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PubMed Journal Database | Medicine and science in sports and exercise RSS

07:43 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,200+ from Medicine and science in sports and exercise

Microparticle Responses to Aerobic Exercise and Meal Consumption in Healthy Men.

Microparticles (MPs) are shed extracellular vesicles that express the pro-thrombotic tissue factor (TF). Aerobic exercise may reduce MP count and TF expression. This study investigated the impact of acute running or rest followed by standardised meal consumption on MP phenotypes and TF expression.

Independent Influence of Spinal Cord Injury Level on Thermoregulation during Exercise.

Establish the true influence of spinal cord injury (SCI) level on core temperature and sweating during exercise in the heat independently of biophysical factors.

Testosterone and Resistance Training Improve Muscle Quality in Spinal Cord Injury.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) negatively impacts muscle quality and testosterone levels. Resistance training (RT) has been shown to increase muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) following SCI, while testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been shown to improve muscle quality in other populations. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine if the combined effects of these interventions, TRT+RT, may maximize the beneficial effects on muscle quality after SCI.

Fat Oxidation Rates in Professional Soccer Players.

Large inter-individual variation exists in maximal fat oxidation rates (MFO) and the exercise intensity at which it occurs (FATMAX). However, there is no data describing the shape of the fat oxidation curve or, if individual differences exist when tested on separate occasions. Furthermore, there is limited data on fat metabolism in professional team sport athletes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test-retest the concavity (shape) and intercept (height) of fat oxidation curves within a group of profe...

Shared Neuromuscular Performance Traits in Military Personnel with Prior Concussion.

Concussions are common in military personnel and may result in increased risk of musculoskeletal injury. One plausible explanation for this risk could be that neuromotor deficiencies enhance injury risk following concussion through altered muscular activation/contraction timing.

Physical Activity and Cerebral Small Vein Integrity in Older Adults.

Identifying promoters of cerebral small vein integrity is important to counter vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia.

Neuromuscular Fatigue and Metabolism during High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise.

To examine the degree of neuromuscular fatigue development along with changes in muscle metabolism during two work-matched high-intensity intermittent exercise protocols in trained individuals.

Development and Testing of an Integrated Score for Physical Behaviors.

Interest in a variety of physical behaviors (e.g., exercise, sitting time, sleep) in relation to health outcomes creates a need for new statistical approaches to analyze the joint effects of these distinct but inter-related physical behaviors. We developed and tested an integrated physical behavior score (PBS).

Dynamics of Locomotor Fatigue during Supra-critical Power Exercise.

We aimed to measure 1) the dynamics of locomotor fatigue during constant supra-critical power cycling, and 2) the magnitude of any reserve in locomotor power at intolerance to constant and ramp-incremental cycling in recreationally-active volunteers.

A Statistical Timetable for the Sub-2-Hour Marathon.

Breaking the sub-2 hour marathon in an official event has attracted growing interest in recent times with commercial and international momentum building. Here it is shown that predicting how likely, and when, the sub-2 hour barrier will be broken are statistically coupled considerations.

VO2peak, Body Composition, and Neck Strength of Elite Motor Racing Drivers.

Automobile racing is widely known to be physically demanding, however there is no published information comparing the physical fitness variables of elite level race car drivers across various competitive championships.

Objectively Measured Physical Activity Is Associated with Vertebral Size in Midlife.

Vertebral fractures reduce the quality of life and are a major burden to the health care sector. Small vertebral size is associated with increased vertebral fracture risk. Previous studies have investigated the relationship between physical activity and vertebral size, but their results seem somewhat contradictory. In this population-based birth cohort study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and vertebral size.

Effects of Static Stretching and Foam Rolling on Ankle Dorsiflexion Range of Motion.

Static stretching (SS) has been used for inducing acute and long-term increases in range of motion (ROM). Foam rolling (FR) has recently gained popularity for acutely increasing ROM. However, the long-term effects of FR on ROM have not been thoroughly evaluated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the acute and long-term changes in dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) as a result of six weeks of FR, SS, and FR followed by SS (FR + SS).

Lower Extremity Stiffness Predicts Ground Reaction Force Loading Rate in Heel-Strike Runners.

High vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) loading rates are thought to contribute to lower extremity injuries in runners. Given that elevated lower extremity stiffness has been reported to be associated with increased GRFs, the purpose of the current study was to determine if overall lower extremity stiffness, or individual joint angular excursions and/or torsional stiffness are predictive of the average vGRF loading rate during running.

The Impact of Cycling Cadence on Respiratory and Hemodynamic Responses to Exercise.

The physiological consequences of freely chosen cadence (FCC) during cycling remains poorly understood. We sought to determine the effect of cadence on the respiratory and hemodynamic response to cycling exercise.

Loading Behaviors Do Not Match Loading Abilities Post ACL Reconstruction.

Strategies that underload the surgical limb following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLr) are observed in submaximal tasks. It is not known what underlies these strategies in early rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to determine if underloading can be attributed to the inability to meet task demands with and without attention to limb loading or learned behavior.

Sedentary Time and White Matter Hyperintensity Volume in Older Adults.

Cerebrovascular disease in the form of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) increases with age and is associated separately with sedentary time and reduced kidney function. A better understanding of the relationships among these variables would help clarify whether sedentary time should be considered more closely in older adults at particular levels of kidney function to reduce the risk of WMH.

Effects of Aerobic Exercise during Pregnancy on One-Month Infant Neuromotor Skills.

To determine the effects of exercise during pregnancy on the neuromotor development of one-month old offspring. We hypothesized that aerobic exercise during pregnancy would be associated with higher neuromotor scores in infants at one month of age, based on standard pediatric assessment of neuromotor skills.

High-Intensity Interval Training Improves Erythrocyte Osmotic Deformability.

Physical exercise or hypoxic exposure influences erythrocyte susceptibility to osmotic stress, and the aquaporin 1 (AQP1) facilitates the transport of water in erythrocytes. This study investigated whether high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) affect erythrocyte osmotic deformability by modulating AQP1 function under hypoxic stress.

Acute Exercise Prevents Angry Mood Induction but Does Not Change Angry Emotions.

Exercise is well-known to enhance a variety of mood states, but few studies have been specifically designed to investigate whether acute aerobic exercise alters feelings of anger. The goal of this study was to determine the magnitude of the effects of acute exercise on both angry mood and angry emotions.

Cerebral Blood Flow during Interval and Continuous Exercise in Young and Old Men.

Ageing is associated with impaired cerebral blood flow (CBF) and increased risk of cerebrovascular disease. Acute increases in CBF during exercise may initiate improvements in cerebrovascular health, but the CBF response is diminished during continuous exercise in older adults. The effect of interval exercise for promoting increases in CBF in young and old adults is unknown.

Predicting Energy Expenditure of an Acute Resistance Exercise.

Energy expenditure of resistance exercise (RE) is an important consideration for exercise prescription and weight management, yet prediction models are lacking.

Team Physician, Team Subspecialist: A Potential Scientific Conflict of Interest?

Determining the Upper Limit of the Metabolic Steady State.

Response.


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