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PubMed Journal Database | Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research RSS

05:30 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,200+ from Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research

Expression of WD Repeat Domain 5 (WDR5) is Associated with Progression and Reduced Prognosis in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

BACKGROUND The WD repeat domain 5 (WDR5) is an essential component of methyltransferase complexes. The expression of WDR5 has been reported in several types of malignancy. This study aimed to investigate the expression of the WDR5 gene and protein in a human papillary carcinoma cell line in vitro, including the use WDR5 gene silencing, and the expression of the WDR5 protein in papillary thyroid carcinoma tissue, and clinicopathological characteristics including overall survival (OS). MATERIAL AND METHODS Th...

IL1R1 Polymorphisms are Associated with Lumbar Disc Herniation Risk in the Northwestern Chinese Han Population.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL1R1 with the risk of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in the Han population in northwest China. MATERIAL AND METHODS To estimate the association of IL1R1 polymorphisms with LDH risk, Agena MassARRAY was used to determine the genotypes of 498 LDH patients and 463 controls. The association between IL1R1 variants and LDH risk was examined by logistic regression analysis with adjustments for age and gender....

Value of Ferritin Heavy Chain (FTH1) Expression in Diagnosis and Prognosis of Renal Cell Carcinoma.

BACKGROUND Serum ferritin is a useful tumor marker for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the expression of ferritin heavy chain (FTH1), the main subunit of ferritin, is unclear in primary RCC tissues. In this study, we investigated FTH1 mRNA expression and its diagnostic and prognostic value in RCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS The mRNA expression of FTH1 was analyzed using including Oncomine, Gene Expression Omnibus, and Cancer Genome Atlas datasets, while the protein level of FTH1 was analyzed using the Human ...

Use of Genome-Scale Integrated Analysis to Identify Key Genes and Potential Molecular Mechanisms in Recurrence of Lower-Grade Brain Glioma.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify gene signals for lower-grade glioma (LGG) and to assess their potential as recurrence biomarkers. MATERIAL AND METHODS An LGG-related mRNA sequencing dataset was downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Informix. Multiple bioinformatics analysis methods were used to identify key genes and potential molecular mechanisms in recurrence of LGG. RESULTS A total of 326 differentially-expressed genes (DEGs), were identified from 511 primary LGG tumor and 18 re...

A Competing-Risks Nomogram in Patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Duct Adenocarcinoma.

BACKGROUND The primary objective of this study was to assess the cumulative incidence of cause-specific mortality (CSM) and other causes of mortality (OCM) for patients with metastatic pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (mPDAC). The secondary objective was to calculate the probability of CSM and build a competing risk nomogram to predict CSM for mPDAC. MATERIAL AND METHODS We identified patients with mPDAC between 2010 and 2015 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. We assessed th...

Risk Factors for Postoperative Delirium in Type A Aortic Dissection Patients: A Retrospective Study.

BACKGROUND Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common complication in cardiac surgery among adult patients. This retrospective study was designed to identify the risk factors associated with POD of type A aortic dissection patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Clinical data of 148 patients with type A aortic dissection in the Department of Critical Care Medicine was retrospectively analyzed. All these patients underwent Sun's procedure with anesthetic treatment. The confusion assessment method for intensive care uni...

Effectiveness and Renal Functions Safety of Treatments Used for Neonates with Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A Prospective Cohort Study.

BACKGROUND Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin plays an important role in renal dysfunctions. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that indomethacin used in treating patent ductus arteriosus protects infants from renal dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective cohort study assessed data on urine prostaglandin metabolites, urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and the renal functions of preterm infants with confirmed patent ductus arteriosus who had been inject...

Lung Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: An Analysis of Patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results (SEER) Database.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, clinicopathologic characteristics, prognostic factors, and treatment outcomes in lung large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients diagnosed with lung LCNEC between 2000 and 2013 were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results database. Kaplan-Meier methods and univariate and multivariate analyses were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS A total of 2097 patients were identified. The total age...

Primary Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma: Three-Dimensional Reconstruction Imaging of Optic Nerve Heard Structure in Based on Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).

BACKGROUND In glaucoma, the cup to plate ratio enlargement is a recognized pathological phenomenon. At present, the research on optic nerve in China and abroad mainly focuses on 2-dimensional research, and the measurement of 3-dimensional volume data is less well studied. Therefore, the recognition of 3-dimensional morphological changes is conducive to timely clinical intervention to prevent or slow down progressive vision loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this paper, optical coherence tomography (OCT) volume i...

