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PubMed Journal Database | Microbial pathogenesis RSS

13:25 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 721 from Microbial pathogenesis

RNA-seq analysis of different inflammatory reactions induced by lipopolysaccharide and lipoteichoic acid in bovine mammary epithelial cells.

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) are key virulence factors of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus respectively, and both of them could cause inflammatory reaction in bovine mammary glands. In this study, we used bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) as pattern recognition receptors and stimulated them with LPS or LTA to investigate the global transcriptional response variations of BMECs to these two different virulent factors through RNA-Seq analysis. We found 100 differentially...

Potential of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens for biocontrol of bacterial canker of tomato incited by Clavibacter michiganensis ssp. michiganensis.

A total of 150 rhizobacteria and endorhizobacteria were isolated from three different horticultural crops; strawberry, apple and apricot and among them one strain of rhizobacteria i.e. strain S1, exhibiting higher and better antagonistic and plant growth promoting ability was characterized as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens based on morphological, biochemical and partial gene sequence analysis of 16S rRNA. B. amyloliquefaciens strain S1 showed maximum growth inhibition of C. michiganensis (12 mm). Moreover, B....

Sodium butyrate inhibits planktonic cells and biofilms of Trichosporon spp.

Trichosporon spp. have been increasingly recognized as an important pathogen of invasive and disseminated infections in immunocompromised patients. These species are prone to form biofilms in medical devices such as catheters and prosthesis, which are associated with antifungal resistance and therapeutic failure. Therefore, new antifungals with a broader anti-biofilm activity need to be discovered. In the present study we evaluate the inhibitory potential of sodium butyrate (NaBut) - a histone deacetylase i...

RNA sequencing analysis of Beauveria bassiana isolated from Ostrinia furnacalis identifies the pathogenic genes.

Beauveria bassiana (B. bassiana) is a broad-spectrum entomopathogenic species of fungi which is a natural enemy of Ostrinia furnacalis (O. furnacalis). Nevertheless, the precise mechanism of pathogenicity difference of B. bassiana strains on O. furnacalis has not been investigated before. In this study, two B. bassiana strains isolated from the infected O. furnacalis and exhibited different pathogenicity were chose to analyze the gene expression using RNA-sequencing analysis. To investigate the significantl...

Antibacterial studies of hydroxyspiroindoline-3,9-xanthenetrione against spiroindoline3,9-xanthenetrione and their use as acetyl and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors.

Xanthene derivatives are well known for their effective biological activities. In search of effective antibacterial agents, the spiro[indoline3,9-xanthene]-trione (A) and hydroxy-spiro[indoline-3,9-xanthene]-trione (B), were synthesized and tested for in vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Furthermore, the synthesized compounds were tested in vitro and in silico for their anticholinesterase activities. The anticholinesterase activities for six substitutes of the ...

Proteome analysis of biofilm produced by a Fusarium falciforme keratitis infectious agent.

Biofilms are structures that confer adaptive ability to and facilitate the virulence of fungal pathogens. Certain multi-functional proteins have been shown to be involved in fungal pathogenesis and these proteins may also be implicated in biofilm formation. The aim of this study was to identify a fungal agent isolated from the human cornea, to analyze the ability of this organism to form biofilms in vitro and to investigate protein expression in this condition. The fungus was identified by phylogenetic infe...

The genus Aeromonas: A general approach.

The genus Aeromonas comprises more than thirty Gram-negative bacterial species which mostly act as opportunistic microorganisms. These bacteria are distributed naturally in diverse aquatic ecosystems, where they are easily isolated from animals such as fish and crustaceans. A capacity for adaptation also makes Aeromonas able to colonize terrestrial environments and their inhabitants, so these microorganisms can be identified from different sources, such as soils, plants, fruits, vegetables, birds, reptiles,...

Molecular docking and biological evaluation of novel urea-tailed mannich base against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Emergence of multi-drug resistant bacterial pathogens is escalating and it is essential to develop novel strategies to combat these super bugs. LasR is a regulator switch that plays a vital role in quorum sensing (QS) and pathogenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The present study reports two novel Mannich base (1-(phenyl (o-tolylamino) methyl) urea and 3-((1H-Imidazole-1-yl) methylnaphthalene-2-ol with enhanced anti-QS and antibiofilm activities. Synthetic compound revealed prolific interaction patterns with...

