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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis RSS

02:19 EST 18th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,300+ from Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

Development and validation of a new UHPLC method for related proteins in insulin and insulin analogues as an alternative to the European Pharmacopoeia RP-HPLC method.

The LC methods for related proteins prescribed in the European Pharmacopoeia monographs for insulins and insulin analogues are very similar and present some drawbacks including long run time and low resolution. LC to UHPLC-UV geometrical transfer was attempted to overcome such drawbacks. With the new UHPLC method, additional substances were separated in bovine and porcine insulins. A UHPLC MS-compatible method was developed using a mixed-mode C18 stationary phase with charged surface hybrid technology and a...

Quantitative bioanalytical assay for the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) inhibitor dacomitinib in rat plasma by UPLC-MS/MS.

Dacomitinib is a highly selective irreversible small-molecule inhibitor of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family of tyrosine kinases. A simple and quick bioanalytical method was completely developed and validated for the assay and pharmacokinetic investigation of dacomitinib in rat plasma using ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Proteins in 0.1 mL plasma samples were prepared by precipitant acetonitrile containing ibrutinib as the internal stan...

LC-MS application for therapeutic drug monitoring in alternative matrices.

Nowadays the practice of therapeutic drug monitoring, consisting in the measurement of drugs concentrations in biological matrices in order to guide possible posological adjustments, is becoming more and more important for the management and optimization of several treatments, especially when drugs with narrow therapeutic indexes are administered. Although TDM on plasma samples is currently considered the gold standard, this practice shows some limitations: it requires venous blood sampling, centrifugation ...

Study on the herb-herb interaction of Danqi Tongmai Tablet based on the pharmacokinetics of twelve notoginsenoides in acute myocardial ischemia and sham rats.

Danqi Tongmai tablet (DQTT), an innovative TCM formula under clinical trials, is composed of salvianolic acids (SA) and panax notoginsenosides (PNE) for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris. However, the in vivo herb-herb interaction of DQTT remains unclear. In the present research, a rapid, reliable and sensitive method for quantitative analysis of multi-notoginsenoside in rat plasma based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometr...

Micro-solid phase extraction and LC-MS for the determination of triptorelin in rat plasma and application to a pharmacokinetic study.

Triptorelin is a synthetic decapeptide used for the treatment of prostate cancer. Attempts to determine triptorelin in clinical use by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with multiple reaction monitoring have encountered problems due to its low concentration in plasma (pg/mL) and interference from endogenous peptides. We have overcome these issues using micro-solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) on Oasis® HLB 96-well μElution plates followed by LC-MS. Sample preparation by μ-SPE achieved sample co...

A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of lifrafenib, a novel RAF kinase and EGFR inhibitor, in human plasma and urine and its application in clinical pharmacokinetic study.

Lifirafenib (BGB-283), a dual inhibitor trageting BRAF kinase and EGFR, showed favorable efficacy and safety in treating patients with different cancer types harboring mutations in BRAF, KRAS and NRAS. In order to support the clinical pharmacokinetic study, a sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated to quantify lifirafenib concentration in human plasma and urine. Plasma samples were purified using protein precipitation. Urine s...

Predictive metabolic signatures for the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy and the intervention of Ginkgo biloba leaves extract based on gas or liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the leading causes of death in diabetes mellitus (DM). Early warning and therapy has significant clinical value for DN. This research sought to find biomarkers to predict the occurrence and development of DN and the intervention of Ginkgo biloba leaves extract (GBE) by quantifying fatty acids, amino acids, and nucleosides and nucleobases in rat plasma. Samples were respectively collected at the weekend of 5-10 weeks after diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin were defin...

UPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of imatinib, voriconazole and their metabolites concentrations in rat plasma.

In the present study, a simple ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method used to measure the plasma concentrations of imatinib, voriconazole and their metabolites (N-desmethyl imatinib and N-oxide voriconazole) in rats simultaneously making use of diazepam as the internal standard (IS) had been developed and validated. A simple protein precipitation by acetonitrile was employed for the sample preparation, then the analytes (imatinib, voriconazole and their metaboli...

Parentucellia latifolia subsp. latifolia: A potential source for loganin iridoids by HPLC-ESI-MS technique.

