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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of food science RSS

01:23 EDT 24th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 660 from Journal of food science

Infrared Research and Development Improve Food Healthfulness, Quality, and Safety While Saving Energy and Water in Food Processing.

Corrigendum.

Industrial Applications of Selected JFS Articles.

Working to Improve Scientific Integrity.

A Review of Hot Beverage Temperatures-Satisfying Consumer Preference and Safety.

Hot beverages are served ubiquitously in the food-service industry as well as at residences and other venues. Coffee and tea beverages, in particular, are brewed at temperatures that are sufficiently high to cause immediate and serious risk for scald injuries. On the other hand, numerous research studies have been performed to identify the preferred consumption temperatures for hot beverages. The outcome of these mutually reinforcing studies is that the preferred drinking temperatures are significantly belo...

The Concept of Microwave Foam Drying Under Vacuum: A Gentle Preservation Method for Sensitive Biological Material.

Microwave vacuum drying as compared to conventional vacuum drying has evinced advantages regarding drying time, while comparable product characteristics were achieved when drying sensitive biological material. Due to the volumetric microwave input, a time reduction of up to 90% is possible. When drying viscous liquids, a foamed structure that remains stable during drying exhibits further advantages as the diffusion-limited third drying step is enhanced by the porous structure. As foams not only have to be t...

Optimization of Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction (HS-SPME) Parameters for the Analysis of Pyrazines in Yeast Extract via Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS).

Yeast extract was analyzed through headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) in combination with (GC-MS) for its pyrazine compounds. Four different types of SPME fibers with various polarities were selected for preoptimization. The three coated fiber 50/30 µm DVB/CAR/PDMS showed the maximum volatile extraction efficiency and was selected for further analysis. Twenty-eight volatile compounds were tentatively identified through GC-MS including eight pyrazines and were categorically characterized as maj...

Combining Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum) Puree, Pectin, and Chitosan Nanoparticles into Novel Edible Films for Food Packaging Applications.

Every year, the residues generated by the disposal of packaging materials produced from fossil fuels have been growing, denoting a major environmental problem that can be mitigated by the development of biodegradable materials from natural polymers, particularly edible films. This work aimed at the development of pectin films added by cupuassu puree and chitosan nanoparticles and to evaluate the improvement of the physical-mechanical performance of the composite films. The nanostructures displayed an averag...

Effect of Basket Geometry on the Sensory Quality and Consumer Acceptance of Drip Brewed Coffee.

In this work, discrimination tests, descriptive analysis, consumer tests, and total dissolved solids (TDS) were used to evaluate the effects of brew basket geometry on the sensory quality and consumer acceptance of drip brewed coffee. Two basic geometries, semi-conical and flat-bottom, were evaluated in conjunction with coffee roast and particle size. Initial discrimination tests showed that small differences in median particle size were not discernable, but that coffees brewed using either semi-conical or ...

Effect of Accelerated Storage on Fatty Acids, Thermal Properties and Bioactive Compounds of Kenaf Seed Oil.

The effects of thermal oxidation at 65 °C for 24 days on oxidation indices, fatty acid positional distribution, thermal properties, vitamin E composition and sterol composition of kenaf seed oil are investigated. The results showed that total oxidation value (TOTOX) of the oil increased from initial 8.83 to 130.74 at the end of 24 days storage. Linoleic acid at sn-1, 3 positon of kenaf seed oil was less stable than the one at sn-2 positon. Oxidative degradation changed the melting profile of kenaf seed oil...

The Comparison of Structural, Physicochemical, and Digestibility Properties of Repeatedly and Continuously Annealed Sweet Potato Starch.

In order to investigate the varied effects of repeated annealing treatment (RANN) and continuous annealing treatment (CANN) on the structural, physicochemical, and digestibility properties of the sweet potato. The 75% starch-water suspensions were prepared and incubated at 65 °C for 8 cycles and 96 hr. The results exhibited that RANN and CANN did not influence the starch granules and polarization cross obviously. The crystal type of RANN and CANN starches still maintained A-type, while the relative crystal...

