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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis RSS

04:47 EDT 19th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,300+ from Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

SFC for chiral separations in bioanalysis.

This review covers literature investigating methods for enantioselective chromatography using supercritical fluids as mobile phase constituents (SFC) in the field of bioanalysis. It provides an overview on method development and screening approaches published in scientific literature 2014-2018. Chiral stationary phases are used to create a chiral environment that allows for discrimination of enantiomers. Especially polysaccharide-based stationary phases are used in methods of recent investigations. In compa...

A functional in vitro assay for screening inhibitors of STAT5B phosphorylation.

Inhibition of STAT phosphorylation is recognized as a viable therapeutic strategy for disrupting tumorigenesis. Constitutive STAT phosphorylation is found with high frequency in a number of primary tumor types, while non-cancer cells exhibit low basal activity, providing an exploitable therapeutic window. STAT activation involves phosphorylation of the SH domain by a number of tyrosine kinases followed by STAT dimerization and translocation to the nucleus. By blocking the cognate binding site, STAT SH-domai...

Use of ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry system as valuable tool for an untargeted metabolomic profiling of Rumex tunetanus flowers and stems and contribution to the antioxidant activity.

Rumex tunetanus is an untapped resource with no available information about their chemical composition. That is why, the present study has conducted comprehensive metabolites profiling of the hydromethanol extracts of the Rumex tunetanus flowers and stems using RP-UHPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS. As results, 60 compounds were characterized for the first time in Rumex tunetanus between them, 18 photochemical were firstly identified in the Polygonaceae family in negative ionization mode. In this regard, quercetin-3-O-glucu...

From H NMR-based non-targeted to LC-MS-based targeted metabolomics strategy for in-depth chemome comparisons among four Cistanche species.

The great orthogonality between H NMR spectroscopy and LC-MS implies that their deployments in series could offer an opportunity to gain the qualified molecular markers via comparative metabolomics, and an attempt was made here to propose an integrated strategy namely "from H NMR-based non-targeted to LC-MS-based targeted metabolomics". In-depth chemome comparisons of Cistanche plants, such as C. deserticola, C. salsa, C. tubulosa, and C. sinensis, that possess dramatic economic and ecological benefits for ...

A whole blood sample-to-answer polymer lab-on-a-chip with superhydrophilic surface toward point-of-care technology.

An innovative sample-to-answer (S-to-A) polymer lab-on-a-chip (LOC) with a blood plasma separator based on asymmetric capillary force has been proposed, developed, and completely characterized for point-of-care technology (POCT) applications. A spray layer-by-layer (LbL) nanoassembly coating has been applied for the superhydrophilic surface onto the cyclic olefin copolymer (COC). Then, the developed superwetting surfaces were designed and optimized for three device applications such as lateral transportatio...

An LC-MS/MS analysis for seven sex hormones in serum.

Comprehensive serum sex hormone profiling is essential for monitoring the occurrence and development of many related diseases. However, the current methods for multi-class sex hormone detection were always lack of Standard Reference Material (SRM) certification and suffered from large sample consumption. For improvement, we developed a new liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method focused on SRM certification and minimization of serum consumption for simultaneous quantification of sev...

Diffusion ordered NMR spectroscopy measurements as screening method of potential reactions of API and excipients in drug formulations.

In the development of new pharmaceutical formulations it is important to consider the possible interactions between the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and excipients which is a well-known problem. The objective of the work presented here was to investigate such reactions by means of diffusion ordered NMR spectroscopy (DOSY). The known reaction of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and the excipient citric acid was studied. Three reaction products have been verified by DOSY, H NMR and HPLC measurements. D...

Development of formaldehyde dehydrogenase-coupled assay and antibody-based assays for ALKBH5 activity evaluation.

N6-methyladenosine (mA) is the most prevalent internal modification of eukaryotic messenger RNA (mRNA). Until now, two RNA demethylases have been identified, including FTO (fat mass and obesity-associated protein) and ALKBH5 (α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase alkB homologue 5). As a mammalian mA demethylase, ALKBH5 significantly affects mRNA export and RNA metabolism as well as the assembly of mRNA processing factors in nuclear speckles, and ALKBH5 may play a significant role in these biological proces...

Hydrochlorothiazide binding to human serum albumin induces some compactness in the molecular structure of the protein: A multi-spectroscopic and computational study.

