Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journal Database | Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology RSS

03:35 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 251 from Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology

Linear and nonlinear measures of gait variability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

The objective of this study was to assess gait variability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), as an indicative of possible altered gait pattern and a measure of recovery compared to control subjects. Forty subjects (32 male), divided into 4 groups of 10 participants, were enrolled in the study: a control group (CG), and observational groups OG-I (90 days), OG-II (180 days), and OG-III (360 days) after ACLR. All subjects underwent the same rehabilitation program for six months. For...

Postural cueing increases multifidus activation during stabilization exercise in participants with chronic and recurrent low back pain: An electromyographic study.

Persons with low back pain (LBP) have demonstrated altered morphology and function of the deep multifidus (DM). This study examined the effects of postural cueing for increased lumbar lordosis on DM and longissimus thoracis (LT) activation during lumbar stabilization exercises (LSE) performed by persons with LBP. Nine adults with a history of chronic or recurrent LBP were recruited. Fine-wire EMG data was collected while participants performed 10 LSE's in neutral posture and with postural cueing. Percent ma...

Motor Unit Number Index (MUNIX) as a biomarker of motor unit loss in post-polio syndrome versus needle EMG.

MUNIX method (Motor Unit Number Index) had been not used to assess number of motor neurons in post-polio syndrome in contrary to needle electromyography.

Transitory force decrease following a sudden reduction in stimulation frequency in motor units of rat medial gastrocnemius.

Effects of a sudden decrease in the stimulation frequency for motor unit force were studied in rat medial gastrocnemius. For 161 functionally isolated single motor units of three types (S, FR, FF), unfused tetanic contractions were evoked by three-phase trains of stimuli (low-high-low frequency). The course of the tetanus at the onset of the third phase of the force recording was analyzed in tetani with variable fusion degree. For 78 units within the third phase of tetanus, a transitory force decrease to a ...

Soleus H-reflex modulation following transcutaneous high- and low-frequency spinal stimulation in healthy volunteers.

The main aim of this work was to investigate the difference in the excitability of the soleus H-reflex in healthy volunteers following spinal transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and high-frequency alternating current (HFAC) at a frequency of 10 kHz applied at the lower thoracic spinal level (T10-T12). A double-blind, randomized, crossover, controlled clinical trial was designed. Participants received three randomized interventions (TENS, 10 kHz, and sham stimulation) during 40 min. The ...

Innervation zone locations distribute medially within the pectoralis major muscle during bench press exercise.

Changes in innervation zone (IZ) position may affect the amplitude of surface electromyograms (EMGs). If not accounted for, these changes may lead to equivocal interpretation on the degree of muscle activity from EMG amplitude. In this study we ask how much the IZ position changes within different regions of the pectoralis major (PM) during the bench press exercise. If expressive, changes in IZ position may explain the conflictual results reported on PM activation during bench press. Single-differential sur...

Locomotor coordination in patients with Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia.

Locomotion is a complex behaviour that requires the coordination of multiple body segments and muscle groups. Here we investigated how the weakness and spasticity in individuals with Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) affect the coordination patterns of the lower limbs. We analysed kinematics and electromyographic (EMG) activity from 12 leg muscles in 21 persons with HSP and 20 control subjects at matched walking speeds. To assess the locomotor coordination, we examined the covariation between thigh, shank...

The influence of simultaneous handgrip and wrist force on forearm muscle activity.

The purpose of this study was to examine forearm muscle activity during simultaneous execution of dual motor tasks; hand-gripping and wrist forces. Surface electromyography was recorded from eight muscles of the upper-limb: flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum superficialis, extensor carpi radialis, extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor digitorum, biceps brachii and triceps brachii. Participants were seated with their forearm supported in a neutral position with an adjustable force trans...

Motor unit recruitment in myopathy: The myopathic EMG reconsidered.

Motor unit recruitment is abnormal in myopathies. We have addressed this subject by recording motor unit potentials (MUPs) using a standard concentric needle electrode in tibialis anterior muscles of clinically normal strength in a group of patients with myopathy (15 with myositis and 4 with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy Type 1). In each recording site, a minimal voluntary contraction was sought in order to activate only 2 MUPs. At least 5 pairs of MUPs were recorded in each muscle. We analysed the...

Test-retest reliability of elbow flexor contraction characteristics with tensiomyography for different elbow joint angles.

Tensiomyography (TMG) has gained popularity as a tool to quantify muscle contractile properties. However, it is unclear whether joint angle and inter-stimulus interval influence the test-retest reliability of TMG. Fifteen participants (13M/2F; 29.5 ± 7.4 y) underwent TMG recording of the biceps brachii (BB) at 10°, 45° and 90° of elbow flexion with 10 and 20 s inter-stimulus rest intervals in a randomised order on two separate days. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and 95% confidenc...

Single-trial estimation of quasi-static EMG-to-joint-mechanical-impedance relationship over a range of joint torques.

Joint mechanical impedance is commonly measured by applying dynamic perturbations about a joint at a fixed operating point/background torque, and quantifying torque change vs. angle change. Impedance characterization in functional tasks, therefore, requires multiple experimental trials over a range of operating points-a cumbersome, invasive, time-consuming and impractical task. As an alternative, studies have related EMG to impedance, after which EMG can estimate impedance without applying joint perturbatio...

Effects of finger taping on forearm muscle activation in rock climbers.

Flexor tendon pulley injury is associated with a change in relative activation of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) muscles. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of taping of the fingers on relative muscle activation of the FDS and FDP muscles in uninjured rock climbers. Muscle activation in 10 healthy volunteers were recorded using intramuscular electromyography (EMG) during a static hang with subjects utilizing the crimp grip without tape, with ...

Are there sex differences in muscle coordination of the upper girdle during a sustained motor task?

