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15:11 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,900+ from Medicine

Association of loss of muscle mass with mortality in liver cirrhosis without or before liver transplantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Liver cirrhosis is a risk factor for the loss of muscle mass, which is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. This meta-analysis aimed to examine whether loss of muscle mass was a predictor of increased mortality in cirrhotic patients without or before liver transplantation.

Molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates from Hainan, China: A STROBE compliant observational study.

Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of meliodosis, and the cases in China are gradually increasing. The present retrospective study aimed to surveil the molecular epidemiological characteristics and antibiotic resistance of B pseudomallei isolates. B pseudomallei strains were isolated and verified from meliodosis patients with relevant epidemiological information from 2004 to 2016 in Hainan, China. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis based on Spe I digestion was carried out, and antimicrobial resi...

A new surgical technique "cervical internal os plasty" in cesarean delivery for placenta previa accreta: A case-control study.

Placenta previa accreta is an obstetrical complication that severely affects the heath of the fetus and the mother due to massive hemorrhage during pregnancy. This study reported a new suture technique called "cervical internal os plasty" to control obstetrical hemorrhage in cesarean delivery for patients with placenta previa accreta and retrospectively evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the new technique.From January 2012 to May 2018, we collected 56 patients with this new suture technique, which re...

Effectiveness of lumbar epidural injection in patients with chronic spinal stenosis accompanying redundant nerve roots.

Redundant nerve root syndrome (RNRS) is a phenomenon characterized by the presence of elongated, enlarged, tortuous nerve roots in the lumbar subarachnoid space. It is unclear whether RNRS is caused by spinal stenosis or causes these symptoms.This study evaluated the effects of lumbar epidural steroid injection (LESI) on patients with RNRS and assessed factors associated with RNRS. This retrospective observational cohort study was conducted at a single pain clinic of a university hospital.The medical record...

A comparative and correlative study of the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) and the Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP) for voice-related quality of life among teachers with and without voice disorders.

The aim of this study was to investigate the difference and correlation between the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) and the Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP) among teachers.The participants were 672 teachers (218 males and 454 females, male-to-female ratio = 0.48:1) whose vocal cords were examined using a Strobolaryngoscope. Questionnaire results were obtained for both the V-RQOL and the VAPP.Of the 672 participants, 322 teachers had voice disorders while 350 teachers did not. The m...

Acute cholecystitis as a rare and overlooked complication in stroke patients: A retrospective monocentric study.

Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a rare but possible medical complication found in stroke patients. As many stroke patients present with neurologic symptoms, such as altered mental status, motor weakness, global aphasia, or dysarthria, clinical symptoms and signs of AC are often unexpressed or overlooked. As a result, the diagnosis of AC is often delayed with subsequent secondary complications in these stroke patients. This study aims to evaluate the clinical incidence, manifestations, and predictive factors of ...

Partial thickness cornea tissue from small incision lenticule extraction: A novel patch graft in glaucoma drainage implant surgery.

The aim of the present study was to observe the feasibility and effect of cornea slice acquired from femtosecond laser surgery, small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) as patch graft for the prevention of drainage tube exposure and to compare with the sclera.

Impact of inflammation-mediated myocardial fibrosis on the risk of recurrence after successful ablation of atrial fibrillation - the FIBRO-RISK study: Protocol for a non-randomized clinical trial.

Interventional ablation has been demonstrated to represent an effective therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), leading to restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm in the majority of cases. However, recurrence of AF is encountered in 35% to 40% of cases, and the causes for this frequent complication have not been elucidated so far.

Acute liver failure caused by occupational exposure to HCFC-123: Two case reports.

Hydrochlorofluorocarbon 123 (HCFC-123, Freon123; 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane) has been widely used in refrigeration and heat-transfer applications as a substitute for chlorofluorocarbons due to its lower ozone-depleting potentials. Occupational exposure to HCFC-123 may cause mild reversible hepatoxicity, but no fatal cases have been reported yet.

Effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban for the prevention of thrombosis following total hip or knee replacement: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prophylactic anticoagulant therapy is recommended to reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total hip or knee arthroplasty, and has become the standard of care. Rivaroxaban is a novel oral medication that directly inhibits factor Xa for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic conditions.

Pancreatic progenitor cell differentiation and proliferation factor predicts poor prognosis in heptaocellular carcinoma.

The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of pancreatic progenitor cell differentiation and proliferation factor (PPDPF) and its relationship with clinicopathological factors in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).A total of 135 patients diagnosed with HCC who underwent curative surgery were enrolled in this study. The expression of PPDPF was examined by real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot, and immunohistochemistry. The prognostic value for each sample was explored.Both RT-PCR...

Spindle cell hemangioma of the spleen: A case report.

Spindle cell hemangioma (SCH) is considered a benign vascular lesion. It typically develops as a solitary nodule or multiple masses located in the dermal or subcutaneous layers of the distal extremities. To the best of our knowledge, there are no prior reports of SCH in the spleen.

Circulating long noncoding RNA ZNFX1 antisense RNA negatively correlates with disease risk, severity, inflammatory markers, and predicts poor prognosis in sepsis patients.

