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PubMed Journal Database | Kidney & blood pressure research RSS

07:55 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 270 from Kidney & blood pressure research

Bioinformatic Analyses of Renal Ischaemia-Reperfusion Injury Models: Identification of Key Genes Involved in the Development of Kidney Disease.

To develop a novel strategy for the treatment of kidney disease, we explored potential molecular targets involved in the development of renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI).

Efficacy and Safety of Agents in IgA Nephropathy: An Update Network Meta-Analysis.

The present network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to explore the efficacy and safety of different pharmacologic interventions in IgA nephropathy with proteinuria more than 0.75 g/d.

Association of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index with Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients: A Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies.

Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) was developed as a "nutrition-related" risk index and was reported in different populations as associated with the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, GNRI can be used to classify patients according to a risk of complications in relation to conditions associated with protein-energy wasting (PEW). However, not all reports pointed to the prognostic ability of the GNRI. The purpose of this study was to assess the associations of GNRI ...

Overproduction of Mitochondrial Fission Proteins in Membranous Nephropathy in Children.

The molecules involved in nephrotic syndrome (NS) have not been fully clarified. Mitochondrial fission proteins are found to be involved in podocyte injury in vitro. Increased glomerular expression of mitochondrial fission proteins was found in adriamycin nephropathy in our previous study. Whether or not mitochondrial fission proteins are involved in podocyte injury in NS is not clear. This study explored the glomerular expression and possible pathological significance of mitochondrial fission-associated pr...

The Association of Echocardiographic Peak Systolic Strain Rate with Cardiovascular Outcomes in Haemodialysis Patients.

Echocardiographic abnormalities of systolic function can be detected earlier with advancing echocardiographic technologies. Given the high prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in dialysis patients, we hypothesised that one such marker of strain, peak systolic strain rate (SR) would demonstrate association with cardiovascular outcome in a haemodialysis cohort.

Immediate and Late Effects of Stress on Kidneys of Prepubertal and Adult Rats.

Stress had been related to physiological and morphological alterations in different organs, however kidney morphology and function after stress conditions are not well-known. To evaluate the effects of chronic stress on renal morphology in prepubertal and adult rats, and to investigate if the effects of induced stress remain stable or worsen following removal of the stress stimuli.

Impact of Self-Report and eGFR-Based Chronic Kidney Disease on the Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease-Related Complications and Geriatric Syndromes in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Awareness of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been low among affected patients, particularly the older ones. However, whether such awareness is synonymous with the presence of laboratory-diagnosed CKD among older adults is currently unclear.

Nomogram Model to Predict Cardiorenal Syndrome Type 1 in Patients with Acute Heart Failure.

Cardiorenal syndrome type 1(CRS1) is a serious clinical condition in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Although several biomarkers for identifying CRS1 have been reported, early and accurate predicting CRS1 still remains a challenge. This study was aimed to develop and validate an individualized predictive nomogram for the risk of CRS1 in patients with AHF.

Proteinuria, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and Urinary Retinol-Binding Protein as Clinical Predictors of Long-Term Allograft Outcomes in Transplant Glomerulopathy.

We aimed to explore the associations between clinical parameters and long-term allograft outcomes in transplant glomerulopathy (TG) in a large retrospective cohort with long follow-up.

Prediction of ESRD in IgA Nephropathy Patients from an Asian Cohort: A Random Forest Model.

There is an increasing risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among Asian people with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). A computer-aided system for ESRD prediction in Asian IgAN patients has not been well studied.

Renal Functions and Prognosis Stratification in Chronic Heart Failure Patients and the Importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin.

The rate of incidence and prevalence of acute kidney injury is increasing due to an increased number of patients with heart failure. Therefore it is very pertinent to early detect the level of renal injuries and to make necessary heart failure predictions. Thus the aim of this study is to determine renal functions and prognosis stratification in chronic heart failure patients and importance of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL), an early diagnostic marker of acute kidney injury, as well as st...

Alterations of Renal Epithelial Glucose and Uric Acid Transporters in Fructose Induced Metabolic Syndrome.

Hyperglycemia and hyperuricemia are two major disorders of Metabolic syndrome. Kidney plays a crucial role in maintaining the homeostasis of uric acid and glucose. The aim of the study was to examine the changes of renal glucose and uric acid transporters in animals with metabolic syndrome.

Urinary Level of Liver-Type Fatty Acid Binding Protein Reflects the Degree of Tubulointerstitial Damage in Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a common, progressive, and heritable type of kidney disease. Although certain imaging modalities are useful for the diagnosis and staging of PKD, they cannot adequately monitor the severity of interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. Therefore, the present study evaluated the urinary level of liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) as a marker of interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in PKD.

Inhibition of microRNA-376b Protects Against Renal Interstitial Fibrosis via Inducing Macrophage Autophagy by Upregulating Atg5 in Mice with Chronic Kidney Disease.

Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a common feature that facilitates the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and emerging lines of evidence suggest that microRNA-376b (miR-376b) is capable of promoting RIF. In this study, we examined collagen deposition in kidney tissues, the autophagy and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) of macrophages, and the apoptosis of kidney fibroblasts (KFBs) after the promotion or suppression of endogenous miR-376b in cultured macrophages and renal fibroblasts...

Early Start Peritoneal Dialysis: Technique Survival in Long-Term Follow-Up.

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has gained interest over the last decade as a viable option for early start dialysis. It is still unknown if shorter break-in periods and less time for proper patient evaluation and training could influence technique survival in comparison to planned-start PD.

The Role of Renal Vascular Reactivity in the Development of Renal Dysfunction in Compensated and Decompensated Congestive Heart Failure.

Reduction of renal blood flow (RBF) is commonly thought to be a causative factor of renal dysfunction in congestive heart failure (CHF), but the exact mechanism of the renal hypoperfusion is not clear. Apart from the activation of neurohormonal systems controlling intrarenal vascular tone, the cause might be altered reactivity of the renal vasculature to endogenous vasoactive agents.

Patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy and Chronic Kidney Disease Might Not Benefit from Strict Blood Pressure Control.

In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) strict blood pressure (BP) control is reno-protective. However, renal benefits from BP control might depend also on the etiology of CKD. We investigated if maintenance of BP at target is equally effective in subjects with hypertensive nephropathy (HN+) and in those with other nephropathies (HN-).

Implementing Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis in Renal Care: a Chinese-German Perspective.

Assisted PD (assPD) is an option of home dialysis treatment for dependent end-stage renal patients and worldwide applied in different countries since more than 40 years. China and Germany shares similar trends in demographic development with a growing proportion of elderly referred to dialysis treatment. So far number of patients treated by assPD is low in both countries. We analyze experiences in the implementation process, barriers, and benefits of ass PD in the aging population to provide a model for sus...

Membrane Attack Complex and Factor H in Humans with Acute Kidney Injury.

Complement system seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of complement system in the pathogenesis of human AKI. For this purpose, we studied Membrane Attack Complex (MAC) and factor H in plasma and kidney tissue in AKI.

Angiotensin II Type I Receptor Agonistic Autoantibody Induces Podocyte Injury via Activation of the TRPC6- Calcium/Calcineurin Pathway in Pre-Eclampsia.

Angiotensin II type I receptor agonistic autoantibody (AT1-AA) is closely related to pre-eclampsia, which is characterized by proteinuria and hypertension. AT1-AA has been shown to enhance the effect of AngII in pre-eclampsia, such as production of endothelin-1, activation of ROS, and vasoconstriction, which are considered to be associated with hypertension; however, whether or not AT1-AA participates in podocyte damage leading to the generation of proteinuria has not been reported. In this study we investi...

Gestational Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and Adverse Maternofetal Outcomes.

The association between gestational estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and adverse pregnancy outcomes has not been fully investigated.

Efficacy of Probiotics Supplementation On Chronic Kidney Disease: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota may accelerate the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) by increasing the levels of urea toxins. In recent years, probiotics have been recognized to maintain the physiological balance of the intestinal microbiota. In this study, we aim to assess the therapeutic effects of probiotics on CKD patients with and without dialysis via meta-analysis.

A Novel Inhibitor of Homodimerization Targeting MyD88 Ameliorates Renal Interstitial Fibrosis by Counteracting TGF-β1-Induced EMT in Vivo and in Vitro.

The TLR/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway has been successfully used to treat renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). However, the exact therapeutic mechanism is still unknown. Here, we assessed the therapeutic efficacy of TJ-M2010-2, a small molecular compound that inhibits MyD88 homodimerization, in RIF induced by ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI).

Results of Fabry Disease Screening in Male Pre-End Stage Renal Disease Patients with Unknown Etiology Found Through the Platform of a Chronic Kidney Disease Education Program in a Northern Taiwan Medical Center.

Fabry disease (FD), a rare x-lined genetic disorder is a cause of renal deterioration. The phenotype of FD is highly variable and nonspecific, and correct diagnosis has always been delayed. We aimed to explore the prevalence and clinical presentation of FD in this high-risk male population in a Northern Taiwan medical center.

Ethyl Pyruvate Attenuates CaCl2-Induced Tubular Epithelial Cell Injury by Inhibiting Autophagy and Inflammatory Responses.

Nephrolithiasis is one of the most prevalent diseases of the urinary system. Approximately 80% of human kidney stones are composed of calcium oxalate (CaOx), and hypercalciuria is one of the most common metabolic disorders. Emerging evidence indicates that autophagy and inflammatory responses are related to the formation of CaOx nephrolithiasis. However, the roles of autophagy and inflammation in patients with hypercalciuria remain unclear. Ethyl pyruvate (EP) displays protective effects in experimental mod...


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