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08:26 EST 20th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 117 from Irish journal of medical science

A preliminary audit of medical and aid provision in English Rugby union clubs: compliance with Regulation 9.

Governing bodies are largely responsible for the monitoring and management of risks associated with a safe playing environment, yet adherence to regulations is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the current status of medical personnel, facilities, and equipment in Rugby Union clubs at regional level in England.

Provision of MR imaging for patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs): a single-center experience and national survey.

Patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) were traditionally denied access to MR imaging due to safety concerns.

An assessment of the quality of clinical records in elective orthopaedics using the STAR score.

Litigation claims related to surgery have increased significantly in recent years. Despite the medico-legal importance of clinical records, there have been few published studies describing the quality of medical records in orthopaedic surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of clinical note taking in an elective orthopaedic setting over a 10-year period by comparing medical records from 2003 and 2013.

Introduction of an academic internship in Ireland: views of undergraduate medical students.

A combined academic and clinical training programme for junior doctors in Ireland, the academic track for internship, has recently been launched. The academic track offers newly graduated doctors protected time within the working week to undertake a research project in addition to funding, an academic supervisor, and additional training in research skills. This study seeks to investigate the views of undergraduate medical students.

General practitioner attitudes and experiences of orthopaedic services in the Irish midlands.

Disorders of the musculoskeletal system are the main cause of disability and lost working days worldwide, and osteoarthritis affects almost half a million people in Ireland. Appropriate access and resourcing of general practice and orthopaedics is a necessary measure for the provision of a safe and efficient health service. One area that remains particularly challenging in Ireland is that of outpatient waiting lists, and the purpose of this study was to assess the attitudes and experiences of general practi...

An investigation into nature and extent of errors within the Irish Vital Statistics mortality database.

Implementation of day of surgery admission for rectal cancer surgery in Ireland following a national centralisation programme.

Centralisation of rectal cancer surgery has altered the delivery of colorectal cancer care in Ireland. This has resulted in an increased demand for elective surgical beds in designated centres.

Migration to aphakia and contact lens treatment is the trend in the management of unilateral congenital cataract in Britain and Ireland.

The Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) compared the treatment of unilateral cataract in infants aged 1-6 months with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation vs aphakia with contact lens (CL) correction.

The "National Integrated Medical Imaging System" NIMIS-friend, not nimesis!

The "National Integrated Medical Imaging System" or NIMIS went live in 2011 and allows the movement of patient radiology imaging throughout the Irish health system. At the time of its launch, NIMIS was not only going to allow the filmless passage of patient radiology imaging but it was also envisaged that it would act as a medical image archive. The aim of this study was to assess the awareness and use of non-consultant hospital doctors and hospital consultants with regard to this medical image archive/refe...

A systematic review of the clinical effectiveness of emergency endovascular therapy using mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischaemic stroke: implications for service delivery.

Twelve randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing mechanical thrombectomy against traditional treatment options for patients experiencing acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) have been published.

CT cervico-cerebral angiography in acute stroke. Can we justify aortic arch imaging?

Computed tomography cervico-cerebral angiography (CTCCA) plays a pivotal role in the evaluation of acute stroke. Currently no evidence justifies the inclusion of the upper chest in the CTCCA field of view. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of vascular findings identified on CTCCA in the head, neck, and upper chest regions in patients presenting with acute stroke symptoms.

Disturbing and distressing: a mixed methods study on the psychological impact of end of life care on junior doctors.

The Irish Medical Council has identified gaps in knowledge and communications skills of new-entrant doctors in legal, ethical and practical aspects of end of life care.

Does an elective induction policy negatively impact on vaginal delivery rates? A 30-month review of an elective induction policy.

The rate of induction of labour varies across Health Service Executive hospital regions in Ireland averaging at 23.3 per 100 deliveries in 2005-2009. The increasing rate of elective induction of labour in Ireland calls for more studies looking into associated maternal and/or neonatal outcomes.

Ethical implications of population ageing in the intensive care unit.

Population ageing has significant ethical implications in the management of elderly patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). In the aspects of beneficence and non-maleficence, conflicting evidence has long existed regarding an association of older age with poorer prognosis, but elderly patients who have poor prognosis in the ICU may have a worse outcome if not admitted. More randomised controlled studies are needed to study the benefits of ICU admission to different subgroups of critically ill elderly pat...

Irish Endocrine Society 42nd Annual Meeting, 19th and 20th October 2018.

XLIIIrd Sir Peter Freyer Memorial Lecture and Surgical Symposium.

The changing cost of breast cancer care: lessons from a centralised modern cancer centre.

The cost of new cancer technologies has been the subject of intense debate in recent years. There have been significant advances in therapeutic techniques for breast cancer over the past 20 years. This has been accompanied by the concentration of services in designated cancer centres. The aim of this study was to examine the changing cost of breast cancer management over an 18-year period and identify factors underlying this.

Treatment history and association between allergic rhinitis symptoms and quality of life.

Recalcitrance of allergic rhinitis (AR) to medical management may be reflective of patient-specific impact of AR symptoms.

Treatment of osteoporosis with recombinant parathyroid hormone, utilisation of total body DXA to observe treatment effects on total body composition and factors determining response to therapy.

Recombinant parathyroid hormone (rPTH) increases bone mineral density (BMD). However, certain other potential effects of rPTH remain to be studied. The aim of this study is to identify whether bone turnover markers, relevant biochemical parameters or total body fat and muscle composition affect the response to rPTH and to establish if these parameters in particular change during treatment.

Co-occurrence of EGFR sensitising and resistance mutations at diagnosis in NSCLC.

De novo epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) resistance mutations in tyrosine kinase inhibitor-naïve patients are rare when assessed by standard genotyping methods.

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and paediatric medical practice in Ireland: a personal reflection.

Change of paradigm in treating elderly with breast cancer: are we undertreating elderly patients?

Developed countries face significant population ageing in the near future. Within 20 years, the average age will approach 50 years and the largest population cohort will be those over 65 years. The incidence of breast cancer increases with age, with a risk in women of 0.44% by the age of 30, 3.82% by the age of 70 and 10% by the age of 80. Breast cancer is responsible for one out of every three cancer-related deaths. Elderly patients have higher mortality rates and most breast cancer-related deaths are o...

Is the prescription right? A review of non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulant (NOAC) prescriptions in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Safe prescribing in atrial fibrillation and evaluation of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants in stroke prevention (SAFE-NOACS) group.

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are a major advance for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). Use of the vitamin K antagonist (VKA), warfarin, has dropped 40% since 2010 in our institution. There is limited Irish hospital data on NOAC prescribing for stroke prevention.

Cholesterol screening and statin use in children: a literature review.

Atherosclerosis begins in childhood. Fatty streaks, the earliest precursor of atherosclerotic lesions, have been found in the coronary arteries of children of 2 years of age. Hypercholesterolaemia is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Hypercholesterolaemia can be either primary, when it is characteristic of the main disease, or secondary when it occurs as a result of either a disease process or drug treatment. Given the risk of vascular disease, including myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular...

A snapshot of lipid levels in the Republic of Ireland in 2017.

Abnormalities in blood lipid levels are causally linked with cardiovascular disease and pancreatitis. Data is limited regarding lipid abnormalities in Ireland.

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