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The roles of pharmacists in medication management for transplant recipients have received limited attention. This study comprehensively assessed the impact of pharmacist-led post-transplant medication management.
Several authors have demonstrated the relationship between voriconazole concentrations and the risk of therapeutic failure and adverse events However, the information about voriconazole concentrations in the critically ill patient is scarce. The aim of this study was to analyse the plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic behaviour of voriconazole in critically ill patients and their association with the treatment response and development of toxicity.
Two forms of ifosfamide are commercially available in France: HOLOXAN® (brand-name drug) and IFOSFAMIDE EG® (generic drug). Following the marketing launch of the generic drug, there has been a significant increase in cases of ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy reported in France. Our objective is to compare the incidence of ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy in adult patients treated with HOLOXAN® or IFOSFAMIDE EG®.
Treatment of tacrolimus toxicity includes holding tacrolimus and supportive care. The objective is to describe considerations for pharmacologic induction of tacrolimus metabolism.
Reactive metabolites from anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) drugs can result in abnormal accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which plays an important role in anti-TB drug-induced liver injury (ATLI). Liver cells could keep the production of ROS in balance by antioxidant activities. The heme oxygenase 1, encoded by the HMOX1 gene and NADH:quinone oxidoreductase 1, encoded by the NQO1 gene are crucial mediators of cellular defense against ROS. The present study aimed to investigate the associations betwe...
Myocardial infarction (MI) in young adults accounts for up to 10% of all cases. Regarding life expectancy and professional activity, it is extremely important to restore and maintain young patients' full performance. Therefore, secondary prevention is especially vital in this group of patients. The paper focuses on the analysis of pharmacotherapy in young MI patients in Poland, assessing disparities between the European Society of Cardiology guidelines and clinical practice, and regional differences among t...
Anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF-α) therapy is known to raise the risk of granulomatous infections, leading to development of risk management strategies at national or global level. This study aimed to determine the relative risk (RR) of tuberculosis (TB) due to anti-TNF-α usage in patients with rheumatologic diseases (RDs) in a nationwide basis.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) created enteral device specifications to reduce tubing misconnections. The Global Enteral Device Supplier Association (GEDSA) supports a female design: standard and low dose tip (LDT). Concerns include increased complexity of use with adapters, dosing accuracy and workflow. No peer-reviewed studies have evaluated dosing accuracy of the complete female system with adapters. The objective of this study was to compare dosing accuracy of the female design...
Increasing reports of the combined use of vancomycin (VAN) and piperacillin/tazobactam leading to higher nephrotoxicity have led to carbapenems being recommended as an alternative option to combine with VAN when nephrotoxicity is a major concern. However, whether carbapenems also increase the nephrotoxicity of VAN is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether meropenem is a suitable drug to combine with VAN based on whether meropenem enhances the nephrotoxicity of VAN.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia among the elderly. The exact cause of the disease is not clearly known, and no existing therapies are able to prevent disease progression. Identification of the possible "impaired brain insulin signalling in AD" enriched the scope for "the repurposing of diabetic drugs in AD management." Among the different classes of diabetic drugs, pioglitazone (PIO), a PPARγ agonist classed as an insulin sensitizer, is of the highest interest for AD managemen...
Appraisal of drug information centres (DICs) is mainly by word of mouth communication and surveys of overall user satisfaction. Efforts to study the impact of this type of informatics and decision support systematically are generally lacking within the healthcare system.
The approved indication for trimetazidine (TMZ) was restricted to "add-on therapy for the symptomatic treatment of patients with stable angina pectoris who are inadequately controlled by or intolerant to first-line antianginal therapies" in 2012 by the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP). TMZ was no longer indicated for ophthalmology and otolaryngology (ENT) indications. This drug utilization study analysed actual utilization of TMZ before and after the restriction on its indications to ev...
Cyproheptadine is a serotonin and histamine antagonist that has been suggested as a treatment for serotonin syndrome in case reports.
The most appropriate sedative agent for conscious sedation in minor hysteroscopic surgeries is still unclear. Dexmedetomidine a sedative and analgesic agent, may be appropriate for outpatient procedures. The aim of our study was to compare the sedative, analgesic and hemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine vs propofol in combination with fentanyl and midazolam in patients undergoing minor hysteroscopy surgery.
The exponential increase in chronic opioid consumers resulted in more challenges regarding post-operative pain management. Considering the usual hyperalgesic response to pain and the increased opioid-tolerance, a multidrug approach should be desirable.
Oxcarbazepine (OXC) is a widely used antiepileptic drug whose effect mainly depends on its active metabolite 10-hydroxycarbazepine (MHD). This study established a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of MHD in Chinese children with epilepsy and conducted a dosage simulation in order to provide support for individualized OXC treatment.
Genotype-guided warfarin dosing algorithm is designed to predict the initial and stable dose of warfarin. However, whether this strategy is superior to conventional dosing method has not been consistently proven. To determine the benefit of genotype-guided dosing vs conventional dosing of warfarin, we performed a meta-analysis.
Pemetrexed/carboplatin combination chemotherapy has shown efficacy as a first-line treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. However, severe haematotoxicity is often observed during this combination chemotherapy. Some studies have suggested that concomitant drugs may be the risk factors for severe adverse events. However, those studies identified the predictive risk factors without paying attention to the relative dose intensities (RDIs) of the anticancer drugs. The objective of this study was to c...
Several researchers in the statistical and medical communities have noted the overestimation of the treatment effect when a trial is stopped early in the interim analysis for efficacy; however, methods to reduce this overestimation are rarely used because the overestimation mechanisms are not well understood by many in clinical trial practice. A trial design that leads to less overestimation is needed.
To compare the penetration of vancomycin into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients with postoperative intracranial infection and community-acquired meningitis, and to identify related factors influencing the penetration in these two diseases.
Mounting evidence suggests that long-term use of gastric-acid suppressants (GASs) may be associated with adverse effects. Whether GAS use increases the risk of enteric peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) is not known. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between GAS use and enteric peritonitis in PD patients.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the first line of medication for OCD treatment; however, 40%-60% of patients with OCD do not respond to SSRIs adequately. There are growing pieces of evidence which suggest a significant role for the glutamatergic system in the genesis of OCD and its consequent treatment. In the present study, we aimed to assess the association of SLC1A1 polymorphisms (rs301430, rs2228622 and rs378...
Anticholinergic drug use has been associated with a risk of central and peripheral adverse effects. There is a lack of information on anticholinergic drug use in persons with diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate anticholinergic drug use and the association between anticholinergic drug use and self-reported symptoms in older community-dwelling persons with and without diabetes.