The interaction between hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), a diuretic drug, with human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated by different biophysical approaches such as UV absorption, circular dichroism (CD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and fluorescence spectroscopy in 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. The results of fluorescence titration experiments revealed that HCTZ strongly quenches the intrinsic fluorescence of HSA through a static quenching mechanism. Binding constants and the number of bindin...

Distribution patterns for metabolites in medicinal parts of wild and cultivated licorice.

Licorice is a famous Chinese medicinal material widely applied worldwide in food and drugs. It possesses a substantial share in the international and domestic markets. While the demand is continuously increasing, wild-type of licorice is gradually disappearing. Its cultivated-type is significantly different compared to its wild-type, especially the bioactive compounds in dried roots and rhizomes (the medicinal parts of wild and cultivated licorice) are responsible for their quality difference. In this study...

Fast simultaneous determination of main components and impurity sodium ion in PAMA injection by mixed-mode chromatography.

This study describes an analytical method to control the quality of potassium aspartate and magnesium aspartate (PAMA) injection based on the simultaneous detection of the main components (K, Mg and Asp) and impurities (Na) using a mixed-mode chromatography coupled with charged aerosol detector. To obtain optimal chromatographic separation, the effects of organic content, column temperature, buffer types, pH and concentrations were evaluated. A Response Surface Methodology (RSM) optimal design was performed...

First inter-laboratory study of a Supercritical Fluid Chromatography method for the determination of pharmaceutical impurities.

Supercritical Fluid Chromatography (SFC) has known a strong regain of interest for the last 10 years, especially in the field of pharmaceutical analysis. Besides the development and validation of the SFC method in one individual laboratory, it is also important to demonstrate its applicability and transferability to various laboratories around the world. Therefore, an inter-laboratory study was conducted and published for the first time in SFC, to assess method reproducibility, and evaluate whether this chr...

Chemical, biological and molecular modelling analyses to probe into the pharmacological potential of Antidesma madagascariense Lam.: A multifunctional agent for developing novel therapeutic formulations.

Antidesma madagascariense Lam. (AM), an indigenous medicinal plant to the Mascarene Islands, is used for the treatment of several diseases. We endeavoured to validate its use via evaluating the kinetics of inhibition of crude aqueous extract (CAE) and crude methanol extract (CME) of AM against key metabolic enzymes (pancreatic lipase, cholesterol esterase [CEase], acetylcholinesterase [AChE], and urease). In vitro antiglycation, antioxidant, cytotoxicity using iCELLigence real time cell analysis system and ...

Comprehensive quality assessment for Rhizoma Coptidis based on quantitative and qualitative metabolic profiles using high performance liquid chromatography, Fourier transform near-infrared and Fourier transform mid-infrared combined with multivariate statistical analysis.

Rhizoma Coptidis (RC) originated from the dried rhizomes of Coptis herbal species is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine in history. In this study, a comprehensive quality assessment for RC medicines from C. chinensis, C. deltoidea, C. omeiensis and C. teeta species was performed based on quantitative and qualitative metabolic profiles obtained from high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) and Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) combined with multiva...

Quantification of isoflavone glycosides and aglycones in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS: Troubleshooting of interference from food and its application to pharmacokinetic study of Semen Sojae Praeparatum extract.

The isoflavones widely exist in the daily diets and interferences are usually inevitable in the determination of the in vivo level of the same analytes. A new strategy to eliminate the dietary interference was established to evaluate the exposure of isoflavones including daidzin, glycitin, genistin, daidzein, glycitein, and genistein in rats fed with Semen Sojae Praeparatum (SSP) extract. Plasma samples were pretreated by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate using quercetin as the internal standard (...

Determination of xanthones and flavonoids of methanol extracts obtained from different parts of the plants of three Gentianaceae species.

Gentianopsis barbata, Halenia corniculata, and Gentianella acuta were widely distributed throughout China and commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine. However, owing to similar living environments and morphological features, locals often had trouble distinguishing between these three species. In this present study, chromatograms at 350 nm were obtained and the composition and content of their chemical compounds determined using HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS. In total, 35 chemical compounds were detected, 32 of wh...

Recent advancements, challenges, and practical considerations in the mass spectrometry-based analytics of protein biotherapeutics: A viewpoint from the biosimilar industry.