This study attempts to compare the pharmaceutical potential (antioxidant and key enzyme inhibition of clinical relevance) of organic and aqueous extracts of Parentucellia latifolia (L.) Caruel subsp. latifolia (L.) Caruel as well as phytochemical composition. The phytochemical compounds were evaluated by spectrophotometric methods (for total amounts) and HPLC-ESI-DAD-MS (for individual compounds). The extracts were screened for antioxidant abilities by in vitro assays. Inhibition effects were also investiga...

Bioanalytical method validation: new FDA guidance vs. EMA guideline. Better or worse?

Bioanalysis concerns the identification and quantification of analytes in various biological matrices. Validation of any analytical method helps to achieve reliable results that are necessary for proper decisions on drug dosing and patient safety. In the case of bioanalytical methods, validation additionally covers steps of pharmacokinetic and toxicological studies - such as sample collection, handling, shipment, storage, and preparation. We drew our attention to the difference of both the newest FDA Guidan...

Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lipstick by gas-chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry: A case history.

A suitable extraction protocol based on an liquid-liquid extraction with hexane/dimethyl sulfoxide and a GC/MS method were developed and validated to determine the concentration of six prohibited Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs; benzo[a]pyrene; dibenz[a,h]anthracene; benz[a]anthracene; benzo[j]fluoranthene; benzo[k]fluoranthene; chrysene) in lipsticks commissioned by a cosmetic company to a manufacturer. The lipsticks were produced in four different colors. Analyses confirmed the presence of benz[a]a...

Study of aldehyde oxidase with phthalazine as substrate using both off-line and on-line capillary electrophoresis.

An optimized and economical capillary electrophoretic method for both off-line and on-line study of the enzyme aldehyde oxidase and its substrate phthalazine was developed. The separation of the substrate phthalazine and its metabolite 1-phthalazinone was achieved using micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) with sodium dodecyl sulphate in the background electrolyte (BGE). The BGE consists of 25 mM sodium phosphate buffer containing 50 mM sodium dodecyl sulphate at pH 7.4. A bare-fused-silica cap...

Identification and structural characterization of hydrolytic degradation products of alvimopan by LC/QTOF/MS/MS and NMR studies.

Alvimopan (ALV), a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor (PAM-OR) antagonist used for the treatment of postoperative ileus, was examined for its degradation behaviour under different stress conditions. A total of five degradation products (DP1-DP5) were formed and identified using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Primarily, complete fragmentation pathways of the protonated drug and its degradation products (DP1-DP5) were elucidated by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/M...

Impurity profiling of anticancer preclinical candidate, IIIM-290.

IIIM-290, an orally bioavailable preclinical candidate is effective in human xenograft models of leukemia, colon and pancreatic cancer. The promising preclinical data of this lead candidate has shown its potential for clinical development. As a part of its preclinical development, impurity profiling of pilot scale batches is one of the most important component of the CMC documentation. Herein, we report impurity profiling, its quantification in different scale-up batches and analytical method validation. Th...

Dansyl azide as a selective fluorescence tagging probe for click chemistry reactions and its application to monitor rasagiline in pharmacokinetic studies.

Click chemistry has been widely used for bioorthogonal labeling of biomolecules for its high efficiency, regioselectivity and biocompatibility. In this study, dansyl azide (DNS-AZ) was introduced as a novel fluorescence labeling reagent for the determination of alkynes based on copper (I)-catalyzed azide alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) click chemistry reaction. Rasagiline mesylate (RSM) is an irreversible, selective monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor. It is used as a model example for drugs with terminal al...

Generic gas chromatography flame ionization detection method using hydrogen as the carrier gas for the analysis of solvents in pharmaceuticals.

Within the pharmaceutical industry, the determination of residual solvents by Gas Chromatography Flame Ionization Detection (GC-FID) is a highly utilized analytical test that often employs helium (He) as the carrier gas. However, many do not realize that helium is a non-renewable resource that will eventually become progressively more difficult to source. In recent years, analytical chemists are increasingly adopting hydrogen (H) in place of helium for routine GC analysis. In this study, a simple and effici...

Reversal of multidrug resistance in breast cancer cells by a combination of ursolic acid with doxorubicin.