Stabilization of Black Rice (Oryza Sativa, L. Indica) Anthocyanins Using Plant Extracts for Copigmentation and Maltodextrin for Encapsulation.

Black rice (Oryza sativa L. indica) is one of the cereal commodities considered to be a source of anthocyanin. One of the obstacles of using anthocyanins as natural food colorants is their low stability. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of natural plants extracts on anthocyanin copigmentation and to study the stability of the encapsulated copigmented anthocyanin during storage under different temperatures and light exposure. Dried bilimbi leaves (BL) and sow thistle leaves (STL) were ...

Heavy Metal Residues in Some Fishes from Manzala Lake, Egypt, and Their Health-Risk Assessment.

A total of 600 freshly caught fish samples (200 each of Nile tilapia, flathead grey mullet, and African catfish) were collected from Manzala Lake, Egypt, and analyzed for determination of heavy metal residues using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Metal concentrations (µg/g wet weight) were detected in all examined samples in quantities of 0.045, 0.0145, and 0.017 µg/g for Hg; 0.511, 0.621, and 0.568 µg/g for As; 0.704, 0.635, and 0.64 µg/g for Pb; and 0.024, 0.006, and 0.020 µg/g for Cd in Nile...

Development of New Multilayer Active Packaging Films with Controlled Release Property Based on Polypropylene/Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)/Polypropylene Incorporated with Tea Polyphenols.

The polypropylene/poly(vinyl alcohol)/polypropylene (PP/PVA/PP) multilayer active films with controlled release property were developed, of which the intermediate PVA layer was incorporated with 4% (w/w) tea polyphenols (TP) and the microporous PP films with different pore size were used as the internal controlled release layer. The SEM results showed that each layer of these films was agglutinated tightly. With increasing pore size from 171.05 to 684.03 µm, there were little effect on the films' color an...

Comparison of Furans Formation and Volatile Aldehydes Profiles of Four Different Vegetable Oils During Thermal Oxidation.

The evolution of volatile aldehydes and the conversion of oxygenated ityβ-unsaturated aldehydes (OαβUAs) into furans were compared in four vegetable oils (soybean oil, olive oil [OVO], peanut oil [PO], and perilla oil [PAO]) thermally oxidized at temperatures of 150, 180, and 210 °C for 10 hr/day over a 3-day period. Results showed that 2 alkyl furans and 23 volatile aldehydes including 4 toxic OdβUAs were detected by GC-MS. The original fatty acid compositions of the oils played a key role in the typ...

Tissue-Specific Distribution of Sphingomyelin Species in Pork Chop Revealed by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Imaging Mass Spectrometry.

Sphingomyelin (SM) species are major sphingolipids in pork meat that affect quality parameters, such as health benefits due to their protective properties against chronic diseases; however, their spatial distribution remains unclear. We used matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) to investigate the distribution and composition of SM species in pork chop consisting of longissimus thoracis et lumborum muscle (loin), intermuscular fat tissue, transparent tissue, and...

Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria-Fermented Soymilk on Isoflavone Metabolites and Short-Chain Fatty Acids Excretion and Their Modulating Effects on Gut Microbiota.

Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain ASCC 1520 with high soy isoflavone transformation ability was used to ferment soymilk and added to the diet of mice. The impact of L. rhamnosus fermentation on soy isoflavone metabolites and intestinal bacterial community, in conjunction with fecal enzyme activity and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) excretion was evaluated. Antibiotics intervention resulted in a decrease in fecal enzyme activities and SCFA. Although long-term intake of soymilk or L. rhamnosus-fermented soymilk ...

Phenolic Composition, Radical Scavenging Activity and an Approach for Authentication of Aronia melanocarpa Berries, Juice, and Pomace.

