Topics

PubMed Journal Database | Methods and applications in fluorescence RSS

05:18 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 119 from Methods and applications in fluorescence

Zinc oxide quantum dots embedded in hydrophobic silica particles for latent fingermarks visualization based on time-gated luminescence measurements.

In this work we demonstrate a composite material based on silica particles. The particles have been doped with zinc oxide quantum dots which possess long living luminescence. The surface of the particles has been functionalized with phenyl groups using sol-gel process. The new material has been successfully applied for visualization of natural latent fingermarks on several surfaces, in particular, those showing their own luminescence and intensive background staining while using powder dusting, what is of t...

Optimization of FLIM imaging, fitting and analysis for auto-fluorescent NAD(P)H and FAD in cells and tissues.

Increasingly, the auto-fluorescent coenzymes NAD(P)H and FAD are being tracked by multi-photon fluorescence lifetime microscopy (FLIM) and used as versatile markers for changes in mammalian metabolism. The cellular redox state of different cell model systems, organoids and tissue sections is investigated in a range of pathologies where the metabolism is disrupted or reprogrammed; the latter is particularly relevant in cancer biology. Yet, the actual optimized process of acquiring images by FLIM, execute a c...

Wide-field time-gated SPAD imager for phasor-based FLIM applications.

We describe the performance of a new wide area time-gated single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) array for phasor-FLIM, exploring the effect of gate length, gate number and signal intensity on the measured lifetime accuracy and precision. We conclude that the detector functions essentially as an ideal shot noise limited sensor and is capable of video rate FLIM measurement. The phasor ap-proach used in this work appears ideally suited to handle the large amount of data generated by this type of very large sens...

Fluorophore photostability and saturation in the hotspot of DNA origami nanoantennas.

Fluorescent dyes used for single-molecule spectroscopy can undergo millions of excitation-emission cycles before photobleaching. Due to the upconcentration of light in a plasmonic hotspot, the conditions for fluorescent dyes are even more demanding in DNA origami nanoantennas. Here, we briefly review the current state of fluorophore stabilization for single-molecule imaging and reveal additional factors relevant in the context of plasmonic fluorescence enhancement. We show that despite the improved photosta...

Preparation of high-efficiency near-infrared aggregation-induced emission nanoparticles based on FRET and their use in bio-imaging.

Recently, the development of fluorescent probes has contributed to significant advances in cell biology and medical diagnostic imaging. In this work, we use biocompatible bovine hemoglobin (BHb) molecules to co-coat aggregation-induced emission (AIE) molecules amino tetraphenylethylene (TPE-NH2) and near-infrared emission molecules 2-(4-aminophenyl)-3-(4-(4-(diphenylamino)styryl)phenyl) fumaronitrile (TPAADFN), to get TPE-NH2/TPAADFN@BHb nanoparticles. Due to the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET...

Application of multidimensional and conventional fluorescence techniques for classification of beverages originating from various berry fruit.

The objectives of this study were to characterize fluorescence of beverages from berry fruit, including chokeberry, blackcurrant, raspberry and strawberry, and to develop classification models based on different types of fluorescence spectra to identify beverages depending on the fruit species. Total fluorescence spectra (excitation-emission matrices, EEMs) and total synchronous fluorescence spectra (TSFS) were recorded for a series of commercial berry fruit beverages. An analysis of EEMs using parallel fac...

Photophysical properties of 2-Phenylindole in poly (vinyl alcohol) film at room temperature. Enhanced phosphorescence anisotropy with direct triplet state excitation.

We report the spectral properties of 2-Phenylindole embedded in rigid poly (vinyl alcohol) film. The 2-Phenylindole-doped PVA film shows relatively strong and structured fluorescence with a maximum at 370 nm and surprisingly strong room temperature phosphorescence with an emission maximum of about 500 nm. The dye is highly immobilized in the polymer matrix, thus presenting high fluorescence anisotropy in an isotropic film of about 0.3 at room temperature. The 2-Phenylindole phosphorescence excited in the us...

The effect of pH and ionic strength on the fluorescence properties of a red emissive DNA-stabilized silver nanocluster.

DNA-stabilized silver nanoclusters (DNA-AgNCs) are a class of promising fluorophores for imaging and sensing applications. All aspects of their spectroscopic properties are not yet fully characterized, leaving this field still with a number of fundamental studies to be addressed. In this work, we studied the spectroscopic properties of red-emitting DNA-AgNCs at different pH (5 to 9) and ionic strength μ (0.005 to 0.5). The photophysical properties of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) purified D...

