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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) RSS

05:37 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 198 from Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.)

HDL cholesterol levels and endothelial glycocalyx integrity in treated hypertensive patients.

Endothelial dysfunction indicates target organ damage in hypertensive patients. The integrity of endothelial glycocalyx (EG) plays a vital role in vascular permeability, inflammation and elasticity, and finally to cardiovascular disease. The authors aimed to investigate the role of increased HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, which usually are considered protective against cardiovascular disease, in EG integrity in older hypertensive patients. The authors studied 120 treated hypertensive patients older than 50...

General obesity, abdominal adiposity, and the risk of incident hypertension-From anthropometry to modern imaging techniques.

Association between abdominal obesity and increased risk for the development of hypertension regardless of physical activity: A nationwide population-based study.

The presence of abdominal obesity and lack of physical activity are both risk factors for the development of hypertension. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk of developing hypertension according to baseline waist circumference (WC). In total, 16 312 476 non-hypertensive participants who were covered by the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) from 2009 to 2012 in Korea were included in the study. The participants were divided into six groups according to the level of baseline WC with a 5-cm...

Insights on β-blockers for the treatment of hypertension: A survey of health care practitioners.

A quantitative survey was completed by 103 primary care physicians (PCPs) and 59 cardiologists who regularly prescribed β-blockers to assess knowledge and use of this heterogeneous drug class for hypertension. More cardiologists than PCPs chose β-blockers as initial antihypertensive therapy (30% vs 17%, P 

Hypertensive organ damage predicts future cognitive performance: A 9-year follow-up study in patients with hypertension.

Hypertension is associated with cognitive deficits, probably caused by cerebral small vessel disease. The authors examined whether additional presence of cardiac and renal organ damages, and their combined presence, are associated with future cognitive performance. In 78 patients with essential hypertension (mean age 51.2 ± 12.0 years), brain damage was determined by MRI features, cardiac damage by left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and renal damage by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and al...

Beta-blocker subtypes and risk of low birth weight in newborns.

Beta-blockers are one of the most commonly prescribed classes of antihypertensive medications during pregnancy. Previous studies reported an association between beta-blocker exposure and intrauterine growth restriction. Whether some beta-blocker subtypes may be associated with higher risk is not known. This is a retrospective cohort study of pregnant women exposed to beta-blockers in the Kaiser Permanente Southern California Region between 2003 and 2014. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate asso...

High dietary potassium blunts dietary sodium induced proteinuria.

Antihypertensive treatment and renal protection: Is there a J-curve relationship?

A bidirectional relationship between hypertension and kidney disease, with one exacerbating the effect of the other, is well established. Elevated blood pressure (BP) is a well-recognized, modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease as well as for development and progression of chronic kidney disease and, therefore, the identification of optimal BP target is a key issue in the management of renal patients. Recent large trials and real life cohort studies have indicated that below a definite BP va...

Relationship between thyroid function and elevated blood pressure in euthyroid adults.

Thyroid hormones (THs) have profound effects on cardiovascular functions, suggesting that THs may contribute to the development of elevated blood pressure (BP). Few studies, however, have systematically assessed the relationship between THs and elevated BP. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to examine how serum THs concentrations are related to the prevalence of elevated BP in a euthyroid population. This study (n = 12 487) was performed in Tianjin, China. Serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), ...

Para-perirenal distribution of body fat is associated with reduced glomerular filtration rate regardless of other indices of adiposity in hypertensive patients.

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for the development and progression of chronic kidney disease. Recently, para-perirenal ultrasonographic fat thickness (PUFT) has shown to correlate with both total and visceral fat better than body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and other indices of obesity. Moreover, a local paracrine and mechanical action of the PUFT on kidney has been described in recent studies. Aim of our study was to assess the relationship between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and ...

Autonomic nervous system might be related with circadian rhythms and have the intricate effects in obstructive sleep apnea with metabolic syndrome.

Circadian rhythms might be the key joint role in intricate effects among metabolic syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, and hypertension.

Vascular compliance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome treated with spironolactone.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age in the United States and has been associated with several diseases including cardiovascular disease, obesity, and glucose intolerance. In this study, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure (vascular compliance), large artery elasticity, systemic vascular resistance (SVR), total vascular impedance (TVI), and body mass index (BMI) were measured before and after treatment with spironol...

