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PubMed Journal Database | International journal of food microbiology RSS

10:01 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 685 from International journal of food microbiology

Fermentative behaviour and competition capacity of cryotolerant Saccharomyces species in different nitrogen conditions.

The selection of yeasts with low nitrogen requirement is a current need in winemaking. In this work, we analysed nitrogen requirements of strains belonging to the cryotolerant species S. uvarum, S. eubayanus and S. kudriavzevii, in order to evaluate their potential for conducting the fermentation of low nitrogen content grape musts. Our result demonstrated that S. eubayanus is the species less influenced by the increasing nitrogen concentrations in both growth and fermentation conditions. Strains showing th...

Bacteriophage ϕIBB-PF7A loaded on sodium alginate-based films to prevent microbial meat spoilage.

Despite the recent advances achieved in food industries to fulfil the growing consumer demand for high quality and food safety, microbial contamination remains a serious issue. This study aimed to incorporate ϕIBB-PF7A bacteriophage (phage) onto sodium alginate-based films crosslinked with calcium chloride, to prevent poultry spoilage caused by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Films were prepared by casting and characterized in terms of phage loading, distribution, stability, release profile and antimicrobial perf...

Pulsed electric field effects on inactivation of microorganisms in acid whey.

Prospects of pulsed electric field technology application on acid whey concentrate pretreatment were analyzed. Stationary and flow pre-treatment systems were combined with different treatment parameters: electric field strength (E = 39 kV/cm, 95 kV/cm, 92 kV/cm), pulse duration (τ = 60 ns, 90 ns, 1000 ns) and pulse number (pn = up to 100 pulses). Isolates of Saccharomyces sp. and Lactobacillus sp. were predominant in concentrate. Significant non-thermal inactivation effect was achie...

Synergistic antimicrobial activities of essential oil vapours against Penicillium corylophilum on a laboratory medium and beef jerky.

This study was done to determine the antifungal activities of essential oil (EO) vapours of 97 plants against Penicillium corylophilum and to test combinations of EO vapours for synergistic antifungal effects. Among 97 commercially available EOs extracted from plant parts, garlic, cinnamon bark, may chang (mountain pepper), citronella, thyme thymol, oregano, spearmint, and thyme linalool EO vapours exhibited relatively strong antifungal activities. The minimal inhibitory concentrations of these EO vapours w...

Antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles and simvastatin against toxigenic species of Aspergillus.

Aspergillus spp. are ubiquitous fungi that grow on stored grains. Some species produce toxins that can harm human and animal health, leading to hepato- and nephrotoxicity, immunosuppression and carcinogenicity. Major fungicides used to prevent fungal growth may be toxic to humans and their repeated use over time increases levels of resistance by microorganisms. Nanotechnology is an emerging field that allows use of antimicrobial compounds in a more efficient manner. In this study, was evaluated the antifung...

Colistin resistance prevalence in Escherichia coli from domestic animals in intensive breeding farms of Jiangsu Province.

The global dissemination of colistin resistance has received a great deal of attention. Recently, the plasmid-mediated colistin resistance encoded by mcr genes in Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains from animals, food, and patients in China has been reported frequently. To investigate the colistin resistance and mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes spread in domestic animals in Jiangsu Province, we collected fecael swabs from pigs, chicken and cattle at different ages distributed in intensive feeding farms. The selective c...

Influence of the early bacterial biofilms developed on vats made with seven wood types on PDO Vastedda della valle del Belìce cheese characteristics.

Early vat bacterial biofilms developed spontaneously through contact with whey have been characterized on seven wood types (Castanea sativa Miller, Cedrus libani, A. Rich., Prunus avium L., Fraxinus ornus L., Juglans regia L., Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold and Populus nigra L.). The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of these biofilms on the microbiological, chemical, physical and sensory characteristics of PDO Vastedda della valle del Belìce (VdB) cheese, processed traditionally from raw ewe's milk u...

Influence of water antimicrobials and storage conditions on inactivating MS2 bacteriophage on strawberries.

Foodborne illnesses caused by norovirus contaminated fresh produce remain a food safety concern worldwide. In the present study, the impacts of commercial and home processing conditions of strawberries were evaluated for inactivation of the MS2 bacteriophage. MS2 was used as a surrogate of norovirus and was spot inoculated onto strawberries to achieve 6.6 log PFU/g. The inoculated strawberries were washed with tap water, electrolyzed water, or 50 ppm chlorine for 90 s prior to and after storage. Aft...

