protein in the light-harvesting antenna of cyanobacteria. Here the biochemical characterization and the 1.51 Å crystal structure of PC from cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. WR13 (Nst-PC) is reported. The P6 crystal lattice is composed of the minimal biological entities of Nst-PC, the (αβ) trimeric rings. The structure has been refined to R factor 11.5% (R 15.4%) using anisotropic atomic B factors. A phylogenetic study shows that the α and β chains of Nst-PC are sign...

An anti-cancerous protein fraction from Withania somnifera induces ROS-dependent mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.

Withania somnifera exhibits different pharmacological activities which mainly stem from its broad range of bioactive molecules. Majority of these bioactive molecules, fall into the groupings of alkaloids, steroidal lactones, phenolic compounds and glycoproteins. In this study, we evaluated a novel protein fraction, named here as WSPF, isolated from Withania somnifera roots for its cytotoxic properties against various human cancer cell lines. WSPF exhibited apoptotic activity for each cancer cell line tested...

Extracellular polysaccharide produced by Chlorella vulgaris - Chemical characterization and anti-asthmatic profile.

Microalgae are the lowest plant organisms producing a wide range of metabolites that make them interesting organisms for industrial applications. Cultivation of green microalgal species Chlorella vulgaris resulted a significant production of extracellular polysaccharide (EPS). Preliminary chemico-spectroscopic studies on EPS revealed its molecular profile, a complex primary structure consisting of six monosaccharide units occurring in both furano and pyrano forms, a high sugar binding variability and the pr...

Structure based identification of novel inhibitors against ATP synthase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A combined in silico and in vitro study.

The shortcomings of conventional tuberculosis treatments resulting from the development of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis drive a need for the formulation of novel therapeutic agents. The diarylquinoline class of drugs such as bedaquiline was recently approved for the treatment of multidrug-resistant strains of tuberculosis, primarily targeting c and ε subunits of the ATP synthases. Yet resistance to bedaquiline has already been reported. Therefore, Rv1311 was used as the target for the iden...

Production and characterization of exopolysaccharides from Chlorella zofingiensis and Chlorella vulgaris with anti-colorectal cancer activity.

The production, physicochemical characteristics, antioxidant and antitumor activities of partial purified exopolysaccharides from Chlorella zofingiensis, Chlorella vulgaris were investigated. The final exopolysaccharides productions were 208.4, 364.3 mg/L and the average molecular weights were 2.66×10, 1.88×10 Da, respectively. Monosaccharide analysis indicating that these exopolysaccharides consisted of 10 or 11 different kinds of sugars and derivatives, respectively. Additionally, they exhibited obvio...

Structural analysis and biological activity of cell wall polysaccharides extracted from Panax ginseng marc.

Ginseng marc is a major by-product of the ginseng industry currently used as animal feed or fertilizer. This fibrous, insoluble waste stream is rich in cell wall polysaccharides and therefore a potential source of ingredients for functional food with health-promoting properties. However, the extraction of these polysaccharides has proved problematic and their exact composition remains unknown. Here we have analysed the composition, structure and biological activity of polysaccharides from ginseng root, stem...

One-step separation of the recombinant protein by using the amine-functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles; an efficient and facile approach.

The separation process is the main stage of recombinant production. With the advancement of nanotechnology and the development of magnetic nanoparticles, these structures are increasingly used in different applications. In the present study, we produced the recombinant human growth hormone from Pichia pastoris and for protein separation provided the surfaces similar to chromatographic columns on the surface of magnetic nanoparticles. For this purpose, using a co-precipitation method, the core of FeO was pre...

Sources, structure, properties and health benefits of plant gums: A review.

This article has been developed with the aim of reviewing the different sources, structure, extraction, composition, properties and health benefits of plant gums. Gums are known for their multifarious uses in food industries like bakery, meat, fruit and vegetable. Those obtained from different sources exhibit differences in their chemistry. All have a rich nutritional profile and require different methods for extraction/purification. Most studies reveal fair flow characteristics of plant gums. The X-ray dif...

Novel thermo-responsive micelles prepared from amphiphilic hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose-block-JEFFAMINE copolymers.

A series of amphiphilic and thermo-responsive block copolymers were synthesized by reductive amination between the aldehyde endgroup of hydrophilic HPMC and the amine group of monoamine, diamine, or triamine JEFFAMINE as hydrophobic block. The resulting diblock, triblock and three-armed copolymers with different hydrophilic/hydrophobic ratios and block lengths were characterized by NMR, FT-IR, DOSY-NMR and SEC. The cloud point (CP) of copolymers was determined by UV-visible spectrometer. Data show that both...

Influence of gelatinization process and HMDSO plasma treatment on the chemical changes and water vapor permeability of corn starch films.

In this study, surface, chemical, physicochemical and barrier properties of films treated with hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) cold plasma were investigated. Normal and high amylose starches were gelatinized at different level to obtain films with different amount of free amylopectin. The obtained films were subjected to HMDSO plasma treatment. XPS analysis indicated chemical changes including substitution and crosslinking of the starch molecule, as reflected by the CSi bond increasing and the C-OH bonds reduc...

Characterization of an antibacterial wound dressing from basil seed (Ocimum basilicum L.) mucilage-ZnO nanocomposite.

The large water holding capacity of Basil Seed (Ocimum basilicum L.) Mucilage (BSM) gives it potential to produce a valuable polymer for water holding applications such as wound dressing. The objective of this research was to prepare a natural-based antibacterial wound dressing from BSM by freeze-drying. Various contents of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NP) were incorporated as an antibacterial agent. BSM hydrogel sponge showed considerable porosity and degree of swelling. From FTIR analysis, hydrogen bond ...

