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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of environmental management RSS

13:58 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,200+ from Journal of environmental management

CO-enhanced oil recovery and CO capture and storage: An environmental economic trade-off analysis.

CO enhanced oil recovery can play a significant role in stimulating carbon capture and storage because of additional oil revenues generated. However, it also leads to additional greenhouse gas emissions. We estimate the global warming potential of different CO capture scenarios with and without enhanced oil recovery. During a 10 year period in which oil and electricity are produced without CO being captured, the global warming potential is 11 MtCO equivalents. We show that if CO is captured and used for 15 ...

Pre-treatment of a sugarcane bagasse-based substrate prior to saccharification: Effect of coffee pulp and urea on laccase and cellulase activities of Pycnoporus sanguineus.

Production of second-generation bioethanol uses lignocellulose from agricultural by-products such as sugarcane bagasse (SCB). A lignocellulose pre-treatment is required to degrade lignin, ensuring further efficient saccharification. Two experimental designs were set up to define culture conditions of Pycnoporus sanguineus in mesocosms to increase laccase activities and thus delignification. The first experimental design tested the effect of phenolic complementation (via coffee pulp) and the use of urea as a...

Renewable energy-driven desalination opportunities - A case study.

Renewable energy assisted water desalination technologies are currently becoming attractive as a solution for the water scarcity crisis. Global growth, sustainable development of technologies, and other critical areas are all significantly impacted by water access. Higher living standards and population growth along with industrial developments have resulted in an increased rate of water consumption. Furthermore, more countries are experiencing severe droughts while their drinkable water resources are being...

Optimized synthesis of carbon-doped nano-MgO and its performance study in catalyzed ozonation of humic acid in aqueous solutions: Modeling based on response surface methodology.

This research study focused on the optimization of the synthesis of carbon-doped nano-MgO (C-MgO) and the investigation of its catalytic capacity in a catalytic ozonation process (COP) for the removal of humic acid (HA). Characterization analyses, including SEM, EDX, XRD, BET, and photoluminescence test showed that the C-MgO was successfully synthesized. L8 orthogonal arrays according to the Taguchi methodology optimized the synthesis of the C-MgO as follows: sucrose to MgO ratio = 0.5, sonication time...

A comprehensive optimum integrated water resources management approach for multidisciplinary water resources management problems.

A holistic Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) model can be difficult to implement and the associated high-dimension optimization problems' complexity often forces the decision makers to downscale such problems. These challenges however have motivated this research to develop a comprehensive Optimum IWRM approach (OP-IWRM) using a many-objective optimization algorithm to solve complex and large-scale problems. The approach employs the social, economic, and environmental objectives; ground and surfa...

Novel rare earth (RE-La, Er, Sm) metal doped ZnO photocatalysts for degradation of Congo-Red dye: Synthesis, characterization and kinetic studies.

Synthesis and characterization of novel ZnO:RE nanostructured materials doped with 1% rare-earth elements (RE = La, Er, Sm) and their testing for photocatalytic applications were reported. The materials were obtained via electrospining, followed by calcination at 700 C. The samples were characterized in terms of surface morphology (SEM, TEM), crystalline structure (XRD) and band gap energies. TEM results showed the formation of a unidimensional structure (ZnO) with an average fiber diameter of 600 n...

Comparative effects of oxygenates-gasoline blended fuels on the exhaust emissions in gasoline-powered vehicles.

This study aimed to investigate the comparative effects of oxygenates such as ethanol (EA), methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), and ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) by fixing the oxygen contents as 0.82 wt% 1.65 wt%, and 2.74 wt% of the fuels on the regulated (CO, NMHC and NO) and unregulated (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and BTEX) exhaust emissions in gasoline-powered vehicles. The most widely used type of vehicles (light-duty, medium-duty, heavy-duty) in Korea were tested on a chassis dynamometer und...

Strategies for thermal comfort in university buildings - The case of the faculty of architecture at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil.

Buildings constructed according to bioclimatic architectural principles in amenable climates have often experienced posterior interventions that have closed ventilation openings for the installation of air conditioning units. The present work sought to investigate the reasons for installing air conditioning equipment in buildings even under adverse economic conditions and with the awareness of their negative environmental implications. The Faculty of Architecture building at the Federal University of Bahia,...

