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To determine whether low-flow/low-gradient (LF/LG) aortic stenosis affects survival after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), we performed a meta-analysis of currently available studies.
We performed a nationwide survey on the current practice of ventricular tachycardia catheter ablation in Italy during the year 2016.
Aortic prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) increases left ventricular (LV) afterload and prevents LV mass regression (LVMR) after surgery. This study was designed to investigate the association between the baseline global longitudinal strain (GLS) and the postoperative LVMR, and its relation to adverse outcomes.
Stroke is the third most common cause of death and one of the most common cause of long-term disability in the Western world. Carotid plaque morphology is the main predictor of cerebrovascular accidents, more than the degree of stenosis.
An underlying atrial vulnerability or a preexisting misdiagnosed atrial fibrillation in some patients who are candidates for patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure may lead to an unnecessary percutaneous intervention. The aim of this work was to define paroxysmal atrial fibrillation rate, through a 6-month insertable loop-recorder monitoring, in patients over 55 years old with cryptogenic stroke and PFO.
Ablation procedures for the treatment of atrial fibrillation lead to changes in autonomic heart control; however, there are insufficient data on the possible association of these changes with atrial fibrillation recurrence. The study aim was to assess the effects of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) on cardiac autonomic modulation and atrial fibrillation recurrence.
To systematically review literature comparing bare metal stent (BMS) to drug-eluting stent (DES) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on dialysis. ESRD patients on dialysis often suffer from accelerated atherosclerosis and higher rate of stent-related complications including major adverse cardiovascular events. Because dialysis usually qualifies ineligibility for randomized clinical trials, an evidenced-based stent choice for these patients is scarce.
Arrhythmic risk stratification is a challenging issue in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), particularly when left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is more than 35%. We studied the prevalence and predictors of sudden cardiac death or malignant ventricular arrhythmias (SCD/MVAs) in DCM patients categorized at low arrhythmic risk because of intermediate left ventricular dysfunction under optimal medical treatment (OMT).
This study aimed to investigate the progression and vascular shrinkage of vulnerable plaque lesions with a plaque burden at least 70% among patients with coronary artery disease by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).
Pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in HIV-positive patients is related to the interaction between traditional and HIV-specific factors. Limited data are available regarding the prognosis of HIV-positive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Stent implantation in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients can be challenging and sometimes associated with immediate and long-term suboptimal results. Stent malapposition and strut uncoverage, predictors of stent thrombosis, are frequently detected in STEMI patients at medium/long-term follow-up. Nevertheless, data at a short follow-up are missing. We aimed to assess the extent of stent malapposition and struts coverage in the subacute phase of STEMI after stent implantation in prima...
We sought to analyze the early and follow-up results of minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve repair. With particular focus on degenerative disease, results were stratified according to type of lesion, strategy of repair and surgical technique.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the EkoSonic Endovascular System (EKOS) in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) at high or intermediate-high risk and contraindication to systemic fibrinolysis.
The present study sought to evaluate the incidence of cerebrovascular events in a large cohort of patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) analysing possible predictors, clinical characteristics and prognosis of cardioembolic events secondary to atrial fibrillation.
Impact of preclinical carotid atherosclerosis on global cardiovascular risk stratification and events in a 10-year follow-up: comparison between the algorithms of the Framingham Heart Study, the European SCORE and the Italian 'Progetto Cuore'.
The aim of the study was to compare three widely used algorithms for stratification of the global cardiovascular risk (GCVR): the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) score, the European systemic coronary risk estimation (SCORE) and the Italian 'Progetto Cuore' (heart project) score. It was also investigated how preclinical carotid atherosclerosis (pre-ATS) might influence the incidence and improve the risk prediction of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events.
Real-world data on treatment persistence, safety and effectiveness of non-Vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) play an important role in the assessment of risks and benefits of these drugs. Our aim was to evaluate persistence on treatment, incidence of major bleeding and incidence of a composite endpoint of major events, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke and systemic thromboembolism, during treatment with apixaban in a cohort of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillatio...
Diabetes is a common disease in heart failure and its prevalence ranges from 10 to 30%. ST-2 is a novel biomarker of myocardial fibrosis and remodelling in heart failure and may be involved in the inflammatory process of diabetes mellitus. In this study, we sought: to evaluate levels of ST-2 and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in groups with acute heart failure with and without diabetes; to analyse the prognostic impact of ST-2 over a 6-month follow-up period.
An increased mortality risk during weekend hospital admission has been consistently observed. In the present study, we evaluated whether the current improvement in management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has reduced this phenomenon.