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Human α-fucosidase (EC 22.214.171.124) is a hydrolase the importance of which has been increasing in the latest years. However, data about its plasma level in children with autoimmune disorders, particularly Sjögren's syndrome (SS), are lacking. In this study, the plasma activity of L-α-fucosidase-1 (α-L-FUCA-1) was assayed in hospitalized children and adults and its association with SS and other rheumatic disorders further evaluated.
The aims of the study are to investigate serum neopterin and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) levels in patients with immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) and evaluate the association of these markers with disease activity and relapse.
Medication non-adherence is prevalent among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Rheumatologists are specialists in medication prescribing and counselling for RA, but their insights regarding medication adherence have not been studied.
In India, many centers use infliximab at lower doses of 3-5 mg/kg without the loading dose for spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients. It is then continued on an as-required basis, rather than a fixed schedule. Our study was undertaken to see if the trough drug levels and anti-drug antibodies in patients with SpA treated with as-needed infliximab dosing correlated with the disease activity measures.
Behçet's syndrome (BS) is a chronic, multisystemic and inflammatory syndrome. In our study, we aimed to compare the initiator, effector and inflammatory caspases and pannexin channel protein, which is thought to have an activity in inflammation, in the inflammatory process of BS, with healthy subjects, to investigate their level in patients and their relationship with the clinical findings.
The relative efficacy and safety of tofacitinib and upadacitinib were assessed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with an inadequate response to conventional synthetic (cs) or biologic (b) disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
To investigate the utility of fluorine-18-labelled deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in routine clinical practice to diagnose and monitor disease activity and treatment response in large vessel vasculitis in a South Australian cohort.
To systematically assess the clinical efficacy and safety of leflunomide for treating psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
We present a case of an elderly, immunosuppressed patient with rheumatoid arthritis who was not appropriately vaccinated, and subsequently developed herpes zoster ophthalmicus, which initially presented similar to giant cell arteritis. Evidence-based vaccinations are integral in decreasing the incidence of preventable diseases and promoting optimal health at the individual and population level. Although the patient ultimately did not suffer any long-term adverse sequelae, this case highlights the importance...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in joint cartilage thickness in different subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) using ultrasound, comparing them with healthy children and to evaluate the relationship with disease duration and inflammatory markers.
Longitudinal data of the reactivation of hepatitis B virus (rHBV) and serial serological markers or HBV-DNA has been limited. This study aimed to investigate the temporal course of rHBV development in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing long-term rituximab therapy.
The presence of anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase (ARS) or anti-melanoma differential-associated gene 5 (MDA5) is strongly related to interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with dermatomyositis (DM). Several studies suggest a potential relationship between ILD and anti-small ubiquitin-like modifier activating enzyme (SAE) antibody in DM patients, but detailed clinical characteristics of anti-SAE-associated ILD still remain unknown. We have experienced 2 cases who were positive for anti-SAE antibody, who p...
After the development of the 2013 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc), there are still a group of patients affected by early SSc who do not meet the new criteria. This study aimed to evaluate capillaroscopy changes and to identify predictors of progression to definite SSc in patients with early SSc over a 3-year follow-up.
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease owing to an immunological abnormality, along with traditional risk factors. We found that carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plaque were associated with age, body mass index (BMI) and disease activity in a previous study 4 years ago. Our aim was to identify risk factors associated with progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in SLE.
The aim of the study was to assess the distribution of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*27 subtypes and its correlation with disease phenotypes in children with enthesitis-related arthritis variant of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA-ERA).
To investigate the clinical implications of a genetic polymorphism in glycoprotein 96 (GP96), by analyzing the association between the genotype and haplotype of GP96 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
To investigate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus (TAC) versus leflunomide (LEF) when combined with methotrexate (MTX) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.