First molecular and serological evidence of Coxiella burnetti infection among sheep and goats of Jammu province of India.

The epidemiology and prevalence of Q fever in India is largely unknown. There are very few serologic and molecular reports of Q fever in India and these are old reports. The objective of this study was to investigate, for the first time, the presence of Coxiella burnetii infection in sheep and goat flocks of Jammu province of Jammu and Kashmir, India. A total of 148 milk (110 sheep and 38 goats) samples, 282 sera (170 sheep and 112 goats), and 152 vaginal swabs (123 sheep and 29 goats) were collected from f...

Protein extract from Cereus jamacaru (DC.) inhibits Colletotrichum gloeosporioides growth by stimulating ROS generation and promoting severe cell membrane damage.

Mandacaru (Cereus jamacaru DC.), is a cactaceous symbol of caatinga vegetation at Brazilian Northeast region, however, there are no much studies about biochemical properties of this species. Here, the pioneering study brings very relevant data to highlight the importance of research with endemic plants of the caatinga. Afterward, the presence of enzymes such as peroxidase, protease, chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, and serine (trypsin) and cysteine (papain) protease inhibitors were evaluated. The peroxidase act...

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis is able to manipulate host lipid metabolism and accumulate cholesterol within macrophages.

Johne's disease is a chronic wasting disease of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Closely related pathogenic mycobacteria such as M. tuberculosis are capable of altering host lipid metabolism, highlighting the need to explore the role of lipid metabolism contributing to intracellular survival. This study aimed to identify whether MAP is able to manipulate host lipid metabolic pathways and accumulate host cholesterol during early infection. Macrophages were exposed to...

Relation of reproductive disturbance in sheep and Leptospira interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae infection: Impacts on cellular oxidation status.

This study evaluated the seropositivity of Brucella abortus and Leptospira interrogans in ewes with reproductive disturbances in southern Brazil and verified the creatine kinase (CK) activity and oxidation status via assessment of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione transferase in serum of seropositive animals for L. interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae. For Leptospira infection 381 animals with clinical history of reproductive disturbance from Planalto Serrano de Santa Catarina ...

Influence of catecholamines on biofilm formation by Salmonella Enteritidis.

Salmonella spp. are the main pathogens responsible for foodborne disease worldwide. Bacterial communities use the quorum sensing system to control biofilm formation. These systems function through the secretion of substances, called auto-inducers (AI), into the environment. AI-3 is structurally similar to epinephrine (EPI) and norepinephrine (NOR) -catecholamines secreted by eukaryotic cells to communicate with each other. In this context, this work aimed to evaluate the effect of EPI and NOR on biofilm for...

Ultrastructure and phylogenetic characterization of the microsporidian parasite Heterosporis lessepsianus n. sp. (Microsporidia: Glugeidae) infecting the lizardfish Saurida lessepsianus (Pisces: Synodontidae) inhabiting the Red Sea.

Heterosporosis is an increasingly important microsporidian disease distributed worldwide, impacting wild and farmed-raised fish in both fresh and marine water environments. Twenty three out of 130 (17.69%) of the lizardfish Saurida lessepsianus were found to be naturally infected with microsporidian parasites. The rate of parasitic infection was increased during winter reaching 29.23% (19/65) and fall to 6.15% (4/65) in summer. The infection was recorded as numerous macroscopic whitish cysts reached 3.8-6.5...

Antibacterial substances produced by pathogen inhibitory gut bacteria in Labeo rohita: Physico-chemical characterization, purification and identification through MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.

Application of antibiotics to combat bacterial diseases in fish has been criticized due to likely emergence of drug resistance. Therefore, investigation of new bioactive compounds from natural sources has been taken into account. This study was designed to purify and characterize the bioactive compound in the cell free supernatant (CFSs) of autochthonous gut bacteria (Bacillus methylotrophicus NR116240, B. amyloliquefaciens NR117946, Pseudomonas fluorescens NR113647 and B. licheniformis NR118996) isolated f...

Experimental infection in mice with Erwinia persicina.

Erwinia persicinus (E. persicina) is a plant pathogenic bacterial species that was previously isolated from a case of human infection. This study aimed to create an experimental infection protocol for E. persicina in laboratory mice. Seventy-two adult mice were divided into four groups (18 animal/group): the control group (G1), the group infected with E. persicina (G2), the group immune-suppressed with cyclophosphamide (G3) and the group immune-suppressed with cyclophosphamide and infected with E. persicina...

