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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of National Black Nurses' Association : JNBNA RSS

22:17 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28 from Journal of National Black Nurses' Association : JNBNA

We Ain't No Ways Tired: We Demand a Ban on the AR-15 Rifle Now.

African-American Women's Perceived Risk for Cardiovascular Disease versus Framingham Risk.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among African-American women in the United States. Accurate CVD risk perception may motivate these women to participate in health-promoting behaviors; however, perceived risk may not align with objective CVD risk. Our objective was to examine CVD risk perception, risk factors, and objective estimated risk (based on Framingham scores). This was a secondary data analysis of data collected from a 12-month lifestyle PA intervention conducted with 281 Af...

Promoting Self-Management of Hypertension in the African-American Church.

Hypertension (HTN) continues to be one of the most preventable diseases that have global impact. The prevalence of HTN in African-Americans is considered to be among the highest in the world. This investigation sought to determine whether a church-based self-management program would aid African-American adults (18 years of age and above) in reducing their blood pressure (BP). The theoretical foundation was the Health Belief Model. The clinical question was: Will a church-based American Heart Association (AH...

Evaluating Relevance of Nursing Theories in Cross-Cultural and International Contexts.

Nursing has evolved over the past five decades in propagating the development of theoretical and empirical evidence through the application of nursing theories. The objective of this commentary is to stimulate scholarly debate focused on the development, application, and adaptation of nursing theory by nurse scientists, its relevance in the cross-cultural contexts, and to discuss future directions with a call to action using Leininger's seminal work on Culture Care Theory. The implicit nature of nursing the...

Using Case Study Methodology to Explore the Role of Discrimination in Workplace Incivility.

Exclusionary behaviors can be detrimental to the health and well-being of faculty in the workplace. When colleagues are judged by their peers because of the color of their skin, the language they speak, their gender, or who they choose to love (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, asexual, or questioning), affected faculty are left emotionally and physically vulnerable. Institutions of higher learning must set standards of zero tolerance for faculty-to-faculty incivility. With standards taken from each facu...

The Simultaneous Experiences of Being a Nurse Faculty Member and PhD Student: A Phenomenological Inquiry.

The demand for nursing faculty with doctoral degrees has prompted universities to devise strategies to hasten doctoral preparation. Insufficient preparation of nursing faculty negatively impacted the ability of colleges of nursing to enroll qualified applicants. In 2011, 75,000 applicants were turned away (AACN, 2012). Interview data from 11 participants were analyzed for themes and structure of meanings that led to a description of the essence of the phenomenon. Six related themes revealed the experiences ...

How to Create a Telephone Follow-Up Program to Improve Glycemic Control in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetic African-American Women.

Type 2 diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States and this disease disproportionately affects African-Americans and other minorities. Diabetes self-management education has been shown through research to help patients achieve at-goal HgbA1c levels leading to a decrease in complications; however, patients do not attend these classes as much as they should. The creation of a telephone follow-up plan can be an option to improve glycemic control for the primary care clinician caring for...

The Growing Impact of Legionella in the Flint Water Crisis.

The water crisis in Flint, Michigan raised national awareness about lead- tainted drinking water, particularly its harm to children and pregnant and lactating women. However, according to recent findings, there may be another by-product of this man-made crisis. Failure to use anticorrosive material in the water, a practice mandated by the 1978 Clean Water Act, is being linked to an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease, an illness detrimental primarily to adults over 65 years of age. While Legionnaires' disease...

Bump-Fire Stocks: Finding a Way to Outlaw Their Usage.

Screening for Physical Activity and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Among Rural African-American Women.

Physical inactivity can have major implications for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, which are leading causes of morbidity among African-American women. Recruiting in rural populations can present challenges and strategies that work in one community but may not be successful in another community. This study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and implementation of community-based screening using an abbreviated Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) Risk Factor self-report survey i...

Beauty for Ashes: A Church-Based Diabetes Care Program.

The pilot study described here was a test of interventions designed to enhance long-term disease management of African-Americans with type 2 diabetes in faith-based organizations. A quasi-experimental design based on 46 participants was used comparing three interventions: guided imagery, group counseling, and routine care. Unexpectedly, the number of self-reported hypoglycemic episodes significantly increased in the Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) group, depressive symptoms significantly increase...

Being African-American, Obese, Female, and Residing in an Urban Area: The Lived Experience.

The objective of this qualitative study was to explore the experience of being African-American, obese, female, and residing in an urban area. Critical Social Theory of Black Feminist Thought guided the study framework and study questions. Within this framework, African-American women are multidimensional human beings with attitudes, habits, and personalities influenced by their religious beliefs, family, school, friends, and racial history. Interview data were obtained from 10 women and analyzed using qual...

The Lived Experience of African-American Informal Caregivers of Family Members with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias.

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the lived experience of African-American informal caregivers of family members with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD) in a home environment. Using a qualitative, phenomenological approach, a purposive sample of 16 African-American informal caregivers completed an in-depth interview that lasted from 30 to 60 minutes. Four themes emerged: (a) a sense of obligation, (b) an arduous journey, (c) sentinel events, and (d) faith in God. Findings i...