Pollution status and bioremediation of chlorpyrifos in environmental matrices by the application of bacterial communities: A review.

Pesticides currently play a significant role in enhancing agricultural production and offer economic assistance to our farmers. However, their indiscriminate and injudicious application has caused environmental problems and public health concerns. Chlorpyrifos, a pesticide of organophosphate category is used globally as an insecticide, acaricide, and termiticide in households, public health, and agriculture against pests of a wide range. The extensive application of chlorpyrifos has caused contamination of ...

Gasification treatment of poplar biomass produced in a contaminated area restored using plant assisted bioremediation.

Remediation of polluted soils using phytoremediation techniques is an effective strategy. However, the use of the biomass from these soils for energy purposes may raise efficiency and pollution emission problems and there is currently little research on this issue. In this work, the main results of a fluidized-bed gasification treatment conducted on poplar biomass pruning residues from a multi-contaminated area are presented. The samples were collected from an experimental site in which a plant-assisted bio...

Effect of pH on phosphorus (P) dissolution and recovery from polyaluminum chlorides (PAC) sludge.

Phosphorus (P) dissolution from polyaluminum chlorides (PAC) sludge was investigated for sustainable P recovery. P dissolution followed 1st order kinetics with the rate constants of 3.8 × 10, 0.8 × 10, 1.3 × 10 and 1.9 × 10 min at pH 1, 2.5, 10.5 and 12, respectively. Strong acidic and alkaline conditions dissolved about 82 (pH 1) and 88% (pH 12) of the total P by adding 0.214 g HCl and 0.357 g NaOH per gram P dissolved, respectively. Chemical P fractionation showed that more tha...

Water quality modelling under unsteady state analysis: Strategies for planning and management.

Recent water resources planning and management strategies state that the concepts of risk and variable inputs should be appraised in order to comply with multiple conditions. This becomes evident especially in environments with diverse uses of water, land use and climate change. In such a context, modelling of discharges and concentrations in rivers are valuable strategies to predict different scenarios. This research proposes an integrated analysis for modelling of flow and contaminant transport in rivers,...

Evaluation of foam-glass media in a high-rate filtration process for the removal of particulate matter containing phosphorus in municipal wastewater.

Foam-glass as an effective filter media in a high-rate filtration process was evaluated for the removal of particulate matter containing phosphorus in municipal wastewater. The foam-glass with a low sphericity exhibited a higher porosity (60.2%) and a lower apparent specific gravity (0.50 g/cm) compared with a conventional sand media (35.1% and 1.19 g/cm). In particular, the high porosity of the foam-glass increased its surface area for capturing particles with coagulation, leading to a significantly de...

Effect of basic oxygen furnace slag addition on enhanced alkaline sludge fermentation and simultaneous phosphate removal.

This study presents a promising approach that enhances the sludge fermentation by using basic oxygen furnace (BOF) slag as an alkaline source for the first time. BOF slag added to the reactors could maintain a stable alkaline condition due to continuous release of Ca(OH) from slag. The reactor pH could be adjusted to a target value by the choice of the BOF slag dose. Concentrations of soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD) and short-chain carboxylates (SCCs) were substantially increased in the presence of BO...

Waste to watt: Anaerobic digestion of wastewater irrigated biomass for energy and fertiliser production.

This study aimed to investigate the potential of energy crops for biomethane production by examining the influence of abattoir and municipal wastewater irrigation on biomass production and the Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP). The experiments covered seven energy crops including sugar beet, alfalfa, maize, giant reed, napier grass, sunflower and canola. The biomass was harvested at three months of planting and BMP of each energy crops was assessed using anaerobic digestion. Giant reed yielded the highest...

Economy-wide effects of a sustainable pathway in the pig sector: A case study in Aragon (Spain).

Computable General Equilibrium models are widely used in the literature to analyse the global effects of certain events with economic repercussions. The intensity of these events is usually justified, although somewhat vaguely. Based on the implementation of new technologies to certain production processes, we analyse the economic impacts of a replacement in the energy supply, from classical to renewable sources. In particular, this work focuses on the pig sector, due to its relatively high off-grid energy ...

Production of an effective catalyst with increased oxygen vacancies from manganese slag for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide.