One-step hydrothermal synthesis of silver-doped carbon quantum dots for highly selective detection of uric acid.

In this paper, a simple and convenient fluorescence method for detection of uric acid (UA) based on Ag-doped carbon quantum dots (Ag-CQDs) is developed. The Ag-CQDs contain Ag species might bond with UA, which promoted the electron and/or energy transfer and produced high quenching extent. Thus, the fluorescence intensity of Ag-CQDs decreased in the presence of UA. Under the optimal condition, the UA sensor exhibited a linear response in the range of 0.005-100 μM with a detection limit of 0.35 nM (S/N=3). ...

MAF leads fluorescence into the new decade.

There is no abstract.

Time-resolved emission microscopy of light-induced aggregation of luminescent polymers.

Photon pressure has been used induce the aggregation from solution of a series of photoluminescence conjugated polyelectrolytes containing tetraphenylethene units. These polymers show steady-state and time-resolved emission properties that are dependent on the local chromophore environment that can be influenced by the degree of intra- and inter- molecular interactions, which enables the photoaggregation process to be monitored by time-resolved fluorescence imaging techniques. Structural differences in the ...

The synthesis of metal nanoclusters and their applications in bio-sensing and imaging.

Noble metal nanomaterials have been studied by many researchers for their ultra-small size, excellent photophysical properties and good biocompatibility. Metal nanoclusters are a kind of nanoscale ultrafine particle, which have completely different properties from macroscopic metals. In the visible region, they do not usually show the characteristic surface plasmon resonance absorption but instead show fluorescence in the visible to near infrared region. In particular, the noble metallic (Au, Ag, Cu, etc. )...

Förster resonance energy transfer - what can we learn and how can we use it?

The present manuscript gives a short overview on Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) of molecular interactions in the nanometre range. First, its principle is described and a short historical overview is given. Subsequently some principal methods and applications of FRET sensing and imaging are described (with some emphasis on fluorescence lifetime imaging, FLIM), and finally two innovative FRET techniques are presented in more detail. Applications are focused on measurements of living cells.

Fluorescence lifetime imaging reveals heterogeneous functional distribution of egfp expressed in xenopus oocytes.

The oocytes from Xenopus laevis are well known for their polarity, presenting a distinct animal and vegetal pole. Other heterogeneities are less known. To study the heterogeneity of the Xenopus oocyte, we expressed eGFP and analyzed the protein distribution with fluorescence lifetime microscopy. The vegetal pole exhibited higher levels of fluorescence, than the animal pole. However, the fluorescence lifetimes between the two areas were indistinguishable, suggesting similar environments. In contrast, we obse...

A label-free aptasensor for turn-on fluorescent detection of ochratoxin a based on aggregation-induced emission probe.

A novel label-free fluorescence aptasensor used for the detection of ochratoxin A (OTA) is presented in this study. When aggregated on the surface of DNA aptamer, aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorescence probe presents turn-on fluorescence property. The method proposed in this article was based on an AIE probe, 4,4-(1E,1E)-2,2-(anthracene-9,10-diyl) bis (ethene-2,1-diyl) bis (N,N,N-trimethylbenzenaminium iodide) (DSAI). With OTA present, the aptamer will combine with OTA and the conformation of the a...

Novel fluorescein- and pyridine-conjugated schiff base probes for the recyclable real-time determination of Ce3+ and F.

The effect of aminopyridines substituted at different positions on the fluorescence properties deserves to be studied. Since 2-aminopyridyl-based probes have been reported, the effects of 3-aminopyridine and 4-aminopyridine on the performance of fluorescein probes were discussed in here. Two Schiff base fluorescein probes FN-1, FN-2 were designed and synthesized. Among them, since the ligand shows a highly selective and sensitive response to metal charge transfer (LMCT), the fluorescence of FN-1 can be quen...

Interrogation of tumor metabolism in tissue samples ex vivo using fluorescence lifetime imaging of NAD(P)H.

Exploring metabolism in human tumors at the cellular level remains a challenge. The reduced form of metabolic cofactor NAD(P)H is one of the major intrinsic fluorescent components in tissues and a valuable indicator of cellular metabolic activity. Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) enables resolution of both the free and protein-bound fractions of this cofactor, and thus, high sensitivity detection of relative changes in the NAD(P)H-dependent metabolic pathways in real time. However, the clinical use of t...

