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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of child neurology RSS

16:00 EST 8th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30 from Journal of child neurology

A Cross-sectional Study of the Clinical Profile of Children With Cerebral Palsy in Benin, a West African Low-Income Country.

Cerebral palsy is a common cause of pediatric motor disability. Although there are increasing amounts of data on the clinical profile of children with cerebral palsy in high-income countries, corresponding information about low-income countries and developing countries is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to describe the clinical spectrum of cerebral palsy in children in Benin, a representative West African low-income country. Our cross-sectional observational study included 114 children with cerebral palsy recr...

Localization of Expressive Language Cortex in a 2-Year-Old Child Using High-Gamma Electrocorticography.

Cortical stimulation mapping is the gold standard for presurgical language mapping; however, it cannot be reliably performed in very young patients. Language mapping using noninvasive modalities is also challenging in very young patients. Although utility of language mapping using power of high-gamma in electrocorticographic recordings was demonstrated in adults and older children, there is a gap of knowledge in the ability of this procedure for localizing language-specific cortex in very young patients. We...

Epileptic Spasms Predict Poor Epilepsy Outcomes After Perinatal Stroke.

Perinatal stroke is a significant cause of severe epilepsy, including epileptic spasms. Although epileptic spasms due to underlying structural lesion often respond poorly to treatment and evolve into drug-resistant epilepsy, outcomes are not uniformly poor, and predictors of outcomes are not well described. We performed a single-institution retrospective review of epileptic spasms following perinatal stroke to determine if outcome depended on vascular subtype. We identified 24 children with epileptic spasms...

The Evolution of Subclinical Seizures in Children With Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.

Subclinical seizures are electrographic seizures that present without subjective or objective clinical symptoms. In tuberous sclerosis complex, it is not known whether subclinical seizures occur alone, forewarn, or coexist with clinical seizures. To address this knowledge gap, we studied the prevalence and evolution of subclinical seizures in tuberous sclerosis complex.

When an Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Resolves, What Remains?

A chart review was performed of 38 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by 3 years of age at an inner-city developmental program who subsequently experienced resolution of ASD symptomatology and no longer met diagnostic criteria for ASD at follow-up an average of 4 years later. Demographic, developmental/cognitive data, Childhood Autism Rating Scale, and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule data as available were reviewed from the initial diagnostic evaluation and at the time of follow-u...

Further Delineation of Ribose-5-phosphate Isomerase Deficiency: Report of a Third Case.

Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency, a disorder of the pentose phosphate shunt, was described in 1999. There are 2 previously reported cases of ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency. Here, we describe the clinical course, diagnostic odyssey, and molecular findings in the third case of ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency to further delineate the syndrome. Whole-exome sequencing demonstrated 2 mutations in the ribose-5-phosphate isomerase gene, RPIA, in a child with neonatal onset leukoencephalopath...

Objective Eye Tracking Deficits Following Concussion for Youth Seen in a Sports Medicine Setting.

Quantification of visual deficits may help to identify dysfunction following concussion. We evaluated eye-tracking measurements among adolescents within 10 days of concussion and healthy control participants. Patients who reported to 2 tertiary care sport concussion clinics within 10 days of concussion completed an objective eye tracking assessment. Seventy-nine participants completed the study, 44 with concussion (mean age = 14.1 ± 2.2 years, 39% female) and 35 controls (mean age = 14.3 ± 2.4 years, 57% ...

Dyskinetic vs Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A Cross-sectional Study Comparing Functional Profiles, Comorbidities, and Brain Imaging Patterns.

The authors aimed to describe the distribution of predominant and secondary motor types and compare functional profiles, comorbidities, and brain imaging patterns between dyskinetic and spastic cerebral palsy. Children recruited from a cerebral palsy register were assessed at age 5, 10, or 15. Motor types, topography, functional classifications, and comorbidities were recorded. Univariable logistic regression was used to compare dyskinesia with spasticity, with and without adjustment for topography. Neuroim...

Valuation of Quality of Life in Pediatric Disability in a Developing Country.

This article assessed how Indian providers and mothers value quality of life in pediatric disabilities, hypothesizing lower values with increasing disability, lower values among providers than mothers, and lower values among mothers with versus mothers without a disabled child. We asked 175 participants: "If born tomorrow, how many years of a disabled life ( y) would you trade to avoid life-long disability" for 4 hypothetical disabilities, calculating "utility" scores as: (life span - y) / life span, where ...

The First Report of Relative Incidence of Inherited White Matter Disorders in an Asian Country Based on an Iranian Bioregistry System.

Childhood leukodystrophies are a fast-growing field of pediatric neurology practice. Epidemiologic studies on the incidence of these disorders in children show different results. This is the first report of childhood leukodystrophies incidence from Iran. The enrolled patients were recruited from the neurometabolic bioregistry system that was organized in 2010 in the Children's Medical Center, Tehran, Iran. Herein is reported the incidence rate of leukodystrophies in those patients who were residents of 2 bi...

Corrigendum.

JCN Calendar of Events.

The Effect of In-School Saccadic Training on Reading Fluency and Comprehension in First and Second Grade Students.

Efficient eye movements provide a physical foundation for proficient reading skills. We investigated the effect of in-school saccadic training on reading performance. In this cross-over design, study participants (n = 327, 165 males; mean age [SD]: 7 y 6 mo [1y 1 mo]) were randomized into treatment and control groups, who then underwent eighteen 20-minute training sessions over 5 weeks using King-Devick Reading Acceleration Program Software. Pre- and posttreatment reading assessments included fluency, compr...

