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PubMed Journal Database | International journal of molecular medicine RSS

23:38 EST 12th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 275 from International journal of molecular medicine

Glutamine affects T24 bladder cancer cell proliferation by activating STAT3 through ROS and glutaminolysis.

Changes in metabolism are common phenomena in tumors. Glutamine (Gln) has been documented to play a critical role in tumor growth. In this study, we aimed to to explore the mechanisms through which bladder cancer cells utilize Gln to fulfill their biosynthetic needs during proliferation. In addition, the roles of Gln in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulation, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression were examined in vitro in the T24...

Dihydroartemisinin attenuates lipopolysaccharide‑induced acute lung injury in mice by suppressing NF‑κB signaling in an Nrf2‑dependent manner.

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a severe health issue with significant morbidity and mortality. Artemisinin is used for the treatment of fever and malaria in clinical practice. Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), the major active metabolite of artemisinin, plays a role in anti‑organizational fibrosis and anti‑neuronal cell death. However, whether DHA can attenuate ALI remains unclear. The current study thus examined the effects of DHA on ALI and primary macrophages. The results revealed that DHA attenuated lipopolysac...

The goat β‑casein/CMV chimeric promoter drives the expression of hLF in transgenic goats produced by cell transgene microinjection.

There is growing interest in the application of lactoferrin (LF) as a drug or food additive for animals and humans. The objective of this study was to produce transgenic cloned goats that would serve as living bioreactors, expressing high levels of recombinant human LF (rhLF) in their milk. We designed a pCL25 expression vector containing goat β‑casein/CMV chimeric promoter in order to facilitate rhLF expression. This pCL25‑rhLF‑Neo vector was microinjected into goat fetal fibroblasts. G418 selection...

RFC3 induces epithelial‑mesenchymal transition in lung adenocarcinoma cells through the Wnt/β‑catenin pathway and possesses prognostic value in lung adenocarcinoma.

Lung cancer is a malignant tumor responsible for the highest mortality rate in humans. The identification of novel functional genes is of great importance in the treatment of lung cancer. The reported roles of replication factor C subunit 3 (RFC3) in tumorigenesis are contradictory. The present study aimed to explore the role and mechanism of RFC3 in lung cancer cells. An immunohistochemical study of 165 lung cancer and adjacent tissues was conducted (123 lung adenocarcinoma tissues and 42 lung squamou...

Roles of p38α and p38β mitogen‑activated protein kinase isoforms in human malignant melanoma A375 cells.

Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Melanoma accounts for ~5% of skin cancers but causes the large majority of skin cancer‑related deaths. Recent discoveries have shown that the mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is critical for melanoma development and progression. Many oncogenic pathways that cause melanoma tumorigenesis have been identified, most of which are due to RAF/MEK/ERK (MAPK) pathway activation. However, the precise role of p38 remains unclear. Usi...

Kaempferol‑3‑O‑β‑rutinoside suppresses the inflammatory responses in lipopolysaccharide‑stimulated RAW264.7 cells via the NF‑κB and MAPK pathways.

Kaempferol‑3‑O‑β‑rutinoside is one of the compounds isolated from tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tatricum), and its biological effects have not been studied yet. The present study examined the anti‑inflammatory effects of kaempferol‑3‑O‑β‑rutinoside and explore its regulatory mechanisms in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced macrophage RAW264.7 cells. Kaempferol‑3‑O‑β‑rutinoside exhibited no cytotoxic effect in RAW 264.7 macrophage and 293 cell lines up to 300 µM. As the concen...

Rutin promotes the formation and osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cell sheets in vitro.

Cell sheet technology is a novel tissue engineering technology that has been rapidly developed in recent years. As a novel technology, cell sheet technology is expected to become one of the preferred methods for cell transplantation. The present study investigated the biological effects of rutin on the formation of periodontal ligament stem cell (PDLSC) sheets and their resultant osteogenic properties. The results of Cell Counting Kit‑8 (CCK‑8) assay demonstrated that a concentration of 1x10‑6 mol/l ...

miR‑134‑5p/Foxp2/Syn1 is involved in cognitive impairment in an early vascular dementia rat model.

Forkhead box P2 (Foxp2) is a transcription factor involved in vocal learning. However, the number of previous studies that have investigated the role of Foxp2 in early vascular dementia (VD) is limited. The aim of the present study was to determine whether microRNA (miR)‑134‑5p/Foxp2 contributes to cognitive impairment in a chronic ischemia‑induced early VD model. miR‑134‑5p was found to be significantly increased in the cortex in a rat VD model. Intracerebroventricular injection of miR‑134‑5p...

