Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journal Database | International journal of pharmaceutics RSS

06:27 EDT 21st October 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 650 from International journal of pharmaceutics

Thermostability of the coating, antigen and immunostimulator in an adjuvanted oral capsule vaccine formulation.

Oral vaccines present an attractive alternative to injectable vaccines for enteric diseases due to ease of delivery and the induction of intestinal immunity at the site of infection. However, susceptibility to gastrointestinal proteolysis, limited transepithelial uptake and a lack of clinically acceptable adjuvants present significant challenges. A further challenge to mass vaccination in developing countries is the very expensive requirement to maintain the cold chain. We recently described the effectivene...

Development and implementation of an advanced model predictive control system into continuous pharmaceutical tablet compaction process.

In the context of continuous pharmaceutical oral dosage manufacturing, a control system is essential to ensure that the critical quality attributes (CQAs) are maintained within the regulatory constraints by mitigating variations generated in upstream operations. Such a system is essential to the Quality by Design (QbD) paradigm shift, which can ensure predefined end quality attributes are achieved within an optimal economic and time bracket. In this work, an advanced model predictive control (MPC) architect...

Enhancing the viability of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG after spray drying and during storage.

Increasing knowledge about the human microbiome has led to a growing awareness of the potential of applying probiotics to improve our health. The pharmaceutical industry shows an emerging interest in pharmaceutical formulations containing these beneficial microbes, the so-called pharmabiotics. An important manufacturing step is the drying of the probiotics, as this can increase the stability and shelf life of the finished pharmabiotic product. Unfortunately, drying also puts stress on microbial cells, thus ...

Sustained Intrathecal Therapeutic Protein Delivery Using Genetically Transduced Tissue Implants in a Freely Moving Rat Model.

Systemic delivery of therapeutic proteins to the central nervous system (CNS) is challenging because of the blood-brain barrier restrictions. Direct intrathecal delivery is possible but does not produce stable concentrations. We are proposing an alternative approach for localized delivery into the CNS based on the Transduced Autologous Restorative Gene Therapy (TARGT) system. This system was previously developed using a gene therapy approach with dermal tissue implants. Lewis rat dermal tissue was transduce...

An optimized two-vial formulation lipid nanoemulsion of paclitaxel for targeted delivery to tumor.

The discovery of new intravenous drug delivery carrier for water-insoluble drug is a challenging task. In this paper, novel two-vial formulation of paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded lipid nanoemulsions (TPLEs) with particle sizes of 110nm (TPLE-1), 220nm (TPLE-2) and 380nm (TPLE-3), which were formed by mixing a PEG400 solution of PTX and 10% (w/w) blank lipid emulsions (BLEs) with different particle size prior to use, were developed and comparatively evaluated for their pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, biodistributi...

Formulation Development of SYN-004 (ribaxamase) Oral Solid Dosage Form, a β-Lactamase to Prevent Intravenous Antibiotic-Associated Dysbiosis of the Colon.

SYN-004 (ribaxamase) delayed release drug product is a multi-particulate, hard capsule for oral delivery of a recombinant β-lactamase enzyme designed to degrade β-lactam antibiotics administered intravenously, and thus prevent colon dysbiosis. Here we describe the development of the SYN-004 enteric coated pellet formulation, which has been tested in multiple clinical trials. Since the SYN-004 drug substance is a buffered liquid, several binder excipients in different ratios were tested to facilitate bindi...

Formation of Hydrophobic Drug Nanoparticles via Ambient Solvent Evaporation Facilitated by Branched Diblock Copolymers.

Hydrophobic drug nanoparticles have been prepared by ambient solvent evaporation from ethanol at room temperature. Poly(ethylene glycol)-b-(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PEG-b-PNIPAm) branched diblock copolymers are employed to prevent drug crystallization during solvent evaporation and to stabilize the drug nanoparticles once suspended in aqueous media. After the initial solvent evaporation the dry materials obtained exhibit excellent stability during storage and can be readily dissolved in water to produce aque...

Skin vaccination using microneedles coated with a plasmid DNA cocktail encoding nucleosomal histones of Leishmania spp.

Vaccine delivery using microneedles (MNs) represents a safe, easily disposable and painless alternative to traditional needle immunizations. The MN delivery of DNA vaccines to the dermis may result in a superior immune response and/or an equivalent immune response at a lower vaccine dose (dose-sparing). This could be of special interest for immunization programs against neglected tropical diseases such as leishmaniasis. In this work, we loaded a MN device with 60μg of a plasmid DNA cocktail encoding the Le...

An Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy study on the γ irradiation sterilization of the pharmaceutical excipient L histidine: regeneration of the radicals in solution.

The effects of γ-radiation sterilization on the parenteral excipient L-histidine were analysed by means of EPR spectroscopy. The irradiation process was found to induce the formation of a deamination radical which was persistent in the solid state. The nature and reactivity of the radicals following dissolution in water was evaluated using spin-trapping EPR experiments. The deamination radical was found to regenerate in solution in the presence of trace metals, potentially leading to radical induced degrad...

Development and Optimization of Methotrexate-loaded Lipid-Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles for Controlled Drug Delivery Applications.

Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPHNPs) are emerging platforms for drug delivery applications. In the present study, methotrexate loaded LPHNPs consisted of PLGA and Lipoid S100 were fabricated by employing a single-step modified nanoprecipitation method combined with self-assembly. A three factor, three level Box Behnken design using Design-Expert(®) software was employed to access the influence of three independent variables on the particle size, drug entrapment and percent drug release. The optimize...

Experimental and computational study of the effect of breath-actuated mechanism built in the NEXThaler(®) dry powder inhaler.

The breath-actuated mechanism (BAM) is a mechanical unit included in NEXThaler(®) with the role of delaying the emission of the drug until the inhalation flow rate of the patient is sufficiently high to detach the drug particles from their carriers. The main objective of this work was to analyse the effect of the presence of BAM on the size distribution of the emitted drug and its airway deposition efficiency and distribution. Study of the hygroscopic growth of the emitted drug particles and its effect on ...

Protein-loaded emulsion electrospun fibers optimized for bioactivity retention and pH-controlled release for peroral delivery of biologic therapeutics.

Biologics are the most rapidly growing class of therapeutics, but commonly suffer from low stability. Peroral administration of these therapeutics is an attractive delivery route; however, this route introduces unique physiological challenges that increase the susceptibility of proteins to lose function. Formulation of proteins into biomaterials, such as electrospun fibers, is one strategy to overcome these barriers, but such platforms need to be optimized to ensure protein stability and maintenance of bioa...

The effect of particle shape on cellular interaction and drug delivery applications of micro- and nanoparticles.

Encapsulation of therapeutic agents in nanoparticles offers several benefits including improved bioavailability, site specific delivery, reduced toxicity and in vivo stability of proteins and nucleotides over conventional delivery options. These benefits are consequence of distinct in vivo pharmacokinetic and biodistribution profile of nanoparticles, which is dictated by the complex interplay of size, surface charge and surface hydrophobicity. Recently, particle shape has been identified as a new physical p...

Physicochemical properties of mucus and their impact on transmucosal drug delivery.

Mucus is a selective barrier to particles and molecules, preventing penetration to the epithelial surface of mucosal tissues. Significant advances in transmucosal drug delivery have recently been made and have emphasized that an understanding of the basic structure, viscoelastic properties, and interactions of mucus is of great value in the design of efficient drug delivery systems. Mucins, the primary non-aqueous component of mucus, are polymers carrying a complex and heterogeneous structure with domains t...

Development and characterisation of electrospun timolol maleate-loaded polymeric contact lens coatings containing various permeation enhancers.

Despite exponential growth in research relating to sustained and controlled ocular drug delivery; anatomical and chemical barriers of the eye still pose formulation challenges. Nanotechnology integration into the pharmaceutical industry has aided efforts in potential ocular drug device development. Here, the integration and in vitro effect of four different permeation enhancers (PEs) on the release of anti-glaucoma drug timolol maleate (TM) from polymeric nanofiber formulations is explored. Electrohydrodyna...

A comprehensive screening platform for aerosolizable protein formulations for intranasal and pulmonary drug delivery.

Aerosolized administration of biopharmaceuticals to the airways is a promising route for nasal and pulmonary drug delivery, but - in contrast to small molecules - little is known about the effects of aerosolization on safety and efficacy of biopharmaceuticals. Proteins are sensitive against aerosolization-associated shear stress. Tailored formulations can shield proteins and enhance permeation, but formulation development requires extensive screening approaches. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop a ...

Shear strength of pharmaceutical tablets: Theoretical considerations, evaluation and relation with the capping tendency of biconvex tablets.

Capping is a major industrial issue during pharmaceutical powder compression, especially in the case of biconvex tablets. Several articles proposed that capping was in fact a failure in shear. Shear strength should thus be interesting to study the capping tendency of a formulation. In this work, the ratio between the shear strength and the tensile strength obtained by diametral compression was first studied from a theoretical point of view considering different failure criteria. Then, a shear test usually p...

Glycerosomes: investigation of role of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidycholine (DMPC) on the assembling and skin delivery performances.