The Root of Physical Inactivity Among African-American Women: Identifying Exercise Friendly Hairstyles.

The purpose of this study was to provide information regarding hair maintenance that would increase physical activity among African-American women. A descriptive study design was used, along with Survey Monkey to obtain online responses from African-American female participants over the age of 18 that were associated with four predominately African-American social organizations. Participants were asked to rate the "ease of use" of 8 hairstyles commonly worn by Black or African-American women living in the U...

Exploring Older Adults' Perceptions of the Utility and Ease of Use of Personal Emergency Response Systems.

The aim of this exploratory-descriptive study was to explore and describe perceptions of the utility and ease of use of personal emergency response systems (PERS) among older adults who are aging in place. This study explored the question of "What is the meaning of a PERS use for a functionally-impaired older adult?" Using an exploratory-descriptive qualitative design, 14 subjects were recruited in Queens, NY, who met the study's eligibility through the selection criteria. A 9-question in-person interview g...

Black Student Participation Rates Also a Concern for Educational Program Assessments.

Lower participation rates in the African-American population are not limited to medical research. Extant research reveals African-American students also participate at lower rates than other racial groups on college and university surveys. Students in medical and health professions programs are routinely surveyed to investigate students' perspectives about the educational curriculum, social and cultural environment, quality of faculty and resources, etc. The results attained from these assessments often car...

Diabetes: A Pre-Existing Condition at a Crossroad.

A Multiple Behavior Self-Monitoring Intervention for African- American Veterans with Type 2 Diabetes: A Feasibility Implementation Study.

The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of implementing a multiple-behavior self-monitoring intervention within a diabetes education program. This study was a 3-month pre- post-design, conducted with African-Americans (N = 20), who attended diabetes education classes at a large Veteran's Affairs (VA) hospital in Southwest Texas. Participants selfmonitored their blood glucose, diet, exercise, and weight on either a smart phone application or paper diaries. Paired t tests showed strong evid...

A Church-Based Diabetes Care Survey in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands.

Forty-eight (N = 48) African-Caribbeans participated in a church-based diabetes care survey in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether integration was a significant predictor of depressive symptoms and glycemic control in persons with type 2 diabetes among African-Caribbeans in faith-based organizations (FBO), controlling for demographic variables. Data were collected on measures of integration of diabetes, acceptance, depressive symptoms, number of hypoglyc...

Factors Influencing Participation in the YMCA Diabetes Prevention Program: A DNP Project.

Pre-diabetes is the underlying pathology for type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Prevention Program is a proven, effective strategy to control or prevent type 2 diabetes; however, there is limited data on what motivates people with pre-diabetes to participate in a Diabetes Prevention Program. Cross-sectional analysis of survey data from adults with pre-diabetes was conducted from October to November 2015. Fisher's exact test was utilized to examine relationships between study variables. Findings indicated that mu...

Improving Blood Pressure and Weight in Patients with Diabetes.

The purpose of this study was to improve healthcare outcomes by reducing blood pressure and weight in adult patients with diabetes at afederally qualified health center. NextGen electronic health record was used to review aggregate data of blood pressures and weight pre-intervention and post-intervention for women and men (N = 304) between 20 and 87 years of age with type 2 diabetes and a BMI : 30. Findings from this study showed that blood pressure and weight did not improve as anticipated using a variety ...

Improving Glycemic Control in a Geriatric Population.

This quality improvement project evaluated whether offering a series of 5 structured interdisciplinary diabetic educational teaching sessions would improve glycemic control as measured by random blood sugars (RBS) in a Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). Five diabetic educational sessions were held over a 4-week period with 50 participants (N = 50). Data were analyzed and displayed using descriptive statistics and figures. Average RBS remained steady from 176.34 pre- to 175.52 post-interve...

A Qualitative Study to Explore the Male Nursing Student's Coping with Experiences in a Maternal-Newborn Nursing Course.

Nursing today is predominantly a female profession; however, men are reentering the profession in record numbers and challenging the perspective that they are inappropriate in caregiver roles, or incapable of providing compassionate and sensitive care. This study investigated the perceptions and experiences of male nursing students in a maternal-newborn nursing course and their coping strategies in dealing with the clinical rotation role stress. A purposive sample included 11 male nursing students who compl...

The Community Compass Project: A Community Engagement Model Targeting African-Americans in the Low Country of South Carolina.

Despite cutting edge progress in early detection, risk reduction, and prevention, unique contextual and sociocultural factors contribute to higher mortality rates for selected cancers in African-American men and women. Collaborative community engagement and outreach programming strategies that focus on sustainability and grass-roots organizing can inform health risk disparities, build trust, and allow communities to take ownership of their own health needs. This paper describes a successful evidence-based c...

The World Health Organization - Community Empowerment Model in Addressing Food Insecurity in Low-Income African-American Women: A Review of the Literature.

Numerous researchers have examined the serious consequences of food insecurity and food deserts affecting the nutritional health of poor or low-income African-American women and their families. Food insecurity is defined as having limited or uncertain capacityfor acquiring sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet one's dietary needs, while food deserts refer to economically and socially-deprived inner city areas with inadequate food supply that are often inhabited by low-income groups. Res...


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