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PubMed Journal Database | Molecular medicine reports RSS

15:17 EST 5th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 930 from Molecular medicine reports

miR‑21‑5p ameliorates hyperoxic acute lung injury and decreases apoptosis of AEC II cells via PTEN/AKT signaling in rats.

Inhibiting apoptosis of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) is an effective way to decrease hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI); however, the specific underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. Although miRNA‑21‑5p has previously been reported to decrease H2O2‑induced AEC II apoptosis by targeting PTEN in vitro, whether miR‑21‑5p can decrease HALI in vivo and the downstream molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, rats were endotracheally admin...

CXCR4 and CXCR3 are two distinct prognostic biomarkers in breast cancer: Database mining for CXCR family members.

CXC chemokine receptors (CXCRs) and chemokines are involved in tissue development and homeostasis, including in cancer development and progression. To date, seven CXCRs have been identified. However, the expression of CXCRs and their influence on the occurrence and development of breast cancer (BC) requires further investigation. In the present study, mRNA expression levels of the seven CXCRs were compared between normal tissues and several cancer types using the Oncomine database. Highly expressed CXCRs we...

Promotion of microglial phagocytosis by tuftsin stimulates remyelination in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Microglia were once thought to serve a pathogenic role in demyelinating diseases, particularly in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, it has recently been shown that in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of MS, microglia could serve a protective role by promoting remyelination via the efficient removal of apoptotic cells, the phagocytosis of debris and the support of myelinating oligodendrocytes. The aim of the present study was to determine if the effect of microglia could promote the ...

Placental growth factor gene silencing mitigates the epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition via the p38 MAPK pathway in rats with hyperoxia‑induced lung injury.

Hyperoxia may cause pulmonary fibrosis in neonates and is characterized by the epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells. The placental growth factor (PLGF) gene is a member of the vascular endothelial growth factor family and is highly expressed in lung tissues that have been exposed to hyperoxia. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of PLGF in the EMT of lung tissue. Lung tissue exhibiting low PLGF expression was obtained by injecting rats exposed to hypero...

Chronic aerobic exercise improves insulin sensitivity and modulates Nrf2 and NF‑κB/IκBα pathways in the skeletal muscle of rats fed with a high fat diet.

The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of the ameliorative effects of chronic aerobic exercise on non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in rat skeletal muscle. Female Sprague‑Dawley rats (n=6‑9 per group) were divided into four groups: i) Rats fed with normal chow; ii) exercise rats fed with normal chow + exercise (run on a rotarod for 30 min per day from 9‑12 weeks); iii) rats fed with a high‑fat diet (HFD); iv) rats fed with an HFD + exercise. All HFD rats were fed wi...

Formononetin attenuates monocrotaline‑induced pulmonary arterial hypertension via inhibiting pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life‑threatening disease induced by the excessive proliferation and reduced apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Formononetin (FMN) is a natural isoflavone with numerous cardioprotective properties, which can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of tumor cells; however, whether FMN has a therapeutic effect on PAH remains unclear. In the present study, PAH was induced in rats with monocrotaline (MCT, 60 mg/kg); rats were then ...

Effect of electrical stimulation combined with diet therapy on insulin resistance via mTOR signaling.

Insulin resistance (IR) is the impaired insulin response that causes decreased glucose tolerance. Electrical stimulation (ES) can improve insulin sensitivity in the skeletal muscle. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, the effect of ES and diet therapy on IR and the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in the improvement of IR by ES were investigated. A total of 70 Sprague‑Dawley male rats were divided into five groups: Normal (n=1...

BCG stimulation promotes dendritic cell proliferation and expression of VDR and CYP27B1 in vitamin D‑deficient mice.

Vitamin D deficiency may lead to an increased risk of tuberculosis. In the present study, the effects of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection on dendritic cells (DCs) derived from vitamin D‑deficient mice or normal control mice were investigated. A vitamin D‑deficient mouse model was established, and bone marrow‑derived DCs (BMDCs) were isolated and treated with GM‑CSF and interleukin (IL)‑4 for 6 days, followed by an additional 24 h of treatment with Bacillus Calmette‑Guérin (BCG). ...

Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase‑related signaling pathway in early Alzheimer's disease mouse models.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system that is characterized by progressive cognitive dysfunction and which ultimately leads to dementia. Studies have shown that energy dysmetabolism contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of a variety of aging‑associated diseases and degenerative diseases of the nervous system, including AD. One focus of research thus has been how to regulate the expression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) to prevent a...

Effects of microRNA‑217 on high glucose‑induced inflammation and apoptosis of human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE‑19) and its underlying mechanism.

Diabetic retinopathy is a major complication of diabetes. Increasing evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRs) serves an important role in diabetic retinopathy. However, the expression and mechanism of miR‑217 in high glucose‑induced human retinal pigment epithelial cells ARPE‑19 is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR‑217 in high glucose‑induced retinal epithelial cell damage, and further to explore the molecular mechanisms. In our study, we found ...

Gene synthesizing, expression and immunogenicity characterization of recombinant translation elongation factor 2 from Dermatophagoides farinae.

House dust mite (HDM) hypersensitivity increasingly affects millions of individuals worldwide. Although numerous major allergens produced by HDM species have been characterized, some of the less potent allergens remain to be studied. The present study aimed to obtain the recombinant allergen of Translation Elongation Factor 2 (TEF 2) from the HDM Dermatophagoides farinae by synthesizing, and then expressing the recombinant TEF 2 to identify its immunogenicity. In the present study, the D. farinae TEF 2 (D...

Role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in depression (Review).

Depression is a devastating mood disorder that causes profound disability worldwide. Despite the increasing number of antidepressant medications available, the treatment options for depression are limited. Therefore, understanding the etiology and pathophysiology of depression, and exploiting potential novel agents to treat and prevent this disorder are imperative. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress activates the unfolded protein response and mediates the pathogenesis of psychiatric diseases, including depre...

HIV‑1 integrase inhibitors targeting various DDE transposases: Retroviral integration versus RAG‑mediated recombination (Review).

Transposases are ubiquitous mobile genetic elements responsible for genome development, driving rearrangements, such as insertions, deletions and translocations. Across species evolution, some transposases are tamed by their host and are made part of complex cellular systems. The proliferation of retroviruses is also dependent on transposase related enzymes termed integrases. Recombination‑activating gene protein (RAG)1 and metnase are just two examples of transposase domestication and together with retro...

High glucose inhibits osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of MC3T3‑E1 cells by regulating P2X7.

Diabetes mellitus adversely affects human bones and increases the risk of developing osteoporosis. In the present study, treatment with 30 mmol/l glucose was used to establish a high glucose (HG) cell model in vitro. Plasmids were used to overexpress the P2X purinoceptor 7 (P2X7) gene. Brilliant blue G and (4‑benzoyl‑benzoyl)‑ATP were used as a P2X7 antagonist and agonist, respectively. Proliferation of osteogenic MC3T3‑E1 cells and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were determined using MTT and...

Identification of dysregulated serum miR-508-3p and miR-885-5p as potential diagnostic biomarkers of clear cell renal carcinoma.

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most common subtype, accounts for approximately 80% of all RCC cases. ccRCC patients typically present with an advanced stage at the time of diagnosis resulting in a poor patient prognosis. The present study aimed to identify novel potential microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) in peripheral blood as biomarkers for the detection of ccRCC. Candidate miRNAs were selected through integrated analysis of the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)...

A simple, efficient and economical method for isolating and culturing human umbilical cord blood‑derived mesenchymal stromal cells.

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) hold broad therapeutic potential in various diseases, however, it is difficult to produce sufficient numbers of MSCs for clinical application, therefore, improved culture systems are required. The present study aimed to develop a novel method for isolating and culturing human umbilical cord blood‑derived mesenchymal stromal cells (hUCB‑MSCs). A sequential culture method was developed that uses two types of culture media to optimize the isolation and culture of hUCB‑MSC...

Cannabinoid receptor 2‑selective agonist JWH015 attenuates bone cancer pain through the amelioration of impaired autophagy flux induced by inflammatory mediators in the spinal cord.

Bone cancer pain (BCP) is a severe complication of advanced bone cancer. Although cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) agonists may have an analgesic effect, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. CB2 serves a protective role in various pathological states through the activation of autophagy. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether the analgesic effects of the selective CB2 agonist JWH015 was mediated by the activation of autophagy in BCP. BCP was induced by the intra‑femur implantation of NCTC...