Multidimensional luminescence microscope for imaging defect colour centres in diamond.

We report a multidimensional luminescence microscope providing hyperspectral imaging and time-resolved (luminescence lifetime) imaging for the study of luminescent diamond defects. The instrument includes crossed-polariser white light transmission microscopy to reveal any birefringence that would indicate strain in the diamond lattice. We demonstrate the application of this new instrument to defects in natural and synthetic diamonds including N3, nitrogen and silicon vacancies. Hyperspectral imaging provide...

Oxygen-dependent photophysics and photochemistry of prototypical compounds for organic photovoltaics: inhibiting degradation initiated by singlet oxygen at a molecular level.

Photo-initiated, oxygen-mediated degradation of the molecules in the active layer of organic photovoltaic, OPV, devices currently limits advances in the development of solar cells. To address this problem systematically and at a molecular level, it is informative to quantify the kinetics of the pertinent processes, both in solution phase and in solid films. To this end, we examined the oxygen-dependent photophysics and photochemistry of selected functionalized fullerenes, thiophene derivatives, and a subpht...

Using fluorescence lifetime dequenching to estimate the average quinary stoichiometry of proteins in living cells.

Biological proteins are understood in terms of five structural levels - primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary and quinary. The quinary structure is defined as the set of macromolecular interactions that are transient in vivo. This includes non-covalent protein-protein interactions occurring within the crowded intracellular environment. For much of twentieth century science, the canonical approach to studying biological proteins involved test tube environments. These uncrowded in vitro studies inadvertent...

Photophysical properties of the hemicyanine Dy-630 and its potential as a single-molecule fluorescent probe for biophysical applications.

Protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (PIFE) is an increasingly used approach to investigate DNA-protein interactions at the single molecule level. The optimal probe for this type of application is highly photostable, has a high absorption extinction coefficient, and has a moderate fluorescence quantum yield that increases significantly when the dye is in close proximity to a large macromolecule such as a protein. So far, the green-absorbing symmetric cyanine known as Cy3 has been the probe of choice in ...

Linker length affects photostability of protein-targeted sensor of cellular microviscosity.

Viscosity sensitive fluorophores termed 'molecular rotors' represent a convenient and quantitative tool for measuring intracellular viscosity via Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM). We compare the FLIM performance of two BODIPY-based molecular rotors bound to HaloTag protein expressed in different subcellular locations. While both rotors are able to penetrate live cells and specifically label the desired intracellular location, we found that the rotor with a longer HaloTag protein recognition m...

NAD(P)H fluorescence lifetime measurements in fixed biological tissues.

Autofluorescence based fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (AF-FLIM) techniques have come a long way from early studies on cancer characterization and have now been widely employed in several cellular and animal studies covering a wide range of diseases. The majority of research in autofluorescence imaging (AFI) study metabolic fluxes in live biological samples. However, tissues from clinical or scientific studies are often chemically fixed for preservation and stabilization of tissue morphology. Fixat...

Swollen liquid crystalline mesophase assisted synthesis of GO-PANI nanocomposite as a fluorescent probe for purines.

This article focuses on the use of graphene oxide-polyaniline (GO-PANI) nanocomposite as fluorescent probe for sensing of adenine (A) and guanine (G). Swollen liquid crystalline mesophase were used for the synthesis of graphene oxide-polyaniline nanocomposite. GO-PANI nanocomposite showed enhanced fluorescent at 441 nm (λ = 361 nm) on interaction of purines viz A and G solutions in dimethyl sulfoxide, GO exhibited quenching at 540 nm (λ = 261 nm). The fluorescence emission spectra of GO-PANI nanocomposite...

Simultaneous intraluminal imaging of tissue autofluorescence and eGFP-labeled cells in engineered vascular grafts inside a bioreactor.

The growing demand for tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVG) motivates the development of optimized fabrication and monitoring procedures. Bioreactors which provide physiologically-relevant conditions are important for improving holistic TEVG properties and performance. Herein we describe a fiber-based intraluminal imaging system that allows for in-situ assessment of vascular materials and re-cellularization processes inside a bioreactor by simultaneous and co-registered measurements of endogenous fluore...


Quick Search