Morbid obesity and hypertension: The role of perirenal fat.

Accumulation of fat in renal sinus and hilum is associated with hypertension development. We evaluated the relationship between perirenal fat and hypertension in a population of morbidly obese patients and the potential variations after sleeve-gastrectomy. Two hundred and eighty-four morbidly obese patients were included in the study, and 126 underwent sleeve-gastrectomy. At baseline and 10-12 months after surgery, we evaluated anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, glycometabolic, and lipidic assessme...

Potential need for expanded pharmacologic treatment and lifestyle modification services under the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline.

Application of the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline expands the number of US adults requiring blood pressure (BP) management. The authors use 2011-2014 NHANES data to describe the population groups most affected by the new guideline, compared with the previous JNC-7 guideline, and describe the previous interaction with the health care sector among those adults recommended new or intensified pharmacologic treatment and/or lifestyle modification. The 2017 Hypertension Guideline reclassifies 32.3 million US...

Clinical inertia and the 2017 ACA/AHA guideline.

Arterial damage and cognitive decline in chronic kidney disease patients.

In the general population aortic stiffening, assessed by carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), is associated with cognitive dysfunction (CO/DY). Data in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are limited. This study tests the hypothesis that large artery stiffness and microvascular damage in CKD patients are related to the damage of brain microcirculation reflected by impaired cognitive function. A cross-sectional study enrolled 151 patients (mean age 58.4 years; 64.5% males; 44 patients with CKD stage 1; 47...

Ten-year changes in ambulatory blood pressure: The prognostic value of ambulatory pulse pressure.

Blood pressure (BP) changes and risk factors associated with pulse pressure (PP) increase in elderly people have rarely been studied using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The aim is to evaluate 10-year ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) changes in older hypertensives, focusing on PP and its associations with mortality. An observational study was conducted on 119 consecutive older treated hypertensives evaluated at baseline (T0) and after 10 years (T1). Treatment adherence was carefully assessed. ...

Fifteen years of LIFE (Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension)-Lessons learned for losartan: An "old dog playing good tricks".

There is an unmet need to prevent cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease development and progression worldwide. Losartan, the first angiotensin receptor blocker, was shown to exert significant cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in the LIFE (Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension) and RENAAL (Reduction of Endpoints in NIDDM With the Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan) trials. Losartan significantly prevented stroke and decreased serum uric acid levels and the rates o...

Corrigendum.

A retrospective study evaluating the tolerability and effectiveness of adjunctive antihypertensive drugs in patients with inadequate response to initial treatment.

Real-world tolerability and effectiveness of nebivolol as first add-on therapy were compared with hydrochlorothiazide, metoprolol, and amlodipine. Medical records of hypertensive adults initiating nebivolol, hydrochlorothiazide, metoprolol, or amlodipine as first add-on therapy between December 16, 2010 and July 21, 2011 were retrospectively abstracted (N = 1600; 400/treatment). Outcomes included medication-related side-effect rates and blood pressure (BP) reduction and control. Compared with nebivolol, m...

Differences in primary cardiovascular disease prevention between the 2013 and 2016 cholesterol guidelines and impact of the 2017 hypertension guideline in the United States.

The US Preventive Services Task Force cholesterol guideline recommended statins for fewer adults than the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline by setting a higher 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease threshold (≥10.0% vs ≥7.5%) and requiring concomitant diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or cigarette smoking. The 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guideline lowered the hypertension threshold, increasing 2016 guideline statin-eligible adults. Cro...

Blood pressure is a beautiful (but imperfect) biomarker of hypertension. The quixotic quest that fuels the hypertension guideline industry.

Genetically determined pattern of left ventricular function in normal and hypertensive hearts.

We sought to assess the inheritance of left ventricular (LV) function using speckle-tracking echocardiography and the impact of hypertension on modifying the genetically determined pattern of contraction in a population of twins. We recruited 92 Caucasian twin pairs, including 74 hypertensive (HTN) siblings. Beyond standard echocardiographic protocol, a speckle-tracking analysis was performed, including global longitudinal strain (GLS). Systolic function, as assessed by ejection fraction, showed moderate he...

Obesity is bad regardless of the obesity paradox for hypertension and heart disease.


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