Polyphenol mixture of a native Korean variety of Artemisia argyi H. (Seomae mugwort) and its anti‑inflammatory effects.

In the present study, a polyphenolic mixture was isolated from Seomae mugwort (SM; a native Korean variety of Artemisia argyi H.) via extraction with aqueous 70% methanol followed by the elution of ethyl acetate over a silica gel column. Each polyphenolic compound was analyzed using high‑performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry, and compared with the literature. In addition to the 14 characterized components, one hydroxycinnamate, six flavonoids, and one lignan were reported...

Screening and identification of biomarkers for systemic sclerosis via microarray technology.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune disease. The pathogenesis of SSc is currently unclear, although like other rheumatic diseases its pathogenesis is complicated. However, the ongoing development of bioinformatics technology has enabled new approaches to research this disease using microarray technology to screen and identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the skin of patients with SSc compared with individuals with healthy skin. Publicly available data were downloaded from the Gene E...

Activation of RXR by bexarotene inhibits inflammatory conditions in human rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast‑like synoviocytes.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating joint disease characterized by chronic inflammation, pathologic alteration of fibroblast‑like synoviocytes (FLS), destruction of cartilage and bone, and the formation of an invasive pannus. RA‑FLS exhibit increased proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. The retinoid X receptor (RXR) has a role in regulating cell cycle, differentiation and apoptosis, and agonism of RXR has been investigated as a treatment strategy in several types of cancer. However, there ...

Connexin 43‑autophagy loop in the podocyte injury of diabetic nephropathy.

The reduction of podocyte injury is a key strategy in controlling proteinuria, which is the main early clinical manifestation of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Impaired autophagic flux is the primary mechanism responsible for podocyte injury in DN. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of connexin 43 (Cx43) on impaired autophagic flux in podocyte injury and to explore its molecular mechanism of action in DN. Sprague‑Dawley rats were administered streptozocin (STZ) to construct a DN animal ...

MicroRNA-939-5p directly targets IGF-1R to inhibit the aggressive phenotypes of osteosarcoma through deactivating the PI3K/Akt pathway.

The dysregulation of microRNA‑939‑5p (miR‑939) is involved in the development of multiple types of human cancer. However, the expression and roles of miR‑939 in osteosarcoma (OS) have yet to be clarified. The expression level of miR‑939 in OS was measured using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR). A Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay, flow cytometry analysis, Transwell migration and invasion assays, and a tumor xenograft assay were employed to explore the effects of m...

Overexpressed CD39 mitigates sepsis‑induced kidney epithelial cell injury via suppressing the activation of NLR family pyrin domain containing 3.

Unfettered inflammation is a leading cause of multiple organ failures in sepsis. The anti‑inflammatory role of cluster of differentiation (CD)39 has been previously reported. The present study aimed to investigate the role of unfettered inflammation in sepsis‑induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was introduced to construct a sepsis mouse model. Kidney function and pathological changes in mice were measured at 12, 24 and 48 h. CD39 overexpression and inhibition vectors were transf...

CUDC‑907 reverses pathological phenotype of keloid fibroblasts in vitro and in vivo via dual inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling and HDAC2.

Keloids are benign skin tumors with a high recurrence rate following surgical excision. Abnormal intracellular signaling is one of the key mechanisms involved in its pathogenesis. Over‑activated phosphoinositide 3‑kinase/RAC‑alpha serine/threonine‑protein kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway and overproduction of histone deacetylases 2 (HDAC2) have also been observed in keloid fibroblasts (KFs). The present study aimed to explore the possibility of reversing the KF ...

Metabolomic profiling identifies novel biomarkers and mechanisms in human bladder cancer treated with submucosal injection of gemcitabine.

Bladder cancer (BCa) is a common urinary tract malignancy with frequent recurrences after initial resection. Submucosal injection of gemcitabine prior to transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) may prevent recurrence of urothelial cancer. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, ultra‑performance liquid chromatography Q‑Exactive mass spectrometry was used to profile tissue metabolites from 12 BCa patients. The 48 samples included pre‑ and post‑gemcitabine tre...

Incremental load training improves renal fibrosis by regulating the TGF‑β1/TAK1/MKK3/p38MAPK signaling pathway and inducing the activation of autophagy in aged mice.