Rumen-Protected 5-Hydroxytryptophan Improves Sheep Melatonin Synthesis in the Pineal Gland and Intestinal Tract.

BACKGROUND Based on the extensive biological effects of melatonin (MLT), it is beneficial to increase the MLT content in the bodies of animals at a specific physiological stage. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of a diet supplemented with rumen-protected (RP) 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) on the pineal gland and intestinal tract MLT synthesis of sheep. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighteen Kazakh sheep were assigned randomly to 3 diet groups: control group (CT, corn-soybean meal basal diet), CT+111 ...

Impact of Colon-Specific DNA Methylation-Regulated Gene Modules on Colorectal Cancer Patient Survival.

BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in females and the third in males worldwide. Although existing evidence explained some critical functions of the single genetic abnormality in the pathogenesis of CRC, the function of interactors involved in the colon-specific regulatory network, especially DNA methylation regulated network is still poorly understood. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this work, matched gene expression and DNA methylation samples of CRC patients were retr...

Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy with the Stag Beetle Knife (SB Knife): Feasibility and Follow-Up.

BACKGROUND Recently, a stag beetle (SB) knife was introduced to reduce the difficulty of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the SB knife. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 71 patients undergoing POEM with the SB knife for esophageal achalasia were included. We used esophagography, manometry, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), and Eckardt score to assess the utility and safety. RESULTS All cases were completed for POEM. The incidence of adve...

Autologous Breast Reconstruction with Transverse Rectus Abdominis Musculocutaneous (TRAM) or Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator (DIEP) Flaps: An Analysis of the 100 Most Cited Articles.

Post-mastectomy autologous reconstruction with abdominal tissue has evolved over the past 4 decades and is a common reconstructive modality today. To gain more insight into this evolution, we performed an analysis of the 100 most commonly cited articles focusing on autologous breast reconstruction with transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) or deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps. A review of the ISI Web of Knowledge database was performed. Only peer-reviewed articles in English wer...

Comparative Study of the Effects of Customized 3D printed insole and Prefabricated Insole on Plantar Pressure and Comfort in Patients with Symptomatic Flatfoot.

BACKGROUND There are many shortcomings in traditional prefabricated rehabilitation insoles for symptomatic flatfoot patients. This study investigated the effects of customized 3-dimensional (3D) printed insoles on pressure and comfort of the plantar foot in symptomatic flatfoot patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty patients with bilateral flatfoot participated in this study. At week 0, patients were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. In the control group, the patients wore standardize shoes with prefabri...

An Evaluation of Bone Mineral Density Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Patients with Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Retrospective Study at a Single Center in Turkey.

BACKGROUND The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) combined with volumetric dental tomography measurements taken from three main regions selected on the lower mandible, the right mandibular, medial mandibular, and left mandibular regions, in patients with ectodermal dysplasia and age-matched and gender-matched controls. Measurement of BMD in Hounsfield units (HUs) were evaluated using three-dimensional (3D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imagin...

Diagnostic Performance of Perfusion Computed Tomography for Differentiating Lung Cancer from Benign Lesions: A Meta-Analysis.

BACKGROUND Numerous studies have explored diagnosis of pulmonary nodules using perfusion computed tomography (CT); however, findings were not always consistent between studies. Th e present study aimed to summarize evidence on the diagnostic value of perfusion CT for distinguishing between lung cancer and benign lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed a systematic literature search on lung cancer and benign pulmonary lesions performed with perfusion CT. The searches were undertaken in English or Chinese ...

Expression of Lymphocyte-Activation Gene 3 (LAG-3) Immune Checkpoint Receptor Identifies a Tumor-Reactive T Cell Population in the Peripheral Blood of Patients with Colorectal Cancer.

BACKGROUND The use of adoptive T cell therapy has proven to be effective in some advanced malignancies. This study aimed to investigate the effects of lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG-3) immune checkpoint receptor in the enrichment of tumor antigen-specific CD8⁺ T lymphocytes derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with colorectal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 20 patients with colorectal cancer and apheresis was performed with enrichm...