Characterization and antifungal activity of chitosanase produced by Pedobacter sp. PR-M6.

To investigate the temperature requirements of chitosanase activity, as well as the degradation patterns generated by enzyme-induced chitosan oligomer hydrolysis, Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 was inoculated onto 0.5% colloidal chitosan medium agar plates. Cell growth was higher at 30 °C than at 20 °C during the initial 2 days of incubation. The protein content rapidly increased on day 1 at both temperatures and then it slowly increased at 20 °C and slowly decreased at 30 °C during the following 5 days...

A trial sequential meta-analysis of IFN-γ +874 A>T (rs2430561) gene polymorphism and extrapulmonary tuberculosis risk.

Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) plays a crucial role in immunological responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection. The polymorphism at +874 A > T (rs2430561) influences the levels of IFN-γ, which may further influence the susceptibility to extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). This polymorphism has been investigated with respect to EPTB occurrence in different populations and provided contradictory and conflicting results. This study was performed to meta-statistically analyze the data and draw a ...

Reverse vaccinology approach to design a novel multi-epitope subunit vaccine against avian influenza A (H7N9) virus.

H7N9, a novel strain of avian origin influenza was the first recorded incidence where a human was transited by a N9 type influenza virus. Effective vaccination against influenza A (H7N9) is a major concern, since it has emerged as a life threatening viral pathogen. Here, an in silico reverse vaccinology strategy was adopted to design a unique chimeric subunit vaccine against avian influenza A (H7N9). Induction of humoral and cell-mediated immunity is the prime concerned characteristics for a peptide vaccine...

A meta-analysis on associations between vitamin D receptor genetic variants and tuberculosis.

We aimed to analyze potential associations between vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variants and tuberculosis (TB) through a meta-analysis.

The effect of Helicobacter pylori on the expression of FRA-1 in gastric epithelial cells and its mechanism.

Gastric cancer is a major global health threat and is often related with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. FRA-1 is a subunit of the activator protein-1 transcription factor complex, which played a central role in cell proliferation and migration. It has also been implicated in stomach inflammation and malignancy. The present study aimed to clarify the relationship between H. pylori infection and production of FRA-1 in controlling cell proliferation and migration and its molecular mechanisms. Cell ...

RNA-seq reveals the critical role of Lon protease in stress response and Brucella virulence.

The Brucella spp encounter stressful environment inside their host cells. The Lon protein is an important protease related to cellular protein degradation and resistance to stress in Brucella. However, the molecular mechanism between Lon protein and stress response was still unknown. In this study, it was found that the lon mutant exhibited obvious growth defect in TSB medium, compared with its parent strain. In addition, our results indicated that Lon protein was involved in resistance to various stress co...

Malus pumila and Juglen regia plant species mediated zinc oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, spectral characterization, antioxidant and antibacterial studies.

Zinc oxide nanoparticles derived from Malus pumila (apple) and Juglen regia (walnut) plant is an attractive area of research because of their widespread use. The use of plant material to synthesize zinc oxide nanoparticles has been considered as one of the best environmentally friendly approach. This method appears to be low-cost as compare to other conventional method of synthesis. The biosynthesized nanoparticles were characterized by Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-visible), Fourier transform infrar...

House dust mite exposure attenuates influenza A infection in a mouse model of pulmonary allergic inflammation.

Environmental allergens elicit complex immune responses in the lungs that can promote the development of asthma or exacerbate preexisting asthma in susceptible individuals. House dust mites are one of the most common indoor allergens and are a significant driver of allergic disease. Respiratory infections are known factors in acute exacerbations of asthma but the impact of allergen on the pathogen is not well understood. We investigated the pathogenesis of influenza A infection following exposure to house d...

Protection against fatal pneumonia through mucosal and subcutaneous immunization with the pneumococcal SP0148 protein.

Streptococcus pneumoniae infection is associated with very high morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Vaccines are an effective measure for the reduction of S. pneumoniae infection. In particular, protein vaccines are attracting increasing attention because of their good immunogenicity and wide coverage of serotypes. Therefore, identifying effective protein vaccine targets is important for protein vaccine development. SP0148 is a promising protein vaccine target for S. pneumoniae and is capable of r...


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