Multidrug resistance (MDR) has seriously affected or hindered the effect of chemotherapy. Ursolic acid (UA) as a natural compound exhibits a number of potential biological effects including antitumor. Searching for the reversal agents from the natural products has been an effective strategy recently applied in overcoming the MDR. So in this study, the reversal effect of UA on the MDR and involved mechanisms were investigated via a multidrug-resistant MCF-7/ADR cells model and ultrahigh performance liquid ch...

Simultaneous determination of metformin and glimepiride in human serum by ultra high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry detection.

This work proposes a simple method for the simultaneous determination of two antidiabetic compounds, metformin and glimepiride, by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography using quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry detection with electrospray ionization. The method was validated and shown to be linear, selective, accurate and precise. The chromatographic separation was performed using a BEH C18 column (50 mm x 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm particle size). The mobile phase was composed by 0.05% (v/v) ...

Metabolic profiling analysis of corilagin in vivo and in vitro using high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

Corilagin is an Ellagitannin with favorable pharmacological activities. But there was no report regarding the metabolism of corilagin in vitro or in vivo. In this study, the metabolic profile of corilagin in rats as well as in rat intestinal bacteria and liver microsomes incubation system in vitro were investigated comprehensively for the first time. Consequently, with the aid of sensitive HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, corilagin and its twenty-four metabolites (fourteen phase II conjugate metabolites of corilagin, thre...

Use of ESI-MS for semi-quantitative estimation of inactive precursor in no-carrier-added I- meta-Iodobenzylguanidine radiopharmaceutical preparation.

No-carrier-added (nca)-I-meta-Iodobenzylguadine (mIBG) is a clinical agent used for the therapy of Neuroendocrine tumors. It is prepared by reaction of radioiodine with precursors that are chemically different from mIBG. The precursor in few cases is structurally similar and may co-elute along during purification step. Presence of these precursors in final radiolabeled formulation may affect the clinical behaviour of the radiopharmaceutical. The present paper describes the use of Electron-spray ionization-M...

Quality assessment of Astragali Radix from different production areas by simultaneous determination of thirteen major compounds using tandem UV/charged aerosol detector.

To identify more chemical markers for improving the quality standard and evaluate producing areas differentiation of Astragali Radix (AR), a simple, low-cost and reliable chromatography method based on a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with ultraviolet (UV) detector and charged aerosol detector (CAD) for separation of 13 major chemical components, including 8 flavonoids and 5 astragalosides in AR extract, was developed. The contents of 13 compounds in total of 27 herb samples, collecte...

Protein biochips based on macroporous polymer supports: Material properties and analytical potential.

A series of rigid macroporous polymer layers differed by hydrophobic-hydrophilic properties was synthesized in situ in preliminary fabricated wells and applied as the platforms for protein biochips. Scanning electron microscopy, etalon porosimetry and BET analysis were used for materials characterization. The comparison of analytical efficiency of the developed platforms allowed for the choice of the most optimal polymer, as well as the evaluation of impact of material porous properties. The quantitative pa...

A novel experimental approach for liver analysis in rats exposed to Bisphenol A by means of LC-mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy.

An innovative complementary approach using a liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometer method and infrared spectroscopy is proposed for measuring internal biological exposure to dangerous chemical contaminants and for monitoring biochemical changes in target organs. The proposed methodologies were validated and applied in the case of rats exposed to low-doses of Bisphenol A (BPA). A liquid chromatographic method coupled to a tandem mass spectrometer was used in order to measure BPA concentration in rat liver...

Lipidomic analysis reveals the efficiency of Eclipta prostrata on diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in rats.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a leading cause of chronic liver disease in western countries. The current study aimed to detect and evaluate lipidomic biomarkers for early detection of NAFLD as well as the potential efficiency of methanolic extract of Eclipta prostrata (E. prostrata) on disease management. In this study, Phytochemical screening of E. prostrata methanolic extract was performed using HPLC. NAFLD was induced in albino rats using a high-fat diet together with cholesterol and cholic acid. ...

Recent advances in bio-affinity chromatography for screening bioactive compounds from natural products.

Natural products are one of the most important sources of leading compounds in drug discovery. Until now, rapid screening and identification of biologically active components from natural products remain a technical challenge. Bio-affinity chromatography (BAC) based approaches hold great promise in screening potential bioactive ligands from complex samples. In this review, we summarized recent development of BAC in natural products screening, with a particular emphasis on the reported bio-affinity stationar...


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