PubMed Journal Database | International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases RSS

00:55 EDT 20th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 464 from International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases

The prognosis of streptococcal prosthetic bone and joint infections depends on surgical management, a multicenter retrospective study.

The optimal treatment of streptococcal prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) is unclear.

Pythiosis: case report leading to new features in clinical and diagnostic management of this fungal-like infection.

A 21-year-old man developed an infectious keratitis after swimming in Spain whilst wearing contact lenses. Mycelial growth from a corneal sample suggested keratomycosis but a drastic worsening of the patient's condition was observed on antifungal drugs. At day 38, the Pan-fungal PCR identified P. insidiosum, which is an aquatic organism belonging to the oomycete family. Based on recent literature, our patient was promptly prescribed systemic and local antibiotic regimen and cure was ultimately achieved. In ...

Birth prevalence and characteristics of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in an urban birth cohort, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Little is known about the birth prevalence and characteristics of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in developing countries. To determine the prevalence and characteristics of congenital CMV infection in Indonesia, we conducted a prospective study in an urban birth cohort of neonates at a national referral hospital in 2016 - 2017, Jakarta, Indonesia METHODS: Consecutively born neonates were screened for the presence of CMV by using pan-herpesvirus nested-PCR and Sanger sequencing in saliva and/...

Histoplasma capsulatum and Pneumocystis jirovecii coinfection in hospitalized HIV and non-HIV patients from a tertiary care hospital in Mexico.

Histoplasma capsulatum and Pneumocystis jirovecii are respiratory fungal pathogens that principally cause pulmonary disease. Coinfection with both pathogens is scarcely reported. This study detected this coinfection using specific molecular methods for each fungus in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of patients from a tertiary care hospital.

Prevalence and factors associated with infectious intestinal diseases in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, 2017: A population-based cross-sectional study.

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a rapidly developing high-income country that has experienced significant population growth, urbanisation, and improvements in the standard of living since formation in 1971. Published estimates on the prevalence of intestinal infectious diseases (IID) in the UAE are scarce and exclusively based on hospital data. The aim of this study was to provide the first prevalence estimates of IID in the UAE.

Development of a Direct-Reverse Transcription-Quantitative PCR (dirRT-qPCR) assay for Clinical Zika Diagnosis.

Nucleic acid-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay is commonly applied to detect infection with Zika virus (ZIKV). However, time- and labor-intensive sample pretreatment to remove inhibitors that cause false-negative results in clinical samples is impractical for use in resource-limited area. We aim to develop a direct reverse-transcription quantitative PCR (dirRT-qPCR) assay for ZIKV diagnosis directly from clinical samples.

Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNA in bioaerosols from pulmonary tuberculosis patients.

Bioaerosols from pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients are a quantitative predictor of transmission. Current methods involve sophisticated instruments and time-consuming techniques to assess viable TB bacteria in bioaerosols. We tested the feasibility of detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) specific RNA from bioaerosols retained on TB patients' masks.

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus: findings from a population-based household survey in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, however, little is known about the prevalence and distribution of HBV in some populations and regions.

Hand Hygiene in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A position paper of the International Society for Infectious Diseases.

Analysis of Candida auris fungemia at a single facility in Kenya.

Candida auris emerged as a human pathogen in 2009 and has subsequently been identified around the world as a cause of invasive candidiasis. We did an analysis from a single institution in order to analyze risk factors and outcomes for C. auris candidemia.

Should fast breathing pneumonia cases be treated with antibiotics? The scientific rationale for revisiting management in Low and Middle Income Countries.

Pneumonia is the largest single contributor to child mortality and the problem is more acute in low and middle income countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) currently recommends oral antibiotic treatment for all children with fast breathing pneumonia without danger signs. It is, however, widely acknowledged that most such infections are viral and self-limiting and that the evidence for the guidance is weak.

Antimicrobial Resistance in Cambodia: a Review.

Following the launch of the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS), antimicrobial resistance (AMR) rates in many countries remain poorly described. This review provides an overview of published AMR data from Cambodia in the context of recently initiated national human and food-animal surveillance.

