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Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is an effective treatment option for many shoulder conditions. Historically, this surgical procedure was performed on an inpatient basis. There has been a recent trend to perform RTSA on an outpatient basis in proper candidates.
The preoperative status of the teres minor (Tm) can affect the outcome of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The effect of preoperative Tm hypertrophy on the outcome of RTSA is unclear.
The purpose of our study was to compare the acromiohumeral distance (AHD) between radiographic and magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of the same shoulder with massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs).
Scapulothoracic arthrodesis (STA) has been proposed for the treatment of painful scapular winging in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). However, the rate of osseous fusion is variable, and there is a theoretical risk of reduced respiratory function after bilateral STA.
The open Latarjet procedure is a standard surgical treatment option for anterior shoulder instability in patients with a high risk of failure following soft tissue stabilization. The arthroscopic technique has potential advantages of minimal invasiveness, reduced postoperative stiffness, and faster rehabilitation but is regarded as technically challenging with concern over surgical risk during the learning curve. The aim of this study was to undertake a multisurgeon, large-volume learning curve analysis of ...
Industry payments to authors of Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery shoulder arthroplasty manuscripts are accurately disclosed by most authors and are not significantly associated with better reported treatment outcomes.
Author transparency in disclosing potential conflicts of interest when reporting outcomes for shoulder arthroplasty implants is important. Using the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Open Payments Program (OPP) database, we analyzed articles in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery to evaluate (1) discrepancies between the stated conflicts of interest and associated payments recorded in the database, (2) the magnitude and types of payments received, and (3) possible relationships between industr...
Biomechanical studies show that inlay glenoid components in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) can reduce edge loading and opposite-edge lift-off forces with humeral translation compared with onlay glenoids. However, clinical data for these implants are lacking. We report clinical outcomes and return to activities after anatomic TSA with an inlay glenoid component and a stemless ovoid humeral head in an active, young patient population.
In vitro wear studies demonstrate decreased polyethylene wear with a ceramic compared with a metal humeral head. In this in vivo study, we analyzed prospectively collected 5-year data, comparing the outcomes of 2 types of humeral implants.
Both anatomic and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty are considered successful surgeries to treat a variety of painful shoulder conditions. Although implant survivorship for both is good to excellent in the long term, a variety of factors-clinical, technical, and psychosocial-may affect patient-reported outcomes after shoulder arthroplasty.
The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) instrument was developed to assess the disability experienced by patients with any musculoskeletal condition of the upper extremity and to monitor change in symptoms and upper-limb function over time. The 30 items are scored on a 5-point rating scale. The Dutch-language version of the DASH instrument (DASH-DLV) has been examined with the classical test theory in patients with a humeral shaft fracture. This study aimed to examine the DASH-DLV with a mor...
The lack of external rotation and shoulder abduction as sequelae of obstetric brachial plexus palsy requires a release of the subscapularis muscle associated with tendon transfer of the internal rotator of the shoulder. The aim of this study was to present the results of a teres major transfer to the infraspinatus tendon.
The acromion and neck of the scapula are essential components of shoulder function, but the body section is less critical. We treated aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) of the neck and acromion with extended curettage and ABCs of the body with en bloc resection. This article reports on local recurrence and the functional outcomes of this approach.
The purposes of this study were to evaluate patient outcomes after revision of hemiarthroplasty to reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) based on initial pathology, to determine the re-revision rate, and to identify characteristics that may predict subsequent re-revision.
The objective of the study was to compare the acromiohumeral distance (AHD) between patients diagnosed with hypermobility type of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS) or hypermobility spectrum disorder (HSD) and healthy controls by evaluating the relative amount the tendon occupies in the subacromial area. Furthermore, the aim was to evaluate if there was a change in AHD with arm elevation within and between groups.
Increased use of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has led to an understanding of unique complications such as acromial stress fractures (ASFs). The factors associated with ASFs are not fully known. This study investigates the incidence and predictors of ASFs following RTSA.
Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is a treatment option for end-stage arthritis. Even though results are satisfactory for the elderly population, TEA surgery is subject to controversy in younger patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of semiconstrained TEA performed for arthritis in patients younger than 55 years.
The lack of greater tuberosity (GT) healing in proximal humerus fractures has been negatively correlated with outcomes for hemiarthroplasty; however, there is still debate regarding the effects of GT healing in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Our goal was to examine the effects of GT healing using a kinematic finite element analysis (FEA) model.
Is salvage reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) a justifiable treatment for failed operative treatment (open reduction-internal fixation [ORIF] or primary and secondary hemiarthroplasty) of proximal humeral fractures in patients younger than 60 years?
Previous biomechanical studies used single-pull destructive tests in line with the anchor and are limited by a great variability of bone density of cadaver samples. To overcome these limitations, a more physiological test setting was provided using titanium, bioresorbable, and all-suture anchors.
Our aim was to analyze the epidemiology, etiologies, and revision options for failed shoulder arthroplasty from 2 tertiary centers.
Anterior capsule reconstruction (ACR) and latissimus dorsi transfers (LTs) have been proposed as solutions for irreparable subscapularis tears. The purpose of this study was to biomechanically assess the effects of ACR and LT separately and together for treatment of irreparable subscapularis tears.
Short- and mid-term outcomes after massive cuff tear repair are well reported, but there is no documentation of the clinical and structural outcomes at 20 years of follow-up. The hypothesis of the present study was that at 20 years, deterioration of the shoulder would have occurred and led to a substantial number of reoperations.
There is significant interest in biologic treatment options to improve the healing environment and more rapidly decrease symptoms in many conditions around the elbow. Despite fairly widespread use of biologic agents such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the elbow, there is a lack of clear evidence in the literature to support its use. The potential impact of these biologic agents must be evaluated with evidence from high-quality studies, particularly considering the high financial burden these treatments of...
The field of orthopedic surgery has seen a rapid increase in the use of various biologic agents for the treatment of common musculoskeletal injuries. Most biologic agents attempt to harness or mimic naturally occurring growth factors, cytokines, and anti-inflammatory mediators to improve tissue healing and recovery. The most commonly used biologic agents are platelet-rich plasma and cells derived from bone marrow aspirate and adipose tissue. These agents have become increasingly popular despite a relative d...