Glycerosomes were formulated using 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidycholine (DMPC), diclofenac sodium salt and 10, 20 or 30% glycerol in the water phase, while corresponding liposomes were prepared with the same amount of DMPC and diclofenac, without glycerol. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of the used phospholipid on vesicle features and ability to favour diclofenac skin deposition by comparing these results with those found in previous works performed using hydrogenated soy ...

Folate-targeted amphiphilic cyclodextrin nanoparticles incorporating a fusogenic peptide deliver therapeutic siRNA and inhibit the invasive capacity of 3D prostate cancer tumours.

The main barrier to the development of an effective RNA interference (RNAi) therapy is the lack of a suitable delivery vector. Modified cyclodextrins have emerged in recent years for the delivery of siRNA. In the present study, a folate-targeted amphiphilic cyclodextrin was formulated using DSPE-PEG5000-folate to target prostate cancer cells. The fusogenic peptide GALA was included in the formulation to aid in the endosomal release of siRNA. Targeted nanoparticles were less than 200nm in size with a neutral...

Development of Fine Solid-Crystal Suspension with Enhanced Solubility, Stability, and Aerosolization Performance for Dry Powder Inhalation.

Dry powder for inhalation (DPI) is an attractive approach for the treatment of local lung diseases. However, the application of drugs with poor water solubility is often limited due to the dissolution obstacles in the fluid layer of the lung lining. In this study, fine solid-crystal suspension (FSCS) was proposed as a solvent-free method to improve the solubility of a drug with poor solubility (itraconazole) and achieve high deposition efficiency simultaneously. The FSCS, in which the crystalline drug parti...

Carboxymethyl chitosan/phospholipid bilayer-capped mesoporous carbon nanoparticles with pH-responsive and prolonged release properties for oral delivery of the antitumor drug, Docetaxel.

In this article, a new type of carboxymethyl chitosan/phospholipid bilayer-capped mesoporous carbon nanomatrix (CCS/PL/MC) was fabricated as a potential nano-drug delivery system. In this drug delivery system, a mesoporous carbon nanomatrix (MC) acts as the support for loading drug molecules, a positively charged phospholipid (PL) layer works as the inner shell for prolonged drug release and a negatively charged carboxymethyl chitosan (CCS) layer serves as the outer shell for pH-responsive drug release. Doc...

The influence of hydroalcoholic media on the performance of Grewia polysaccharide in sustained release tablets.

Co-administration of drugs with alcohol can affect the plasma concentration of drugs in patients. It is also known that the excipients used in the formulation of drugs may not always be resistant to alcohol. This study evaluates effect of varying alcohol concentrations on theophylline release from two grades of Grewia mollis polysaccharides. X-ray microtomography showed that native polysaccharide formulation compacts were not homogenous after the mixing process resulting in its failure in swelling studies. ...

Novel lipidic and bienzymatic nanosomes for efficient delivery and enhanced bioactivity of catalase.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the improved characteristics of catalase (CAE) when loaded in lipidic and bienzymatic nanosomes. Lipidic and bienzymatic nanosomes containing CAE and uricase (LSCU) were manufactured in two buffer solutions. Their micromorphologies, sizes, zeta potentials, enzymatic activities, kinetic characteristics, and hydrogen peroxide-lowering effects were compared with those of free CAE and lipidic nanosomes containing only CAE (LSC). The structural change and stability mecha...

Nanofibrillar cellulose hydrogels and reconstructed hydrogels as matrices for controlled drug release.

Concentrated 3% and 6.5% anionic nanofibrillar cellulose (ANFC) hydrogels were introduced as matrix reservoirs for controlled delivery applications of small molecules and proteins. A further aim was to study how the freeze-drying and subsequent rehydration of ANFC hydrogel affects the rheological properties and drug release of selected model compounds from the reconstructed hydrogels. It was demonstrated that the 3% and 6.5% ANFC hydrogels can be freeze-dried with suitable excipients into highly porous aero...

Solvent-responsive floating liquid crystalline-molecularly imprinted polymers for gastroretentive controlled drug release system.

Liquid crystalline-molecularly imprinted polymer (LC-MIP) particles was first found to possess the floating behavior on the aqueous medium. Combined with molecular recognition, the LC-MIP was fabricated as a novel class of the controlled-release gastric retentive DDS. The LC-MIP was made using co-polymerization of methacrylic acid, 4-methyl phenyl dicyclohexyl ethylene (LC monomer with vinyl group), and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate with S-amlodipine (S-AML) as model template drug. The optimum condition of...


Quick Search
Advertisement