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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis RSS

15:01 EST 13th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,300+ from Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

Pharmacokinetic study of sirolimus ophthalmic formulations by consecutive sampling and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Sirolimus is regarded as one of the most effective immunosuppressants receiving extensive attention over the years, for which the ocular application needs further development in clinical keratoplasty. In order to study the transcorneal absorption effect of ophthalmic administration, there was a need to study the pharmacokinetics of drugs in aqueous humor. In this work, a validated and reliable HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method was established to study the pharmacokinetics of sirolimus nanoformulations in rabbit aqueous...

Chemical profiles and quality evaluation of Buddleja officinalis flowers by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS.

The dried flowers and inflorescences of Buddleja officinalis Maxim are used as traditional medicines in China, and aqueous extracts of the flowers have also been used since ancient times as a yellow rice colorant at local festivals. In this study, HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to determine the overall chemical composition of this medicine-food plant. A total of 54 compounds, including 23 flavonoids, 19 phenylethanoid glycosides, 7 alkaloids and 5 other compounds, were detected in the methanol extracts of the he...

Quantification of 2-aminoisobutyric acid impurity in enzalutamide bulk drug substance using hydrophilic interaction chromatography with fluorescence detection.

A rapid procedure for the determination of 2-aminoisobutyric acid in enzalutamide bulk drug substance based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography with fluorescence detection was developed. Fluorescence detection after postcolumn derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde/2-mercaptoethanol was carried out at excitation and emission wavelength of 345 nm and 450 nm, respectively. The postcolumn reaction conditions such as reaction temperature, mobile phase and derivatization reagent flow rate and the reage...

Ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with principal component and cluster analysis of Swertia chirayita for adulteration check.

This article describes the study to standardize phytochemically and distinguish Swertia chirayita from that of possible substitution/adulteration using ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with photodiode array detector (PDA) and chemometric tools viz. principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA). Five ecotypes of Swertia chirayita and five possible substitutions, e.g.,Swertia bimaculata (SB), Swertia chordata (SCH), Swertia ciliata (SCL), Swertia paniculata (SP), ...

Succinic acid enhanced quantitative determination of blood modified nucleosides in the development of diabetic nephropathy based on hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry.

The epigenetic modification of DNA or RNA may have relationship with the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). We designed to develop a liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) coupled with mobile phase additive sensitization method for the analysis of the dissociative epigenetic modified nucleosides in serum of patients from different periods of DN with the health comparison. Serum samples were collected from 43 healthy volunteers and 156 patients, which divided into four groups. A succinic acid...

Preliminary pharmacokinetic study of the anticancer 6BIO in mice using an UHPLC-MS/MS approach.

Indirubins represent a group of natural and synthetic products with bio-activities against numerous human cancer cell lines acting by inhibiting protein kinases. The natural sources of indirubins are plants of Isatis sp., Indigofera sp., and Polygonum sp., recombinant bacteria, mammalian urine and some marine mollusks. Specifically, the halogenated derivative 6-bromo indirubin-3'-oxime (6BIO) possesses increased selectivity against GSK-3. However, to our knowledge, no analytical method to determine 6BIO in ...

In vitroand in vivo investigation of metabolic fate of riociguat by HPLC-Q-TOF/MS/MS and in silico evaluation of the metabolites by ADMET predictor.

Riociguat, a guanyl cyclase inhibitor, is one of its kind drug regimen approved for management of pulmonary arterial hypertension and chronic thromboembolism pulmonary hypertension. Extensive literature review indicates lack of comprehensive reports on its metabolic fate. The present study reports the in vivo and in vitro identification and characterization of metabolites of riociguat, using high-performance liquid chromatography-quadruple time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. In vitro studies were condu...

Concept of sample-specific correction of immunoassay results for precise and accurate IgG quantification in horse plasma.

The hyperimmune horse plasma (HHP), prepared through active immunisation of horses with an antigen of interest, is the most common starting material for antitoxin (animal antibody-based therapeutics) production. Precise IgG quantification in plasma is a prerequisite for accurate estimation of the purification process efficiency. Although immunoglobulins from HHP have been purified for over a century, there is still no in vitro method for precise and accurate determination of IgG content in HHP. For this rea...

Analysis of bupivacaine enantiomers in plasma as total and unbound concentrations using LC-MS/MS: Application in a pharmacokinetic study of a parturient with placental transfer.