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid detection of toxigenic Fusarium temperatum in maize stalks and kernels.

Fusarium temperatum is an emerging maize pathogen that causes maize ear and stalk rot diseases and produces various mycotoxins including moniliformin, beauvericin, enniatins and fumonisin B1, which poses a potential risk to the human food or animal feed supply chains. Early detection of F. temperatum is crucial to prevent its derived mycotoxins from entering the food chain, and is also a useful tool in disease management practices. Here, we describe a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for ...

Special issue on 10th international conference of predictive modelling in foods: Towards a new paradigm in predictive microbiology.

Evaluation of PCR-based methods for the identification of enteroaggregative hemorrhagic Escherichia coli in sprouts.

In this study real-time PCR assays were evaluated for the detection of enteroaggregative hemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EAHEC) O104:H4 in artificially contaminated mung bean and/alfalfa sprouts inoculated with 1, 10, and 100 CFU of EAHEC O104:H4 per 25 g sample (20, 10, and 2 replicates respectively). After selective culture enrichment the samples were tested using commercial real-time PCR kits detecting aggR/aaiC, stx/eae, and wzx. Using the commercial real-time PCR kits, the artificially contaminated s...

Multiplex PCR for rapid identification of major lactic acid bacteria genera in cider and other fermented foods.

Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, Oenococcus and Leuconostoc are the main Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) genera present in cider as they are able to survive this hostile environment. LAB play a significant role in cider quality, for example in the process of malolactic fermentation, even though they can also be involved in spoilage of cider (production of biogenic amines, exopolysaccharides, off-flavours…). In this context a better monitoring of the fermentation process is a matter of interest to guarantee cider qu...

Aversion center blackening of muskmelon fruit caused by Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, an opportunistic pathogen of humans and warm-blooded animals.

This is the first report of bacterial center blackening in muskmelon fruit caused by Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, which is known as an opportunistic pathogen of humans and warm-blooded animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the microbiological characteristics of this infection. Bacterial center blackening, which can cause aversion in consumers, was observed in muskmelon fruit in South Korea in the fall of 2017. Symptoms included severe black pigmentation in the pulp surrounding the seeds inside mus...

Impact of some environmental factors on growth and ochratoxin A production by Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus welwitschiae.

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin which may contaminate various foods and feed products worldwide. Aspergillus niger is one of the species responsible for OTA contamination in grapes and derived products. This species has recently been split into A. niger and Aspergillus welwitschiae. Both species can not be distinguished by phenotypic or extrolite profiles and to date there is no ecophysiological information of A. welwitschiae. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of water activit...

Hepatitis E virus was not detected in feces and milk of cows in Hebei province of China: No evidence for HEV prevalence in cows.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an important human pathogen, with pigs and other species serving as natural animal reservoirs. Recently, the report of detection of genotype 4 HEV in dairy milk with high positive rate in Yunnan province of China has attracted extensive attention. To assess the zoonotic risk of cows as HEV reservoir and transmission of HEV through dairy milk, 467 fecal samples of cows, 276 fresh milk samples, and 140 retail milk samples were collected across Hebei Province, China, from March 2017 ...

Efficacy of blue LED in microbial inactivation: Effect of photosensitization and process parameters.

Efficacy of blue (462 ± 3 nm) Light emitting diode (LED) illumination to inactivate the foodborne pathogens like Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in the presence of exogenous photosensitizer (curcumin) was studied in vitro. The effect of temperature, concentration of photosensitizer and incubation time with photosensitizer for microbial inactivation was investigated and sublethal injury of cells was determined. Mechanism of inactivation by the combination of photosensitizer and blue light w...

Investigating the biochemical and fermentation attributes of Lachancea species and strains: Deciphering the potential contribution to wine chemical composition.

Yeasts of various genera are increasingly used alongside Saccharomyces cerevisiae to drive wine fermentations owing to their positive contribution to the organoleptic profile of the resulting wines. One such yeast species is Lachancea thermotolerans. Other species of the genus Lachancea, namely, L. fermentati and L. lanzarotensis have also been isolated from the fermentation environment, but have not received the same degree of attention as L. thermotolerans. The aim of this study was to investigate the oen...

Real-time PCR detection and quantification of selected transferable antibiotic resistance genes in fresh edible insects from Belgium and the Netherlands.