Recent studies have confirmed that kidney tissue fibrosis is closely linked to the natural aging of organs. One of its major characteristics is the reduction of autophagic activity. However, to date, few studies have assessed whether incremental load training is able to improve the occurrence of renal fibrosis caused by natural aging and the underlying mechanisms. In the present study involving male C57/BL mice, an elderly exercise group (OY group) was subjected to progressive load‑increasing rotary‑bar...

Identification of immunodominant IgE epitopes of the major house dust mite allergen Der f 24.

Previously, a ubiquinol‑cytochrome c reductase binding protein (UQCRB) homolog was identified in the house dust mite (HDM) species Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) as a major allergen. In the present study, the immunodominant immunoglobulin E (IgE) epitope of the protein Der f 24 was investigated. Analysis of the homologous amino acid (aa) sequences in Der f and human UQCRB was performed. Four different recombinant Der f 24 and hybrid proteins formed by integrating Der f and human UQCRB sequences were ex...

Fish oils protects against cecal ligation and puncture‑induced septic acute kidney injury via the regulation of inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis.

Septic acute kidney injury (AKI) is usually caused by sepsis. ω3 fatty acid has been reported to suppress sepsis‑induced organ dysfunction to a certain degree. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of ω3 fatty acid in septic renal injury. Sprague Dawley rats were used to establish a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model in order to mimic the development of septic injury. The rats were treated with dexamethasone and fish oils (FOs) for 4 days prior to CLP. Alterations in the morphology of...

Conditioned medium derived from human amniotic stem cells delays H2O2‑induced premature senescence in human dermal fibroblasts.

Stem cells derived from human amniotic membrane (hAM) are promising targets in regenerative medicine. A previous study focused on human amniotic stem cells in skin wound and scar‑free healing. The present study aimed to investigate whether hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‑induced senescence of human dermal fibroblasts (hDFs) was influenced by the anti‑aging effect of conditioned medium (CdM) derived from human amniotic stem cells. First, the biological function of two types of amniotic stem cells, namely huma...

Comprehensive circular RNA profiling reveals the regulatory role of the hsa_circ_0137606/miR‑1231 pathway in bladder cancer progression.

Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in males globally. Its progression imposes a heavy burden on patients; however, the expression profile of circular (circ)RNAs in BC progression remains unclear. This study explored changes in circRNA expression during BC progression by sequencing different grade BC samples and normal controls to reveal the circRNA expression profiles of different BC grades. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gens and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses, an...

SKA1 overexpression is associated with the prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and regulates cell proliferation and migration.

Spindle and kinetochore‑associated protein 1 (SKA1), a microtubule‑binding subcomplex of the outer kinetochore, is essential for complete chromosomal separation. SKA1 has been suggested as a potential biomarker for various types of cancer. However, the exact role of SKA1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. The present study investigated whether SKA1 affects the biological behavior of ESCC. The expression of SKA1 in ESCC tissues was measured using immunohistochemistry and rever...

Quantitative proteomics reveal the alterations in the spinal cord after myocardial ischemia‑reperfusion injury in rats.

There is now substantial evidence that myocardial ischemia‑reperfusion (IR) injury affects the spinal cord and brain, and that interactions may exist between these two systems. In the present study, the spinal cord proteomes were systematically analyzed after myocardial IR injury, in an attempt to identify the proteins involved in the processes. The myocardial IR injury rat model was first established by cross clamping the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30‑min ischemia, followed by reperfu...

Role of IGFBP1 in the senescence of vascular endothelial cells and severity of aging‑related coronary atherosclerosis.

The senescence of vascular endothelial cells (ECs) plays a critical role in aging‑related cardiovascular diseases. We previously reported the causal relation of Jagged1 in ECs and the thickening of the arterial wall in aging mice. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the correlation between insulin‑like growth factor‑binding protein 1 (IGFBP1), one of the secretory proteins regulated by Jagged1, and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis and patient age, as well as its effect on E...

Isosteviol prevents the development of isoprenaline‑induced myocardial hypertrophy.

Isosteviol sodium (STVNa), which is a derivate of the natural sweet‑tasting glycoside stevioside, has recently been developed and it has been determined that this compound exhibits neuro‑ and cardio‑protective properties. In the current study, whether STVNa interferes with the development of cardiac hypertrophy, which is induced by isoprenaline (Iso), was investigated in an experimental rat model. Rats were treated with a vehicle (0.9% NaCl; control), isoprenaline (Iso; 5 mg/kg) or Iso (5 mg/kg) wit...


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