PubMed Journal Database | Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry RSS

06:28 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 138 from Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry

Immune-mediated conditions affecting the brain, eye and ear (BEE syndromes).

The triad of central nervous system symptoms, visual disturbance and hearing impairment is an oft-encountered clinical scenario. A number of immune-mediated diseases should be considered among the differential diagnoses including: Susac syndrome, Cogan syndrome or Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease; demyelinating conditions such as multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder; systemic diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome or Behcet disease and granulomatous diseases suc...

Cannabis use is both independently associated with and mediates worse psychosocial health in patients with epilepsy.

To examine whether cannabis use is associated with or mediates psychosocial health in people with epilepsy.

Understanding foreign accent syndrome.

Foreign accent syndrome (FAS) is widely understood as an unusual consequence of structural neurological damage, but may sometimes represent a functional neurological disorder. This observational study aimed to assess the prevalence and utility of positive features of functional FAS in a large group of individuals reporting FAS.

The long-term outcome of impulsive compulsive behaviours in Parkinson's disease.

Non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation is beneficial in chronic paroxysmal hemicrania.

Suicide in Parkinson's disease.

Persons with Parkinson's disease (PwP) have many known risk factors for suicide and suicidal ideation (SI). Despite this, there is limited understanding of suicidality in this population. We conducted a systematic review to synthesise the available literature on suicidality in PwP and highlight areas for potential intervention and further research. We identified 116 articles discussing SI, suicidal behaviours, suicide attempts and/or fatal suicide in PwP. These articles describe prevalence, suicide methods,...

Functional, cognitive and physical outcomes 3 years after minor lacunar or cortical ischaemic stroke.

Many studies examining stroke outcomes focus on more severe strokes or have short follow-up periods, so the long-term outcomes post-minor ischaemic stroke are unclear.

SMART-CPT for veterans with comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder and history of traumatic brain injury: a randomised controlled trial.

To better concurrently address emotional and neuropsychological symptoms common in veterans with comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), we integrated components of compensatory cognitive training from the Cognitive Symptom Management and Rehabilitation Therapy (CogSMART) programme into cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD to create a hybrid treatment, SMART-CPT (CogSMART+CPT). This study compared the efficacy of standard CPT with SMART-CPT for trea...

Yield of peripheral sodium channels gene screening in pure small fibre neuropathy.

Neuropathic pain is common in peripheral neuropathy. Recent genetic studies have linked pathogenic voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) variants to human pain disorders. Our aims are to determine the frequency of , and variants in patients with pure small fibre neuropathy (SFN), analyse their clinical features and provide a rationale for genetic screening.

Disruption of periaqueductal grey-default mode network functional connectivity predicts persistent post-traumatic headache in mild traumatic brain injury.

Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is one of the most frequent and persistent physical symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and develop in more than 50% of this population. This study aimed to investigate the periaqueductal grey (PAG)-seeded functional connectivity (FC) in patients with mTBI with acute post-traumatic headache (APTH) and further examine whether the FC can be used as a neural biomarker to identify patients developing chronic pain 3 months postinjury.

Risk of intracerebral haemorrhage in Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation on warfarin with cerebral microbleeds: the IPAAC-Warfarin study.

Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), which predict future intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), may guide anticoagulant decisions for atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to evaluate the risk of warfarin-associated ICH in Chinese patients with AF with CMBs.

Anticholinergic drug use and cognitive performances in middle age: findings from the CONSTANCES cohort.

Previous studies have shown associations between the use of anticholinergics (AC) and cognitive performance in the elderly, considering AC as a homogeneous set of drugs. The present study aims to assess the relationship between exposure to AC drugs and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults according to AC potency and drug class.

Patient with ALS with a novel TBK1 mutation, widespread brain involvement, behaviour changes and metabolic dysfunction.

X linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and multiple sclerosis: emerging evidence for an association.

X linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is a hereditary neuropathy caused by mutations in coding for connexin-32, a gap junction protein expressed in Schwann cells, but also found in oligodendrocytes. Four patients with CMTX developing central nervous system (CNS) demyelination compatible with multiple sclerosis (MS) have been individually published. We presently sought to systematically investigate the relationship between CMTX and MS.

Non-motor features of Parkinson's disease in a nested case-control study of US men.

Several non-motor features may individually contribute to identify prodromal Parkinson's disease (PD), but little is known on how they interact.

Cognitive and behavioural changes in PLS and PMA:challenging the concept of restricted phenotypes.

Cognitive and behavioural changes within the spectrum of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are observed frequently in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Whether these changes also occur in other forms of motor neuron disease (MND) is not well studied. We therefore systemically screened a large cohort of patients with primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) and progressive muscular atrophy (PMA) for cognitive and behavioural changes, and subsequently compared our findings with a cohort of patients with A...

Small spiral, big mass.

Association between alcohol exposure and the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in the Euro-MOTOR study.

Several studies focused on the association between alcohol consumption and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), although with inconsistent findings. Antioxidants may play a role since lyophilised red wine was found to prolong SOD1 mice lifespan. The aim of this international population-based case-control study performed in Ireland, The Netherlands and Italy was to assess the role of alcohol, and red wine in particular, in developing ALS.

Early use of donepezil against psychosis and cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease: a randomised controlled trial for 2 years.

Brain acetylcholine is decreased even in patients with cognitively preserved Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated whether early and long-term use of donepezil prevents psychosis in non-demented PD patients.

In utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs is associated with learning disabilities among offspring.

In utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs has previously been associated with adverse outcome among offspring, but evidence on longer term milestone development remains limited. We investigated the association between in utero exposure to antiepileptic drugs and learning disabilities in the first year of compulsory education among offspring and assessed which antiepileptic drugs carried the highest risk.

Age at onset of genetic (E200K) and sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases is modulated by the gene.

The Glu to Lys change at codon 200 (E200K) of the gene is the most frequent mutation associated to genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and the only one responsible for geographical clusters. Patients carrying this mutation develop disease at different ages and show variable clinical phenotypes that are not affected by the methione/valine polymorphism at codon 129 of the gene suggesting the influence of other factors. The objective of this study is to look for genes other than that might be responsibl...

Glial fibrillary acidic protein IgG related myelitis: characterisation and comparison with aquaporin-4-IgG myelitis.

Intravenous thrombolysis in stroke after dabigatran reversal with idarucizumab: case series and systematic review.

The Movement disorder associated with NMDAR antibody-encephalitis is complex and characteristic: an expert video-rating study.

Late functional improvement after lacunar stroke: a population-based study.

Recovery in function after stroke involves neuroplasticity and adaptation to impairments. Few studies have examined differences in late functional improvement beyond 3 months among stroke subtypes, although interventions for late restorative therapies are often studied in lacunar stroke. Therefore, we compared rates of functional improvement beyond 3 months in patients with lacunar versus non-lacunar strokes.

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