The occurrence of antibiotic resistance genes in foodstuffs involves a human health risk. Fresh edible insects present an emerging source of human food but they were not yet assessed in a quantitative way for antibiotic resistances as a matter of food safety. In this study, a real-time quantitative PCR assessment was optimised to detect and quantify relevant transferable antibiotic resistance genes [tet(O, K, M, S) and erm(B)] in edible insects. Subsequently, the technology was applied on 30 fresh insect sa...

Screening of lactic acid bacteria and yeast strains to select adapted anti-fungal co-cultures for cocoa bean fermentation.

Contamination with filamentous fungi during cocoa bean fermentation and drying reduces the quality of cocoa beans and poses a health risk for consumers due to the potential accumulation of mycotoxins. The aim of this study was to develop anti-fungal lactic acid bacteria (LAB)-yeast co-cultures by selecting anti-fungal strains best adapted to the cocoa bean fermentation process from 362 LAB and 384 yeast strains isolated from cocoa bean post-harvest processes. The applied multiphasic screening approach inclu...

Gluten-free and low-FODMAP sourdoughs for patients with coeliac disease and irritable bowel syndrome: A clinical perspective.

Wheat- and gluten-containing products are often blamed for triggering a wide range of gastrointestinal symptoms, and this has fueled demand for gluten-free products worldwide. The best studied 'gluten intolerance' is coeliac disease, an auto-immune disease that affects the small intestine. Coeliac disease occurs in 1% of the population and requires strict, life-long avoidance of gluten-containing foods as the only medical treatment. There is a larger group of individuals (around 10-15% of the population) wh...

Prevalence of plasmid-borne benzalkonium chloride resistance cassette bcrABC and cadmium resistance cadA genes in nonpathogenic Listeria spp. isolated from food and food-processing environments.

The sixty-seven nonpathogenic Listeria spp. strains isolated from food and food processing environments in Poland were examined for the presence of benzalkonium chloride (BC) resistance cassette (bcrABC) and four different variants of cadmium resistance determinants (cadA1-cadA4). All the strains were phenotypically resistant to cadmium and 22 among them were also resistant to BC. PCR-based analysis revealed that bcrABC cassette was harbored by 95.5% of the strains phenotypically resistant to BC. All of the...

Separate and combined effects of lactic acid, chitosan and modified atmosphere packaging on the shelf life of quail carcass under chilled conditions.

The shelf life of quail carcass was examined after imposing separate and combined treatments of spraying with lactic acid (LA, 1% v/v), dipping in chitosan (CH, 1% w/v) and placing the carcass in modified atmosphere package (MAP, 65% CO + 30% N + 5% O) at 4 ± 1 °C for 20 days. The control group was packed under similar atmospheric condition but without any antimicrobial agents. Microbiological populations, physicochemical properties and sensory attributes (color, odor and overall appearanc...

Quantification of mature Listeria monocytogenes biofilm cells formed by an in vitro model: A comparison of different methods.

The presence of biofilms in food industrial environments is one of the main causes associated with food product contamination by L. monocytogenes. Biofilm control in the food industry is very relevant to public health and finding reliable and realistic quantification methods is essential. The aim of this study is to compare five L. monocytogenes biofilm quantification methods - conventional plate count, TEMPO, DEM, VIDAS and qPCR - and to examine a biodetector to visually detect biofilms in industrial setti...

'MicroHibro': A software tool for predictive microbiology and microbial risk assessment in foods.

A tool able to quantitatively assess the fate of potential pathogenic microorganisms in foods along the food chain and their impact on public health is highly valuable for food safety decision-makers. The aim of this work was to present an overview of the Predictive Microbiology software MicroHibro, which is able to assess the evolution of potential pathogens and spoilage microorganisms along the food chain, providing estimates for the exposure level and risk associated with a food product. The application ...

Enhanced shelf-life of the formulated biocontrol agent Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 combining diverse packaging strategies and storage conditions.

Two effective biocontrol products (named as BA3 and BA4) based on Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CPA-8 have been reported as a potential alternative to chemical applications against brown rot caused by Monilinia spp. on stone fruit. To have practical use, this study aimed to describe the best packaging strategies (bags or flasks, atmosphere, and temperature of storage) to not only guarantee efficacy but also stability and ease of application of the products to be handled through the normal channels of distribut...


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