The higher prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among women compared with men could be explained by sex-gender differences related to biological and physiological processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in motor coordination during a sustained and repetitive motor task.

Examining upper extremity muscle demand during selected push-up variants.

Push-ups are regularly adapted for specific muscular demands. The push-up plus (PUP) has been used to emphasize serratus anterior activation. Alterations in body posture have been suggested for targeted activation of muscles surrounding the shoulder and rotator cuff, but little data exists to inform these changes. The purpose of this research was to examine upper extremity muscle activity changes when varying aspects of the PUP. Healthy male participants (n = 20) performed PUP trials using combinations ...

Surface electromyography in inspiratory muscles in adults and elderly individuals: A systematic review.

Electromyography (EMG) helps to evaluate disorders and pulmonary behavior, as impairments in respiratory muscle function are associated with the development of diseases. There is a wide range of methods and protocols used to record and analyze EMG obtained from respiratory muscles, demonstrating a lack of standardization.

The value of tibial mounted inertial measurement units to quantify running kinetics in elite football (soccer) players. A reliability and agreement study using a research orientated and a clinically orientated system.

In elite football, measurement of running kinetics with inertial measurement units (IMUs) may be useful as a component of periodic health examination (PHE). This study determined the reliability of, and agreement between a research orientated IMU and clinically orientated IMU system for initial peak acceleration (IPA) and IPA symmetry index (SI) measurement during running in elite footballers. On consecutive days, 16 participants performed treadmill running at 14kmph and 18kmph. Both IMUs measured IPA and I...

The mechanical loading and muscle activation of four common exercises used in osteoporosis prevention for early postmenopausal women.

High impact exercise can reduce postmenopausal bone loss, however stimulus frequency (loading cycles per second) can affect osteogenesis. We aimed to examine the effect of stimulus frequency on the mechanical loading of four common osteoporosis prevention exercises, measuring body acceleration and muscle activation with accelerometry and electromyography (EMG), respectively. Fourteen early postmenopausal women completed randomised countermovement jumps (CMJ), box-drops (BD), heel-drops (HD) and stamp (STP) ...

Logistic regression analysis of multiple interosseous hand-muscle activities using surface electromyography during finger-oriented tasks.

Intrinsic hand muscles are densely located in the hand, and the myoelectric observation from the surface is sometimes unreliable because of some outside influences that may interfere with the signals. In the present study, we evaluated the activities of multiple interosseous hand-muscles which densely located in the hand, through analyzing the surface electromyographic signals during finger-oriented tasks using univariate and multivariate logistic regression models. Ten healthy subjects participated in our ...

Arm posture influences on regional supraspinatus and infraspinatus activation in isometric arm elevation efforts.

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of arm posture on activation of the anterior and posterior regions of supraspinatus and the superior and middle regions of infraspinatus during resisted isometric arm elevations. Thirty-one healthy participants performed 18 isometric resistance exertions against a force cube in three elevation planes (flexion, scaption, abduction) and three elevation angles (30°, 90°, 150°) in maximal and sub-maximal resistance conditions. EMG data were obtained using four pairs of...

Contraction mode and intensity effects on elbow antagonist muscle co-activation.

Agonist muscle contraction mode and intensity effects on antagonist co-activation was examined between men and women.

Do wearable sensors add meaningful information to the Timed Up and Go test? A study on obese women.

The purpose of this study was to validate Time Up and Go test (TUG) as measured by a single Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) placed on the lower back to that measured by a stopwatch in obese and normal weight women; in addition, the comparison of the performance of TUG test between obese and healthy women using the instrumented TUG (iTUG). Forty-four severely obese women and 14 age-matched healthy women were assessed simultaneously by IMU and stopwatch. The comparison between manual and instrumented assessme...

Comparing functional dynamic normalization methods to maximal voluntary isometric contractions for lower limb EMG from walking, cycling and running.

There is no consensus on the most appropriate method for normalizing an individual's electromyography (EMG) signals from walking, cycling and running in the same data collection. The aim of this study was to compare how the magnitude and repeatability of normalization values differ from three normalization methods and to compare their scaling effect in three moderate intensity activities. Three rounds of maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs), sprint cycling and sprint running were performed to ob...

Deficits in rate of torque development are accompanied by activation failure in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Aim of this study was to investigate if knee extensor maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque and rate of torque development (RTD) deficits are accompanied by neuromuscular activation failure in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Nineteen patients with unilateral KOA completed gradual MVCs, from which MVC torque, voluntary activation and maximal EMG activity were recorded, and explosive MVCs, from which RTD and rate of EMG rise were recorded. For gradual MVCs, MVC torque (-28%), voluntary activatio...

Neuromuscular activation of the knee and hip extensor muscles during high-intensity interval and moderate-intensity constant cycling.

We aimed to test the hypothesis that the magnitude of differences in muscle activation of the knee and hip extensor muscles between high-intensity interval exercise (HIE) and moderate-intensity constant exercise (CE) would be greater for the gluteus maximus than for the quadriceps femoris muscle. Participants were 11 male middle- or long-distance runners. The HIE (4 sets, 4-min induration, performed at 80-85%VO and followed by a 3-min period of cycling at

Systematic differences of gluteal muscle activation during overground and treadmill walking in healthy older adults.

Guteal muscle activation during walkway and treadmill walking was compared by means of Surface EMG (SEMG). Healthy older adults (50-75 years, n = 54; 29 females, 25 males) walked on a walkway (WW) at their self-selected slow, normal, and fast walking speeds and on a treadmill (TM) at 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 km/h. Subject-individual, best-matched speed pairs were constituted and named SLOW, NORMAL, and FAST. Hip muscle activation was measured on both sides at mid-distance between the greater trochanter and...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement