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Health information technology, especially the electronic health record (EHR) systems, improves health care quality and patient safety.
The quality of hospital discharge care and patient factors (health and sociodemographic) impact the rates of unplanned readmissions. This study aims to measure the effects of controlling for the patient factors when using readmission rates to quantify the weighted edges between health care providers in a collaboration network. This improved understanding may inform strategies to reduce hospital readmissions, and facilitate quality-improvement initiatives.
With the increasing personalization of clinical therapies, translational research is evermore dependent on multisite research cooperations to obtain sufficient data and biomaterial. Distributed research networks rely on the availability of high-quality data stored in local databases operated by their member institutions. However, reusing data documented by independent health providers for the purpose of care, rather than research ("secondary use"), reveal a high variability in terms of data formats, as w...
Radiology reports are a permanent record of patient's health information often used in clinical practice and research. Reading radiology reports is common for clinicians and radiologists. However, it is laborious and time-consuming when the amount of reports to be read is large. Assisting clinicians to locate and assimilate the key information of reports is of great significance for improving the efficiency of reading reports. There are few studies on information extraction from Chinese medical texts and...
The use of electronic medical record (EMR) is anticipated to bring benefits for patients, physicians, and organizations. But limited physicians' acceptance of EMR presents a serious threat to its effective implementation.
The design of computerized systems able to support automated detection of threatening conditions in critically ill patients such as systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis has been fostered recently. The increase of research work in this area is due to both the growing digitalization in health care and the increased appreciation of the importance of early sepsis detection and intervention. To be able to understand the variety of systems and their characteristics as well as performances,...
Hyperglycemia or high blood glucose during surgery is associated with poor postoperative outcome. Knowing in advance which patients may develop hyperglycemia allows optimal assignment of resources and earlier initiation of glucose management plan.
This article describes a method for developing electronic health record (EHR) tools for use in primary care settings.
In shared decision-making, a key step is quantifying the patient's preferences in relation to all the possible outcomes of the compared clinical options. According to utility theory, this can be done by eliciting utility coefficients (UCs) from the patient. The obtained UCs are then used in decision models (e.g., decision trees). The elicitation process involves the choice of one or more elicitation methods, which is not easy for decision-makers who are unfamiliar with the theoretical framework. Moreover...
The growing number of genetic variants of unknown significance (VUS) and availability of several in silico prediction tools make the evaluation of potentially deleterious gene variants challenging.
To investigate the performance of texture analysis in characterizing P53 mutations of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) based on computed tomography (CT).
Poor lifestyle represents a health risk factor and is the leading cause of morbidity and chronic conditions. The impact of poor lifestyle can be significantly altered by individual's behavioral modification. Although there are abundant lifestyle promotion applications and tools, they are still limited in providing tailored social support that goes beyond their predefined functionalities. In addition, virtual coaching approaches are still unable to handle user emotional needs. Our approach presents a huma...
The objective of this article was to compare the performances of health care-associated infection (HAI) detection between deep learning and conventional machine learning (ML) methods in French medical reports.
Trauma is a global burden. Emergency medical services (EMS) provide care for individuals who have serious injuries or suffered a major trauma.
Self-anamnesis is a procedure in which a patient answers questions about the personal medical history without interacting directly with a doctor or medical assistant. If collected digitally, the anamnesis data can be shared among the health care team. In this article, we introduce a concept for digital anamnesis collection and assess the applicability of a conversational user interface (CUI) for realizing a mobile self-anamnesis application.
Smoking is an established risk factor for oral diseases and, therefore, dental clinicians routinely assess and record their patients' detailed smoking status. Researchers have successfully extracted smoking history from electronic health records (EHRs) using text mining methods. However, they could not retrieve patients' smoking intensity due to its limited availability in the EHR. The presence of detailed smoking information in the electronic dental record (EDR) often under a separate section allows ret...
Electronic health record (EHR) systems contain large volumes of novel heterogeneous data that can be linked to trauma registry data to enable innovative research not possible with either data source alone.
Computational Intelligence Re-meets Medical Image Processing A Comparison of Some Nature-Inspired Optimization Metaheuristics Applied in Biomedical Image Registration BACKGROUND: Diffuse lung diseases (DLDs) are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders, characterized by inflammation of lung tissue, which may lead to permanent loss of the ability to breathe and death. Distinguishing among these diseases is challenging to physicians due their wide variety and unknown causes. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) is...
Computational Intelligence Re-meets Medical Image Processing Analysis of Machine Learning Algorithms for Diagnosis of Diffuse Lung Diseases BACKGROUND: In the last decades, new optimization methods based on the nature's intelligence were developed. These metaheuristics can find a nearly optimal solution faster than other traditional algorithms even for high-dimensional optimization problems. All these algorithms have a similar structure, the difference being made by the strategies used during the evoluti...
This accompanying editorial provides a brief introduction to this focus theme, focused on "Machine Learning and Data Analytics in Pervasive Health".
Pharmacogenomics (PGx) is often considered a low-hanging fruit for genomics-electronic health record (EHR) integrations, and many have expressed the notion that drug-gene interaction checking might one day become as much a commodity in EHRs as drug-drug and drug-allergy checking. In addition, the U.S. Office of the National Coordinator has recognized the trend toward storing complete sequencing data outside the EHR in a Genomic Archiving and Communication System (GACS) and has emphasized the need for "pi...