Long noncoding RNA MIAT: A potential role in the diagnosis and mediation of acute myocardial infarction.

The long noncoding RNA myocardial infarction associated transcript (MIAT) has been shown to be a risk allele for myocardial infarction in a previous study. However, there is still controversy about whether MIAT can be used as a biomarker for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Peripheral blood from patients with AMI and non‑AMI patients was collected to detect the expression levels of MIAT by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. Correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve an...

Prognostic implications of aberrantly expressed methylation‑driven genes in hepatocellular carcinoma: A study based on The Cancer Genome Atlas.

RNA‑Sequencing and methylation data for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The aberrantly expressed methylation‑driven genes in HCC and normal tissues were identified using the Limma package and the MethylMix algorithm. The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery and ConsensusPathDB were used for Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment and pathway analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to construct a prognost...

Clinical and molecular characterization of four patients with NTCP deficiency from two unrelated families harboring the novel SLC10A1 variant c.595A>C (p.Ser199Arg).

Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), a carrier protein encoded by solute carrier family 10 member 1 (SLC10A1), is expressed in the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes, where it is responsible for the uptake of bile acids from plasma into hepatocytes. The first patient with NTCP deficiency was described in 2015. A limited number of such patients have been reported in the literature and their genotypic and phenotypic features require further investigation. The current study investigated 4 p...

miR‑486 acts as an oncogene and potential prognostic biomarker in renal cell carcinoma.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are well established key players in tumorigenesis. Their emergence as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for cancer has demonstrated the importance of miRNAs in cancer biology. Although miR‑486 is implicated in many types of cancer, its role in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains undetermined. In the present study, real‑time quantitative PCR (qPCR), wound scratch assay, cell proliferation assay, Transwell migration assay and flow cytometry were utilized to detect the miR‑...

Gallotannin attenuates 2‑deoxy‑D‑glucose‑induced dedifferentiation and endoplasmic reticulum stress through inhibition of inositol‑requiring enzyme 1 downstream p38 kinase pathway in chondrocytes.

Gallotannin (GT) is a class of polyphenols with antioxidant, anticancer, and antiviral activities. 2‑Deoxy‑D‑glucose (2DG), a glucose‑derived molecule, can inhibit glucose metabolism and induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. GT in primary‑cultured chondrocytes enhances expression of type II collagen, an indicator of differentiation, and cyclooxygenase‑2 (COX‑2), which mediates inflammatory reactions. In contrast, 2DG reduces type II collagen and COX‑2 expression while driving ER‑stre...

CP-25 exerts anti-angiogenic effects on a rat model of adjuvant-induced arthritis by promoting GRK2-induced downregulation of CXCR4-ERK1/2 signaling in endothelial cells.

Angiogenesis can produce an invasive and destructive front, also named a pannus, comprised of inflammatory vascular tissue that covers and erodes articular cartilage, subchondral bone and peri‑articular soft tissues in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Paeoniflorin‑6'‑O‑benzene sulfonate (CP‑25) is a novel ester derivative of paeoniflorin. We previously demonstrated that CP‑25 exerts anti‑inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects. CP‑25 also exhibits a marked therapeutic effect on adjuvant‑induc...

Exendin‑4 promotes osteogenic differentiation of adipose‑derived stem cells and facilitates bone repair.

Inflammation‑related bone defects pose a heavy burden on patients and orthopedic surgeons. Although stem‑cell‑based bone repair has developed rapidly, it is of great significance to characterize bio‑active molecules that facilitate bone regeneration. It is reported that a glucagon‑like peptide 1 receptor agonist, exendin‑4, promoted bone regeneration mediated by the transplantation of adipose‑derived stem cells in a metaphyseal defect mouse model of femur injury. However, the underlying mechan...

Gene targets of sulforaphane in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Patients who have undergone curative‑intent therapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) exhibit a high rate of development of second primary tumors (SPTs), which are frequently lethal. A chemoprevention strategy that prevents SPTs would have a major impact on patient outcomes. Sulforaphane, a naturally‑occurring compound derived from cruciferous vegetables exhibits chemopreventive activity against HNSCC in a preclinical model. The effects of sulforaphane are considered to be mediated, in l...


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