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome With Spinal Cord Involvement in Children.

We characterized a cohort of patients with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome with spinal cord involvement. We encountered 2 children and identified an additional 19 patients from the internet databases. Of the 21 patients analyzed, 8 were children. The mean peak systolic blood pressure in adults was significantly higher than in children (221.8 ± 14.3 vs 191.4 ± 31.3 mm Hg; P < .01). Regardless of age, the most common clinical symptom was headache (90%) and the least common clinical symptom was ...

Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy for the Treatment of Spasticity in Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome.

Intrathecal baclofen therapy is widely accepted as a treatment option for patients with severe spasticity. The current treatment of spasticity in patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is largely symptomatic, given that no effective causal therapy treatments are available. We report the outcome of 2 patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome who had pump implantation for intrathecal baclofen. We observed a positive response, with a decrease of spasticity, reflecting in the Modified Ashworth Scale, and parents...

Applying the International Classification of Functioning-Children and Youth Version to Pediatric Neuro-oncology.

Given the increased survival rates in patients with pediatric central nervous system tumors, late effects such as treatment- and/or illness-related neurologic sequelae as well as neuropsychological deficits and social difficulties have moved into focus in follow-up care. In order to provide personalized treatment recommendations for pediatric brain tumor survivors, it is crucial not only to assess cognitive impairments but also to measure a patient's functional deficiencies, for example, restricted particip...

Imaging Features of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension in Children.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of elevated intracranial pressure and idiopathic intracranial hypertension have been well characterized in adults but not in children. The MRIs of 50 children with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and 46 adults with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were reviewed for optic nerve head protrusion, optic nerve head enhancement, posterior scleral flattening, increased perioptic cerebrospinal fluid, optic nerve tortuosity, empty or partially empty sella, tonsillar he...

Epileptic Encephalopathy.

Stroke and Hypertension in Children and Adolescents.

Hypertension is the single most important modifiable risk factor for adult stroke. Stroke mortality has significantly decreased over the last 5 decades; this decline has been mainly associated to improved blood pressure control. Though much less prevalent than in adults, stroke is an increasingly recognized cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Although hypertension has not been strongly identified as a risk factor in childhood stroke yet, there is preliminary evidence that suggests that elevated bl...

Scaled Vibratory Feedback Can Bias Muscle Use in Children With Dystonia During a Redundant, 1-Dimensional Myocontrol Task.

Vibratory feedback can be a useful tool for rehabilitation. We examined its use in children with dystonia to understand how it affects muscle activity in a population that does not respond well to standard rehabilitation. We predicted scaled vibration (ie, vibration that was directly or inversely proportional to muscle activity) would increase use of the vibrated muscle because of task-relevant sensory information, whereas nonscaled vibration would not change muscle use. The study was conducted on 11 subjec...

De Novo TUBB2A Variant Presenting With Anterior Temporal Pachygyria.

TUBB2A is a gene that has recently been reported in association with structural brain abnormalities. Only 3 cases have been reported to date with disparate brain morphologic abnormalities, although all patients have presented with developmental delay and infantile-onset epilepsy. We report a fourth patient with a de novo variant in TUBB2A that is predicted to be pathogenic, presenting with developmental delay, spastic diplegia, exaggerated startle, and anterior temporal pachygyria in the absence of epilepsy...

Hypertonia Assessment Tool: Reliability and Validity in Children With Neuromotor Disorders.

The Hypertonia Assessment Tool is a 7-item instrument that discriminates spasticity, dystonia, and rigidity on 3 levels: item scores, subtype, and hypertonia diagnosis for each extremity. We quantified the inter- and intrarater reliability using Kappa statistics, Gwet's first-order agreement coefficient (both with 95% confidence interval), and percentage agreement for all levels. For validity, we compared the Hypertonia Assessment Tool subtype with the clinical diagnosis provided by the physicians. Two phys...

Pediatric Central Neurocytoma: A Short Series With Literature Review.

Central neurocytomas are well-differentiated tumors of neuronal origin. These are relatively uncommon in the pediatric population. Anaplastic features reflected by brisk mitotic activity, microvascular proliferation, necrosis, and MIB-1 labeling index >2% or 3% have been proposed to indicate aggressive behavior. Because of its rarity, there is paucity of data regarding the histologic spectrum and outcome of central neurocytomas in children. With this short series, we describe our observations of the clinico...

Cognitive Function and Heat Shock Protein 70 in Children With Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.

We conducted the present study to examine cognitive function and serum heat shock protein 70 levels among children with temporal lobe epilepsy. The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test was carried out to examine cognitive function in 30 children with temporal lobe epilepsy and 30 controls. Serum heat shock protein 70 levels were determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The epilepsy group had significantly lower cognitive function testing scores and significantly higher serum heat shock protein 70 l...

Neurocognitive Profiles in Childhood Absence Epilepsy: A Focus on Cognitive Dysfunction Associated With the Frontal Lobe.

Although neuropsychological studies have demonstrated specific cognitive impairments in children with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), the potential role of the frontal lobe in these cognitive deficits remains unclear. We therefore evaluated cognitive functions related to and unrelated to the functionality of the frontal lobe in childhood absence epilepsy patients and control subjects. Thirty-seven childhood absence epilepsy patients and 37 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects were recruited an...


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