The extensive analytical characterization of protein biotherapeutics, especially of biosimilars, is a critical part of the product development and registration. High-resolution mass spectrometry became the primary analytical tool used for the structural characterization of biotherapeutics. Its high instrumental sensitivity and methodological versatility made it possible to use this technique to characterize both the primary and higher-order structure of these proteins. However, even by using high-end instru...

Recent advances in designing nanomaterial based biointerfaces for electrochemical biosensing cardiovascular biomarkers.

Early diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is critically important for successful treatment and recovery of patients. At present, detection of CVD at early stages of its progression becomes a major issue for world health. The nanoscale electrochemical biosensors exhibit diverse outstanding properties, rendering them extremely suitable for the determination of CVD biomarkers at very low concentrations in biological fluids. The unique advantages offered by electrochemical biosensors in terms of sensitivi...

Untargeted search and identification of metabolites of antiviral agent camphecene in rat urine by liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry and studying their distribution in organs following peroral administration of the compound.

Major metabolites of camphecene, a new effective antiviral agent, formed after its oral administration to rats and excreted in the urine, were found and identified using liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry as well as multivariate analysis of HPLC-MS data. The metabolites were found to be camphecene glucuronide, camphecene sulfate and the corresponding iminoacid. A study of the dynamics of accumulation of camphecene and its metabolites in the liver, kidneys, lungs and brain of animals was perf...

DNA logic circuits based amplification system for quencher-free and highly sensitive detection of DNA and adenosine triphosphate.

We fabricated a quencher-free and enzyme-free fluorescence detection system by employing the DNA logic circuits as signal amplifier and 2-aminopurine as signal indicator, and applied it to detect DNA and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The assay system consisted of three hairpin probes with a sequestered 2-aminopurine molecule in each stem domain which was defined as inputs A, B and C of the logic operation. These three hairpin inputs kept stability and coexisted in reaction solution without target. However, ...

Development of a novel HPLC method for the determination of the impurities in desonide cream and characterization of its impurities by 2D LC-IT-TOF MS.

A novel HPLC method for the determination of the impurities in desonide cream was established and validated for the further improvement of the official monograph in USP. Desonide was well resolved from the photodegradation impurity, which overlapped with desonide in USP method. The method was validated in accordance to the regulatory guidelines recommended by the International Conference on Harmonisation and this validation included specificity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, linearity and acc...

A chemical derivatization based UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry method for accurate quantification of short-chain fatty acids in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of asthma mice.

Recent studies have demonstrated the important role of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the maintenance of homeostasis of respiratory immunity. However, there is still no report focus on the determination of SCFAs level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), the most common sample used for screening biomarkers of the pulmonary diseases. Herein, an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap) oriented 3-nitrophenylhydrazine (3-NPH)-based derivatizat...

Investigation of the inhibition effect of arachidonic acid on the core structure of the HIV-1 gp41.

The gp41 transmembrane domain of the envelope glycoprotein of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) modulates the conformation of the viral envelope spike. During the HIV fusion process, C-terminal heptad repeat (CHR, C34) wrap antiparallel to the N-terminal heptad repeat (NHR, N36) helices to form a stable six-helix bundle (6-HB) core structure, which brings the viral and cell membranes into close proximity for fusion. Therefore, inhibiting the formation of 6-HB is considered to be a key activity of an ef...

A novel strategy to evaluate the quality of herbal products based on the chemical profiling, efficacy evaluation and pharmacokinetics.

The purpose of this study was to establish a chemical profiling method to compare the chemical composition of herbal products by using extracts of Belamcandae Rhizoma(EBR) extracted with different polarity solvent as an example, and evaluate the quality of EBR based on the analysis of chemical profiling, efficacy evaluation and pharmacokinetics. As seen from the results of chemical profiling, the PCA and PLS-DA score plot indicated that the dots of Belamcandae Rhizoma water extracts were separated from etha...

Metabolomics in chronic kidney disease: Strategies for extended metabolome coverage.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is becoming a major public health issue as prevalence is increasing worldwide. It also represents a major challenge for the identification of new early biomarkers, understanding of biochemical mechanisms, patient monitoring and prognosis. Each metabolite contained in a biofluid or tissue may play a role as a signal or as a driver in the development or progression of the pathology. Therefore, metabolomics is a highly valuable approach in this clinical context. It aims to provide ...


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