This study aimed to investigate the correlation of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) ZNFX1 antisense RNA (ZFAS1) with disease risk, severity, inflammation markers, and prognosis in sepsis patients.A total of 202 sepsis patients were consecutively enrolled, and 200 healthy volunteers were also recruited as healthy controls (HCs). Plasma samples of all patients and HCs were collected. LncRNA ZFAS1 expression was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay and inflammatory cytokines levels were detect...

Prognostic miRNA classifiers in t cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Study protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational clinical studies.

The prognostic value of microRNA (miRNA) expression in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) has generated significant research interest in recent years. However, most diagnostic and prognostic studies with regards to miRNA expression have been focused on combined B cell and T cell lymphoblastic leukemia. There are very few studies reporting the prognostic effects of miRNA expression on T-ALL. Therefore, a pioneer systematic review and meta-analysis was proposed to explore the possibilities of miRNAs ...

Temporal trends and black-white disparity in mortality among hospitalized persons living with HIV in the United States.

We sought to determine whether black-white gap in mortality exists among hospitalized HIV-positive patients in the United States (US). We hypothesized that in-hospital mortality (IHM) would be similar between black and white HIV-positive patients due to the nationwide availability of HIV services.Our analysis was restricted to hospitalized HIV-positive patients (15-49 years). We used the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) that covered the period from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2014. We employed joinpoint ...

A critical review to traumatic brain injury clinical practice guidelines.

The aim of this study was to assess the quality of clinical practice guidelines of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and investigate the evidence grading systems.A systematic search of relevant guideline websites and literature databases (including PubMed, NGC, SIGN, NICE, GIN, and Google) was undertaken from inception to May 2018 to identify and select TBI guidelines. Four independent reviewers assessed the eligible guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument. ...

CONSORT-Assistive technology-180° rotating eating spoon improves the ability of eating of self-care patients with upper extremity dyskinesia: Rotating eating spoon improves eating ability.

This study aims to develop an assistive technology-180° rotating feeding spoon that could improve the ability of eating of self-care patients with upper extremity dyskinesia.

A study on spleen transient elastography in predicting the degree of esophageal varices and bleeding.

This study aims to investigate the value and determine the accuracy of spleen stiffness in predicting the degree of esophageal varices and bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.The age, gender, liver stiffness, spleen stiffness, and gastroscopy results of 124 inpatients or outpatients with liver cirrhosis and healthy volunteers, who underwent both gastroscopy and FibroScan testing in the fasting state, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the gastroscopy results, the patients and healthy voluntee...

Therapeutic strategies of thromboembolic events in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases: Two case reports.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic inflammatory condition and immunological abnormalities, which probably develop into venous thromboembolic events (VTEs). VTE in IBD patients mostly occurs at deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The complications are extremely important in clinical practice considering the high mortality rate. Hence, an early diagnosis of IBD and the control of complications play an im...

Successful closure of ileostomy in a patient with intestinal Behçet's disease after therapy with adalimumab: A case report.

Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disorder involving multiple organ systems. In BD, intestinal ulcers can present as a refractory lesion capable of perforation, which makes the choice of treatment difficult.

Bronchoscopic cryosurgery for metastatic tumor causing central airway obstruction: A case report.

Bronchoscopic cryotherapy has been considered as one of the optional interventions for unresectable malignant central airway obstruction (CAO). And it provides high safety and effectiveness in airway patency re-establishment. This report describes the interventional bronchoscopic cryotherapy for a patient with CAO caused by squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. We display a series of dramatic change of chest radiographs before and after the intervention.

Compound salvia pellet might be more effective and safer for chronic stable angina pectoris compared with nitrates: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Chronic stable angina (CSA) resulted in a considerable burden for both individuals and the society. In this study we aimed to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Compound salvia pellet compared with nitrates in the treatment of Chronic Stable Angina (CSA) pectoris, and to provide more credible evidence for clinical practice.

Effects of climate factors on hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Changchun, 2013 to 2017.

Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a rodent-borne disease caused by hantaviruses (HVs). Climate factors have a significant impact on the transmission of HFRS. Here, we characterized the dynamic temporal trend of HFRS and identified the roles of climate factors in its transmission in Changchun, China.Surveillance data of HFRS cases and data on related environmental variables from 2013 to 2017 were collected. A principal components regression (PCR) model was used to quantify the relationship betw...

Characteristics of dry eye in patients with pre-existing Sjögren's syndrome according to the revised 2016 ACR-EULAR classification criteria.

To compare the characteristics of dry eye (DE) patients who did and did not satisfy the 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)-European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria for primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) among patients with pre-existing SS diagnosed according to the 2012 ACR criteriaThis cross-sectional study evaluated 91 patients with pre-existing SS and 55 with non-SS DE. Patients with SS were divided into 2 groups according to whether they met the revised 2016 ACR-EULAR cl...

Health utilities in cancer patients: A study protocol for a prospective, longitudinal cohort using online survey.

Cost-utility analysis (CUA) is becoming more commonly used in healthcare decision-making. CUA uses the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) metric, which combines the length of life with the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Most QALY-measuring instruments were validated for general populations. For patients with cancer, the perception of their health state is different and may vary by the type of cancer considered. In Quebec, no preference weights for QALY have been developed, neither for the general p...

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