Aronia melanocarpa is a rich source of phenolic compounds like anthocyanins, chlorogenic acids, quercetin derivatives, and proanthocyanidins possessing strong antioxidative potential. The consumption of A. melanocarpa is actually increasing because of the known bioactivity of its phenolic constituents. A. melanocarpa extracts are used as natural colorants and nutraceuticals. Several attempts of adulteration of aronia products have already been reported. In this study, we investigated changes in phenolic com...

Tanner Awards for the Most-Cited Articles of 2017.

Lignin-Based Biopolymeric Active Packaging System for Oil Products.

Antioxidant activity of enzymatically modified soybean protein film with two different forms of added lignin (alkali lignin and lignosulfonate) was investigated using two stimulated food systems involving direct and indirect contact with soybean oil and fish fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE). For the direct system, control and lignin-doped films were added to oil vials which were stored at dark under 40 °C whereas for indirect, films were used to cover oil-containing glass vials stored under standard commercia...

An Enhanced Stability Nanoparticle Preparation by Corn Protein Hydrolysate-Carboxymethyl Chitosan Maillard Conjugates Loaded with Rutin.

Rutin-loaded corn protein hydrolysate-carboxymethyl chitosan (CPH-NOCC) Maillard conjugate nanoparticles (NPs) with superior stability under different NaCl concentrations (0-0.25 mol/L) and pH levels (7.0 to 3.0) were investigated. Results showed that the degree of glycosylation of 53.3%, browning index of 0.6, and SDS-PAGE lane of CPH-NOCC conjugates were obtained after dry heating for 48 hr (60 °C, 79% RH). The high encapsulation efficiency (EE, 97.8%-98.8%) and CPH-NOCC-rutin (98.8%) was significantly h...

Inclusion Complex of Exocarpium Citri Grandis Essential Oil with β-Cyclodextrin: Characterization, Stability, and Antioxidant Activity.

The purpose of this study was to produce and characterize an inclusion complex between β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and Exocarpium Citri Grandis essential oil (EEO), and to evaluate its antioxidant properties. The volatile compounds of EEO were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer. A comparison of the β-CD, EEO, and the physical mixture with the inclusion complex revealed differences in their thermal stabilities and morphologies, which confirmed the formation of the β-CD-EEO inclusion complex....

Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities of Cyanidin-3-O-Glucoside (C3G) Liposome in Caco-2 Cells Cultivated in 2D and 3D Cell Culture Models.

The aim of this study was to obtain adequate and detailed information about the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of C3G and C3G liposomes in different cell culture models. The Caco-2 cells were cultured in 2D and 3D cell culture models, the H O was used to construct the cell damage model and then the cells treated with C3G and C3G liposomes. The antioxidant activity and antiproliferative activities of C3G liposomes on Caco-2 cells were investigated. We observed the morphology of cells and measur...

Profile of Phenolic Compounds Released from Rice Bran by Rhizopus oryzae and Trichoderma reesei: Their Relation with Hydrolases Activity.

Evolution of Rhizopus oryzae and Trichoderma reesei biomass in rice bran, their enzyme activity, and the profile of phenolic compounds released from the lignocellulosic matrices were determined and correlated by principal component analysis (PCA). PCA analysis confirms that cultivation of rice bran affected the release of methanol-soluble phenolic compounds (MSPC), ethanol-soluble phenolic compounds (ESPC), and bound phenolic compounds (BPC) positively, due to their enzymatic activity. The release of MSPC w...

A Mixture of Functional Complex Extracts from Lycium barbarum and Grape Seed Enhances Immunity Synergistically In Vitro and In Vivo.

A mixture of multiple ingredients is often more effective than the individual ingredients. The functions of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) glycoconjugate and grape seed procyanidins (GSP) are widely known. Here, we investigated the synergistic immune-enhancing activity of LBP and GSP. Atomic force microscopy results suggested that the mixture of LBP and GSP exhibited circular structure unlike LBP alone, and the addition of polyphenols may change the spatial conformation of the sugar chain. The changes...


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