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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
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We aimed to systematically review the evidence on adverse mental health outcomes in breast cancer survivors (≥1 year) compared with women with no history of cancer.
Regular use of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for a longer period has been inversely associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, CRC is a heterogenic disease, and little is known regarding the associations with molecular pathological subtypes.
Investigations of the associations with colorectal cancer have yielded conflicting results. The aim of our study was to synthesize the research on colorectal cancer risks in BRCA mutation carriers by means of a systematic review and quantitatively by means of meta-analyses overall and in subgroups of BRCA mutation carriers.
The risk of cancers is well characterized in Lynch syndrome (LS) families but has been less studied in familial colorectal cancer type X (FCCTX) families.
Premature menopause is a serious long-term side effect of chemotherapy. We evaluated long-term pregnancy and disease-related outcomes for patients in S0230/POEMS, a study in premenopausal women with stage I-IIIA estrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative breast cancer to be treated with cyclophosphamide-containing chemotherapy. Women were randomly assigned to standard chemotherapy with or without goserelin, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, and were stratified by age and chemotherapy...
Oncologists use patients' life expectancy to guide decisions and may benefit from a tool that accurately predicts prognosis. Existing prognostic models generally use only a few predictor variables. We used an electronic medical record dataset to train a prognostic model for patients with metastatic cancer.
The ability to continue employment during and following cancer diagnosis and treatment is critical to working-age cancer survivors. Prolonged survival combined with concerns of the financial burden associated with high-cost therapies makes the mitigation of work-related consequences all the more relevant, particularly in light of recent workforce trends and evolving employment dynamics. Research that integrates the needs of survivors, employers, and the workforce is required so that advancements are made to...
As part of the ongoing efforts to address the lack of clinical research on older adults with cancer, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the US Food and Drug Administration cosponsored a public workshop on geriatric oncology in November 2017. The goals were to review progress, build collaborations across stakeholders, and generate new action items for increasing the evidence base for treating older adults with cancer. It built on previous work of the Institute of Medicine, ASCO, and the U13...
Although prior studies showed metformin could reduce gastric cancer (GC) risk in patients with diabetes mellitus, they failed to adjust for Helicobacter pylori infection and glycemic control. We aimed to investigate whether metformin reduced GC risk in H. pylori-eradicated diabetic patients and its association with glycemic control.
Cancer survival among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) was previously reported as showing little or no improvement compared to younger or older counterparts. The role of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the AYA survival deficit has not been evaluated.
Immunotherapy has been less successful in treating prostate cancer than other solid tumors. We sought to better understand the immune landscape in prostate cancer and identify immune-related biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets.
Recurrence following androgen-deprivation therapy is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in prostate cancer, but the cellular origins and molecular mechanisms underlying this process are poorly defined. We previously identified a population of castration-resistant luminal progenitor cells expressing Bmi1 in the normal mouse prostate that can serve as a cancer cell-of-origin. Here, we investigate the potential of Bmi1-expressing tumor cells that survive castration to initiate recurrence in vivo.
Evidence indicates not only carcinogenic effect of cigarette smoking but also its immunosuppressive effect. We hypothesized that the association of smoking with colorectal cancer risk might be stronger for tumors with lower anti-tumor adaptive immune response.
The prognostic relevance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) at the time of primary diagnosis has been well established. However, little information is available regarding their prognostic relevance to follow-up care.
BRCA1/2 mutations confer high lifetime risk of breast cancer, although other factors may modify this risk. Whether height or body mass index (BMI) modifies breast cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers remains unclear.
Resistance to HER2-targeted therapy with trastuzumab still remains a major challenge in HER2-amplified tumors. Here we investigated the potential role of MEL-18, a polycomb group gene, as a novel prognostic marker for trastuzumab resistance in HER2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer.