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Internal derangements are the commonest disorders of temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Different treatment modalities have been proposed to treat this disorder. Arthrocentesis and intra-articular injection are gaining popularity in the treatment of internal derangement of TMJ.
Pain control is achieved typically by means of injection of local anesthesia for invasive procedures to carry out procedures with as little pain or discomfort as possible. Although this method is highly effective, patients often fear more from the sight of a needle during administration of local anesthetic than from the treatment. Therefore, needleless local anesthesia with a jet injection device has been proposed. With the INJEX®, anesthetic solution is forced under high pressure into the oral mucosa, lea...
The purpose of our study was to assess the reproducibility of linear and angular measurements of cephalogram tracings made with an online website-based platform CephX® vs. tracings made using the FACAD® computer software.
Maxillofacial surgery plays an important role in humanitarian surgery because this specialty includes common procedures such as facial reconstruction after burns, facial clefts or Noma's sequelae which do not require complex infrastructures and thus can be carried out in sub-optimal conditions. Nevertheless, there is a mortality rate during those missions and few studies evaluating their rate and circumstances have been published. The aim of our study was threefold: to study the deaths reported during human...
Periosteal radial forearm free flaps allow functional and curative treatment of osteoradionecrotic jaw lesions. The flap responds physiologically to hypoxia, hypocellularity, and hypovascularity, which are characteristic results of osteoradionecrotic injury. Here, we propose a reproducible, simple, and safe method for harvesting a forearm free flap, allowing us to obtain a periosteal composite free flap. Our technique offers potential early management of osteoradionecrotic lesions resistant to medical treat...
The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of 'implant presence-triggered osteonecrosis' (IPTO) in the literature and identify possible differences between IPTOs and 'implant surgery-triggered osteonecrosis' (ISTO).
Pyostomatitis vegetan (PV) is often associated with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Pancreatic cancer is a public health problem because its mortality rate is close to its incidence rate. If it were possible to detect this cancer before the onset of symptoms, 5-year survival could reach 75%. Numerous studies have attempted to accelerate the diagnosis to improve survival. Saliva presents interesting characteristics as a fluid for screening and diagnosis. Its many components provide a promising source of constitutive biomarkers with a specific signature of the disease. The aim of this work w...
The parotid duct (PD) is often involved in parotid gland diseases. A skin landmark could help the surgeon to locate its position. The parotid duct line (PDL) joins the tragus-antitragus point to the middle of the half upper lip. The aim of this study was to assess and scientifically validate this landmark.
Mucoceles are cystic diseases of the oral mucosa. The most common are ranula and mococeles of the lower lip. Blandin and Nuhn mucoceles, which develop at the ventral side of the tongue, are rare benign lesions. They are often misdiagnosed and sometimes confused with ranula. The recommended treatment is a complete surgical excision of the gland.
Epulis is a benign tumor, rarely involves aggressive alveolar bone resorption. This study reported a rare case of a rapid growth of pregnancy epulis with extensive alveolar bone destruction and the management of this case. A 24-year old pregnant woman at 35 weeks and 1 day of gestation presented a large asymptomatic nodular mass with severe teeth loosening at the anterior mandibular region for 4 weeks. Radiographic examination showed extensive alveolar bone resorption around the affected teeth to the apical...
Most patients treated in childhood with radiotherapy for head and neck tumors develop craniofacial alterations related to impaired growth of the irradiated regions. These deformities have a significant functional and aesthetic impact, generating physiological and social troubles. The therapeutic solutions are mostly surgical and multidisciplinary. In this article, we describe the orthodontic and surgical care of a teenager treated with radiotherapy for a bilateral retinoblastoma at the age of 8 month and a ...
Although the adverse effects due to the use of bisphosphonates, such as bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw, are reported previously, whether adverse events of the temporomandibular joint related with bisphosphonate treatment have been still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of BP treatment on the condylar tissues of the temporomandibular joint due to fibrous cartilage, hyaline cartilage and bone-specific differences in rat animal models.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the strain and stress distribution for DARSN alloplastic unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prosthesis and the effects on contralateral natural joint using a finite element analysis (FEA).
In surgical approaches to condylar fractures, there is a risk of damage to the transverse facial artery (TFA) which may in turn account for impaired blood supply to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In order to investigate the risk of damage to the TFA, and prevent lesions to this artery resulting from TMJ surgical procedures, we studied the distance between the TFA and the head of the condylar process.
Most patients with severe odontogenic infections are successfully treated with large spectrum probabilistic antibioc therapy, drainage of the collections and tooth treatment or extraction and are discharged home before antibiotic sensitivity results were available. The investigators hypothesized whether bacteriological sampling should be systematically performed in the management of patients with severe odontogenic infections.
Currently, the pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) method is utilized for the treatment of nonunion long bone fractures. Considering the established effect of the PEMF on the acceleration of the bone healing process, we conducted this study to evaluate the effect of PEMF on the healing process in mandibular bone fractures.
Introduction Botulinum toxin has been used mainly in the treatment of muscular temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and hyperactivity of the masticatory muscles. It is used also as a therapeutic option to relieve pain and help in functional recovery from dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery. The aim of our study was to investigate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the treatment of muscular TMD. Materials and Methods Of the 200 temporomandibular joint patients who applied for treatment, 25...