Effect of Deubiquitinase Ovarian Tumor Domain-Containing Protein 5 (OTUD5) on Radiosensitivity of Cervical Cancer by Regulating the Ubiquitination of Akt and its Mechanism.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the role of deubiquitinase [ovarian tumor domain-containing protein 5 (OTUD5)] in regulating Akt ubiquitination and its effect on the radiosensitivity of cervical cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Cervical cancer C33A cells were cultured, and then 2 groups of cells (overexpressed cells and silenced cells) were established by overexpressing and silencing OTUD5 gene. Next, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was employed to detect the expression level o...

The Parallelogram Effect of Degenerative Structures Around the Apical Vertebra in Patients with Adult Degenerative Scoliosis: The Influence of Asymmetric Degeneration and Diagonal Degeneration on the Severity of Deformity.

BACKGROUND This is the first published study assessing the parallelogram effect of degenerative structures around the apical vertebra. We evaluated the effect of degenerative structures around the apical vertebra and spinopelvic parameters on the severity of ADS. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed data on 144 patients with ADS. The coronal (coronal Cobb angle, CA) and sagittal (thoracic kyphosis, TK; sagittal vertical axis, SVA; pelvic incidence, PI; lumbar lordosis, LL; sacral slope, SS; pelv...

Use of the Bispectral Index to Predict Recovery of Consciousness in Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage After Surgical Hematoma Evacuation: A Prospective Cohort Study.

BACKGROUND Our study aimed to test the predictive value of the bispectral index (BIS) for the post-operational consciousness recovery in patients undergone hematoma evacuation due to spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). MATERIAL AND METHODS In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled adult spontaneous ICH patients after surgical hematoma evacuation who did not recover consciousness on the first postoperative day. After patient enrollment, the BIS was continuously monitored for 12 hours, and the mot...

Improving the Surgical Effect for Primary Liver Cancer with Intraoperative Fluorescence Navigation Compared with Intraoperative Ultrasound.

BACKGROUND This study aimed to compare the application value of intraoperative fluorescence navigation technology (FNT) and intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) in primary liver cancer surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty consecutive patients with primary liver cancer scheduled to receive surgical treatment were divided into FNT group and IOUS group. FNT and IOUS were separately used to guide tumor resection and detect new cancerous lesions in the 2 groups. The complete tumor resection rate (R0) resection rate, ...

Expression of Protein 4.1 Family in Breast Cancer: Database Mining for 4.1 Family Members in Malignancies.

BACKGROUND The protein 4.1 family is a family of cytoskeletal proteins that play an important role in maintaining normal cell morphology and cell adhesion, migration, division, and intercellular signaling. The main aim of this study was to explore the prognostic significance of the protein 4.1 family in breast cancer (BC) patients and to provide new biomarkers and therapeutic targets for the diagnosis and treatment of BC. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression of 4.1 family members in various tumor types was c...

Dyslipidemia is a Risk Factor for the Incidence and Severity of Drug-Induced Liver Injury (DILI): A Retrospective Population-Based Study in China.

BACKGROUND A Chinese population-based study aimed to investigate the risk factors for the incidence and severity of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) from Chinese herbal medicines and conventional Western medicines. MATERIAL AND METHODS Liver biopsy and routine laboratory testing, including serum lipid measurements, was performed on 465 patients, including 168 patients with DILI and 297 patients without DILI. Histological grading of DILI used the METAVIR scoring system and the severity of DILI was graded as ...

Exosomes in Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the accumulation of ß-amyloid peptide 1-42 and phosphorylation of tau protein in the brain. Thus far, the transfer mechanism of these cytotoxic proteins between nerve cells remains unclear. Recent studies have shown that nanoscale extracellular vesicles (exosomes) originating from cells may play important roles in this transfer process. In addition, several genetic materials and proteins are also involved in intercellular communicati...

Resveratrol Reduced Liver Damage After Liver Resection in a Rat Model by Upregulating Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and Inhibiting the Acetylation of High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1).

BACKGROUND Liver failure after resection for liver cancer is associated with increased patient mortality. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of the protective effects of resveratrol, a natural plant-derived compound, on liver injury in a rat model of partial hepatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n=60) were divided into the sham group (n=20), the liver resection group (n=20), and the liver resection plus resveratrol-treated group (n=20). Liver resection removed 2/3...


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