Characterization of natural fiber obtained from different parts of date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.).

The current study is motivated by the strict environmental regulations regarding the utilization and consumption of ecofriendly materials. In this context, the aim of this study has been to prepare and characterize different date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fibers processed through the conventional water retting method. The chemical, elemental, crystallinity, thermal and morphological characterization of trunk (DPTRF), leaf stalk (DPLST), sheath or leaf sheath (DPLSH) and fruit bunch stalk (DPFBS) fi...

Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) seed protein isolate exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages via inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK pathway, and upregulating catalase activity.

Lotus seed has long been used in traditional medicine and cuisine. In this study, lotus seed protein (LSP) was isolated and evaluated its anti-inflammatory effect in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. LSP isolate (LSPI) treatment in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages resulted in the significant (p 

Ca assisted glycosylation of phenolic compounds by phenolic-UDP-glycosyltransferase from Bacillus subtilis PI18.

A phenolic-UDP-glycosyltransferase Bs-PUGT from Bacillus subtilis PI18 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The purified Bs-PUGT could catalyze the glycosylation of tyrosol, 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, 2-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, caffeic acid, cinnamic alcohol, ferulic acid, and so on. This enzyme showed a high activity and stability over a broad pH range and was sensitive to temperature. Studies on the kinetic parameters indicated that the affinity of Bs-PUGT to UDP-G (Km) and its catalytic e...

Thermal, biodegradation and theoretical perspectives on nanoscale confinement in starch/cellulose nanocomposite modified via green crosslinker.

In this research work, we propose a synergistic effect of a green crosslinker and cellulose nanomaterial on the crystallinity, viscoelastic, and thermal properties of starch nanocomposites. A disaccharide derivative was used as a bio crosslinker and nanofiber from pineapple leaf as a reinforcing phase for starch. Sucrose was oxidised using periodate, that can selectively oxidise the vicinal hydroxyl group of sucrose and form tetra aldehyde derivative. Crystallinity of films after crosslinking decreased with...

Hemp seed polysaccharides protect intestinal epithelial cells from hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress.

The purpose of this study was to investigate structure of Hemp seed polysaccharide (HSP) and the protective effect of HSP from HO-induced oxidative damage in IPEC-1 cells and the possible mechanism of this protection. Analysis of monosaccharide composition and structure of two fractions HSP and HSP from polysaccharide of Hemp seed (HSPc) were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results showed that both HSP and HSP contain sulfate...

Kinetics of starch digestion in native and modified sweetpotato starches from an orange fleshed cultivar.

Starch from orange-fleshed sweet potato cultivar was modified using dual autoclave retrogradation, annealing and lintnering modification treatment and their digestibility properties studied. The rate and extent of digestion were suitably predicted with a first-order kinetic model derived in the course of the study. The starches clearly displayed monophasic digestograms while modified starches were observed to have lower glycemic load and glycemic index when compared to the unmodified starch. This study clea...

Direct comparison of chitinolytic properties and determination of combinatory effects of mouse chitotriosidase and acidic mammalian chitinase.

Chitotriosidase (Chit1) and acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase) have been implicated in food processing and various pathophysiological conditions such as chronic inflammatory diseases. By combination of the colorimetric analysis and fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) method, we directly compared the chitinolytic properties of mouse Chit1 and AMCase and determined their combinatory effects in artificial and natural chitin substrates processing. Chit1 and AMCase display different dynamic...

One century of ConA and 40 years of ConBr research: A structural review.

Lectins are proteins that can bind specifically and reversibly to carbohydrates. This capacity gives lectins multiple biological roles and biotechnological applications. Although lectins can be found in all organisms, plant lectins, especially legume lectins, are undoubtedly the most thoroughly studied. Among legume lectins, the lectin from Canavalia ensiformis (ConA) and Canavalia brasiliensis (ConBr), both from Diocleinae subtribe, are two of the most well-known lectins. It has been 100 years since the ...

A novel granulin homologue isolated from the jellyfish Cyanea capillata promotes proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells through the ERK1/2-signaling pathway.

Jellyfish grow rapidly and have a strong regenerative ability, indicating that they may express high levels of growth factors. Therefore, the aim of this research was to isolate the growth-promoting components from the jellyfish Cyanea capillata (C. capillata) and to further explore the underlying mechanisms. In this study, we first isolated and identified a novel polypeptide from C. capillata tentacles using size-exclusion chromatography followed by reverse-phase HPLC. This peptide, consisting of 58 amino ...

Structural aspects and biomedical applications of microfungal lectins.

Lectins are unique biorecognition molecules that identify cell surface carbohydrates/glycoproteins and play significant role in various interactions. They are ubiquitous glycan-specific proteins/glycoproteins of non-immune origin. Amongst microfungi, lectins have been widely reported from aspergilli, penicilli, Fusarium sp., etc., however a plethora of genera still remains unexplored. Microfungal lectins have wide diversity in their haemagglutination and carbohydrate specificity. They also exhibit great var...

Highly elastomeric photocurable silk hydrogels.

A photocurable silk fibroin hydrogel is prepared, for the first time, using natural silk protein fibroin and biophotosensitizer riboflavin. Riboflavin is excited by ultraviolet light to generate a triplet state which is transferred to produce active oxygen radicals with singlet oxygen as the main component. Active oxygen radicals can induce chemical cross-linking of amino-, phenol- and other groups in the silk fibroin macromolecules to form a photocurable hydrogel. The different biophysical characterization...


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