Cold abscess of the chest wall: a diagnostic challenge.

Tuberculosis of the chest wall represents less than 5% of cases of musculoskeletal tuberculosis.

Serum siderocalin levels in patients with tuberculosis and HIV infection.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis produces high-affinity siderophores that play essential roles in iron acquisition and TB pathogenesis. In response, host cells secrete a siderophore binding protein, siderocalin, to limit the bacteria's access to iron. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the levels of siderocalin in patients with TB with or without HIV infection compared to controls.

Cefazolin/gentamicin versus taurolidine/citrate for prevention of infection in tunnelled central catheter in haemodialysis patients: a quasi-experimental trial.

Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI) is one of the various complications related to haemodialysis (HD). As a result of the high rate of infection, the lock solutions (LS) has been studied to prevent CRB. However, adverse effects of LS, such as increased emergence of strains resistant to antibiotics, which is an important concern, need to be further investigated. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of LS using a combination of cefazolin and gentamicin versus taurolidine and citrate in reduc...

Potential benefits of using a multicomponent vaccine for prevention of serogroup B meningococcal disease.

Meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) has become the main cause of invasive meningococcal disease in industrialized countries in recent years. The diversity of MenB strains and poor immunogenicity of the MenB capsular polysaccharide made vaccine development challenging. Two MenB vaccines, including factor H binding protein (fHbp) as a major antigenic component, are now licensed for use. In addition to fHbp variant 1, the multicomponent vaccine 4CMenB contains Neisserial heparin binding antigen, Neisseria adhesin...

Incidence, aetiology, and serotype spectrum analysis of adult HFMD patients: a retrospective observational cohort study in Northern Zhejiang, China.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) was rare among adults, whereas its clinical significance was underestimated. This study tried to systematically elucidate the epidemiological characteristics of adult HFMD.

Prevalence and 30-day all-cause mortality of carbapenem and colistin resistant bacteraemias caused by Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae: A description of a decade long trend.

Bacteraemias due to carbapenem resistant Gram-negative bacteria are challenging. This study examined the burden of carbapenem and colistin resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemias in Oman.

The global challenge of carbapenemases and the critical need for more data.

Severe Bordetella pertussis infection and vaccine issue in Chongqing, from 2012 to 2018.

Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory illness mainly caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Bordetella pertussis. The infection of Bordetella pertussis was increasing and the current diagnosis of children pertussis is challenging, especially little is known of Bordetella pertussis infection in Chongqing.


Treatment outcomes of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients are sub-optimal and treatment options remain limited. Linezolid is associated with improved outcomes but also substantial toxicity, and details about the relationship between these are lacking from resource-poor HIV-endemic settings.

Staphylococcal scarlet fever associated with staphylococcal enterotoxin M in an elderly patient.

Staphylococcal scarlet fever (SSF) is characterized by an exanthem without enanthem, bullae, or exfoliation, and is known to be related to Staphylococcus aureus toxins, especially superantigens. It has been reported in children and young adults. Herein, we report the first case of an elderly patient with SSF caused by staphylococcal enterotoxin M (SEM), associated with otitis externa. The patient presented with maculopapular rashes on both arms, thighs, and abdomen and with erythroderma on the face, both ea...

Genetic diversity of Orientia tsutsugamushi strains from patients in north India.

Scrub typhus has emerged as a major cause of acute febrile illness in India in recent years. The causative agent, Orientiatsutsugamushi has more than 20 prototypes strains due to a variable 56-kDa outer membrane protein. It is crucial to know the prevailing types in India for the success of diagnostic immunoassays and prospective vaccine candidates. In north India, the principal types circulating are largely unknown. Our tertiary care hospital caters to a large area of north India (around 7 states and one u...

Risk modeling the mortality impact of antimicrobial resistance in secondary pneumococcal pneumonia infections during the 2009 influenza pandemic.

The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in secondary pneumococcal pneumonia infections on global mortality during the 2009 influenza pandemic, to estimate future pandemic mortality risk and to inform pandemic preparedness.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome Associated with Zika Virus Infection in Honduras, 2016-2017.

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