Bupivacaine, a drug used in obstetric anesthesia and analgesia, is commercially available as a racemic mixture of the R-bupivacaine and S-bupivacaine enantiomers, which show differences in pharmacokinetics, efficacy and toxicity. Changes in bupivacaine plasma protein binding is of clinical relevance considering its high protein binding (approximately 95%) and its classification as an intermediate hepatic extraction ratio drug (E = 0.38). Furthermore, the plasma protein binding of bupivacaine is also of ...

Rapid identification of urokinase plasminogen activator inhibitors from Traditional Chinese Medicines based on ultrafiltration, LC-MS and in silico docking.

The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is regarded as the crucial trigger for plasmin generation, which is involved in several diseases especially for neoplasm metastasis. In this study, an efficient approach integrating ultrafiltration, LC/MS, bioassay and in silico docking, was proposed for rapidly detecting uPA ligands from Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs). Forty-two TCMs were initially assessed, and as illustrative case studies, Galla Chinensis and Sanguisorbae Radix, which appeared significant i...

Non-invasive quantification of malondialdehyde biomarker in human exhaled breath condensate using self-assembled organic-inorganic nanohybrid: A new platform for early diagnosis of lung disease.

A novel electrochemical sensor was developed towards recognition of malondialdehyde (MDA) with modifying the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by self-assembled riboflavin-taurine (RFPT) as organic substrate and silver nanoparticle (Ag NPs) as inorganic nano-catalyst. Therefore, a novel biocompatible and anti-bacterial substrate were prepared for the construction of electrode. In proposed sensor, the RF-PT polymer film led to the emergence of electroactive and suitable substrate for the immobilization of Ag NPs...

Simultaneous LC-MS/MS analysis of simvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin and their active metabolites for plasma samples of obese patients underwent gastric bypass surgery.

Statins, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, are considered the first line treatment of hyperlipidemia to reduce the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of hyperlipidemia and the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are higher in obese patients. Published methods for the quantification of statins and their active metabolites did not test for matrix effect of or validate the method in hyperlipidemic plasma. A sensitive, specific, accurate, and reliable LC-MS/MS method for the...

Development and validation of a sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the estimation of scopolamine in human serum.

Scopolamine is an anticholinergic alkaloid that is widely used in the form of a transdermal system to manage nausea associated with motion sickness. Currently available methods to quantify scopolamine require large sample volumes and involve cumbersome sample preparation. In this work, a simple method for the rapid separation and sensitive quantification of scopolamine in human serum was developed. Scopolamine was extracted from 0.5 mL of human serum using solid-phase extraction. The extracted samples wer...

Restorative activity of aqueous extract Mangifera indica leaves against CCl induced hepatic damage in rats.

Hepatic diseases remain problematic throughout the world. There are no drugs that completely restore hepatic capacity and help to regenerate liver cells. Therefore, the present examination was intended to investigate the hepatoprotective impacts of Mangifera indica (M. indica) leaf aqueous extract at two doses (200 and 400 mg/kg body weight (b w) for 6 weeks. Liver damage was induced by CCl and the extent of damage was measured by body weight gain, feed efficiency, and liver index, and by assessing hema...

Phenotyping analysis of the Japanese Kampo medicine maoto in healthy human subjects using wide-targeted plasma metabolomics.

Traditional herbal medicine (THM) consists of a vast number of compounds that exert pharmacological effects throughout the body. Comprehensive phenotyping analysis using omics is essential for understanding the nature of THM in detail. We previously reported that the Japanese Kampo medicine maoto ameliorated flu-like symptoms in a rat infection model and dynamically changed plasma metabolites as indicated by metabolome analysis. The aim of this study was to apply wide-targeted plasma metabolomics with quant...

Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for the quantification of nivolumab and pembrolizumab in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid.

Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies targeting the programmed-death-1 (PD-1) receptor has become standard of care for an increasing number of tumor types. Pharmacokinetic studies may help to optimize anti-PD-1 therapy. Therefore, accurate and sensitive determination of antibody concentrations is essential. Here we report an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) capable of measuring nivolumab and pembrolizumab concentrations in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with high sensitivity and specificity...

Functionalized reduced graphene oxide as a lateral flow immuneassay label for one-step detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7.

In this study, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were used as visual labels in a lateral flow assay for detection of E. coli O157:H7. The color intensity was employed for the quantitative measurements of the target bacteria. Quantitative results showed that in comparison to GO, rGO can provide higher color intensity owing to enhanced light absorption following chemical reduction. Our results confirm that the visual limit of detection of the target bacteria by rGO is ∼10 colony forming u...