Manganese slag is a solid waste produced by the steel industry and usually lacks a proper recycling. In this paper, the manganese slag was used to synthesize a catalyst via microwave assistant method and applied in selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide. As a result, the catalyst exhibited an excellent low-temperature activity. It removed 78.31% of nitric oxide at 100 °C, 44.44% higher than that of a slag-derived catalyst synthesized by ammonia impregnation, and 63.18% higher than that of a commer...

Application of seasonal freeze-thaw to pretreat raw material for accelerating green waste composting.

The recalcitrance of green waste, caused by its high lignocellulose content, is a technical challenge for accelerating green waste composting. However, because lignocellulose degradation in litter (similar to green waste) can be promoted during the freeze-thaw season, and the composting is difficult to implement in this period (due to the low temperature); seasonal freeze-thaw was intended to be used as a pretreatment strategy for the existing technical challenge in the winter of cold regions. In this proce...

Application of denitrifying bioreactors for the removal of atrazine in agricultural drainage water.

Atrazine and nitrate NO-N are two agricultural pollutants that occur widely in surface and groundwater. One of the pathways by which these pollutants reach surface water is through subsurface drainage tile lines. Edge-of-field anaerobic denitrifying bioreactors apply organic substrates such as woodchips to stimulate the removal of NO-N from the subsurface tile waters through denitrification. Here we investigated the co-removal of NO-N and atrazine by these bioreactors. Laboratory experiments were conducted ...

Lessons learned from using a decision-support tool for precision placement of conservation practices in six agricultural watersheds in the US midwest.

While conservation of natural resources on agricultural landscapes has been a priority for public agencies for more than 80 years, the ability of conservation planners to place conservation practices for enhanced environmental benefits remains elusive. To increase both adoption of conservation practices and efficient use of conservation funding, conservation planners are turning to decision support tools (DSTs), such as the Agricultural Conservation Planning Framework (ACPF). However, less is known about ho...

Thermophilic composting of hydrocarbon residue with sewage sludge and fish sludge as cosubstrates: Microbial changes and TPH reduction.

The hydrocarbon residue in petroleum product storage tanks is waste generated in large quantities that must be properly managed to reduce its risk to the environment. By comparing the effect of two organic cosubstrates, the aim of our research is to determine the feasibility of composting as a bioremediation method for the treatment of the solid phase of the hydrocarbon residue. For this purpose, four treatments of the pollutant waste were established in triplicate: waste only; waste with bulking agent (1:2...

Value chain mapping of the water and sewage treatment to contribute to sustainability.

Inaccessible hygiene water sources and sanitation are one of the sustainability issues that need to be solved. An attempt to solve this problem is to change the conventional system used in the water supply and sewage treatment to sustainable water and waste management. To transform the system, companies initially need to map their business value chain. However, this process is often not receiving a full attention by the organisation. In an academic perspective, there are limited studies that map the value c...

On the accuracy of crop production and water requirement calculations: Process-based crop modeling at daily, semi-weekly, and weekly time steps for integrated assessments.

Integrated models are crucial for evaluation of the complex interactions and trade-offs among policy choices and socioeconomic, technical, and environmental processes. The use of process-based crop models as components of integrated models offers the possibility of significantly improving such analyses; however, challenges exist in terms of simulation scales and degree of integration. Therefore, this study evaluates the applicability of coarser-than-daily simulation time steps to simulate long-term crop yie...

Adsorption of Congo red dye on FeCoO nanoparticles.

The advanced treatment of industrial wastewater often calls upon the use of highly-efficient treatment methods to remove hazardous pollutants prior to the effluent discharge. Adsorption can be used towards removing micro-pollutants. Congo Red dye is widely used in the paper and textile industry, and residual quantities are present in the process effluents. Adsorbing metal oxide nanoparticles have abundant pores of appropriate size, a large specific surface area, and can efficiently remove organic pollutants...

Giving waterbodies the treatment they need: A critical review of the application of constructed floating wetlands.

Water quality is declining worldwide and an increasing number of waterbodies lose their ecological function due to human population growth and climate change. Constructed floating wetlands (CFWs) are a promising ecological engineering tool for restoring waterbodies. The functionality of CFWs has been studied in-situ, in mesocosms and in the laboratory, but a systematic review of the success of in situ applications to improve ecosystem health is missing to date. This review summarises the pollutant dynamics ...


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