Development, validation, and clinical application of a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay for the quantification of total intracellular β-decitabine nucleotides and genomic DNA incorporated β-decitabine and 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine.

DNA hypermethylation is an epigenetic event that is commonly found in malignant cells and is used as a therapeutic target for β-decitabine (β-DEC) containing hypomethylating agents (eg Dacogen® and guadecitabine). β-DEC requires cellular uptake and intracellular metabolic activation to β-DEC triphosphate before it can get incorporated into the DNA. Once incorporated in the DNA, β-DEC can exert its hypomethylating effect by trapping DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), resulting in reduced 5-methyl-2'-deoxy...

Early detection of lung cancer biomarkers through biosensor technology: A review.

Lung cancer is undoubtedly one of the most serious health issues of the 21 st century. It is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in both men and women worldwide, accounting for about 1.5 million deaths annually. Despite advances in the treatment of lung cancer with new pharmaceutical products and technological improvements, morbidity and mortality rates remains a significant challenge for the cancer biologists and oncologists. The vast majority of lung cancer patients present with advanced...

Supercritical fluid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for high throughput bioanalysis of small molecules in drug discovery.

Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been a golden standard for high throughput small molecule bioanalysis in drug discovery for decades. Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) has caught more attention in recent decade due to its advantages of greener mobile phase, lower backpressure and higher separation power. For the first time, we evaluated supercritical fluid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (SFC-MS/MS) as a high throughput technique for bioanalysis of small molecule ...

Metabolite profiling of traditional Chinese medicine formula Dan Zhi Tablet: An integrated strategy based on UPLC-QTOF/MS combined with multivariate statistical analysis.

Metabolites derived from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are becoming active substances of pharmacologically as well as promising sources for discovering new drugs. However, detection and identification of constituents in vivo remains a challenge for TCM, due to massive endogenous interference and low abundance of metabolites in biological matrix. Traditional Chinese medicine formula Dan Zhi Tablet (DZT), a well-established TCM formula developed based on years of clinical experiences, was widely used to ...

Application of pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) to obtain bioactive fatty acids and phenols from Laminaria ochroleuca collected in Galicia (NW Spain).

The increase of pathologies like cardiovascular diseases, obesity or diabetes due to the nature of diet is a matter of concern in our society. Because of this, there is a high interest in healthy natural products that could prevent the appearance of such diseases. This paper aims to study the content of fatty acids (FAs) and phenolic compounds of brown alga Laminaria ochroleuca (L. ochroleuca) and to determine the nutritional quality of the lipids extracted using pressurized liquids extraction (PLE) techniq...

A novel strategy for rapid screening of the complex triterpene saponin mixture present in the methanolic extract of blackberry leaves (Rubus cv. Loch Ness) by UHPLC/QTOF-MS.

Triterpene saponins are important chemical constituents in blackberry leaves and have significant antimicrobial activity, among other healthful properties. In this study, a new UHPLC-MS method was optimized with outstanding efficiency for a non-targeted metabolic approach and comprehensive analysis of bioactive compounds in blackberry leaves (Rubus cv. Loch Ness). With minimum sample treatment, phenols and triterpene saponins, among others, were separated according to their elution times. Once separated, th...

Evaluation of the suitability of ionic liquid-based liquid-liquid microextractions for blood protein removal.

The analysis of biological samples, such as whole blood, comes with several sample preparation challenges. Biological matrices often contain a variety of endogenous components that can interfere with the determination of xenobiotics. Especially blood plasma proteins (e.g. serum albumin) are known to interfere with electrospray ionization and result in analyte ion suppression. Sample preparation techniques should guarantee adequate removal of these biomolecules. The current study aims to determine to which e...

Simultaneous determination of FLZ and its metabolite (M1) in human plasma and urine by UHPLC-MS/MS: Application to a pharmacokinetic study.

FLZ is a novel anti-Parkinson's disease candidate drug. The main active metabolite is FLZ O-dealkylation (M1) in preclinical studies. A reliable ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) quantitation method was developed for the simultaneous determination of FLZ and M1 with low limits of quantitation in human plasma (0.1 ng/mL) and urine (0.5 ng/mL). The plasma and urine samples were both purified by full-automatic solid phase extraction (SPE) method with ensure...


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